Shaanxi Province: Wikis


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Shaanxi Province
Chinese : 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Abbreviations: 陕 or 秦  (pinyin: Shǎn or Qín)
Shaanxi is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 陕 shǎn - Shanzhou (now Shan County, Henan)
西 xī - west
"west of Shanzhou"
Administration type Province
(and largest city)
CPC Ctte Secretary Zhao Leji
Governor Yuan Chunqing
Area 205,800 km2 (79,500 sq mi) (11th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
37,050,000 (17th)
180 /km2 (470 /sq mi) (21st)
GDP (2008)
 - per capita
CNY 685 billion (19th)
CNY 18,246 (18th)
HDI (2006) 0.756 (medium) (20th)
Ethnic composition Han - 99.5%
Hui - 0.4%
Prefecture-level 10 divisions
County-level 107 divisions
Township-level* 1745 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-61
Official website (Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》 China Statistical Yearbook 2005
ISBN 7503747382
Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》 Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China
ISBN 7105054255
*As at December 31, 2004
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This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

About this sound Shaanxi (simplified Chinese: 西traditional Chinese: 西pinyin: ShǎnxīWade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a province in the Northwest China region of the People's Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.


Romanization and Name

By regular Hanyu Pinyin rules, if tone marks are not written, both Shaanxi and the neighbouring province of Shanxi should be spelled "Shanxi"; the difference is in tone: Shānxī and Shǎnxī. To make the difference clear without tonal marks, the spelling "Shaanxi" was contrived (following the romanization system of Yuen Ren Chao) for the province of Shǎnxī, while "Shanxi" is used for the province of Shānxī. Shaanxi is the official spelling on Chinese Government's official web portal. This makes "Shaanxi" the only name of Chinese provinces that is not romanized according to pinyin rules.


Shaanxi is considered one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. Thirteen feudal dynasties established their capitals in the province during a span of more than 1,100 years, from the Zhou Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty.

The province's principal city and current capital, Xi'an, is one of the four great ancient capitals of China and is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, which leads to Europe, Arabia and Africa.

Under the Han Dynasty, the Northern Silk Road was expanded to advance exploration and military purposes to the west. This Northern Silk Road is the northernmost of the Silk Roads and is about 2600 kilometres in length. It connected the ancient Chinese capital of Xi'an to the west over the Wushao Ling Pass to Wuwei and emerging in Kashgar before linking to ancient Parthia.[1]

Under the Ming dynasty, Shaanxi was incorporated into Gansu but was again separated in the Qing dynasty.

One of the most devastating earthquakes in history occurred near Hua Shan, in south-eastern part of Shaanxi Province on January 23, 1556, killing an estimated 830,000 people (see 1556 Shaanxi earthquake).

The end of the short-lived Jiangxi Soviet signalled the beginning of the Long March by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists to the Shaanxi Soviet at Yan'an.


Desert in the north along the border with Inner Mongolia, the Loess Plateau in the central part of the province, the Qinling mountains running east to west in the south central part, and subtropical climate south of the Qinling mountains.

The northern part of Shaanxi is cold in the winter and very hot in summer with dry winter and spring. Its southern portion generally receives more rain. Annual mean temperature is roughly between 9°C and 16°C with January temperature ranging from −11°C to 3.5°C and July temperature ranging from 21°C to 28°C.

Other cities include: Baoji, Hanzhong, Lintong, Tongchuan, Xianyang, Yan'an, Ankang.


Shaanxi consists of nine prefecture-level cities and one sub-provincial city:

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Administrative Seat Type
Shaanxi prfc map.png
1 Xi'an 西安市 Xī'ān Shì Weiyang District Sub-provincial city
2 Ankang 安康市 Ānkāng Shì Hanbin District Prefecture-level city
3 Baoji 宝鸡市 Bǎojī Shì Weibin District Prefecture-level city
4 Hanzhong 汉中市 Hànzhōng Shì Hantai District Prefecture-level city
5 Shangluo 商洛市 Shāngluò Shì Shangzhou District Prefecture-level city
6 Tongchuan 铜川市 Tóngchuān Shì Yaozhou District Prefecture-level city
7 Weinan 渭南市 Wèinán Shì Linwei District Prefecture-level city
8 Xianyang 咸阳市 Xiányáng Shì Qindu District Prefecture-level city
9 Yan'an 延安市 Yán'ān Shì Baota District Prefecture-level city
10 Yulin 榆林市 Yúlín Shì Yuyang District Prefecture-level city

See List of administrative divisions of Shaanxi for a complete list of county-level divisions.


