Shakopee, Minnesota: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shakopee, Minnesota
—  City  —
City of Shakopee

Seal

Logo
Location in Scott County and the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°47′53″N 93°31′37″W / 44.79806°N 93.52694°W / 44.79806; -93.52694
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Scott
Founded
Incorporated 1857
Government
 - Mayor John Schmitt
Area
 - City 28.6 sq mi (73.7 km2)
 - Land 27 sq mi (69.9 km2)
 - Water 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)  5.10%
Elevation 770 ft (234 m)
Population (2006)[1][2]
 - City 33,460
 Density 1,239.3/sq mi (478.7/km2)
 Metro 3,175,041
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55379
Area code(s) 952
FIPS code 27-59350[3]
GNIS feature ID 0651898[4]
Website www.ci.shakopee.mn.us

Shakopee (pronounced /ˈʃɑːkəpiː/ SHAH-kə-pee) is a city southwest of downtown Minneapolis in the U.S. state of Minnesota and is the county seat of Scott County. Located on the south bank bend of the Minnesota River, Shakopee and nearby suburbs comprise the southwest portion of Minneapolis-Saint Paul, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population at 33,460 in 2007.[1]

The river bank's Shakopee Historic District contains burial mounds built by prehistoric cultures. In the 17th century, Chief Shakopee of the Mdewakanton Dakota established his village on the east end. Trading brought about the city's establishment in the 19th century and Shakopee boomed as a commerce exchange site between river and rail at Murphy's Landing. Once an isolated city competing in the Minnesota River Valley, by the 1960s its economy shifted to the expanding metropolitan area. Significant growth as a bedroom community occurred after U.S. Highway 169 was realigned in 1996 toward the new Bloomington Ferry Bridge.

The city is currently known for the metro area's largest attractions, Valleyfair! amusement park and the Canterbury Park horse racetrack. The Minnesota Renaissance Festival is associated with Shakopee though is located in nearby Louisville Township.

Contents

History

The yard of "Col. Murphy's near Shakopee"

Burial mounds along the Minnesota River bluff located in present Veterans Memorial Park date between 500 to 2,000 years.[5] Following the Dakota migration from Mille Lacs Lake in the 1600s, several bands of Mdewakanton Dakota settled along the Minnesota River and continued the mound building tradition. One of these bands was led by Chief Shakopee. The Ojibwa nation began pushing into Dakota territory and reportedly Shakopee's band skirmished in 1768 and 1775.[6] Shakopee died in 1827 at Fort Snelling. The second man to take the name Chief Shakopee was his adopted Ojibwa son Eaglehead (b. 1794-1857). The original Shakopee acquired his name when his wife, White Buffalo Woman, gave birth to sextuplet boys. Shakopee means "the six." Explorer Joseph Nicollet recorded that Eaglehead had been elected to lead the band and assume his father's name in 1838.[7] By this time, Nicollet referred to the "Village of the Six," a permanent village south of the river, acting as a boundary to the Ojibwa, and was east of the present downtown.[6][7] He noted the village and locality was commonly called the "village of the prairie" (published as tinta ottonwe). The Shakopee band lived in summer bark lodges and winter tipis, following the changes of the season with cornfields planted.[6]

The Dakota nation ceded land in 1851 and many relocated to Chief Shakopee's village which had moved south to where the current Shakopee-Mdewakanton Indian Reservation is in nearby Prior Lake.[8] The band swelled to 400 people and leadership passed to Shakopee II's son Eatoka (b. 1811-1865) who became Shakpedan (Little Shakopee/Little Six) at the death of his father.[9] After the Dakota War of 1862, Shakpedan was hung at Fort Snelling in 1865 for participating in the massacres.[9] Descendants of the Mdewakanton Dakota placed 572 acres of Shakopee land into tribal land trust in 2003.[10]

Meanwhile in 1851, Thomas A. Holmes established a trading post west of the Dakota and platted Shakopee Village in 1854 after Chief Shakopee II.[9] The city quickly grew, incorporating in 1857 but surrendered their charter in 1861 due to conflicts in the Dakota War. As tensions lifted, the city incorporated again in 1870 but the western end was left in township status and renamed Jackson Township, Minnesota in 1871, likely after President Andrew Jackson.[9]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.5 square miles (73.7 km²), of which, 27.0 square miles (69.9 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²) of it (5.10%) is water.

U.S. Highway 169 and County Highway 101 are two of the main routes in Shakopee. Highway 169 and nearby State Highway 13 connect Shakopee to the rest of the Minneapolis – Saint Paul region. County Highway 101 serves as a major east-west connector of historic downtown Shakopee.

Located in Shakopee there is a relatively new soccer complex that has a growing program. The concession stand is open everyday that there is scheduled activity on the fields.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 20,568 people, 7,540 households, and 5,360 families residing in the city. The population density was 761.7 people per square mile (294.1/km²). There were 7,805 housing units at an average density of 289.0/sq mi (111.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.61% White, 1.33% African American, 0.94% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.40% of the population.

