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Shenandoah in July 2008. L-R: Mike Folsom, Stan Munsey, Jimmy Yeary, Jim Seales, Mike McGuire.
Background information
Origin Muscle Shoals, Alabama, U.S.
Genres Country
Years active 1984 – 1997, 2000 – present
Labels Columbia/CBS, RCA, Liberty, Capitol, Free Falls, Cumberland Road
Associated acts Robert Byrne, Alison Krauss, Orrall & Wright, Raybon Brothers, Super Grit Cowboy Band
Jimmy Yeary
Mike Folsom
Mike McGuire
Stan Munsey
Jim Seales
Former members
Ralph Ezell
Brent Lamb
Marty Raybon
Rocky Thacker
Stan Thorn
Curtis Wright

Shenandoah is an American country music founded in Muscle Shoals, Alabama in 1984 by Marty Raybon (lead vocals, acoustic guitar), Ralph Ezell (bass guitar, backing vocals), Stan Thorn (keyboards), Jim Seales (lead guitar, backing vocals), and Mike McGuire (drums, background vocals). Ezell was replaced by Rocky Thacker in 1996, shortly before the band broke up and Raybon pursued a solo career as a country-gospel artist. Seals, Thacker and McGuire re-established the band in 2000 with keyboardist Stan Munsey and vocalists Curtis Wright and Brent Lamb. Ezell later rejoined on bass, with Mike Folsom taking over after Ezell's 2007 death, and following Lamb's and Wright's departures, Jimmy Yeary became the fourth lead vocalist.

Shenandoah has released nine studio albums, of which two have been certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. The band has also charted twenty-six singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts, including the Number One hits "The Church on Cumberland Road," "Sunday in the South" and "Two Dozen Roses" from 1989, "Next to You, Next to Me" from 1990, and "If Bubba Can Dance (I Can Too)" from 1994. The late 1994-early 1995 single "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart," which featured guest vocals from Alison Krauss, won both artists a Grammy Award for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.



The original lineup as depicted in Modern Screen's Country Music magazine, August 1994. Top, L-R: Stan Thorn, Marty Raybon, Jim Seales. Bottom: Mike McGuire (left) and Ralph Ezell.

Lead guitarist Jim Seales and drummer Mike McGuire formed Shenandoah in 1984 as a house band in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, with bass guitarist Ralph Ezell and keyboardist Stan Thorn, as well as lead singer Marty Raybon, who had been in his father's bluegrass band since childhood.[1] McGuire invited songwriting friend Robert Byrne to one of the session band's shows. Byrne then invited them into his recording studio to record a demo, which he then pitched to Columbia Records' CBS Records division.[2] The band first wanted to assume the name The MGM Band, a name which was rejected for legal reasons. CBS suggested Rhythm Rangers and Shenandoah as possible names,[3] and Raybon chose the latter because he thought that the name Rhythm Rangers "sounded like an amateur band."[4]


1987 – 1990: Shenandoah and The Road Not Taken

In 1987, Shenandoah released its self-titled debut studio album, which Byrne and Rick Hall produced. This album accounted for the band's first two charting singles in "They Don't Make Love Like We Used To" and "Stop the Rain."[5] The latter was the band's first Top 40 country hit, peaking at #28 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles (now Hot Country Songs) charts.[5] John Bush of Allmusic wrote that this album "leaned a little close to the pop-schmaltz they later rebelled against."[2]

The Road Not Taken was the band's second album, released in 1988. This album's first two singles — "She Doesn't Cry Anymore," previously found on Shenandoah, and "Mama Knows" — brought the band to the Top Ten for the first time, peaking at #9 and #5.[5] After these singles came three consecutive Billboard Number One hits: "The Church on Cumberland Road," "Sunday in the South" and "Two Dozen Roses."[5] "The Church on Cumberland Road," with its two-week run at Number One, marked the first time in country music history that a band's first Number One spent more than one week at the top.[6] This song was originally recorded by its one of its three writers, former Rockets and Billy Hill member Dennis Robbins, as the B-side to his 1987 single "Two of a Kind, Workin' on a Full House;" Garth Brooks would later reach Number One in 1991 with a rendition of the latter song.[7] Byrne co-wrote "Two Dozen Roses" with Mac McAnally, a veteran songwriter and session musician who has recorded both as a solo singer and as a member of Jimmy Buffett's Coral Reefer Band. The last single from The Road Not Taken, "See If I Care," reached #6 on Billboard[5] and #1 on Gavin Report.[3] On January 22, 1991, The Road Not Taken earned a gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States.[8] Tom Roland of Allmusic gave The Road Not Taken four-and-a-half stars out of five, with his review saying, "The songs mix the day-to-day struggles of everyday-Joe with a steady respect for love, personal roots, and family."[9] In the wake of The Road Not Taken's success, the band played 300 shows in 1989.[10]

