|Full name||Severiano Ballesteros Sota|
|Born||9 April 1957
Pedreña, Cantabria, Spain
|Height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Residence||Marina de Cudeyo, Santander|
|Spouse||Carmen Botín (1988-2004)|
|Children||Javier (b.1990), Miguel (b.1992), Carmen (b.1994)|
|Number of wins by tour|
|European Tour||50 (1st all time)|
|Japan Golf Tour||6|
|Best results in Major Championships
|The Masters||Won: 1980, 1983|
|U.S. Open||3rd: 1987|
|Open Championship||Won: 1979, 1984, 1988|
|PGA Championship||5th: 1984|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1999 (member page)|
Order of Merit winner
|1976, 1977, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1991|
Player of the Year
|1986, 1988, 1991|
Severiano "Seve" Ballesteros Sota (born 9 April 1957) is a Spanish professional golfer and former World No. 1, who was one of the sport's leading figures from the mid 1970s to the mid 1990s. He announced himself to the golfing world in 1976, when at age 19 he finished second at The Open Championship. A member of a gifted golfing family, Ballesteros won five major tournaments between the years of 1979 and 1988, including The Open Championship three times, and The Masters twice. He was also successful in the Ryder Cup, helping the European team to five wins both as a player and captain. He is best known for his great short game, and his erratic driving of the golf ball.
Due to back-related injuries, Ballesteros struggled with form during the 1990s. In spite of this, he continued to be involved in the game of golf, creating the Seve Trophy and running a golf course design business. Ballesteros eventually retired from competitive golf in 2007 due to continued poor form, but he has announced that he is planning to play in the 2010 Open Championship at St Andrews. Seve was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award for the second time at the BBC Sports Personality Awards 2009. He was presented with the award at his home in Spain by his friend, compatriot and former Ryder Cup team-mate José María Olazábal
Ballesteros was born in Pedreña, Cantabria, Spain. He learned the game while playing on the beaches near his home, at the time while he was supposed to be in school, mainly using a 3-iron given to him by one of his older brothers. His uncle Ramón Sota was Spanish professional champion four times and finished sixth in The Masters in 1965. Severiano's older brother Manuel finished in the top 100 on the European Tour order of merit every year from 1972 to 1983, and later became Severiano's manager. Brothers Vicente and Baldomero, and nephew Raúl are also professional golfers.
Ballesteros turned professional in March 1974 at the age of 16. In 1976, he burst onto the international scene with a second-place finish in The Open Championship at Royal Birkdale Golf Club. Ballesteros led by two shots after the third round, but a final round 74 saw him tie with Jack Nicklaus, six shots behind the winner Johnny Miller. He went on to win the European Tour Order of Merit (money title) that year, a title that he would win six times, including the next two years, which was a record at that time (since surpassed by Colin Montgomerie). Ballesteros won his first Open Championship in 1979 with a closing 70, a round in which he famously hit his tee shot into a car park on the 16th hole yet still made birdie. In 1988, he led the Official World Golf Rankings at the end of the year; these rankings were not inaugurated until April 1986, but Ballesteros also led McCormack's World Golf Rankings, published in McCormack's "World Of Professional Golf" annuals (from which the official rankings were developed) from 1983 to 1985. He led the Official World Golf Rankings for a total of 61 weeks from 1986 to 1989.
Ballesteros went on to win five major championships: The Masters in 1980 and 1983, and The Open Championship in 1979, 1984 and 1988. His 1980 Masters win was the first by a European player, and at the time he was the youngest winner of the tournament, at 23 (though this record was broken by Tiger Woods in 1997). His 1979 win at The Open Championship similarly made him the youngest winner of the tournament in the 20th century, and the first golfer from continental Europe to win a major since Frenchman Arnaud Massy won The Open in 1907.
He was also a great at match play; he won the World Match Play Championship five times, equalling Gary Player's record and was a mainstay of the European Ryder Cup team for much of the 1980s and 1990s. He scored 20 points out of 37 matches against the United States; his partnership with fellow Spaniard José María Olazábal was the most successful in the history of the competition, with 11 wins and two halved matches out of 15 pairs matches. While Ballesteros was a member of European sides that won the Ryder Cup in 1985, retained the Cup in 1987 and 1989, and regained the Cup in 1995, the pinnacle of his career in the competition came in 1997, when he captained the winning European side at Valderrama Golf Club in Sotogrande, Spain. This was the first Ryder Cup ever held in continental Europe.
