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Shawnee
Shawnee.jpg
Shawnee portraits
Total population
14,000 (7584 enrolled)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Oklahoma[1]
Languages

Shawnee, English

Religion

traditional beliefs and Christianity

Related ethnic groups

Sac and Fox

The Shawnee, Shaawanwaki, Shaawanooki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki, [2] are an Algonquian-speaking people native to North America. Historically they inhabited the areas of Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Maryland, Kentucky, Indiana, and Pennsylvania. Today there are three federally recognized Shawnee tribes: Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, and Shawnee Tribe, all of which are headquartered in Oklahoma.

Contents

History

Early history

The prehistoric origins of the Shawnees are uncertain. The other Algonquian nations regarded the Shawnee as their southernmost branch. Algonquian languages have words similar to the archaic shawano (now: shaawanwa) meaning "south". However, the stem shaawa- does not mean "south" in Shawnee, but "moderate, warm (of weather)". In one Shawnee tale, Shaawaki is the deity of the south. Some scholars have speculated that the Shawnee are descendants of the people of the prehistoric Fort Ancient culture of the Ohio country, although no definitive proof has been established.[3]

Europeans reported encountering Shawnee over a widespread geographic area. The earliest mention of the Shawnee may be a 1614 Dutch map showing the Sawwanew just east of the Delaware River. Later 17th-century Dutch sources also place them in this general location. Accounts by French explorers in this same century usually located the Shawnee along the Ohio River.[4]

According to one legend, the Shawnee were descended from a party sent by Chief Opechancanough, ruler of the Powhatan Confederacy 1618-1644, to settle in the Shenandoah Valley, and led by his son, Sheewa-a-nee, for whom they were named. [5] Edward Bland, an explorer who accompanied Abraham Wood's expedition in 1650 and wrote The Discoverie of New Brittaine, noted that in Opechancanough's day there had been a falling-out between the "Chawan" chief and the weroance of the Powhatan proper (also a relative of Opechancanough's family), and that the latter had murdered the former. Explorers Batts and Fallam in 1671 reported that the Shawnee were contesting the Shenandoah Valley with Iroquois in that year, and were losing. By the time European-American settlers began to arrive in the Valley (c. 1730), the Iroquois had departed. The Shawnee were then the sole residents of the northern part.

Sometime before 1670, a group of Shawnee migrated to the Savannah River area. The English of the Province of Carolina, based in Charles Town, were contacted by these Shawnees in 1674. They forged a long-lasting alliance. The Savannah River Shawnee were known to the Carolina English as "Savannah Indians". Around the same time, other Shawnee groups migrated to Florida, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and other regions south and east of the Ohio country.

Historian Alan Gallay speculates that the Shawnee migrations of the middle to late 17th century were probably driven by the Iroquois Wars that began in the 1640s. The Shawnee became known for their widespread settlements from modern Illinois and New York to Georgia. Some of their villages included Eskippakithiki, Sonnionto, and Suwanee, Georgia. Their language became a lingua franca among numerous tribes. Together with their experience, this helped make them leaders, initiating and sustaining pan-Indian resistance to European and Euro-American expansion.[6]

Prior to 1754, the Shawnee had a headquarters at Shawnee Springs at modern-day Cross Junction, Virginia near Winchester. The father of the later Chief Cornstalk held his court there. Two other Shawnee villages existed in the Valley: one at Moorefield, West Virginia, and one on the North River. In 1753, messengers came from Shawnees to the west, inviting the Virginia people to leave the Shenandoah Valley and cross the Alleghenies. The Shawnee migrated west the following year,[7][8] joining Shawnee on the Scioto River in the Ohio country.

The Iroquois later claimed the Ohio Country by right of conquest and treated the Shawnee and Delaware who resettled there as dependent tribes. Many Iroquois also migrated westward, becoming known as the Mingo. These three tribes — the Shawnee, the Delaware, and the Mingo — then became closely associated with one another.