1990 – 1992: Extra Mile and lawsuits

The band achieved its biggest hit in 1990 with the three-week Number One "Next to You, Next to Me."[5] Written by then-solo singers Robert Ellis Orrall and Curtis Wright,[11] this was the first of five singles from Shenandoah's third album, Extra Mile. "Ghost in This House," "I Got You" (co-written by Teddy Gentry of the band Alabama) and "The Moon over Georgia" all peaked in the Billboard Top Ten between late 1990 and mid-1991,[5] with the latter two reaching Number One on Gavin Report;[3] "When You Were Mine," the fifth single, stopped at #38 on Billboard in 1991.[5] Also that year, the band won the Academy of Country Music's Vocal Group of the Year award.[3]

Alanna Nash of Entertainment Weekly gave Extra Mile a B rating, saying that it was "unflinchingly commercial" but adding that "the band goes beyond Alabama's jingoistic flag-waving and Restless Heart's vapid mood-brighteners to showcase intelligent ballads and jaunty rhythm numbers."[12] An uncredited review in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette said that the band "proved that no matter how overcrowded the field is, there's always room for quality." [13] Extra Mile earned a gold certification in the United States.[8]

Following the release of The Road Not Taken, a band from Tennessee threatened to sue Shenandoah over the use of the name Shenandoah. After a financial settlement was made with the Tennessee band, four other bands all filed lawsuits over Shenandoah's name.[3] The lawsuits depleted the money earned by the band on the road, which led to Raybon asking the label to pay one-third of their legal costs. The label refused, and Shenandoah filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in early 1991[14] after paying more than $200,000 on court settlements.[15] Although the lawsuits allowed Shenandoah to keep its name, the bankruptcy filing terminated the contract with Columbia after a 1992 Greatest Hits package.[16] The label's officials then filed a lawsuit against the band, claiming that it had tried to void its agreement with the label.[3] After Shenandoah's departure, there were no other bands on Columbia's Nashville division; as a result, producer Larry Strickland assembled three musicians to create a new band called Matthews, Wright & King in an attempt to keep a commercially successful band on the label.[17]

1992 – 1994: Long Time Comin' and Under the Kudzu

In 1992, the band had moved to RCA Records Nashville, releasing Long Time Comin' on it that year. This album was produced by Byrne and Keith Stegall, a former solo singer best known for producing Alan Jackson's albums. "Rock My Baby," another Curtis Wright co-write, led off the single releases, with a peak of #2 on Billboard and Radio & Records, and #1 on Gavin Report.[3] After it came the #28 "Hey Mister (I Need This Job)" and #15 "Leavin's Been a Long Time Comin',"[5] whose music video featured a guest appearance by Eddy Arnold.[18] The band was nominated as Vocal Group of the Year at the Academy of Country Music again in 1992.[3] Long Time Comin' received a three-and-a-half star rating from the Chicago Tribune, whose Jack Hurst said that it was "an excellent brand of rural-toned blue-collar music."[19] Nash gave a B- rating in Entertainment Weekly, where she said that the album had a more country pop-oriented sound than its predecessors, but commended the "sincerity" of Raybon's voice and the themes of "family and friendship."[20]

Under the Kudzu, Shenandoah's second RCA album, followed in 1993.[2] It was produced by Don Cook, who was also Brooks & Dunn's producer at the time.[21] "Janie Baker's Love Slave," written by "Burning Love" writer Dennis Linde, was a #15 Billboard hit from the album early that year. Next came "I Want to Be Loved Like That," which peaked at #3 on Billboard, #2 on Gavin Report and #1 on Radio & Records.[3] The album also included the band's fifth and final Billboard Number One hit, "If Bubba Can Dance (I Can Too),"[5] which Raybon and McGuire wrote with veteran Nashville songwriter Bob McDill after seeing a television commercial for line dancing instructions.[3] "I'll Go Down Loving You," the last single from the album, spent eleven weeks on the Billboard charts and peaked at #46, thus becoming the band's first single to miss the Top 40 since "They Don't Make Love Like We Used To" in 1987.[5] Michael Corcoran of the The Dallas Morning News called Under the Kudzu "their strongest album to date,"[22] and Jack Hurst gave it three stars, saying, "Shenandoah carries most of this album with impassioned vocals rather than superior song content."[23]