In 1999, Ballesteros was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame, joining greats such as Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer. He was instrumental in introducing the Seve Trophy in 2000, a team competition similar to the Ryder Cup pitting a team from Great Britain and Ireland against one from continental Europe. In 2000, Ballesteros was ranked as the 16th greatest golfer of all time by Golf Digest magazine; he was the top golfer from the continent of Europe.
Ballesteros had played sparingly since the late 1990s due to back problems, and made his first start in years at the 2005 Madrid Open. He stated a desire to play more tournaments in the 2006 season. He entered the 2006 Open Championship, having played just one other event on the European Tour, The Open de France Alstom, where he missed the cut. He runs a thriving golf course design business, is divorced with three children and has been eligible for the Champions Tour and European Seniors Tour upon turning 50 in 2007. Ballesteros has been the captain of the European team in the Royal Trophy since its inception in 2006. He was announced again as non-playing captain of the 2008 European team to defend the Royal Trophy against the Asian team at the Amata Spring Country Club in Bangkok.
After further recurrence of his back problems, which contributed to his finishing tied for last in his only Champions Tour start, Ballesteros announced his retirement from golf on 16 July 2007, bringing down the curtain on an illustrious career. During the news conference, he also addressed reports in European media that he had attempted suicide, saying that those reports "were not even close to reality". He had been briefly hospitalized when he became concerned about the condition of his heart, but was released the same day after being given a clean bill of health.
Ballesteros was reported to be "gravely ill" and in a Madrid hospital on 10 October 2008. Two days later, he confirmed that he had been diagnosed with a brain tumour. On 15 October, Spanish news agency Efe reported that he had undergone a twelve hour surgery to resect the tumour. A hospital spokeswoman stated that surgeons had removed a sizable part of the tumour. On 23 October, it was confirmed publicly that the tumour was classified as a cancerous oligoastrocytoma, and after a quick deterioration of his health, further surgery took place on 24 October to stabilize him and try to remove the remainder of the tumour. On 24 October, it was confirmed that the tumour was removed after a six and a half hour surgery. On 3 November, it was confirmed by the hospital that he was starting his rehabilitation in the intensive care unit, and was breathing steadily. On 18 November, he was moved out of the intensive care unit and changed wards at Madrid's La Paz Hospital to continue his rehabilitation.
Ballesteros was discharged from hospital on 9 December. He has returned home to northern Spain and is now undergoing chemotherapy treatment as an outpatient. In January 2009 a message on his website said he had responded well to one course of chemotherapy.
"I am very motivated and working hard although I am aware that my recovery will be slow and therefore I need to be patient and have a lot of determination. For these reasons I am following strictly all the instructions that the doctors are giving me. Besides, the physiotherapists are doing a great job on me and I feel better every day."
Ballesteros completed a second course of chemotherapy at Madrid's Le Paz Hospital in February 2009. Speaking through his website he said, "The results of the check-up were really positive, better even than the first ones." He finished a third round of treatment in March 2009. and completed his fourth and final course of chemotherapy a month later.
In June, Ballesteros made his first public appearance after treatment for a brain tumor. He said it was a "miracle" to be alive and he thanked everyone who had been involved in his care and welfare.
At his first public appearance, Ballesteros announced the launch of the 'Seve Ballesteros Foundation'. This foundation was set up to help those with cancer fight it. The foundation aims to research cancer, especially brain tumours, but it will also help financially challenged young golfers, so they can be as successful as him.
