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Shadow
UOP Shadow logo.png
Full name Shadow Racing Cars Inc.
Base
Founder(s) United States Don Nichols
Noted staff United Kingdom Jackie Oliver
United Kingdom Alan Rees
Noted drivers France Jean-Pierre Jarier
Australia Alan Jones
United Kingdom Tom Pryce
United States Peter Revson
Formula One World Championship career
Debut 1973 South African Grand Prix
Races competed 112
Constructors' Championships 0 (Best finish: 6th in 1975)
Drivers' Championships 0 (Best finish: Jones 7th in 1977)
Race victories 1
Pole positions 3
Fastest laps 2
Final race 1980 French Grand Prix

Shadow Racing Cars was a Formula One and sports car racing team, founded and initially based in the United States although later Formula One operations were run from Britain.

Contents

History

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1971-1972: Early years in CanAm series

The company was founded by Don Nichols in 1971 as Advance Vehicle Systems; the cars were called Shadows, designed by Trevor Harris and entered under the Shadow Racing Inc. banner. The first Shadow, the Mk.I, was entered in the CanAm series with George Follmer and Vic Elford driving them. The Mk.1 featured an innovative design, using very small wheels for low drag and although the car was quick, it was not the most reliable car in the field

The team became more competitive the following year, replacing the Harris car with a Peter Bryant design owing some elements to his Ti22 'titanium car' with Jackie Oliver also arriving from this effort and finishing eighth in the CanAm championship. The team also found some financial backing in Universal Oil Products (UOP).

Shadow came to dominate the shortened 1974 series, although by this point they were competing largely against privateers, the works McLaren and Porsche efforts having left the series.

1973-1974: Entry into Formula One

The Embassy Hill DN1 from 1973 being demonstrated at the 2008 Goodwood Festival of Speed.

Towards the end of 1972, Nichols announced that he was entering his team into Formula One with UOP sponsored cars designed by Tony Southgate, who had designed the BRM that gave Jean-Pierre Beltoise victory at the Monaco Grand Prix the previous year.

The team debuted in Formula One at the 1973 South African Grand Prix with the DN1 chassis. Two cars were available for drivers Jackie Oliver and George Follmer, as well as a private entry for Graham Hill who ran his car under the Embassy Hill banner.

For 1974, the team hired two of the most promising drivers of the time: American Peter Revson and Frenchman Jean-Pierre Jarier. During a practice run for the South African Grand Prix Revson was killed by a suspension failure on his DN3. He was replaced by Tom Pryce.

1975-1977: Peak of success

Matra-powered DN7 was driven by Jean-Pierre Jarier as a one-off during the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix.

The new DN5 made the pole driven by Jean-Pierre Jarier in the two first Grand Prix the 1975 season but had mechanical failure in both races. The DN5 and most other Shadow Formula One cars used Ford Cosworth DFV engines, which produced around 490 bhp. However, later in 1975,another car was driven by Jarier, the DN7, and it was fitted with a Matra V12 engine producing around 550 bhp. As one can imagine, the wheelbase was substantially lengthened to accommodate the much larger and more expensive French powerplant, although due to budgetary issues, the Matra-powered DN7 was doomed as a one-off. Jarier's new teammate, Tom Pryce, showed his talent by winning the non-championship Race of Champions that same year. Pryce however, died in a freak accident involving a marshal at the 1977 South African Grand Prix.

The team replaced Pryce with Alan Jones, who won the team's only Grand Prix at the Austrian Grand Prix the same year.

1978-1980: Decline

The DN9 was copied by Arrows before a court order banned Arrows from racing their version, the FA/1.

Following the departure of Jones to Williams and a majority of their staff leaving to form their own team, Arrows, the Shadow team started to decline sharply and in 1980 they were absorbed by Theodore Racing, but lack of money meant the team was broken up by mid-season.


Complete World Championship Formula One results

(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap.)

Year Chassis Engine(s) Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Points WCC
1973 Shadow DN1 Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA ESP BEL MON SWE FRA GBR NED GER AUT ITA CAN USA 9 8th
Jackie Oliver Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 11 3 15
George Follmer 6 3 Ret DNS 14 Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret 10 17 14
1974 Shadow DN1
Shadow DN3
Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA ESP BEL MON SWE NED FRA GBR GER AUT ITA CAN USA 7 8th
Peter Revson Ret Ret DNP
Brian Redman 7 18 Ret
Bertil Roos Ret
Tom Pryce Ret Ret 8 6 Ret 10 Ret NC
Jean-Pierre Jarier Ret Ret WD/
DNP
NC 13 3 5 Ret 12 Ret 8 8 Ret Ret 10
1975 Shadow DN3
Shadow DN5
Shadow DN7
Ford V8
Matra V12
G ARG BRA RSA ESP MON BEL SWE NED FRA GBR GER AUT ITA USA 9.5 6th
Tom Pryce 12 Ret 9 Ret Ret 6 Ret 6 Ret Ret 4 3 6 NC
Jean-Pierre Jarier DNS Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret
1976 Shadow DN5
Shadow DN5B
Shadow DN8
Ford V8 G BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON SWE FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA JPN 10 8th
Tom Pryce 3 7 Ret 8 10 7 9 8 4 8 Ret 4 8 11 Ret Ret
Jean-Pierre Jarier Ret Ret 7 Ret 9 8 12 12 9 11 Ret 10 19 18 10 10
1977 Shadow DN5B
Shadow DN8
Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP MON BEL SWE FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA USA CAN JPN 23 7th
Tom Pryce NC Ret Ret
Alan Jones Ret Ret 6 5 17 Ret 7 Ret 1 Ret 3 Ret 4 4
Renzo Zorzi Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret
Riccardo Patrese 9 Ret Ret Ret 10 13 Ret 10 6
Jackie Oliver 9
Arturo Merzario Ret
Jean-Pierre Jarier 9
1978 Shadow DN8
Snadow DN9
Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW MON BEL ESP SWE FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA USA CAN 6 11th
Hans-Joachim Stuck 17 Ret DNQ DNS Ret Ret Ret 11 11 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Clay Regazzoni 15 5 DNQ 10 DNQ Ret 15 5 Ret Ret DNQ NC DNQ NC 14 DNQ
1979 Shadow DN9 Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 3 10th
Jan Lammers Ret 14 Ret Ret 12 10 DNQ 18 11 10 Ret Ret DNQ 9 DNQ
Elio de Angelis 7 12 Ret 7 Ret Ret DNQ 16 12 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4
1980 Shadow DN11
Shadow DN12
Ford V8 G ARG BRA RSA USW BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 0 NC
Stefan Johansson DNQ DNQ
Geoff Lees 13 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ
David Kennedy DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ

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