1994 – 1995: In the Vicinity of the Heart and collaborations

Columbia's parent company Sony Music Entertainment released ten of the band's Columbia songs in a Super Hits compilation in May 1994,[24] which was certified gold in 2002.[8] Shenandoah also collaborated with country and bluegrass singer Ricky Skaggs on a 1994 tribute album to Keith Whitley, recording a cover version of Whitley's "All I Ever Loved Was You."[25]

Later in 1994, the band left RCA for Liberty Records, then the name for the Nashville division of Capitol Records. RCA gave Liberty the master recordings for a nearly-completed album, to which Liberty added "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart," a song featuring guest vocals from bluegrass musician Alison Krauss.[3] Liberty released the album in November 1994 as In the Vicinity of the Heart, with the #7-peaking title track also serving as the first single release.[2] This song was also Krauss' first Top 40 country hit,[26] and its success helped boost sales of her album Now That I've Found You.[27]

Vicinity became the band's fastest-selling album,[21] and the first 175,000 copies were distributed with prepaid telephone cards which included an 800 number that could be called to receive a greeting from the band members.[28] The album also produced the band's last Top Ten hit in the #4 "Darned If I Don't (Danged If I Do)."[5] Originally the B-side to "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart,"[5] this song was co-written by Ronnie Dunn (of Brooks & Dunn) and songwriter Dean Dillon,[29] best known for co-writing several of George Strait's singles. "Heaven Bound (I'm Ready)" (another Dennis Linde song) and "Always Have, Always Will," peaking at #24 and #40, were the last two releases from the album.[5] Jim Ridley gave the album a two-and-a-half star rating in New Country magazine, citing the vocal performances on the title track and "I Wouldn't Know" as standouts, but saying that the rest of the album did not take any risks.[30]

Raybon released a solo gospel music album for Sparrow Records in July 1995,[31] and in October of the same year, that label released a multi-artist country-gospel album entitled Amazing Grace — A Country Salute to Gospel, to which the band contributed a rendition of "Beulah Land."[32] Shenandoah also covered The Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" on the mid-1995 album Come Together: America Salutes The Beatles.[33] "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart" won Shenandoah and Krauss won the 1995 Grammy Award for Best Country Vocal Collaboration and the Country Music Association award for Vocal Event,[5] and "Darned If I Don't" was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Country Vocal by a Duo or Group the same year.[3]

1995 – 1996: Now and Then and Shenandoah Christmas

Ralph Ezell and Stan Thorn left in December 1995 and early 1996, respectively, with Rocky Thacker taking over on bass guitar.[3][5] Shortly afterward, Liberty Records was renamed Capitol Records Nashville.[3] The band's first album for Capitol, 1996's Now and Then, comprised re-recordings of eight Columbia singles, plus the original recording of "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart" and five new songs.[21][34] Among these new songs was the album's only single, "All Over but the Shoutin'," which peaked at #43 on Billboard.[5]

Nash gave this album an A- rating in Entertainment Weekly, saying that Raybon's voice "beautifully capture[s] the rites of passage in Small Town, USA."[35] Larry Stephens of Country Standard Time also reviewed the album favorably, saying, "The familiar hits on this album have all been re-recorded, but they've lost none of their familiar and loved sound,"[34] while Allmusic critic William Ruhlmann gave it two stars out of five and referred to it as a "stopgap."[36]

Shenandoah's first Christmas music album, Shenandoah Christmas, was released in September 1996, also on Capitol. Except for the original song "There's a Way in the Manger," it comprised acoustic renditions of popular Christmas songs.[37] It received a two-and-a-half star rating from Allmusic, whose critic Thom Owens said that none of the renditions were "particularly noteworthy."[38]

1997: Departure of Marty Raybon

Marty Raybon and his brother Tim recorded one album as the Raybon Brothers for MCA Nashville Records in mid-1997, also charting at #37 on the country charts and #22 on the Billboard Hot 100 with a rendition of the Bob Carlisle song "Butterfly Kisses," followed by the #64 country release "The Way She's Lookin'."[39] Marty continued to tour with Shenandoah until the end of the year,[40][41] when the remaining members broke up and he sold the naming rights.[42] In 2000, he released a second solo album and charted his only solo country chart hit, the #63 "Cracker Jack Diamond."[39] Raybon has remained a solo artist, while Thorn self-released a solo jazz album titled In a Curious Way in 2001.[43]

