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Shelby Moore Cullom

In office
1877 – 1883
Preceded by John L. Beveridge
Succeeded by John M. Hamilton

Born November 22, 1829
Monticello, Kentucky
Died January 28, 1914 (aged 84)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican

Shelby Moore Cullom (November 22, 1829 – January 28, 1914) was a U.S. political figure, serving in various offices, including the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate and the 17th Governor of Illinois.

Cullom was born in 1829 in Monticello, Kentucky, and moved to Springfield, Illinois, in 1853. There he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1855. He practiced law in the city with Charles S. Zane, and was elected city attorney in 1855.

Cullom was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives in 1856 and 1860–1861, serving as speaker of the house in 1861.

He was elected as a Republican in 1864 to the Thirty-ninth, and reelected to the Fortieth and Forty-first Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1871).

Cullom returned to the Illinois House of Representatives 1873-1874, and served as speaker in 1873.

In 1876, he was elected governor of Illinois and served in that office from 1877–1883, when he resigned to take office as a US senator. Cullom was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1882, and reelected in 1888, 1894, 1900 and 1906, serving from March 4, 1883 to March 3, 1913

As a U.S. senator, Cullom oversaw the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. He believed that only the federal government had the power to force railroads to provide fair treatment to all of its customers, large and small. This was because corporations, such as Standard Oil, had corrupted many of the railroad's officials into providing them with rebates, and as whole, the companies in question were more powerful than any state government.

He died in 1914 in Washington, D.C. and is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield.[1]


  1. ^ Find A Grave - Oak Ridge Cemetery at

Further reading

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John T. Stuart
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
James Robinson
Political offices
Preceded by
John Lourie Beveridge
Governor of Illinois
Succeeded by
John Marshall Hamilton
United States Senate
Preceded by
David Davis
Class 2 U.S. Senator from Illinois
Succeeded by
James H. Lewis
Honorary titles
Preceded by
William P. Frye
Dean of the United States Senate
August 8, 1911–March 3, 1913
Succeeded by
Jacob Harold Gallinger


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