Sixty Years' War

After the Battle of the Monongahela in 1755, many Shawnee fought as allies of the French, with whom they had long traded, during the early years of the French and Indian War. In 1758 they settled with the British colonists, signing the Treaty of Easton in 1758. When the British defeated the French in 1763, other Shawnee joined Pontiac's Rebellion against the British, which failed a year later.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763, issued during Pontiac's Rebellion, drew a boundary line between the British colonies in the east and the Ohio Country west of the Appalachian Mountains. This was an attempt to establish a reserve for the Indians. The Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, however, extended that line westwards, giving the British a claim to what is now West Virginia and Kentucky. The Shawnee did not agree to this treaty: it was negotiated between British officials and the Iroquois, who claimed sovereignty over the land although Shawnees and other Native American tribes also hunted there.

After the Stanwix treaty, Anglo-Americans began pouring into the Ohio River Valley for settlement. Violent incidents between settlers and Indians escalated into Dunmore's War in 1774. British diplomats managed to isolate the Shawnee during the conflict: the Iroquois and the Delaware stayed neutral. The Shawnee faced the British colony of Virginia with only a few Mingo allies. Lord Dunmore, royal governor of Virginia, launched a two-pronged invasion into the Ohio Country. Shawnee Chief Cornstalk attacked one wing but fought to a draw in the only major battle of the war, the Battle of Point Pleasant. In the Treaty of Camp Charlotte, Cornstalk and the Shawnee were compelled to recognize the Ohio River boundary established by the 1768 Stanwix treaty. Many other Shawnee leaders refused to recognize this boundary, however. When the American Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, several Shawnees advocated joining the war as British allies to drive the colonists back across the mountains. The Shawnee were divided: Cornstalk led those who wished to remain neutral, while war leaders such as Chief Blackfish and Blue Jacket fought as British allies.

After the Revolution, in the Northwest Indian War between the United States and a confederation of Native American tribes, the Shawnee combined with the Miami into a great fighting force. After the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794, most of the Shawnee bands signed the Treaty of Greenville the next year, in which they were forced to cede large parts of their homeland to the United States. Other Shawnee groups rejected this treaty and migrated to Missouri, where they settled near Cape Girardeau. By 1800, only the Chillicothe and Mequachake tribes remained in Ohio while the Hathawekela, Kispokotha, and Piqua had migrated to Missouri. From 1805, a minority of Shawnee joined the pan-tribal movement of Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa. This led to Tecumseh's War and his death at the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813. This was the last attempt by the Shawnee nation to defend the Ohio country from European-American expansion.

[Governor William Harrison,] you have the liberty to return to your own country ... you wish to prevent the Indians from doing as we wish them, to unite and let them consider their lands as common property of the whole ... You never see an Indian endeavor to make the white people do this ... Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the great sea, as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children? How can we have confidence in the white people?

—— Tecumseh, 1810[9]

After the war

The Shawnee in Missiouri became known as the "Absentee Shawnee." Several hundred members of this tribe left the United States together with some Delaware to settle in the eastern part of Spanish Texas. Closely allied with the Cherokee there under The Bowl, their chief John Linney nonetheless remained neutral during the 1839 Cherokee War. In appreciation, Texan president Mirabeau Lamar fully compensated the Shawnee for their improvements and crops and funded their removal north to Arkansaw Territory.[10] There, they settled close to present-day Shawnee, Oklahoma, where they were joined by Shawnee from Kansas who shared their traditionalist views and beliefs.

In 1817, the Ohio Shawnee signed the Treaty of Fort Meigs, ceding their remaining lands in exchange for three reservations in Wapaughkonetta, Hog Creek (near Lima) and Lewistown, Ohio (to be shared with the Seneca).

Missouri joined the Union in 1821. After the Treaty of St. Louis in 1825, the 1,400 Missouri Shawnees were forcibly relocated from Cape Girardeau to southeastern Kansas, close to the Neosho River.