2000 – present: Reunion and Shenandoah 2000

Seales, McGuire and Thacker reunited as Shenandoah in 2000 with three new members: lead singer Brent Lamb[44] as well as songwriter/keyboardist Stan Munsey and guitarist/vocalist Curtis Wright,[45] who co-wrote "Next to You, Next to Me" and "Rock My Baby."[46] Wright had recorded with Robert Ellis Orrall (with whom he wrote "Next to You, Next to Me") on Giant Records as the duo Orrall & Wright in 1994.[47] Before Orrall & Wright, Wright had been a solo artist for the Churchill and Liberty labels, including a self-titled solo album for Liberty in 1992 and the #38 chart hit "She's Got a Man on Her Mind," and charted five singles as a member of the Super Grit Cowboy Band in the early 1980s.[47] In 2000, the new lineup recorded the band's next album, Shenandoah 2000, under the Free Falls label.[2] It produced the band's last chart single in the #65 "What Children Believe."[5] Jolene Downs of gave this album a positive review, saying that it was a "very strong country album" and "a slightly different sound from the original group, but not bad at all."[48] The band toured small venues in 2001 to promote this album.[49]

Lamb left in 2002, with Wright succeeding him on lead vocals and original bassist Ralph Ezell later re-joining.[46] In 2006, Shenandoah released the album Journeys on the Cumberland Road label.[50] Ezell died of a heart attack on November 30, 2007,[51] and Mike Folsom succeeded him on bass guitar.[52] Also, Wright left the band to join a re-established Pure Prairie League,[53] and songwriter Jimmy Yeary took over as lead singer.[52] Yeary and McGuire co-wrote a song entitled "You Never Know" as a tribute to Ezell. Darryl Worley recorded this song on his 2009 album Sounds Like Life, saying that he considered it "dead-on" for him.[54] Shenandoah has continued to tour in 2008 and 2009 with Yeary on lead vocals, mostly playing at community festivals and county fairs.[55][56] Yeary engaged country-gospel singer Sonya Isaacs (of The Isaacs) in November 2009.[57]

Musical styles

The band's sound is defined by country, bluegrass and gospel influences. John Bush of Allmusic calls Shenandoah "one of the first groups to rebel against the urban cowboy image of the '80s and lead the way to the new traditionalism of the '90s."[2] Marty Raybon's vocals have been described as "blend[ing] the soulfulness of rhythm and blues with the lonely intensity of great country music."[58] Alanna Nash wrote that the band's work relies on "sentimental lyrics revolving around the Southern experience,"[12] and said that Shenandoah "forged its very commercial reputation on a soulful gospel-and-bluegrass blend, with lead singer Marty Raybon's searing sincerity making even the tritest songs about small-town Southern values and attitudes memorable."[20] Logan Smith of the St. Petersburg Times said that the band has "woven together a highly polished sound built around precision musicianship and pristine harmonies, very much a hybrid of Raybon's bluegrass roots."[59] Writing for the Associated Press, Joe Edwards cited the variety of sounds on the band's second album, referring to "The Church on Cumberland Road" as a "spirited up-tempo," also making note of the Southern imagery in "Sunday in the South" and the "truest country music tradition" of the ballad "She Doesn't Cry Anymore."[4]

Band members

Current members

Former members

  • Ralph Ezell – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Brent Lamb – lead vocals
  • Marty Raybon – lead vocals, acoustic guitar
  • Rocky Thacker – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Stan Thorn – keyboards
  • Curtis Wright – lead and backing vocals, acoustic guitar


Studio albums

Billboard number-one hits


Year Association Category Result
1989 Country Music Association Horizon Award[60] Nominated
Vocal Group of the Year[60] Nominated
1990 Vocal Group of the Year[60] Nominated
1991 Vocal Group of the Year[60] Nominated
Academy of Country Music Vocal Group of the Year[3] Won
1992 Vocal Group of the Year[3] Nominated
Country Music Association Vocal Group of the Year[60] Nominated
1995 Vocal Event of the Year—
"Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart" (with Alison Krauss)[60]
Vocal Group of the Year[60] Nominated
Grammy Awards Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
"Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart" (with Alison Krauss)[5]
Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
"Darned If I Don't (Danged If I Do)"[3]


