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Sheppard Air Force Base

Air Education and Training Command.png
Air Education and Training Command

Sheppardafb.jpg
18 Feb 1996
IATA: SPSICAO: KSPSFAA: SPS
Summary
Airport type Military: Air Force Base
Owner United States Air Force
Operator Air Education and Training Command
Location Wichita Falls, Texas
Built 1941
Occupants 82nd Training Wing
Elevation AMSL 1,019 ft / 311 m
Coordinates 33°59′20″N 098°29′31″W / 33.98889°N 98.49194°W / 33.98889; -98.49194
Website www.sheppard.af.mil
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15C/33C 10,003 3,049 Asphalt/Concrete
15L/33R 6,000 1,829 Asphalt/Concrete
15R/33L 13,101 3,993 Concrete
17/35 7,021 2,140 Asphalt
Statistics (1988)
Aircraft operations 53,829
Based aircraft 223
Sources: official web site[1] and FAA[2]
Sheppard AFB is located in Texas
Sheppard AFB
Location of Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas
Sheppafb-unitemblems.jpg

Sheppard Air Force Base (IATA: SPSICAO: KSPSFAA LID: SPS) is a United States Air Force base located five miles (8 km) north of the central business district of Wichita Falls, in Wichita County, Texas, United States.[2] It is the largest training base and most diversified in Air Education and Training Command. The base is named in honor of Texas Senator John Morris Sheppard, a supporter of military preparations before WWII.

Host unit at Sheppard is the 82d Training Wing (82 TRW), which provides specialized technical training, medical, and field training for officers, Airmen, and civilians of all branches of the military, other DoD agencies, and foreign nationals.

The 80th Flying Training Wing (80 FTW), also at Sheppard, conducts the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training (ENJJPT) program, the world's only multi-nationally manned and managed flying training program chartered to produce combat pilots for both USAF and NATO.

As of July 2008, Brigadier General Otis G. Mannon is the commander of the 82d Training Wing, and he concurrently serves as the installation commander of Sheppard AFB. Colonel Kevin B. Schneider is the commander of the 80th Flying Training Wing.

Sheppard AFB shares one runway with Wichita Falls Municipal Airport under a joint civil-military arrangement.

Contents

Units

82d Training Wing

The 82 TRW is a non-flying wing that conducts all technical training at Sheppard. The 982d Training Group, under the 82d TRW, provides instruction in a wide range of specialties at Sheppard and also at more than 60 Air Force installations worldwide. The 82d Support Group, 82d Logistics Group, and 82d Medical Group support these organizations.

80th Flying Training Wing

The 80th FTW mission is to provide combat airpower by producing top quality fighter pilots for the NATO alliance. It is home of the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training (ENJJPT) Program. It is a uniquely manned multinational organization with a USAF wing commander and a German Air Force operations group commander in the top two leadership positions. Command and operations officers' positions in the flying training squadrons rotate among the participating nations, while the commander of the 80th Operations Support Squadron is always from the USAF.

Additionally, officers from all 13 participating nations fill subordinate leadership positions throughout the wing. Nine nations--Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Turkey,Spain and the United States--provide instructor pilots based on their number of student pilots. Canada, Greece, Portugal, and the United Kingdom do not have student pilots in training, but do provide one instructor pilot. As an example of this totally integrated structure, an American student pilot may have a Belgian instructor pilot, a Dutch flight commander, a Turkish section commander, an Italian operations officer, and a German squadron commander.

Operational training squadrons are:

  • 88th FTS "Lucky Devils" (T-38C)
  • 89th FTS "Banshees" (T-6A)
  • 459th FTS "Dragons" (T-6A)
  • 469th FTS "Bulls" (T-38C)
  • 90th FTS "Boxing Bears" (T-38C)
  • 97th FTS "Madcats"...AFRC Associate Instructor Pilot program (T-6A and T-38C)

History

Sheppard Air Force Base is named in honor of Senator John Morris Sheppard of Texas (1875-1941), chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee from 1933 until his death on 9 Apr 1941. Senator Sheppard helped lead the fight for military preparedness before the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Base Operating Units

  • 62d Base HQ and Air Base Sq, 4 August 1941 - 1 May 1944
  • 3706th AAF Base Unit, 1 May 1944 - 30 September 1946
  • 3706th AAF Base Unit, 15 August 1948 - 28 August 1948
  • 3750th Air Base Gp, 28 August 1948 - 1 January 1973
  • 80th Flying Training Wing, - 1 January 1973 - Present

Major Commands Assigned

  • AAF Technical Training Comd, 13 March 1942 - 31 July 1943
  • AAF Training Comd, 31 July 1943 - 1 July 1946
  • Air Training Command, 1 July 1946 - 31 August 1946, 1 August 1948 - 1 July 1993
  • Air Education and Training Command 1 July 1993 - Present

World War II

Sheppard AFB has been providing top-notch instruction in a diverse array of Air Force specialties for more than half a century. It was established as Sheppard Field on 300 acres (1.2 km²) just south of Kell Field. A Texas cattleman sold the land to the U.S. Army for one dollar.

