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Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University seal
Motto 饮水思源, 爱国荣校。
Established 1896
Type Public coeducational
President Zhang Jie 张杰
Faculty 1,420
Undergraduates 19,432
3,445 Medical School[1]
Postgraduates 13,628
2,747 Medical School[2]
Location Shanghai, China
31°12′3″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)Coordinates: 31°12′3″N 121°25′47″E / 31.20083°N 121.42972°E / 31.20083; 121.42972 (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Campus Urban
Colors None
Website 中文 en

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (simplified Chinese: 上海交通大学traditional Chinese: 上海交通大學pinyin: Shànghǎi Jiāotōng Dàxué; abbreviated Jiao Da (交大) or SJTU), sometimes referred to as Shanghai Jiaotong University (no space), is a public research university located in Shanghai, China. Shanghai Jiao Tong University is known as one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China.

Contents

History

Nanyang Public School

In 1896, Nanyang Public School was founded in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established: the normal school, school of foreign studies, middle school and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the proposer of the edict, became the first president and was regarded as the founder of the university.

In 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school and changed its name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry a year later. In 1906, the college went under the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs and changed its name to Shanghai Industrial College of the Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. When the Republic of China was founded, the college was run by the Ministry of Communications and changed its name once again to Government Institute of Technology of the Communications Ministry. In 1918, the republic government founded the School of Management and it became one of the oldest academic institutes.

In 1920, the institute merged with two other colleges and changed its name to Nan Yang College of Chiao Tung. In the 1930s, it was known as the "Eastern MIT"[3] due to its reputation of nurturing top engineers. In 1938, the Ministry of Education took over the university and renamed it National Chiao Tung University (the separate institution of National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, is still known by name). In 1943, the graduate school was founded.

At the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1952, the new Communist government adopted a policy of creating Soviet-style specialized schools. Under this policy, some faculties of the university were incorporated into other universities. At the same time, engineering faculties from outside were absorbed to create a specialized engineering university. A bigger rearrangement came in 1956 for the school when the national government decided to send a significant amount of its faculties to Xi'an to help create another top engineering school - Xi'an Jiaotong University in western Chinese province Shaanxi. Afterwards, the school was officially renamed Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Shanghai Second Medical University was merged into Shanghai Jiao Tong University on July 18, 2005, under the name Medical School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Present

The Gate of Xuhui Campus

At present, the university comprises 20 academic schools, two directly affiliated departments and one graduate school. It also has a School of Continuing (adult) Education, School of Online Learning, School of International Education, and a Vocational School. There are 60 undergraduate programs, 179 master-degree programs, 6 professional master-degree programs, 22 disciplines and 143 sub-disciplines authorized to confer Ph.D degrees, 23 post-doctorate programs, 22 state key doctorate programs and six state key laboratories and four national engineering centers. Its total enrollment of full-time students amounts over 38,000. There are 19,432 undergraduates, 13,628 candidates for Master's Degree and Doctor's Degree and 2,080 foreign students[4].

School of Mechanical Engineering, Minhang Campus

The university has more than 1,420 professors and associate professors, including 15 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, seven chief scientists of the national 973 project and 31 "Cheung Kong Scholars".

According to a February 19th 2010 article in Bloomberg, Shanghai Jiaotong University has been named and implicated by the NY Times as one of two possible schools in China, involved in the hacking attacks and breach of Google Inc. Gmail accounts. This, per unnamed sources close to an NSA investigation into the matter.

“The National Security Agency and cyber-security consultants have been investigating the breach, the Times said. Marci Green, a spokeswoman for the NSA, declined in an e-mail to comment on the Times story. The schools involved are the Lanxiang Vocational School and Shanghai Jiaotong University, the Times said, citing anonymous people with knowledge of the investigation.”

"Google said the breach included theft of its intellectual property and hacking into the e-mail accounts of human rights activists, and that it targeted at least 20 other “large” companies in technology, finance and chemicals." Jeff Bliss in Washington bloomberg.net.