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  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Stambler, Irwin; Grelun Landon (2000). Country Music: The Encyclopedia. Macmillan. pp. 435–436. ISBN 0312264879. 
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  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. p. 378. ISBN 0-89820-177-2. 
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  11. ^ ""Next to You, Next to Me" listing". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
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  16. ^ Campbell, Al. "Greatest Hits review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  17. ^ Loftus, Johnny. "Matthews, Wright & King biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  18. ^ Webber, Brad (1993-03-19). "Country chartbuster Eddy Arnold, 74, is back on the road and shooting for another hit". Chicago Tribune (subscription required). Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
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  21. ^ a b c Bessman, Jim (1995-09-30). "Shenandoah enjoys resurgence". Billboard: 30 and 35. 
  22. ^ Corcoran, Michael (1993-07-25). "Raw sound sparks Shenandoah's `Kudzu'". Dallas News. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  23. ^ Hurst, Jack (1993-12-09). "Tempo Recordings". Chicago Tribune: pp. 7. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  24. ^ Campbell, Al. "Super Hits". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  25. ^ "Keith Whitley: A Tribute Album". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  26. ^ David Zimmerman (1995-08-14). "A pure sound of success". USA Today. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  27. ^ Jim Patterson (1995-09-23). "Krauss follows instinct for success". Lawrence Journal-World.,2756282&dq=somewhere-in-the-vicinity-of-the-heart&hl=en. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  28. ^ Cronin, Peter (1994-12-10). "Success in the Cards for Shenandoah". Billboard: 32. 
  29. ^ ""Darned If I Don't (Danged If I Do)"". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  30. ^ Ridley, Jim (January 1995). "Album reviews: In the Vicinity of the Heart". New Country 2 (1): 57–58. ISSN 1074-536x. 
  31. ^ "Marty Raybon (1995)". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  32. ^ "Amazing Grace: A Country Salute to Gospel". Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  33. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Come Together: America Salutes the Beatles". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  34. ^ a b Stephens, Larry. "Now and Then review". Country Standard Time. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  35. ^ Nash, Alanna. "Now and Then review". Entertainment Weekly.,,291966,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  36. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Now and Then review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  37. ^ Catlin, Roger (1996-12-15). "Christmas albums from every musical genre making merry music for the holidays". Hartford Courant (subscription required): pp. G1. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  38. ^ Owens, Thom. "Shenandoah Christmas review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  39. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc.. pp. 340. ISBN 0-89820-177-2. 
  40. ^ Dunn, J. A. (1997-10-10). "Horse Party! Shenandoah headlines the first ever 'Celebration of the Horse'". Ocala Star-Banner.,4765530&dq=raybon-brothers&hl=en. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  41. ^ Alexander, Wiley (1997-11-14). "Shenandoah heads for last roundup". San Antonio Express-News: pp. 32H. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  42. ^ Gray, Michael (2000-02-14). "Solo Flight". CMT. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
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  45. ^ "Shenandoah 2000 credits". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
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  47. ^ a b Mansfield, Brian. "Curtis Wright Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  48. ^ Downs, Jolene. "Shenandoah 2000 review". Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  49. ^ "Shenandoah, band from Muscle Shoals, Ala., thrives on the road less taken". Duluth News. 2001-08-17. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  50. ^ "Journeys". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  51. ^ "Shenandoah bassist Ralph Ezell dies". CMT. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  52. ^ a b Douglas, Chad (2008-11-07). "Blue Ryno Foundation benefit". KHQA. Connect Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  53. ^ Smith, Stephen (2007-05-24). "Raise the Roof 5: Pure Prairie League Ready for Show". The Pilot. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  54. ^ Scarlett, David (2009-06-22). "Maybe the Hard Times Are Over". Country Weekly 16 (19): 38–41. ISSN 1074-3235. 
  55. ^ Confehr, Clint (2009-10-14). "GMM shines in the rain". Marshall County Tribune. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  56. ^ "Tour schedule". Shenandoah official website. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  57. ^ " Interview with Sonya Isaacs on Her Engagement!". Retrieved 2009-11-02. 
  58. ^ "Shenandoah". The Ledger. 1992-03-04.,2778584&dq=shenandoah+marty-raybon&hl=en. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
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External links


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