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Main article: Somali
The Sheikhal (var. Sheikhaal,
Shikal) (Arabic: شيخال) or Fiqi Omar is a Somali
clan whose members inhabit both Somalia and Ethiopia, with considerable numbers also found
in the Northern Frontier
Sheikhal people and Harari people are very closely related by
blood, as they claim immediate descent from the same ancestor.
Historically, Hararis and the Sheikhal have had close ties, and
many Hararis have intermarried with Sheikhals. Some Sheikhals,
particularly those belonging to the Aw Axmed Loobage subclan, claim
they are part of the Hiraab
sub-clan, which in turn is part of the larger Hawiye clan. However, other members, such as
those from the Aw-Qutub subclan, dispute this.
The Sheikhal clan traces its ancestry to Fiqi Omar, also known
as Omar Al-Rida, who in turn traced his lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sayid Abubakar Al-Sadiq). According
to Richard F. Burton, Faqi Omar crossed over
from Arabia to Eastern Africa ten generations prior to 1854, with
his six sons: Umar the Greater, Umar the Lesser, the two Abdillahs,
Ahmad, and Siddik.
- Aw Axmed Loobage
- Aw Cismaan Gandarshe
- Gaameedle Gandarshe
- Jaziira, also known as Baa Xassan
- Cali Cafiif
- Cabdi Shekh
- Cabdi Sufi
- Seka-when in Afar
- Sheikh Hayti
- Wardiiq, in Ethiopia and Djibouti.
- Reerow-Xassan (there is a dispute though
whether this clan is a part of the Sheekhaal clan)
- Dr. Ali
Sheikh Ahmed, founder and president of Mogadishu University,
and president of Al-Islaah, a Muslim organisation in Somalia.
- Major General Mohammed Hussein Ali, former
Commissioner of the Kenya Police.
Cerulli, Enrico. Texts of the Consuetudinary Law of the
Somali, pp 35-37
Qabaa ilka Soomaalida1988 Dr Omar ali page 27, Banaadir
Press, Mogadishu, Somalia
Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856;
edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon
Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 165