It was officially opened as an Army Air Corps training center on 17 October 1941, following the arrival of the first military members on 14 June. As the Army Air Corps became the Army Air Forces, facilities were completed sufficiently to allow the first class of 22 aviation mechanics to enter training that October; the class graduated February 23, 1942.

During World War II, then-Sheppard Field conducted basic training, and it also trained glider mechanics, technical and flying training instructors and B-29 Superfortress flight engineers. In addition to the basic flying training, the base also provided advanced pilot training.

Sheppard Field reached its peak strength of 46,340 people while serving as a separation center for troops being discharged following World War II from September through November 1945. Sheppard Field was deactivated August 31, 1946 and declared surplus to the War Department's needs. It was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Corps of Engineers April 30, 1947. Over the next two years the National Guard used the base.

USAF Training Center

Oblique photo of Sheppard AFB, June 1951, looking north

Control and accountability for Sheppard Field was transferred to the Department of the Air Force August 1, 1948 and was reactivated August 15, 1948 to supplement Lackland AFB, Texas, as a basic training center renamed as Sheppard AFB. Basic training was discontinued in June 1949, but was resumed from July 1950 to May 1952.

Over the next three decades three training schools were stationed at the base training students in aircraft maintenance, transportation, communication, civil engineering, Aircrew Life Support and field training.

The aircraft mechanics school was transferred to Sheppard from Keesler AFB, Mississippi in April 1949 to make room for expansion of electronic training at that base. The school was renamed the Department of Aircraft Maintenance Training within the 3750th Technical School. During the Korean War (1950-1953) several airmen from such places as Greece and Turkey were trained as mechanics.

Comptroller, transportation, and intelligence training moved to Sheppard from Lowry AFB, Colorado, in the fall of 1954. Communications, refrigeration, air conditioning, and power production operator and repairman training were transferred here from F.E. Warren AFB, Wyoming in 1959. Intelligence training returned to Lowry in February 1962. Training in certain missile systems began at Sheppard in 1957 and was conducted there through September 1985 when Titan II training operations were terminated following that weapon system's retirement.

The 3950th Technical Training Wing was designated the Sheppard Technical Training Center January 1, 1959. It has had two subsequent name changes and is now the 82d Training Wing.

Helicopter pilot training was transferred from Stead AFB, Nevada in October 1965, with H-19, H-43, CH-3C and HH-3E helicopters used for training. Additional training in airborne firefighting was also conducted, given the role of the USAF HH-43 aircraft as a local rescue and aircraft firefighting asset at selected air force bases in the United States and at air bases overseas.

The 3630th Flying Training Wing was activated in 1965, and it assumed the helicopter training program. It began providing undergraduate pilot training in the T-37 and T-38 for the then-West German Air Force (Luftwaffe) in August 1966. Helicopter training was discontinued in 1971 when the U.S. Army assumed responsibility for training Air Force helicopter pilots at Fort Rucker, Alabama.

The 3630th Flying Training Wing also provided undergraduate pilot training for pilots of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force from 1971 to 1975. The Wing designation was changed to the 80th Flying Training Wing in 1973.

The 80th Flying Training Wing began conducting the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training Program in 1981. This one-of-a-kind program includes 13-NATO countries.They are: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. Approval to conduct the program was recently extended through the year 2005.

The Air Force School of Health Care Sciences offered training in dentistry, medicine, nursing (to include flight nurse training), and health-services administration. The population of the base had declined to 3,825 in 1990.

In February 1992, restructuring and downsizing of the Air Force caused a realignment and renumbering of units at Sheppard. Some of the training wings were redesignated as groups, and the technical training groups became squadrons.

Strategic Air Command

Between 1960 and 1966 the Strategic Air Command (SAC) had training units stationed at the base that conducted aerospace rescue schools and weather instruction. In addition, The 494th Bombardment Wing, a Strategic Air Command operational wing of B-52D Stratofortress bombers and KC-135A Stratotanker aircraft, previously designated as the 4245th Strategic Wing, was based at Sheppard from 1963 to 1966.

In July 1969, Detachment 1, 2nd Bombardment Wing, with four B-52 aircraft, became a tenant organization at Sheppard and remained until 1975. These aircraft rotated as part of SAC’s dispersal concept and utilized the SAC Alert Facility on the northwest end of the airfield.

BRAC 2005

The Department of Defense (DoD) proposed a major realignment of the base, as part of the Base Realignment and Closure program announced on May 13, 2005. DoD recommended to relocating to Eglin AFB, Florida, front-line and instructor-qualified maintenance technicians and logistics support personnel to stand up the Air Force’s portion of the F-35 Lightning II (Joint Strike Fighter) Initial Joint Training Site there. This recommendation would establish Eglin Air Force Base as the Initial Joint Training Site that would teach entry-level aviators and maintenance technicians how to safely operate and maintain the new F-35 Lightning II, also known as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) aircraft. Assuming no economic recovery, this recommendation could result in a maximum potential reduction of 487 jobs (295 direct jobs and 192 indirect jobs) over 2006-2011 in the Wichita Falls, TX, Metropolitan Statistical Area (0.5 percent).[3]

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Sheppard Air Force Base".

  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office 1961 (republished 1983, Office of Air Force History, ISBN 0-912799-02-1).
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989

External links








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