The Full Wiki

Shepherd's Bush: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°30′15″N 0°13′15″W / 51.5042°N 0.2207°W / 51.5042; -0.2207

Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush is located in Greater London
Shepherd's Bush

 Shepherd's Bush shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ235798
London borough Hammersmith & Fulham
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W12
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Ealing, Acton and Shepherds Bush
London Assembly West Central
List of places: UK • England • London

Shepherd's Bush (also Shepherds Bush) is a district of west London in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, situated 4.9 miles (7.9 km) west of Charing Cross. Although it is primarily residential in character, its focus is the shopping area of Shepherds Bush Green, the north side of which is home to the Westfield shopping centre, the largest urban shopping centre in Europe. The south side also has a smaller shopping centre, West 12, with a supermarket, cinema and gym. The main thoroughfares are Uxbridge Road, Goldhawk Road and Askew Road, all containing a large number of small and mostly independent shops, pubs and restaurants. Loftus Road in Shepherd's Bush is home to Queen's Park Rangers football club.

It is bordered by Hammersmith to the south/south-west, Brook Green to the south/south-east, Holland Park (and then Notting Hill) to the east, Willesden and Harlesden to the north and by Acton and Chiswick to the west.

Contents

Geography

Shepherds Bush Green, seen from a nearby tower block (September 2006)

The area's focal point is Shepherds Bush Green (or Shepherds Bush Common), an 8 acre (approx) triangular area of open grass surrounded by trees and roads with shops, with Westfield at its north western apex.

The Green is a hub on the local road network, with four main roads radiating from the western side of the green and three roads approaching its eastern apex, meeting at the large Holland Park Roundabout. This position makes it an important node of the bus network, with eighteen bus routes arriving there. It is also served by five London Underground stations (see Transport below); Shepherd's Bush (Central Line), Shepherd's Bush Market (Hammersmith & City Line), White City (Central Line) and Wood Lane (Hammersmith & City Line).

To the east, Shepherds Bush is bounded by the physical barrier to movement of the West London railway line and the grade-separated West Cross Route (part of the aborted 1960s London Motorway Box scheme); the Holland Park Roundabout and the small Addison Bridge to the south are the only ways to cross this barrier from Shepherds Bush.

Most of the areas to the east of the barrier differ significantly in character, being associated with the more affluent Holland Park and Notting Hill - although the Edward Woods Estate just to the northeast of the roundabout is part of and managed by the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, and is therefore more closely associated with Shepherds Bush.

Locale

Commerce

Commercial activity in Shepherd's Bush is now focused on the Westfield shopping centre next to Shepherd's Bush Central line station and on the many small shops which run along the northern side of the Green.

Shops on Uxbridge Road on the north side of the Green

Originally built in the 1970s with a rooftop car park and connecting bridge to the station, the older West12 shopping centre was significantly redeveloped in the 1990s. The bridge was removed, and the centre now houses several chain stores, a 12-screen cinema, gym, pub, restaurants, a Bush Doctors and a supermarket.

The small shops continue along Uxbridge Road to the west for some distance, and another set of shops and restaurants line Goldhawk Road from the Green to the southwest. Many of these establishments cater for the local ethnic minority communities (see Demographics).

Running parallel to, and partly under, an elevated section of the Hammersmith and City Line there is a large permanent market, selling all types of foodstuffs, cooked food, household goods, clothing and bric-à-brac.

The Westfield Group (with Hausinvest Europa) opened a shopping centre in October 2008, bounded by the West Cross Route (A3220, was the M41), the Westway (A40, previously A40(M)), and Wood Lane (opposite the BBC), A219 (also the old A40). This centre is branded "Westfield London" and is mainly being constructed on the site of the Franco-British Exhibition (1908) and the 1908 Summer Olympics on land owned by London Underground. However, this area is considered by locals to be part of Shepherds Bush rather than its namesake, White City.

Office Buildings

As well as the offices within the BBC TV Centre at Wood Lane, opposite this is Network House, 1 Ariel Way, a 20,000 sq ft building that was let by Frost Meadowcroft on behalf of Westfield to Zodiak Entertainment in September 2009 [1] and in Rockley Road is the 160,000 sq ft Shepherds Building where Endemol another TV company are based and where Jellycat, a soft toy company, relocated their head office to in February 2010. [2]

Residential

The residential areas of Shepherds Bush are primarily located to the west of the Green, either side of Uxbridge Road and Goldhawk Road to the southwest, and about as far as Askew Road in the west. Much of the housing in this area consists of three- or four-storey terraces dating from the late 19th century, and subsequently divided up into small flats.

Shepherds Bush is also home to the White City Estate, a huge housing estate that was originally constructed in the 1930s and further extended after the war in the early 1950s. It was built on the site of the grounds of the 1908 Franco-British Exhibition and close to the White City Stadium and has given its name to the northern part of Shepherds Bush which is now better known as White City.

