Shenzhen Metro: Wikis

  
  
  

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Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo.svg
Info
Locale Shenzhen
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2
Number of stations 22
Daily ridership unknown (July 2006)
Operation
Began operation December 28, 2004
Operator(s) Shenzhen Metro Company (SZMC)
Technical
System length 21.866 km
Track gauge 1435 mm Standard Gauge
Shenzhen Metro
Traditional Chinese 深圳地鐵
Simplified Chinese 深圳地铁

The Shenzhen Metro (SZM) is the subway system for the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, China. It is owned and operated by the Shenzhen Metro Company, Ltd. (SZMC).[1] The metro opened on December 28, 2004, making Shenzhen the fifth city in mainland China to have a subway after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangzhou. The Shenzhen Metro currently has 2 lines, 19 stations, and 21.8 km of total trackage in operation. Both existing lines are undergoing expansion and three new lines are under construction. The network will reach a total length of 177 km by 2011.[2]

Contents

Current System

The current system has only two lines and provides a relatively fast and economical way of traveling in east-central part of Shenzhen, compared to buses and taxis. It also runs to the border crossings between the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region at Luohu and Huanggang/Lok Ma Chau Station, where riders can transfer to Hong Kong's MTR East Rail Line for travel to Hong Kong. The metro currently lacks access to the east side, particularly Yantian, a high tech foreign business park and busy port.

Number & Name Terminals Interchange Opening Year
Line 1 (Luobao Line)* Shen Da - Luohu 4 2004
Line 4 (Longhua Line)* Shaoniangong - Futiankouan 1 2004
* = to be extended

Line 1 (green - Luobao Line)

Shenzhen Metro Lines as of 2009

Line 1 of the Metro runs eastward from Shen Da to Luohu. Trains operate at 3 to 4 minute frequency during peak hours and 5 to 6 minute frequencies at other times. An electronic signboard system displays estimated train arrival times. All stations in Line 1 are underground.

Line 4 (red - Longhua Line)

Line 4 of the Metro runs southward from Shaoniangong to Futiankouan. Trains operate at 10 minute frequencies at all times. There are electronic signboard system which display estimated train arrival times and all stations in Line 4 are underground.

Fares and tickets

Metro rides are priced according to distance travelled, and varies from Y2 to 5.[3] Children under the height of 110 cm may ride for free when accompanied by an adult.[4] The metro also offers free rides to senior citizens over the age of 65, the blind, and the physically disabled.

Metro fares can be paid for with single-ride tokens, multiple-ride Shenzhen Metro TransCards or weekly passes.[5]

Tokens

Shenzhen Metro RFID Token

Cash fares range from 2 to 5 Renminbi, depending on the distance to be traveled, and can be purchased at ticket machines or at the information counter. When using cash fare, a green RFID token is purchased and used to record the station entrance information. To exit the station, one needs only to deposit the token in the slot at the station exit gate. The maximum fare will be charged if the passenger is unable to return the token.

Shenzhen Tong cards

Shenzhen Tong is similar to the Octopus card system used on the MTR rail lines in Hong Kong. The multiple fare card stores credit purchased at stations. It is easy to use; simply wave it in front of the card reader located at all entrances and exits to the subway system. Riders who pay for metro fare with the transcard receive a 5% discount. Beginning March 1, 2008, riders who pay for a bus fare with the transcard and then a subway fare within 90 minutes receive an additional 40% discount on the subway fare.

Unlike Hong Kong Octopus Cards, Shenzhen Tong cards cannot be sold back to the stations or have faults dealt with by SZMC. Instead, the customer must go to the offices of Shenzhen Tong. Students studying in Shenzhen can use the Shenzhen Tong to receive a 50% discount.

Integration of Shenzhen Tong and Hong Kong Octopus Cards

After the completion of five Metro Phase II lines by June 30, 2011, users will be able to reciprocally use their Transcards on both in Hong Kong and Shenzhen for bus and train commuter travel. Continuing research is taking place on the "merging" and "convertibility" of the two systems card. Flucuations in the HK Dollar with the Chinese RMB are the main issues to be resolved before the final plan is introduced formally.[6]

Station facilities, amenities and services

Stations have toilets (free of charge), and public telephones (although at some stations, these have not yet been connected). SZMC also operates luggage storage facilities in the concourse above Luo Hu Station.

Expansion Plans

A map showing Shenzhen Metro lines that will open before 2011.
A map with proposed Shenzhen Metro lines through 2020.

Extension of Existing Lines

Line 1 is presently being extended from Shijie Zhi Chuang to Shenzhen Airport. In 2010 it is expected to open as far as Xixiang Zhongxin and then it will be completed to the airport at the end of 2011.

Line 4 will be extended to Longhua, and will connect with Shenzhen's new railway station. The second phase of Line 4 will be built by Hong Kong's MTR Corporation Limited. The whole line will be operated by MTR on a BOT basis. MTR, in which Hong Kong's government owns a controlling stake, has also signed memorandums of understanding to invest in Line 2 and Line 3, which will cost more than 10 billion renminbi. The line is expected to open by mid 2011.

New Lines

Line 2

Construction of Line 2 Phase 1 has commenced. It will run from Shijie Zhi Chuang, where it will connect with Line 1 to Shekou Keyun Gang (Shekou Ferry Terminal). Phase 2 will run from Shijie Zhi Chuang north of Line 1 and will connect with Line 4 at Shimin Zhongxin and with Line 1 again at Huaqiang Lu. According to urbanrail.net, it is due to open in 2010, although it is not clear whether this refers to Phase 1 or the whole line.

Line 3

Line 3 will run 41.8 km with 30 stations from Hongling to Yitian Village and will be built in two phases. Construction on Phase I which runs 32.86 km from Hongling to Shuanglong began on December 26, 2005.[7] Phase I is slated to be completed on October 1, 2010. The entire line is scheduled to open June 30, 2011.[8] It will connect with Line 1 at Guo Mao and Gouwu Gongyuan and run out to Longgang in the north-east of the city.

Line 5

Line 5 will run from Haiwan in the west to Huangbeiling in the east. It will be 40.001 km in total length with 27 stations. Construction began in May 2009 and is scheduled to be completed by June 2011. Line 5 requires total investment of Y20.6 billion. [9]

History

First phase

The grand opening of the Shenzhen Metro system occurred at 5:00pm on Tuesday, December 28, 2004. The trial run was just in time for celebrations of the Chinese New Year. Initially the trains operated at 15 minute frequencies and consisted of the Line 1 and Line 4.

The Huanggang (Fu Tian Kou An) station opened on June 28, 2007[10].

Equipment

Rolling stock

Bombardier Rail Car on Line 1

Signaling system

For metro line 1, 4 and the extension of line 1, Siemens Transportation Systems supplied 7 (Phase 1) and 6 (Phase 2) LZB 700 M continuous automatic control systems; 7 (Phase 1) and 6 (Phase 2) electronic Sicas ESTT interlockings; the Vicos OC 501 operations control system with 2 operations control centers, fall-back level with Vicos OC 101 and RTU (FEP), 230 (Phase 1) and 240 (Phase 2) FTG S track vacancy detection units. [11]

See also

References

External links








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