|No.||Date||Tournament||Winning Score||Margin of
|1||8 Aug 1976||Dutch Open||-13 (65-73-68-69=275)||8 strokes||Howard Clark|
|2||8 May 1977||Open de France||-6 (69-70-71-72=282)||3 strokes|| John Bland, Antonio Garrido,
Manuel Piñero, Ian Stanley
|3||25 Jun 1977||Uniroyal International Championship||-12 (70-70-67-69=276)||Playoff||Nick Faldo|
|4||17 Jul 1977||Swiss Open||-7 (68-66-70-69=273)||3 strokes||John Schroeder|
|5||21 May 1978||Martini International||-18 (67-67-67-69=268)||5 strokes||Nick Faldo|
|6||30 Jul 1978||Braun German Open||-20 (64-67-70-67=268)||2 strokes||Neil Coles|
|7||6 Aug 1978||Scandinavian Enterprise Open||-9 (73-69-68-69=279)||1 stroke||Dale Hayes|
|8||3 Sep 1978||Swiss Open||-8 (68-68-68-68=272)||3 strokes||Manuel Piñero|
|9||1 Jul 1979||Lada English Golf Classic||-2 (73-71-71-71=286)||6 strokes||Neil Coles, Simon Hobday|
|10||21 Jul 1979||The Open Championship||-1 (73-65-75-70=283)||3 strokes||Ben Crenshaw, Jack Nicklaus|
|11||13 Apr 1980||The Masters||-13 (66-69-68-72=275)||4 strokes||Gibby Gilbert, Jack Newton|
|12||27 Apr 1980||Madrid Open||-18 (68-63-70-69=270)||3 strokes||Manuel Piñero|
|13||18 May 1980||Martini International||-2 (74-75-67-70=286)||1 stroke||Brian Barnes|
|14||27 Jul 1980||Dutch Open||-8 (69-75-65-71=280)||3 strokes||Sandy Lyle|
|15||5 Jul 1981||Scandinavian Enterprise Open||-11 (69-70-68-66=273)||5 strokes||Antonio Garrido|
|16||4 Oct 1981||Benson and Hedges Spanish Open||-15 (71-67-70-65=273)||1 stroke||Steve Martin|
|17||25 Apr 1982||Cepsa Madrid Open||-15 (70-69-66-68=273)||1 stroke||José Maria Cañizares|
|18||9 May 1982||Paco Rabanne Open de France||-10 (71-70-72-65=278)||4 strokes||Sandy Lyle|
|19||11 Apr 1983||The Masters||-8 (68-70-73-69=280)||Playoff||Ben Crenshaw|
|20||30 May 1983||Sun Alliance PGA Championship||-10 (69-71-67-71=278)||2 strokes||Ken Brown|
|21||14 Aug 1983||Carroll's Irish Open||-17 (67-67-70-67=271)||2 strokes||Brian Barnes|
|22||2 Oct 1983||Lancome Trophy||-19 (71-65-64-69=269)||4 strokes||Corey Pavin|
|23||22 Jul 1984||The Open Championship||-12 (69-68-70-69=276)||2 strokes||Bernhard Langer, Tom Watson|
|24||23 Jun 1985||Carroll's Irish Open||-10 (70-69-73-66=278)||Playoff||Bernhard Langer|
|25||7 Jul 1985||Peugeot Open de France||-21 (62-68-6469=263)||2 strokes||Sandy Lyle|
|26||22 Sep 1985||Sanyo Open||-16 (66-70-65-71=272)||3 strokes||Jeff Hawkes|
|27||27 Oct 1985||Benson and Hedges Spanish Open||-14 (67-68-65-66=266)||4 strokes||Gordon Brand Jnr|
|28||8 Jun 1986||Dunhill British Masters||-13 (67-68-70-70=275)||2 strokes||Gordon Brand Jnr|
|29||22 Jun 1986||Carroll's Irish Open||-3 (68-75-68-74=285)||2 strokes||Rodger Davis, Mark McNulty|
|30||28 Jun 1986||Johnnie Walker Monte Carlo Open||-11 (66-71-64-64=265)||2 strokes||Mark McNulty|
|31||7 Jul 1986||Peugeot Open de France||-19 (65-66-69-69=269)||2 strokes||Vicente Fernández|
|32||27 Jul 1986||KLM Dutch Open||-17 (69-63-71-68=271)||8 strokes||José Rivero|
|33||19 Oct 1986||Lancome Trophy||-14 (67-69-68-70=274)||Playoff||Bernhard Langer|
|34||19 Apr 1987||Suze Open||-13 (69-70-68-68=275)||Playoff||Ian Woosnam|
|35||13 Mar 1988||Mallorca Open de Baleares||-16 (70-68-67-67=272)||6 strokes||José María Olazábal|
|36||17 Jul 1988||The Open Championship||-11 (67-71-70-65=273)||2 strokes||Nick Price|
|37||31 Jul 1988||Scandinavian Enterprise Open||-18 (67-70-66-67=270)||5 strokes||Gerry Taylor|