History

The name Shepherds Bush is thought to have originated from the use of the common land here as a resting point for shepherds on their way to Smithfield Market in the City of London.[3] An alternative theory is that it could have been named after someone in the area, because in 1635 the area was recorded as "Sheppards Bush Green".[4]

Demographics

Significant communities of travellers from Australia and New Zealand exist in Shepherds Bush. Street names in the area suggest links to South Africa but these were inspired by places and personalities from the Boer War or by their proximity to the former position of the South Africa Pavilion in the White City exhibition area. There is a Polish community, with a community centre in nearby Hammersmith. Somali, West Indian, Syrian, Lebanese, Iranian, Irish, Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities have a strong association with the area.

Transport

Stations in Shepherd's Bush area. The locations of current and future stations are indicated as well as five closed stations

The common itself is served by five London Underground stations. Shepherd's Bush station, on the Central line at the eastern apex of the common, is the busiest, whilst Shepherd's Bush Market station on the Hammersmith and City line is about 600 m to the west (near the north-western corner of the green). The third station, Goldhawk Road station on the Hammersmith & City line, serves the south-western corner of the green. The primarily residential area to the west of the common, also recognised as part of Shepherd's Bush, is also served by White City and Wood Lane. This area of London is also served by eighteen bus routes.

The construction of a shopping centre at the White City development has led to the development of two new transport hubs for the area. The "northern interchange" will consist of White City station on the Central line, a new bus station and Wood Lane station on the Hammersmith and City line . The two stations are a short walk apart.

The "southern interchange", comprises another new bus station, the redeveloped Central line station, and the new Shepherd's Bush railway station served by London Overground and Southern on the West London Line. The new station is approximately in the same location as the former Uxbridge Road station which closed in 1940. The opening of the new station was delayed because the platforms were built 18 inches too narrow, and had to be rebuilt.[5][6]

Shepherd's Bush was also the proposed terminus of the West London Tram, an on-street light rail line running to Uxbridge via Acton, Ealing and Southall. This project was cancelled in 2007[7] in favour of an enhanced bus service and the development of Crossrail.

Stations

  Stations in Shepherd's Bush (present)
Legend

Central line
 
  to Willesden Jcn
  & Milton Keynes
to East Acton  
Unknown route-map component "uCONTr" Urban track turning from right Continuation backward
 
 
Unknown route-map component "uAKRZu" Unknown route-map component "AKRZu"
  Westway (A40)
White City 
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Straight track
 
 
Waterway turning from left Unknown route-map component "uKRZu" Unknown route-map component "mKRZu" Unknown route-map component "uCONTl"
  to Latimer Road
Wood Lane 
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Enter urban tunnel Straight track
 
 
Urban straight track
Urban tunnel station on track + Hub
Station on track + Hub
 Shepherd's Bush
 
Urban straight track Urban tunnel straight track Straight track
 Central roundel1.PNG Central | London Overground National Rail National Rail
Shep. Bush Market 
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Unknown route-map component "utSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "mKRZt" Unknown route-map component "utCONTl"
  to Holland Park
Goldhawk Road 
Unknown route-map component "uHST" Straight track
 
District roundel1.PNG Piccadilly roundel1.PNG Hammersmith 
Unknown route-map component "uINTe" Continuation forward
  to Kensington (Olympia)
Hamm. & City line  
  West London Line

Buses

31 Camden Town White City First Centrewest [1]
49 Clapham Junction Station White City Transdev London [2]
72 East Acton Roehampton Transdev London [3]
94 Piccadilly Circus Acton Green Transdev London [4]
95 Shepherd's Bush Southall First Centrewest [5]
148 Camberwell Green White City Transdev London [6]
207 White City Hayes-by-pass First London [7]
220 Wandsworth Willesden Junction Transdev London [8]
228 Central Middlesex Hospital Maida Vale Shirland Road First London [9]
237 White City Hounslow Heath Metroline [10]
260 Golders Green White City Metroline [11]
272 Shepherd's Bush Chiswick Grove Park Transdev London [12]
283 East Acton Barnes Pond /WWT London Wetland Centre Transdev London [13]
295 Clapham Junction Station Ladbroke Grove First London [14]
316 White City Cricklewood Bus Garage Metroline [15]
607 White City Uxbridge First London
C1 Victoria White City Abellio London (Transdev London from July 2010) [16]
N207 Holborn Uxbridge First London [17]

Culture

Entertainment

The junkyard in the sitcom Steptoe & Son was situated at the fictional 24 Oil Drum Lane, Shepherds Bush.