During 1833, only Black Bob's band of Shawnee resisted removal. They settled in northeastern Kansas near Olathe and along the Kansas (Kaw) River in Monticello near Gum Springs. The Shawnee Methodist Mission was built nearby to minister to the tribe. About 200 of the Ohio Shawnee followed the Prophet Tenskwatawa and joined their Kansas brothers and sisters in 1826.

The main body followed Black Hoof, who fought every effort to force the Shawnee to give up the Ohio homeland. In 1831, the Lewistown group of Seneca-Shawnee left for the Indian territory (present-day Oklahoma). After the death of Black Hoof, the remaining 400 Ohio Shawnee in Wapaughkonetta and Hog Creek surrendered their land and moved to the Shawnee Reserve in Kansas.

During the American Civil War, Black Bob's band fled from Kansas and joined the "Absentee Shawnee" in Oklahoma to escape the war. After the Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas were expelled and forced to move to northeastern Oklahoma. The Shawnee members of the former Lewistown group became known as the "Eastern Shawnee".

The former Kansas Shawnee became known as the "Loyal Shawnee" (some say this is because of their allegiance with the Union during the war; others say this is because they were the last group to leave their Ohio homelands). The latter group was regarded as part of the Cherokee Nation by the United States because they were also known as the "Cherokee Shawnee". In 2000 the "Loyal" or "Cherokee" Shawnee finally received federal recognition, independent of the Cherokee Nation. They are now known as the "Shawnee Tribe". Today, the largest part of the Shawnee nation still resides in Oklahoma.

Groups

Before contact with Europeans, the Shawnee tribe consisted of a loose confederacy of five divisions which shared a common language and culture. The division names have been spelled in a variety of ways, but the phonetic spelling is added after each, following the work of C. F. Voegelin.

Membership in a division was inherited from the father. Each division had a primary village where the chief of the division lived. This village was usually named after the division. By tradition, each Shawnee division had certain roles it performed on behalf of the entire tribe. These customs were fading by the time they were recorded in writing by European-Americans. They remain poorly understood. Because of the scattering of the Shawnee people from the 17th century through the 19th century, this role arrangement changed.

Today there are three federally recognized tribes in the United States, all of which are located in Oklahoma:

As of 2008, there were 7584 enrolled Shawnee, with most living in Oklahoma.[11] At least four bands of Shawnee: the Blue Creek Band, the East of the River Shawnee, the Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnee, and the United Remnant Band of the Shawnee Nation[12][13][14][15] reside in Ohio but are not federally recognized.

