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Shakhty (English)
Шахты (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Shakhty.jpg
A view of the city from the XBK region
Map of Russia - Rostov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Rostov Oblast on the map of Russia
Shakhty is located in Rostov Oblast
Location of Shakhty on the map of Rostov Oblast
Coordinates: 47°42′N 40°14′E / 47.7°N 40.233°E / 47.7; 40.233Coordinates: 47°42′N 40°14′E / 47.7°N 40.233°E / 47.7; 40.233
Coat of arms of Shakhty.png
Coat of arms
Holiday Third Sunday of September
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Rostov Oblast
In administrative jurisdiction of Rostov Oblast
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Mayor Sergey Ponamorenko[1]
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 158.2 km2 (61.1 sq mi)
Population (2002 Census) 244,364 inhabitants[2]
Rank 83
- Density 1,545 /km2 (4,000/sq mi)[3]
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Founded 1805
Postal code(s) 346500
Dialing code(s) +7 +7 8636
Official website http://www.shakhty-gorod.ru/

Shakhty (Russian: Ша́хты) is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located on the southeastern spur of Donetsk mountain ridge, 75 km northeast from Rostov-on-Don. Its population was 222,592 as of the 2002 Census.

Contents

History

Founded on October 3, 1867 as Gornoye Grushevskoye (Горное Грушевское) settlement, from 1881 till 1921 it was called Alexandrovsk-Grushevsky (Александровск-Грушевский).

By 1914, the population had reached 54 thousand. The main source of income was coal mining, which had been carried out in that region since the 18th century. The population was poor, but the town had rail, telegraph and telephone networks, electricity and plumbing as well as libraries, hospitals and a post office. Most of the merchants and industrialists lived in Rostov and Novocherkassk.[4]

1917 saw the city change hands three times, until it was taken on April 28, 1919, by the Don Army, under General Fitzkhelaurov. For 20 months it was independent of the Bolsheviks, but was ravaged by typhoid. On January 13, 1921 it was finally given its present name. The name "Shakhty" ("mine shafts" in English) was chosen, because of the city's association with coal mining. During the 1920s, many of the churches and the archives were destroyed. As with the rest of the Soviet Union, the street names were all changed.

In July, 1942, during the Great Patriotic War the town was occupied by Nazi Germany; many coal pits and buildings were blown up by the Nazis during their retreat in February, 1943.
29 of the townsmen were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

In 1948, production levels in the mines reached what they had been before the war. During the Brezhnev years, the city was at the height of its development, with a population of over 250 thousand, and about 10 million tons of coal being mined each year.[5]

Perestroika proved devastating for the city, as mines were privatised and shut down, causing massive unemployment, which led to a severe rise in crime and drug abuse. Today Shakhty is the main industrial center of the Eastern Donbass. The city is also one of the main producers and exporters of tile in Eastern Europe, Shakhtinskaya Plitka (шахтинская плитка).

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Shakhty is twinned with:

Historical concepts

Outside Russia at least, the town is mainly known because of the Shakhty Trial of 1928, a precursor of the show trials of the 1930s, and for being the scene of many of Chikatilo's murders.

References

  1. ^ http://shakhty-gorod.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4&Itemid=2
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  3. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  4. ^ Шахты.SU: История города
  5. ^ Information Portal of Shakhty

External links


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