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Lhoka Prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region

Lhoka Prefecture (Tibetan: ལྷོ་ཁ་ས་ཁུལ་Wylie: Lho-kha Sa-khul; ZWPY: Lhoka Sakü; simplified Chinese: 山南地区; pinyin: Shānnán Dìqū) also widely known as the Shannan Prefecture for centuries, is a prefecture in the Southeastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Shannan means 'South of the Mountains' in Chinese. It contains the ancient region of Yarlong, the birthplace of Tibetan civilisation.[1]

As of 2002 it has a population of 320,000 and an area of 79.699 km². Shannan Prefecture includes a large area that has been disputed between India and China, presently governed by India as part of the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

The Samye and the Changzhug monasteries are located in Shannan Prefecture, as well as Tsetang, Tibet's third largest town.[citation needed] Shannan is predominantly inhabited by members of the Monpa ethnic group.[citation needed]

The beautiful Gelugpa Tawang Monastery, was founded in 1681 according to the wishes of the Fifth Dalai Lama. It is located in Tawang District, which is an area claimed by China and administratively placed under Shannan's jurisdiction by a Chinese sovereignty claim, but is currently governed by India as part of north-eastern Arunachal Pradesh state.

Administrative sub-divisions

Lare parts of the counties of Lhünzê (隆子县) and Cona (错那县) are considered by the Chinese government to be Tibetan territory and thus under Chinese jurisdiction, however they are de facto under the control of India and make up large swathes of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

Map
Shannan mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Nêdong County 乃东县 Nǎidōng Xiàn སྣེ་གདོང་རྫོང་ sne gdong rdzong 100,000 2,185 46
2 Zhanang County 扎囊县 Zhānáng Xiàn གྲ་ནང་རྫོང་ gra nang rdzong 40,000 2,142 19
3 Gonggar County 贡嘎县 Gònggā Xiàn འཕྱོངས་རྒྱས་རྫོང་ gong dkar rdzong 50,000 2,386 21
4 Sangri County 桑日县 Sāngrì Xiàn ཟངས་རི་རྫོང་ zangs ri rdzong 20,000 2,634 8
5 Qonggyai County 琼结县 Qióngjié Xiàn འཕྱོངས་རྒྱས་རྫོང་ 'phyongs rgyas rdzong 20,000 1,030 19
6 Qusum County 曲松县 Qūsōng Xiàn ཆུ་གསུམ་རྫོང་ chu gsum rdzong 20,000 2,069 10
7 Comai County 措美县 Cuòměi Xiàn མཚོ་སམད་རྫོང་ mtsho smad rdzong 10,000 4,178 2
8 Lhozhag County 洛扎县 Luòzhā Xiàn ལྷོ་བྲག་རྫོང་ lho brag rdzong 20,000 5,031 4
9 Gyaca County 加查县 Jiāchá Xiàn རྒྱ་ཚ་རྫོང་ rgya tsha rdzong 20,000 4,385 5
10 Lhünzê County 隆子县 Lóngzǐ Xiàn ལྷུན་རྩེ་རྫོང་ lhun rtse rdzong 30,000 9,894 3
11 Cona County 错那县 Cuònà Xiàn མཚོ་སྣ་རྫོང་ mtsho sna rdzong 10,000 34,979 0
12 Nagarzê County 日喀则市 Làngkǎzǐ Xiàn སྣ་དཀར་རྩེ་རྫོང་ sna dkar rtse rdzong 40,000 7,982 5

References

  1. ^ Booz, Elisabeth B. (1986). Tibet, pp. 127-135. Passport Books, Chicago. ISBN 0-8442-9812-3.

External links

Coordinates: 28°33′22″N 92°33′24″E / 28.55611°N 92.55667°E / 28.55611; 92.55667

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Shannan Prefecture (Tibetan: Lhokha Sakhül, ལྷོ་ཁ་ས་ཁུལ་Wylie: Lho-kha Sa-khul; simplified Chinese: 山南地区; pinyin: Shānnán Dìqū) is a prefecture in the Southeastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region. It means 'South of the Mountains' in Chinese. It contains the ancient region of Yarlong, the birthplace of Tibetan civilisation.[1]

As of 2002 it has a population of 320,000 and an area of 79.699 km². Much of Shannan Prefecture encompass the western part of the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh, an area Chinese govt. has recognized to be Indian.

The Samye and the Changzhug monasteries are located in Shannan Prefecture, as well as Tsetang, Tibet's third largest town.Template:Fact Shannan is predominantly inhabited by members of the Monpa ethnic group.

The beautiful Gelugpa Tawang Monastery, was founded in 1681 according to the wishes of the Fifth Dalai Lama. It is located in Tawang District, which is an area claimed by China and administratively placed under Shannan's jurisdiction by a Chinese sovereignty claim, but is currently governed by India as part of north-eastern Arunachal Pradesh state.

Administrative Sub-divisions

NameTibetanWylieChinesePinyin
Nêdong County སྣེ་གདོང་རྫོང་ sne gdong rdzong 乃东县 Nǎidōng Xiàn
Zhanang County གྲ་ནང་རྫོང་ gra nang rdzong 扎囊县 Zhānáng Xiàn
Gonggar County གོང་དཀར་རྫོང་ gong dkar rdzong 贡嘎县 Gònggā Xiàn
Sangri County ཟངས་རི་རྫོང་ zangs ri rdzong 桑日县 Sāngrì Xiàn
Qonggyai County འཕྱོངས་རྒྱས་རྫོང་ 'phyongs rgyas rdzong 琼结县 Qióngjié Xiàn
Qusum County ཆུ་གསུམ་རྫོང་ chu gsum rdzong 曲松县 Qūsōng Xiàn
Comai County མཚོ་སམད་རྫོང་ mtsho smad rdzong 措美县 Cuòměi Xiàn
Lhozhag County ལྷོ་བྲག་རྫོང་ lho brag rdzong 洛扎县 Luòzhā Xiàn
Gyaca County རྒྱ་ཚ་རྫོང་ rgya tsha rdzong 加查县 Jiāchá Xiàn
Lhünzê County ལྷུན་རྩེ་རྫོང་ lhun rtse rdzong 隆子县 Lóngzǐ Xiàn
Cona County མཚོ་སྣ་རྫོང་ mtsho sna rdzong 错那县 Cuònà Xiàn
Nagarzê County སྣ་དཀར་རྩེ་རྫོང་ sna dkar rtse rdzong 浪卡子县 Làngkǎzǐ Xiàn

shannan is alway'z right - and dont yuuh forget it !! xo

References

  1. Booz, Elisabeth B. (1986). Tibet, pp. 127-135. Passport Books, Chicago. ISBN 0-8442-9812-3.

External links

Coordinates: 28°33′22″N 92°33′24″E / 28.55611°N 92.55667°E / 28.55611; 92.55667


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