Flags of the Shawnee

Coins of the Shawnee

Famous Shawnee

  • Cornstalk (1720-1777), Blue Jacket's most prominent predecessor, led the Shawnee in Dunmore's War, and attempted to keep the Shawnee neutral in the American Revolutionary War.
  • Blue Jacket (1743-1810), also known as Weyapiersenwah, was an important predecessor to Tecumseh and a leader in the Northwest Indian War. Blue Jacket surrendered to General "Mad" Anthony Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. He signed the Treaty of Greenville, ceding much of Ohio to the United States.
  • Tecumseh (1768-1813), the outstanding Shawnee leader, and his brother Tenskwatawa attempted to unite the Eastern tribes against the expansion of European-American settlement. This alliance was broken up by the Americans, leading to the Shawnee's expulsion to Oklahoma.
  • Black Hoof (1740-1831), also known as Catecahassa, was a respected Shawnee chief and one of Tecumseh's adversaries. He believed the Shawnee had to adapt culturally to the ways of the European-Americans to prevent decimation of the tribe through warfare.
  • Tenskwatawa (1775-1836), Shawnee prophet and younger brother of Tecumseh
  • Chiksika (1760-1792), Kispoko war chief and older brother of Tecumseh
  • Black Bob, 19th c. leader and warrior
  • Tall Eagle (Sat-Okh) (1920-2003), Polish-Shawnee Canadian, fought in WWII, Polish novelist
  • Nas'Naga (1941- ), American Shawnee novelist and poet.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial. 2008.
  2. ^ Shawano was an archaic name for the tribes bearing this generic name Shaawanwa lenaki. Reference: Shawnee Traditions.
  3. ^ O'Donnell, James H. Ohio's First Peoples, p. 31. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8214-1525-5 (paperback), ISBN 0-8214-1524-7 (hardcover), also: Howard, James H. Shawnee!: The Ceremonialism of a Native Indian Tribe and its Cultural Background, p. 1. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8214-0417-2; ISBN 0-8214-0614-0 (pbk.), and the unpublished dissertation Schutz, Noel W. Jr.: The Study of Shawnee Myth in an Ethnographic and Ethnohistorical Perspective, Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, 1975.
  4. ^ Charles Augustus Hanna, 1911 The WIlderness Trail, esp. chap. IV, "The Shawnees", pp. 119-160.
  5. ^ Carrie Hunter Willis and Etta Belle Walker, 1937, Legends of the Skyline Drive and the Great Valley of Virginia, pp. 15-16.
  6. ^ Gallay, Alan. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717, p. 55. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-300-10193-7
  7. ^ Legends of the Skyline Drive and the Great Valley of Virginia, p. 16-17.
  8. ^ Joseph Doddridge, 1850, A History of the Valley of Virginia p. 44
  9. ^ Turner III, Frederick. "Poetry and Oratory". The Portable North American Indian Reader. Penguin Book. p. 245–246. ISBN 0-14-015077-3. 
  10. ^ Lipscomb, Carol A.: "SHAWNEE INDIANS" from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 21 Feb 2010.
  11. ^ Oklahoma Indian Commission. Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial. 2008
  12. ^ "Joint Resolution to recognize the Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band" as adopted by the [Ohio] Senate, 113th General Assembly, Regular Session, Am. Sub. H.J.R. No. 8, 1979-1980
  13. ^ "American Indians in Ohio", Ohio Memory: An Online Scrapbook of Ohio History, The Ohio Historical Society, retrieved September 30, 2007
  14. ^ Koenig, Alexa; Jonathan Stein. [http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=alexa_koenig "Federalism and the State Recognition of Native American Tribes: A Survey of State-Recognized Tribes and State Recognition Processes Across the United States"]. Santa Clara Law Review Volume 48 (forthcoming). pp. Section 12. Ohio. http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=alexa_koenig. Retrieved 2007-09-30. "Ohio recognizes one state tribe, the United Remnant Band. . . . Ohio does not have a detailed scheme for regulating tribal-state relations." 
  15. ^ Watson, Blake A.. "Indian Gambling in Ohio:What are the Odds?" (PDF). Capital University Law Review 237 (2003) (excerpts). http://www.westgov.org/wga/meetings/gaming/watson-ohio.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-30. "Ohio in any event does not officially recognize Indian tribes."  Watson cites legal opinions that the resolution by the Ohio Legislature recognizing the United Remnant Band of the Shawnee Nation was ceremonial and did not grant legal status as a tribe.

References

  • Callender, Charles. "Shawnee", in Northeast: Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 15, ed. Bruce Trigger. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. ISBN 0-16-072300-0
  • Clifton, James A. Star Woman and Other Shawnee Tales. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984. ISBN 0-8191-3712-X; ISBN 0-8191-3713-8 (pbk.)
  • Edmunds, R. David. The Shawnee Prophet. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8032-1850-8.
  • Edmunds, R. David. Tecumseh and the Quest for Indian Leadership. Originally published 1984. 2nd edition, New York: Pearson Longman, 2006. ISBN 0-321-04371-5
  • Edmunds, R. David. "Forgotten Allies: The Loyal Shawnees and the War of 1812" in David Curtis Skaggs and Larry L. Nelson, eds., The Sixty Years' War for the Great Lakes, 1754–1814, pp. 337-51. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-87013-569-4.
  • Howard, James H. Shawnee!: The Ceremonialism of a Native Indian Tribe and its Cultural Background. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8214-0417-2; ISBN 0-8214-0614-0 (pbk.)
  • O'Donnell, James H. Ohio's First Peoples. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8214-1525-5 (paperback), ISBN 0-8214-1524-7 (hardcover).
  • Sugden, John. Tecumseh: A Life. New York: Holt, 1997. ISBN 0-8050-4138-9 (hardcover); ISBN 0-8050-6121-5 (1999 paperback).
  • Sugden, John. Blue Jacket: Warrior of the Shawnees. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8032-4288-3.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Shawnee is in the Frontier Country region of Oklahoma.