|38||28 Aug 1988||German Open||-21 (68-68-65-62=263)||5 strokes||Gordon Brand Jnr|
|39||18 Sept 1988||Lancome Trophy||-15 (64-66-68-71=269)||4 strokes||José María Olazábal|
|40||23 Apr 1989||Cepsa Madrid Open||-16 (67-67-69-69=272)||1 stroke||Howard Clark|
|41||7 May 1989||Epson Grand Prix of Europe
|4 & 3||Denis Durnian|
|42||3 Sep 1989||Ebel European Masters Swiss Open||-14 (65-68-66-67=266)||2 strokes||Craig Parry|
|43||11 Mar 1990||Open Renault de Baleares||-19 (66-65-70-68=269)||Playoff||Magnus Persson|
|44||27 May 1991||Volvo PGA Championship||-17 (67-69-65-70=271)||Playoff||Colin Montgomerie|
|45||2 Jun 1991||Dunhill British Masters||-13 (66-66-68-75=275)||3 strokes|| Eamonn Darcy, David Gilford,
Tony Johnstone, Sam Torrance,
|46||9 Feb 1992||Dubai Desert Classic||-16 (66-67-69-70=272)||Playoff||Ronan Rafferty|
|47||8 Mar 1992||Turespana Open de Baleares||-11 (70-70-69-68=277)||Playoff||Jesper Parnevik|
|48||8 May 1994||Benson & Hedges International Open||-7 (69-70-72-70=281)||3 strokes||Nick Faldo|
|49||3 Oct 1994||Mercedes German Masters||-18 (68-70-65-67=270)||Playoff||Ernie Els, José María Olazábal|
|50||21 May 1995||Peugeot Spanish Open||-14 (70-67-66-71=274)||2 strokes||Ignacio Garrido, Jose Rivers|
|No.||Date||Tournament||Winning Score||Margin of Victory||Runner(s)-up|
|1||2 Apr 1978||Greater Greensboro Open||-6 (72-75-69-66=282)||1 stroke||Jack Renner, Fuzzy Zoeller|
|2||21 Jul 1979||The Open Championship||-1 (73-65-75-70=283)||3 strokes||Ben Crenshaw|
|3||13 Apr 1980||The Masters||-13 (66-69-68-72=275)||4 strokes||Gibby Gilbert, Jack Newton|
|4||11 Apr 1983||The Masters||-8 (68-70-73-69=280)||4 strokes||Ben Crenshaw, Tom Kite|
|5||12 Jun 1983||Manufacturers Hanover Westchester Classic||-12 (69-67-70-70=276)||2 strokes||Andy Bean, Craig Stadler|
|6||22 Jul 1984||The Open Championship||-12 (69-68-70-69=276)||2 strokes||Bernhard Langer, Tom Watson|
|7||17 May 1985||USF&G Classic*||-11 (67-69-68=205)||2 strokes||Peter Jacobsen, John Mahaffey|
|8||12 Jun 1988||Manufacturers Hanover Westchester Classic||-12 (69-68-69-67=276)||Playoff|| Steve Elkington, David Frost,
Ken Green, Greg Norman
|9||17 Jul 1988||The Open Championship||-11 (67-71-70-65=273)||2 strokes||Nick Price|
*Note: The 1985 USF&G Classic was reduced to 54 holes due to inclement weather
|Year||Championship||54 Holes||Winning Score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1979||The Open Championship||2 shot deficit||-1 (73-65-75-70=283)||3 strokes||Jack Nicklaus, Ben Crenshaw|
|1980||The Masters||7 shot lead||-13 (66-69-68-72=275)||4 strokes||Gibby Gilbert, Jack Newton|
|1983||The Masters (2)||1 shot deficit||-8 (68-70-73-69=280)||4 strokes||Ben Crenshaw, Tom Kite|
|1984||The Open Championship (2)||2 shot deficit||-12 (69-68-70-69=276)||2 strokes||Tom Watson, Bernhard Langer|
|1988||The Open Championship (3)||2 shot deficit||-11 (67-71-70-65=273)||2 strokes||Nick Price|
|The Open Championship||CUT||T2||T15||T17||1|
|The Open Championship||T19||T39||T13||T6||1||T39||T6||T50||1||T77|
|The Open Championship||CUT||T9||CUT||T27||T38||T40||CUT||CUT||CUT||CUT|
|The Open Championship||CUT||CUT||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||CUT||DNP|
DNP = did not play
CUT = missed the half way cut
DQ = disqualified
"T" indicates a tie for a place.
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10.