Settle: Wikis

  
  

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 54°04′20″N 2°16′55″W / 54.07213°N 2.28189°W / 54.07213; -2.28189

Settle
Settle.jpg
Settle Town Centre
Settle is located in North Yorkshire
Settle

 Settle shown within North Yorkshire
Population 2,421 [1]
OS grid reference SD816640
    - London  239 miles (385 km) 
Parish Settle
District Craven
Shire county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SETTLE
Postcode district BD24
Dialling code 01729
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Skipton & Ripon
Website http://www.settle.co.uk/
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Settle is a small market town and civil parish within the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is served by the Settle railway station, which is located near the town centre, and Giggleswick railway station which is a mile away. It is 29 miles from Leeds Bradford International Airport. The main road running through Settle is the B6480, which links to the A65, connecting Settle to Skipton. The town has a population of 2,421 according to the 2001 Census.

Contents

History

Settle is thought to be on Anglian seventh century origins, its name being the Angle word for settlement. After the Harrying of the North between 1069 and 1071 , the area was described in the Domesday survey as "waste". A Market charter was granted to Henry de Percy (1228-1272) by Henry III in 1248. A market square developed and the main route through the medieval town was aligned on an east-west direction, from what is now Albert Hill down Victoria Street, High Street and Cheapside and on through Kirkgate. This led to Giggleswick, important because it was here that citizens had to go to attend the parish church. The first bridge over the Ribble was mentioned in 1498.

During the civil war, the Cliffords, the lords of the manor were royalists, but counter to tradition, their subjects were not. John Lambert of Calton in Malhamdale, was general in Cromwells army and his troops camped at Settle in August 1651 while on the road to an encounter in Lancaster.

The Turnpike, Keighley to Kendal road was put through in 1753. The "little" North Western Railway reached Giggleswick in 1847 and in 1849 later the railway company constructed the new Station Road from Giggleswick to Settle. In 1875 the Settle to Carlisle Railway was built, opening to goods traffic in 1875 and to passengers the following year when the station building was opened along with goods warehouse, cattle pens, signal box and water cranes.[2]

In the late 18th century cotton spinning became the main employment in the town. Bridge End Mill was converted from corn milling to cotton spinning. John Procter operated mills at Runley and King's Mill; they were later taken over by his son Thomas. He built the row of workers cottages now called Procter's Row in lower Kirkgate. In 1835, Dog Kennel Mill and Brennands weaving shed, Settle had 5 mills employing 333 people. [3]

Governance

Settle is in the Settle and Ribblebank ward of Craven District council. There are two councilors one of whom represents the Conservatives and one who represents the Liberal Democrats.[4] It is in the Ribblesdale division of the county of North Yorkshire, where it is represented by a Conservative. It is twinned with the French Mediterranean seaside town of Banyuls-sur-Mer.

Geography

View from Castlebergh

Settle was part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. It is located in Ribblesdale, at the southern edge of the Yorkshire Dales, within a few miles of the Three Peaks.Immediately overlooking the town is Castlebergh, an impressive 300 feet (91 m) limestone crag, and to the east is Malham with its tarn and limestone pavement scenery. The river provided the power for its former cotton mills, and is now being harnessed, by the Settle Hydro, a micro hydroelectric scheme to provided 50kW of power to the National Grid.

Tourism

Settle's market is held weekly on Tuesdays[5], in the market place in the centre of the town, which is surrounded by local businesses, most of which are family-owned, with some offering items for sale unique to the Settle area[5].

The district includes several caves where prehistoric remains have been found, the most notable being Victoria Cave, so called because the inner chamber was discovered on Queen Victoria's accession day in 1837. Victoria Cave contained remains of mammoth, bear, reindeer and hippopotamus as well as stones, flint, bone and other implements and ornaments. The discovery of flint is noteworthy since it is not a substance that is found naturally in the area; it would probably have been used for arrowheads. The museum[6] at Giggleswick holds many of the artifacts discovered at Victoria Cave.

Education

Settle itself has three schools, and works on a middle school system, with Settle Primary School [7], Settle Middle School[8], and Settle College [9]. To the west of the town is Giggleswick School, one of the principal public schools in the north of England, founded in 1512.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Census, 2001
  2. ^ Hudson, Phil; Hudson (2005). "Settle History". Settle Chamber of Commerce. http://www.settlecot.co.uk/history.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  3. ^ Baines History of the Cotton Manufacture (1835)
  4. ^ http://www.cravendc.gov.uk/Craven/Residents/Council+and+Democracy/Democracy/YourCouncillors/
  5. ^ a b Settle Online Website
  6. ^ museum
  7. ^ Settle Primary School
  8. ^ Settle Middle School
  9. ^ Settle College

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Settle is a town in North Yorkshire. [1]

Get in

The rail line from Leeds becomes the Settle - Carlisle railway, which has been threatened with closure many times. It's a popular tourist route and massive pressure has kept it open.

If approaching by road, it is necessary to turn off the main road from Leeds to the Lake District, which now by-passes Settle.

Do

Walk to Malham

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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