While normally not on the sight-seeing itinerary of those who do not know someone already living there, Shawnee could prove to be an interesting day trip.

In recent days, Shawnee has become increasingly known for its numerous Native American casinos.

Get in

By car

Practically the only method of getting in or out of Shawnee is on the highway. Taxi cabs can be hired by calling a taxi service to have them pick you up, although doing so from another city could prove expensive.

There is an Enterprise rent a car in Shawnee and Shawnee Airport, so car rentals must be made before hand. Many times this is done at Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City.

Most traffic enters and exits Shawnee via Interstate Highway I-40, although State Highway 3 and US Highway 177 pass through Shawnee as well.

By bus

Greyhound buses make daily stops in front of the American Colony motel on the far north side of Shawnee.

From there you will have to either call a taxi or arrange another form of pickup.

By train

Originally established as a railroad hub, Shawnee still has many infrequently used rail tracks. While logistically difficult as well as illegal, it could be feasible to stow aboard a freight car inbound to Shawnee. Not recommended.

By plane

Chartered flights can be acquired to fly you in to Shawnee airport, most likely originating from Oklahoma City or Tulsa. There are no commercial flight charter services based in Shawnee, so arrangements for your eventual pickup would have to be made as well.

On Foot

While towns in Oklahoma are quite spread out, some have been known to hitchhike especially along I-40. Not preferred.

Get around

If you are a tourist, getting around in Shawnee means either calling a taxi cab service to pick you up or using a rental car.

Shawnee is very, very spread out and if you will quickly abandon any thoughts of walking if you ever want to get where you're going.

  • Heart of Oklahoma Shawnee Expo Center (fairgrounds and outdoor arena), 1700 W. Independence, (405) 275-7020, [1].  edit
  • Log Cabin- 19th century log cabin built by early settlers. Has been moved from original location. Partially demolished.
  • Burial Plot of Brewster Higley, 1500 North Center Avenue, (405) 878-1529. The now deceased author of the western epic "Home on the Range" has his final resting place in Fairview Cemetery located next to McDonalds on Harrison Street.
  • Downtown Shawnee Many old buildings from Shawnee's early years still remain, although most have changed facade and/or fallen into disrepair. Shawnee Downtown Renewal [2]

Notable Downtown Shawnee Buildings:

  • Aldrige Hotel, 20 East 9th Street, (405) 275-9500 (Apartments), (405) 273-3030 (Barber Shop). Once renowned hotel tower that has been internally restored by federal funding as housing for the indigent elderly.
  • Round House [3] Building- Three story manufacturing site of Round House bib overalls for over 80 years. (Business moved outside city limits in 1995 when city code enforcement precluded expansion.) Round House slogan still visible on side of building.
  • Santa Fe Depot, East Main St., (405) 275-8412. Old railroad station turned museum. Has working railroad tracks.

In recent years, Shawnee has spent over a million dollars revitalizing a three block section of Bell Street, one of Shawnee's oldest roads and site of the Aldrige Hotel and former Round House Building.

