Shakuntalā Parānjpye (17 January 1906 - 3 May 2000) was an Indian writer and a prominent social worker. She was a member of Maharashtra Legislative Council during 1958-64, and was a nominated member of Indian Rajya Sabha (Upper House of Parliament) during 1964-70  . In 1991, the Government of India awarded her the Padma Bhushan title in recognition of her pioneering work in the field of family planning since 1938. The recent low population growth rate in Maharashtra is largely attributed to her work.
Shakuntala Paranjpye was the daughter of Sir R. P. Paranjpye, who was India's first Senior Wrangler (Cambridge) (mathematics), an educationist, and India's High Commissioner to Australia during 1944-1947.
Shakuntala worked in the 1930s with the International Labour Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. In the 1930s and '40s, she also acted in some Marathi and Hindi movies. (See Acting below.) Her most noted role was in V. Shantaram's Hindi social classic, Duniyā Nā Māne. (This movie was remade in its Marathi version as Kunku.)
Shakuntala wrote many plays, sketches, and novels in Marathi. Some of her work was in English. (See Authorship below.)
Shakuntala was married for a short time to a Russian painter, Youra Sleptzoff. She had a daughter, Sai Paranjpye, by him in 1938. Soon after Sai's birth, she divorced Youra, and reared Sai in her own father's household.
Sai Paranjpye is a noted Hindi movie director and screenwriter. She is known for her comedies and children's movies. In 2006, the Government of India awarded her the Padma Bhushan title in recognition of her artistic talents.
Shakuntala had acting roles in the following movies:
Ganga Maiyya (1955)
Jawani Ka Rang (1941)
Duniya Na Mane (1937)
Jeevan Jyoti (1937)
Sultana Chand Biwi (1937)
Bahadur Beti (1935)
Kali Waghan (1935)
Typist Girl (1935)
Bhakta Prahlad (1934)
Bhedi Rajkumar (1934)
Partha Kumar (1934)