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The Jain temples of Mount Satrunjaya, at Palitana, Gujarat are considered the most sacred pilgrimage place (tirth) by the Jain community. There are a total of 863 temples, exquisitely carved in marble, located on the Satrunjaya hills. The temple city has been built as an abode for the Gods; hence, no one is allowed to stay overnight, including the priests.

The main temple, on top of the hill, is dedicated to 1st Tirthankar, Lord Aadinatha (Rishabha).

The antiquity of the temples is shown by their history of renovation[1]:

  • First Renovation : By Chakravarti Bharot, the son of Bhagawan Adinath.
  • Second Renovation : By the King named Dandavirya.
  • Third Renovation : By Shri Ishaneshvar in the interim period between the times of the first and the second Tirthankaras.
  • Fourth Renovation : By Mahendra of the fourth upper world(dev-loko).
  • Fifth Renovation : By Brahmendra of the fifth upper world.
  • Sixth Renovation : By Chamarendra, Indra of Bhavanapatis.
  • Seventh Renovation : By Sagar Chakravarti, the second Chakravarti of the times of Bhagawan Ajitnath.
  • Eighth Renovation : By Vyantarendra in the times of Abhinandan Swami.
  • Ninth Renovation : By King Chandrayasha in the times of Chandraprabh Swami
  • Tenth Renovation : By Chakradhar, the son of Bhagawan Shantinath in the times of Bhagawan Shantinath.
  • Eleventh Renovation : By Ramchandraji and Lakshamanji in the times of Munisuvrat Swami.
  • Twelfth Renovation : By the five Pandavas in the times of Bhagawan Neminathji.
  • Thirteenth Renovation : By Sheth Javed Shah of Mahuva in the year 108 of the Vikram era. He spent a million gold mohurs. In exuberance of joy, he died and was re-born in the fourth upper world (dev-loke).
  • Fourteenth Renovation : By the advisor Bahud in the times of Kumarpal in the year 1213 of the Vikram era.
  • Fifteenth Renovation : By Shri Samara Shah in the year 1371 of the Vikram era.
  • Sixteenth Renovation : By Shri Karama Shah of Chitod on the auspicious sixth day of the dark half of the month of Vaishakh in the year 1587 of the Vikram

References

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