The politics of Shaanxi is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Shaanxi is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Shaanxi. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor is considered to have less power than the Shaanxi Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary (中共陕西省委书记), colloquially termed the "Shaanxi CPC Party Chief"; since the Governor is always ranked as the First-Deputy Secretary in the Shaanxi Communist Party of China Provincial Committee.

Shaanxi was established as a provincial government since Qing Dynasty. In 10 January 1950, the People's Government of Shaanxi was established in Xi'an. Ma Minfang was then appointed as the first Governor of Shaanxi.


Shaanxi's nominal GDP for 2008 was 685.1 billion RMB (98 billion USD) and GDP Per Capita was 18,246 RMB (2,627 USD), ranking 22nd in the PRC.


Economic and Technological Development Zones

  • Baoji New & High-Tech Industry Area
  • Xi'an Economic & Technological Development Zone
  • Xi'an Export Processing Zone
  • Xi'an New & High-Tech Industry Area
  • Yangling Agricultural High-Tech Industry Area


Nearly all the people in Shaanxi are ethnic Han Chinese, with pockets of Hui population in the north western region (adjacent to Ningxia). The southern part of Shaanxi, known as Guanzhong, where the provincial capital Xi'an is located, is more populated compared to the northern part.


Shaanxi cuisine


Terracotta Army

Banpo Neolithic village, near Xi'an

Daqin Pagoda Imperial mausoleums Zhao Mausoleum Huashan (Mount Hua), one of the five most famous mountains in China. Taibaishan (Mount Taibai), the highest peak of the Qinling Range. Mausoleum and Terracotta Army Museum of the First Qin Emperor in Xi'an (World Heritage Site) The city of Xi'an: City Walls, Great Mosque, Bell Tower and Drum Tower, Forest of Stone Steles Museum, Shaanxi History Museum, Wild Goose Pagoda Yan'an, the destination of the Long March and the center of Chinese Communist revolution from 1935 to 1948 Biang Biang Noodles, one of the "ten strange wonders of Shaanxi" (陝西十大怪)


  • Shaanxi Radio serves Xi'an and the surrounding Shaanxi province area with music, and news.


Universities and colleges


Professional sports teams based in Shaanxi include:


  1. ^ Silk Road, North China, C.Michael Hogan, the Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham
  2. ^ Qian, Cai. General Yue Fei. Trans. Honorable Sir T.L. Yang. Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., Ltd., 1995 (ISBN 978-962-04-1279-0)

External links

Coordinates: 34°00′N 109°00′E / 34°N 109°E / 34; 109

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Shaanxi article)

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : North West : Shaanxi
See also Shanxi, a neighboring province.

Shaanxi (陕西; Shǎnxī), pronounced roughly "Shahn-shee", is a north-central province of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.

Hukou Waterfall
Hukou Waterfall


Shaanxi is a land-locked province in the middle reaches of the Yellow River. During a span of 1,100 years, 13 dynasties had their capital cities in Shaanxi, with a total of 73 emperors ruling supreme there. The land of Shaanxi is dotted with 60 paleoanthropologic, Paleolithic and Neolithic sites, 72 large-scale tombs of emperors, 20 or so imperial palaces, 2,604 ancient buildings, and 1,200 old temples and monasteries. Overall, you could say that Shaanxi Province is a colossal natural and historical museum for the world to visit.

  • Dynasty Hotel, 86-29-84692000, [1]. This four star hotel is located right at Yuxiang Square, just 30 minutes from Xi'an Xianyang International Airport. While staying here, you can visit some of these places: Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses, Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, and Mt. Huashan. 55 North Section Huan Cheng West Road, Lianhu District, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Rate starts at CNY 286.69+.  edit
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