There were 7,540 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 38.8% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $59,137, and the median income for a family was $66,885 (these figures had risen to $72,523 and $83,235 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[11]). Males had a median income of $41,662 versus $32,244 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,128. About 1.8% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Shakopee public schools include six elementary schools, one middle school, one junior high school and one senior high school. The elementary schools are:

  • Pearson Elementary
  • Red Oak Elementary
  • Sun Path Elementary
  • Sweeney Elementary
  • Eagle Creek Elementary

Students grade 6 and 7 attend Shakopee Middle School. Shakopee Junior High is home to grades 8 and 9 while Shakopee High School houses grades 10 through 12. The district is also planning to build a new school in 2010.

Shakopee is also the home of the Shakopee Area Catholic Schools and hosts a campus of Globe University/Minnesota School of Business, a private career college offering programs in business, health sciences, legal sciences, multimedia & design and information technology.

Politics

Shakopee is located in Minnesota's 2nd congressional district, represented by John Kline, a Republican, scoring 2.8% progressive on a range of issues[12] and 88% conservative based on 2006 House votes.[13]

Notable natives

Attractions

Shakopee is home to several attractions that are well-recognized throughout the state and even nationally.

  • Valleyfair is a family amusement park located just outside of the Shakopee downtown on Minnesota Highway 101.
  • The Landing is an 88-acre historic village located on the Minnesota River just outside of downtown Shakopee. The Landing is a working representation of Minnesota life from the 1840s-1890's.
  • Canterbury Park is a horse racetrack and card club located at the intersection of Canterbury Road and US Highway 169.
  • Minnesota Renaissance Festival attracts visitors from all over the world and is located south of Shakopee on US Highway 169.
  • Mystic Lake Casino, although technically located in Prior Lake is on the border between Shakopee and Prior Lake with many casino facilities located on the Shakopee side.

Popular culture

  • Shakopee was mentioned in the 2006 film Cars when a character said she once went to Shakopee for "Crazy Days." The Minnesotan voice actress ad-libbed the city's name into the script.[14] While there is no Crazy Days, Shakopee does celebrate "Derby Days" named for the horse racing tradition of the city's history.
  • The Daily Show with Jon Stewart reported about the woman's prison in Shakopee. The story was about the controversy of the fence-less prison and the arguments between citizens wanting a fence and not wanting a fence.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "Shakopee T1. Population Estimates [10"]. U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=PEP_2007_EST&-mt_name=PEP_2007_EST_G2007_T001&-CONTEXT=dt&-tree_id=807&-all_geo_types=N&-geo_id=16000US2759350&-search_results=16000US2759350&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  2. ^ "Table 2: Population Estimates for the 100 Most Populous Metropolitan Statistical Areas Based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. 2007-04-05. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/cb07-51tbl2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "SMSC To Conduct Prescribed Burn at Shakopee Memorial Park" (pdf). Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community. 2004-04-22. http://www.shakopeedakota.org/press/2004/20040422.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  6. ^ a b c "Minnesota River History: People". Joseph R. Brown MN River Center. http://www.jrb.org/mnriver/people.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  7. ^ a b Joseph Nicolas Nicollet (1976). Joseph N. Nicollet on the Plains and Prairies. Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 45. http://books.google.com/books?id=jJzlmqo0zzgC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22Village+of+the+prairie%22+Shakopee&source=web&ots=i4oKGNA9gH&sig=cDjaDCYHsm7WCj0SxamnhATwwU4&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result#PPA45,M1. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  8. ^ "Mdewakanton Band of the Dakota Nation (Part II)". Minneapolis Public Library. 2001. http://www.mpls.lib.mn.us/history/eh2.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  9. ^ a b c d Warren Upham (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 510. http://books.google.com/books?id=ShcLAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA510&lpg=PA510&dq=Shakpedan&source=web&ots=yhbZaYV_Vs&sig=y607YGVi1uxR5YJFGdRahXaM0SQ&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  10. ^ Shannon Fiecke (2008-12-02). "City ends fight over land-trust". Shakopee Valley News. http://www.shakopeenews.com/news/general_news/city_ends_fight_over_land_trust-7683. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US2758738&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US27%7C16000US2758738&_street=&_county=shakopee&_cityTown=shakopee&_state=04000US27&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  12. ^ Grossman, Joshua. "ProgressivePunch Leading with the Left". All Issues. ProgressivePunch. http://www.progressivepunch.org/members.jsp?member=MN2. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  13. ^ "ACU Ratings of Congress, 2006". American Conservative Union. 2006. http://www.acuratings.org/2006all.htm#MN. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  14. ^ Pat Minelli (2006-08-28). "The answer to Shock-o-pee reference in 'Cars'". Shakopee Valley News. http://www.shakopeenews.com/node/538. 
  15. ^ http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/tue-march-7-2006/uncaged-heat

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message