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Sham Shui Po
District emblem: Official emblem] of Sham Shui Po
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Location within Hong Kong
22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220Coordinates: 22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220 (Satellite image)
District Council Chairman Tam Kwok-kiu, MH, JP
Constituencies 21
Area - 9.48 km²
Land km²
Water km²
Population -
Total (2006) 365,540
Density 39,095/km²
Official website Sham Shui Po District Council

Sham Shui Po District (traditional Chinese: 深水埗區pinyin: Shēnshuǐbù Qū) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It includes Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan and Lai Chi Kok of New Kowloon, and Stonecutter's Island of Kowloon. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 365,540 and the lowest median household income, and the fourth least educated residents.[1]

Contents

Administration

Sham Shui Po District administers:

Famous for

Apliu Street in Sham Shui Po is a well known place where electronics enthusiasts go. Here, one will find almost anything they need for their electronic projects. Aside from electronic items, one may also find the power tools, electrical devices, mobile phones and accessories they need. Even car accessories shops can be found.

Demographics and housing

Two old women having their lunch-box meals in masses of paper scraps. The common scenario in the streets indicates ageing is a burning problem to Sham Shui Po.

Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in 1950s and 1960s. It is heavily poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high.

Local private housing Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Lai Chi Kok, which was built in 1966, was Hong Kong's first large-scale private housing estate, comprising 8 phases with a total of 99 blocks.

Politics

Partly because of the large presence of the low-income group in Sham Shui Po, the area has bred many pro-grassroots politicians. The current chairman of the Sham Shui Po District Council, Mr Tam Kwok-kiu, is a veteran local politician fighting for the interests of public housing tenants for many years.

Sham Shui Po is the stronghold of Tam's political party, the Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood. Of the 26 District Councillors in Sham Shui Po, nine belong to his group, including party chief Frederick Fung Kin-kee. Fung was returned to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong in 2000 by direct election in the geographical constituency of Kowloon West, in which Sham Shui Po is the biggest area.

However, Hong Kong's largest pro-government and pro-Beijing party, the Democratic Alliance for Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), has gained a foothold in Sham Shui Po too. In 2000, Tsang Yok-sing, the then chairman of DAB and member of the Executive Council, Hong Kong SAR chief executive Tung Chee-hwa's inner cabinet, won a seat in the Legislative Council representing the Kowloon West constituency, which includes Sham Shui Po.

DAB members Chan Wai Ming, representative of So Uk, Fu Shu-wan, a representative of Lei Cheng Uk, and Cheung Man-to, a representative of Nam Cheong Central are District Councillors in Sham Shui Po.

The Democrats have been less successful at canvassing grass-roots support. Pro-Beijing politicians have won favour in Sham Shui Po by organizing such things as free banquets and tours to southern China.

Transport

There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:

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MTR

People leaning against a fence in front of an MTR station.

Buses

There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.

See also

External links

  1. ^ Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census

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