Shanksville, Pennsylvania: Wikis

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Shanksville
Borough
Main Street in Shanksville
Official name: Borough of Shanksville
Named for: Christian Shank (founder)
Country  United States
State  Pennsylvania
County Somerset County
Township Stonycreek Township
Coordinates 40°1′2″N 78°54′21″W / 40.01722°N 78.90583°W / 40.01722; -78.90583
Population 245 (2000)
Density 1,391.9 /sq mi (537.4 /km2)
Settled 1798
 - Incorporated January 25, 1913
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Location of Shanksville in Pennsylvania

Shanksville is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States, with a population of 245, as of the 2000 census. It is part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Pittsburgh Tri-State area. Shanksville came to international attention during the September 11, 2001 attacks when United Airlines Flight 93 crashed nearby.

Contents

Geography

Shanksville is located at 40°1′2″N 78°54′21″W / 40.01722°N 78.90583°W / 40.01722; -78.90583 (40.017182, -78.905891)[1], with the borough covering 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km²).

Shanksville has the seventh-highest elevation of towns in Pennsylvania, at 2,230 feet. [2]

The town is primarily residential, with a small service station, Beaner's Marine, Ida's Country Store, a grocery store owned by Rick King, Creekside Country Store, a locally owned gift and craft shop, and the Shanksville Volunteer Fire Department. Shanksville United Methodist Church and St. Mark Lutheran Church are also located here.

Demographics

Ida's, the town's general store

As of the census of 2000, there were 245 people, 96 households, and 69 families residing in the borough.[3] The population density was 1,391.9 people per square mile (525.5/km²). There were 100 housing units at an average density of 568.1/sq mi (214.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White.

There were 96 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the borough the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,980, and the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $25,250 versus $22,917 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,500. About 4.8% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 12.5% of those sixty five or over.

History

Christian Shank, a German immigrant, built a cabin on Stony Creek in 1798, later building a grist mill and two saw mills in the vicinity. Emmanuel Shaffer opened a store at the site in 1828, and the following year Shank laid out the town of Shanksville. The Shanksville post office was opened in 1874. Shanksville was incorporated as a borough on January 25, 1913.[4]

On September 11, 2001, during the 9/11 attacks on the United States, United Airlines Flight 93 crashed in a field in Stonycreek Township, two miles north of the town of Shanksville. The hijackers had intended to crash the airplane into the Capitol in Washington D.C.[5]

Flight 93 Memorials

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Flight 93 National Memorial

Photo of George W. Bush and Laura Bush visiting Shanksville on September 11, 2002.

A temporary memorial to the passengers and crew of Flight 93 is located on a hill, about 500 yards from the crash site. The permanent Flight 93 National Memorial will be built at the crash site, with construction to be completed by the 10th anniversary in 2011.

Shanksville Firehouse Memorial

Shanksville's volunteer firefighters, as well as emergency personnel from nearby towns of Central City, Somerset, and others, had rushed to the United Airlines Flight 93 crash scene to search for survivors. New York City firefighters donated to the Shanksville Volunteer Fire Department a cross-shaped piece of steel salvaged from the World Trade Center. Mounted atop a Pentagon-shaped base, it was installed outside the firehouse and dedicated on August 24, 2008.[6] [7]

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Highest Elevation of Towns in Pennsylvania
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ Wilson, Ruth Hunter, Nelle Shank Hunter, Nancy Hallberg. "History of StonyCreek Township". http://www.rootsweb.com/~pasomers/stonycreek/history.html.  
  5. ^ Fouda, Yosri and Nick Fielding (2004). Masterminds of Terror. Arcade Publishing. pp. 158–159.  
  6. ^ Ganassi, Michelle (2008-08-25). "NY firefighter donating steel to Shanksville". Daily American. http://www.dailyamerican.com/articles/2008/08/22/news/news/news808.txt. Retrieved 2008-08-22.  
  7. ^ Gaskell, Stephanie (2008-08-25). "Pa. site of 9/11 crash gets WTC beam". New York Daily news. http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/2008/08/24/2008-08-24_pa_site_of_911_crash_gets_wtc_beam.html. Retrieved 2008-08-25.  

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