  • Cinema Center 8 movie theater, 3031 North Harrison, (405) 275-7511, Jones Theaters [4]
  • Hornbeck and Penthouse movie theater (Still commonly, and now incorrectly, referred to as the "Dollar Movie", despite a recent price increase to $1.50), 125 North Bell Avenue, (405) 275-0963, (405) 275-0964 (Office)
  • Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art, 1900 W MacArthur Drive, (405) 878-5300 (), [5].  edit
  • Movies 6 (It is probably the most ran down out of date theater in Oklahoma. (located at Shawnee Mall), 4901 North Kickapoo, (405) 275-6666
  • Noah's Ark Petting Zoo
  • Oklahoma Baptist University Sporting Events
  • Oklahoma Baptist University Theater (405) 878-2347
  • Shawnee Airport Jogging Trail 4-mile track built in mid 1990's courtesy federal grant, 2202 Airport Drive, (405) 878-1625 (Airport Manager)
  • Shawnee Bowl Family Fun Center (formerly Tri-County-Bowl; colloquially "Ghetto Bowl" although recent facility upgrades may have rendered this pejorative a misnomer), 701 North Harrison Street, (405) 275-4064
  • Shawnee Little Theater, 1829 Airport Drive, (405) 275-2805, Theater [6]
  • Shawnee Public Library, 101 North Philadelphia Avenue, (405) 275-6353, (405) 273-3334 (Administrative Services)
  • St. Gregory's University Sporting Events, 1900 West Macarthur, (405) 878-5100
  • Star Skate Roller skating rink, 37303 45th Street, (405) 273-2030
  • Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) Headquarters Weekend concerts and annual Super Bowl parties, 811 East Macarthur Street, (405) 273-7098
  • Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) Gyms, fitness facilities, youth sports, Saratoga & Hornet Street, (405) 273-4386, Shawnee YMCA [7]
  • Shawnee Golf and Country Club (Collared shirt and appropriate golf attire required)

18 hole course, Pro Store, and Club House dining available. 2501 Augusta, Shawnee, OK, (405) 273-4076 , Golf Shop (405) 273-2764, Greens Keeper (405) 273-0784, Office- 2300 East Highland (405) 273-1763

  • Fire Lake Golf Course

18 hole course; usually considered to Shawnee's budget golfing: "Golfing for the price of a gordita", Miniature Golf located nearby. 1901 South Gordon Cooper Drive, (405) 275-4471

  • The Elk's Golf Course

Driving range and batting cages also available. Shawnee Lodge 657, (405) 275-1060

Public Parks

Since Shawnee's many public parks are used infrequently by locals, a quiet and serene environment can usually be expected.

(Exceptions noted below)

  • KidSpace children's outdoor play equipment (adult supervision strongly recommended)
  • Lions Club Park (has baseball field)
  • Briscoe Rotary Boy Scout Park (lighted public tennis courts, great place for pick-up style basketball games) (not recommended after dark)
  • Weigant Park aka "Slide Park" (not recommended after dark)
  • Woodland Park (public swimming pool available in Summer months) (lighted public tennis courts)

Shawnee's Twin Lakes

hello Shawnee's Twin Lakes offer enjoyable avocation and adventure to anyone who likes to experience the outdoors and water related leisure.

One lake is reserved for fishing and angling.

Its counterpart lake is for those who wish to swim or take part in non fishing related activities such as water skiing, jet skiing, or drinking. (Consuming alcohol while fishing can be dangerous to yourself and those around you; it is strongly discouraged.)

(Note: Due to pervasive droughts and low water levels, Shawnee Twin Lakes are often closed during the summer)

Casinos

In recent years, Shawnee has been surrounded by gaming establishments who advertise to be "just like Vegas". For smokers, these establishments offer the convenience of having their own smoke shops, which are not subject to local tobacco tax statutes.

Since the passage of the 2005 passage of a Tribal Gaming Amendment, Native American casinos can now offer card games along with their slot machine mainstays.

  • FireLake Casino, 41207 Hardesty Road, (405) 878-4862
  • Sac & Fox Casino, 41600 Westech Rd, (405) 275-4700, (405) 878-4728

Buy

As a classic example of middle sized town Americana, Shawnee boasts a variety of shopping opportunities, both budget and luxury oriented.

  • Bibliotech Books & Comics specializes in sci-fi and fantasy literature, 123 East Main Street, (405) 275-9494
  • Book Barn used book exchange
  • Waldenbooks, Shawnee Mall, (405) 273-1599

Eat

Like most towns of any size in Oklahoma, Shawnee is inundated with most of the fast food restaurants you can think of and also has many all-you-can-eat buffets (mostly Chinese food).