The accuracy of the reporting of the New York Times was called into question by The Inquirer on February 22nd 2010, which reported that the Lanxiang Vocational School's main areas of study are vocational skills such as cooking, auto repair and hairdressing, and while there is a computer science course, it teaches basic computing skills, not advanced hacking techniques. [5]

Academic Ranking of World Universities

Since 2003, Shanghai Jiao Tong University has produced the Academic Ranking of World Universities[6] which analyzes the top universities in the world on quality of faculty (40%), research output (40%), quality of education (10%) and performance vs. size (10%).[7] Its ranking is exclusively of research universities, mainly in the empirical sciences.

Organization

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Academic Schools

Directly affiliated departments

Graduate school

Affiliated institutes

Affliliated hospitals

Campuses

Xuhui Campus

A scene of the original library, Xuhui campus

The previous main campus was located in Xuhui District of Shanghai, formerly a largely Catholic area and a site of several educational institutions.

Most buildings on campus were influenced by American architecture, while the main gate, which was built in 1935, is of traditional Chinese style reflecting the University's earlier status as the "Imperial Polytechnic College". The approaches to the main gate were via a series of marble bridges, similar to, although smaller than, those built in front of Tiananmen. However, recent road expansions have demolished the river as well as most of bridges. A copy of this famous gate scene have been built on the east of Minhang campus.

The construction of the campus never came to an end in the past century. Existing buildings: the Medium College building(built in 1898), the original library (built in 1919), the gymnasium (built in 1925), the administrative building (built in 1933), the Xinjian building (built in 1953), the new Upper College building (built in 1955), the second teaching building (built in 1960), Bao Zhaolong library (built in 1985) and Haoran high-tech building (built in 1996) were constructed one after another.

The university's School of International Education is located here, where a large number of international students take classes throughout the academic year (however, most international students that take degree courses are in Minhang campus). The campus still houses a variety of scientific research institutions, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering for instance, although most moved to the new campus since 1987.

Minhang Campus

The Siyuan Lake, Minhang Campus

The Minhang campus is located in the Minhang District on the outskirts of metropolitan Shanghai. This young campus, which was founded in 1987, covers 2,822,903m2 once farmland. Zizhu Science Park, where Intel, ST Microelectronics, Microsoft and other high-tech companies put their R&D centers, is to the south of the campus.

Currently, most administrative and academic framework of the university and the majority of undergraduate and graduate students were moved to this campus, which is now accompanied by the newly built Minhang Campus of East China Normal University.

South Chongqing Road Campus

It is formerly the campus of Shanghai Second Medical University, which is located in the Luwan District of Shanghai. The Aurora University (Shanghai), a pre-eminent Catholic university in Shanghai, was located there before 1952.

Qibao Campus

In 1999, Shanghai Agricultural College was merged into SJTU, and its campus became Qibao Campus of the university. It's located in 2678 Qixin Rd. Postal code is 201101.

Shangzhong Road Campus

In the year of 2006, Shanghai Jiao Tong University sold this campus to Shanghai High School.

Fahuazhen Road Campus

Notable Alumni

Of all the fellows of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, more than 200 are the alumni of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Alumni Associations

Notes

  1. ^ "2006–07 Factbook (Undergraduate)" (XLS). Shanghai Jiao Tong University. http://www.sjtu.edu.cn/newsnet/gallery/2006_11_30/2006_2007Book1.xls. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  2. ^ "2006–07 Factbook (Postgraduate)" (XLS). Shanghai Jiao Tong University. http://www.sjtu.edu.cn/newsnet/gallery/2006_11_30/2006_2007Book2.xls. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  3. ^ "During the last century: Eastern MIT". Xi'an Jiao Tong University. http://wunit.xjtu.edu.cn/archives/News/Show.asp?id=1769. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  4. ^ "2006–07 Factbooks". Shanghai Jiao Tong University. http://www.sjtu.edu.cn/intro/statistics/new/. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  5. ^ http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/1592914/google-bought-chinese-hairdressers
  6. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2007
  7. ^ ADRW2007-Methodology

See also

External links


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