The BBC used to have many offices in Shepherds Bush, but many have now been closed or re-located. They included the Lime Grove Studios on the site of previous film studios Gaumont and Gainsborough Pictures. Sulgrave House, Threshold and Union Houses and Kensington House—now a hotel. The BBC's presence in the Bush is now concentrated in two huge sites on Wood Lane, Television Centre and the White City building. The Media Village was built next to the White City building recently, and is used by the BBC and other media companies including Red Bee Media (formerly BBC Broadcast, now a private company). Television Centre is the national home of BBC Television, and it is from there that BBC TV and radio news, the BBC website and a host of TV drama and light entertainment are broadcast.

The Bush Theatre is one of the most celebrated new writing theatres in the world. Situated on the green it has international reputation for discovering, nurturing and producing the best new theatre writers from the widest range of backgrounds, and for presenting their work to the highest possible standards. The Bush is widely acclaimed as the seedbed for the best new playwrights, many of whom have gone on to become established names in the entertainment industry, yet regularly return to our West London home.

The Shepherds Bush Theatre, built in 1901, was used by the BBC as a TV studio for many years for such shows as Wogan, That's Life!, Crackerjack, This is Your Life and others until 1991; it is now the Shepherds Bush Empire. BBC Television is still based at Television Centre in Wood Lane, while their other major site/building BBC — White City stands on the site of the stadium built for the 1908 London Olympic Games, also called White City.

Shepherds Bush Empire is a music venue, and has played host to some very popular acts, including The Wildhearts, David Bowie, Phish, The Rolling Stones, Neil Finn, Sophie Ellis-Bextor and Bob Dylan. Muse have also recently played a free show there in June 2006.

Bush Hall is another, rather smaller, venue at 310 Uxbridge Road, built in 1905 as a dance hall. It predominantly showcases smaller acoustic performers 'on their way up' (including M Ward, Emiliana Torrini and Songdog), but has also been used by much better-known acts like R.E.M., Scissor Sisters and Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds for fan club shows.

Ginglik is an even smaller venue located underneath Shepherds Bush Green in a former Victorian toilet. It has featured events with bands, DJs and comedians including Jimmy Carr, Al Murray and Jerry Sadowitz. It announced in August 2008 that it was shortly to close.

Shepherds Bush Walkabout is a popular music and live sports venue located on the western end of the green. It is part of a chain of Antipodean themed bars located throughout the United Kingdom, that specialises in music and sports from Australia and New Zealand, and caters to expatriates from those nations by providing food and beverages sourced from both countries. On Australian and New Zealand national holidays, big sporting events such as the Australian Football League grand final, and memorial days such as Anzac Day the Shepherds Bush Walkabout becomes very busy. The live music is usually a mixture of up and coming local acts, and cover bands who play Australian and New Zealand classic songs and contemporary popular music.

Many important rock and roll groups have roots in Shepherd's Bush. The most notable is The Who, who infused much of their work with the youth culture of Shepherd's Bush during the 1960s and 70s. Additionally, Bush, The Clash, Symposium, and the Sex Pistols all grew up in Shepherds Bush, as did (more recently) rock singer Pete Doherty. The grunge band Bush take their name from Shepherds Bush. In the Spring of 2004 two actors, Ewan McGregor and Charley Boorman rented a small property in Bulwer Street, off Wood Lane, where they prepared for their epic motorcycle journey Long Way Round. Tony Butler of Big Country fame was also born here.

Classical musicians Evelyn Glennie and Robert Steadman have both lived in Shepherds Bush.

Actors Simon Pegg and Nick Frost used to live in Shepherd's Bush.

Many sketches from the BBC comedy series Monty Python's Flying Circus were filmed in various locations in Shepherds Bush, due primarily to its proximity to BBC Television Centre.

Nelson Kumah, producer of The Geoff Show on Absolute Radio has famously said many times on the show that he lives in Shepherds Bush.

In the Westfield shopping centre area at White City, the grade II listed Dimco buildings (1898), now redeveloped as a bus station, were used as the location for the ‘Acme Factory’ in the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit.[8]

In Neil Gaiman's novel Neverwhere, the lead role, Richard, says "There are no shepherds in Shepherd's Bush. I've been there. It's just houses and stores and roads and the BBC. That's all." Hunter then replies "There are... pray you never meet them."

Sports

Shepherds Bush is home to Queens Park Rangers football club, who play their home games in Loftus Road. Olympic gold medal winner Linford Christie also grew up in Shepherds Bush and lived in Loftus Road as a child. A sports stadium on nearby Wormwood Scrubs is named in his honour "The Linford Christie Stadium". Some of the football games in the 1908 Olympics were hosted in Shepherds Bush. Shepherds Bush F.C. were the local side till 1915.

Former England national rugby union team captain Lawrence Dallaglio was born in Shepherds Bush.

Gallery

External links

References








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message