Most places to eat are located either on the northern edge of town along interstate highway I-40, sprinkled along Harrison and Kickapoo Street, or downtown on the south side of Shawnee.

You cannot go very far in Shawnee without running into a Sonic Drive-In of which there are 5, Braum's hamburgers and ice-cream (3), McDonald's (3), Arby's roast beef (2), Pizza Hut (2), or a Taco Bell (2).

Shawnee is home to what has been labeled as "Sonic number 3000". This label is up for debate however, as some state that it was not the 3000th Sonic drive-in to be erected.

Other fast food chains set up around town include Quizno's, Wendy's, KFC, and Taco Bueno. Higher-end chains include Cracker Barrel, Red Lobster, and Chili's.

If you're wanting something more special, authentic Italian cooking with menus that go way beyond pizza and spaghetti can be found at Frateli's, just south of OBU on Kickapoo. Also on south US 177 you'll find Jay's Classic Steakhouse. Perhaps the best Mexican menu in town is at Abuelita's, found at the corner of Harrison and Independence.

Shawnee also has many pizza kitchens, although many of these are carry-out/delivery only.

Don't forget to try "Vans" a local BBQ favorite, located on Highland Street

Also on the menu is Robb's Smokehouse, the 2nd most popular BBQ place in town, located at 2321 N. Kickapoo, across from OBU.

  • Chili's, 512 Shawnee Mall Drive, (405) 395-9070, [8].
  • Cinderella Motel: Dietrich's Club (Friday night karaoke), 623 Kickapoo Spur, (405) 273-7010
  • POTT County Liar's Club, 523 South Chapman, (405) 275-0222
  • Queen of Hearts, 12512 Valley View Road, (405) 273-0499
  • Watering Hole Saloon, 1530 North Harrison Street, (405) 878-9557
  • Hot Rod's Sports Bar, 3900 North Harrison St, (405) 273-6565
  • Knuckles Downtown
  • America's Best Quality Inn, Highway I40 Highway 18, (405) 275-4404
  • American Colony
  • Cinderella Motel (Best Western), (405) 275-4404, (405) 273-7010, (800) 480-5111 (toll-free)
  • Colonial Inn (Free HBO), 4700 North Harrison, (405) 878-0120
  • Fleetwood Motel, 1301 North Harrison, (405) 273-7561
  • Hampton Inn, [9]. (Only one hotel, but two address listings) 101 West Interstate Parkway, 4851 North Kickapoo, (405) 275-1540
  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites, 4909 N. Union, +1 405 275-8880, [10].
  • Kicapoo Motel (Rent available on weekly basis), 901 North Kickapoo, (405) 273-1929
  • Motel 6, 4981 North Harrison Street, +1 405 275-5310, Fax: +1 405 275-6370, [11].
  • Shawnee Motel (Demolished 2004)
  • Super 8 Motel, I-40 & Highway 18 Exit, (405) 275-0089, [12].

Get out

Shawnee's surrounding area can offer almost as much to see as the city itself, if one knows where to look:

  • Cowtown USA, bar and dance hall with country/western theme, a little outside of town on Hwy 177 South, (405) 275-0108
  • Jim Thorpe's burial site located between Shawnee and nearby Prague.
  • Fireworks stands Just outside city limits in almost every direction,(Usually open around the Fourth of July)
  • Buddhist Temple located approximately 20 miles outside Shawnee off I-40, an extreme rarity in the Oklahoma area [13]
  • Curtis Watson's Restaurant can be found off of I-40 between Shawnee and Oklahoma City.
  • Carl Hubbell Museum and burial site are north on Highway 18 in Meeker, Oklahoma, a treat for fans of old-time major league baseball.
Routes through Shawnee
AmarilloOklahoma City  W noframe E  OkemahFort Smith
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Shawnee discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Shawnee

  1. a Native American people from Ohio; a member of this tribe; their language
  2. a female given name, derived from the people

External links








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