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Sherbrooke
—  City  —
Ville de Sherbrooke
Downtown Sherbrooke at night.

Flag

Seal

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Queen of the Eastern Townships
Motto: Ne quid nimis
Sherbrooke is located in Quebec
Sherbrooke
Location in Quebec, Canada
Coordinates: 45°24′N 71°53′W / 45.4°N 71.883°W / 45.4; -71.883
Country Canada Flag of Canada.svg
Province Quebec Flag of Quebec.svg
Region Estrie
Settled 1793
Electoral Districts
Federal

Sherbrooke
Provincial Sherbrooke
Government
 - Mayor Bernard Sévigny
 - Governing body Sherbrooke City Council
 - Federal MP(s) Serge Cardin (BQ)
 - Quebec MNA(s) Jean Charest (PLQ)
Area
 - City 353.46 km2 (136.5 sq mi)
 - Metro 1,231.86 km2 (475.6 sq mi)
Highest elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
Lowest elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2006)[1][2]
 - City 147,427
 Density 417.1/km2 (1,080.3/sq mi)
 Metro 186,952
 - Metro Density 151.8/km2 (393.2/sq mi)
 - Change (2001-06) 6.2%
 - Dwellings 70,444
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code(s) J1E, J1G, J1H, J1J, J1K,
J1L, J1M, J1N, J1R
Area code(s) 819
Access Routes[3]
A-10
A-55
A-410
A-610

Route 112
Route 108
Route 143
Route 216
Route 220
Route 222
Telephone Exchanges -212 239 340 345-9 432 434 437 446 542 560 -6 569 570 - 4 575 577
GNBC Code EIDHN
NTS Map 021E05
Website City of Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke (2006 population: 147,427)[1] is a Canadian city in southern Quebec. Sherbrooke is situated at the confluence of the Saint-François (St. Francis) and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estrie administrative region. Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke.

Contents

History

Part of a region historically known as the Eastern Townships, Sherbrooke was first settled in 1793 by American Loyalists, including Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York, who built a flour mill in 1802. The village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818 when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke at the time of his retirement and return to England.

The city grew considerably on January 1, 2002, by the mergers of the cities of Sherbrooke, Ascot, Bromptonville, Deauville, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Rock Forest, and Saint-Élie-d'Orford.

Economy

Sherbrooke in 1889.

In 2007 Canadian Business Magazine Magazine ranked Sherbrooke as the top place to do business in Canada.[4] The report cites large increases in commercial building permits, strong exports, a highly educated workforce, and low unemployment rate.

Sherbrooke is also the centre of an important agricultural region with many dairy farms. An important business is the manufacturing of ice hockey sticks: more of these are made in Sherbrooke than anywhere else in the world.[citation needed] The city has a concrete truss bridge, the first of its kind in the world.[citation needed]

Education

The city is the location of one French language university, the Université de Sherbrooke, and since Lennoxville and Sherbrooke merged in 2002 (see municipal reorganization in Quebec), of an English language University, Bishop's University. U de S is a comprehensive university with schools of medicine and law and extensive graduate programs, while Bishop's is smaller and predominantly undergraduate. There are three CEGEPs in Sherbrooke, two of them French-language, the Cégep de Sherbrooke and the Séminaire de Sherbrooke, and one English-language, Champlain College Lennoxville.

Government

Gordon Street

The merged city is composed of six boroughs: Brompton, Fleurimont, Lennoxville, Mont-Bellevue, Rock Forest-Saint-Élie-Deauville and Jacques-Cartier.

Borough Population City Councillors
Brompton 5,956 3
Fleurimont 41,276 5
Jacques-Cartier 30,229 4
Lennoxville 5,195 3
Mont-Bellevue 33,377 4
Rock-Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville 29,191 4

Infrastructure

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Transportation

Sherbrooke Airport, in Cookshire-Eaton is just east of the city. There are currently no scheduled flights operating out of the airport.

Transdev Limocar provides bus service to Montreal via Granby and Magog. Autobus Jordez links Sherbrooke to Drummondville and Trois-Rivières, and also to Victoriaville and Quebec City.

Société de transport de Sherbrooke (STS) provides bus service. It operate 17 bus routes, 11 minibus routes, and 5 taxibus routes.

The city is located at the eastern terminus of A-10, and directly on the Autoroute Trans-Québécoise (A-55). A-10 provides a direct freeway connection to Montreal and points west, while A-55 connects directly to Trois-Rivières, Shawinigan, and points north, as well as to Interstate 91 to the south (Vermont). A-410 and A-610 are the southern and northern bypass roads, respectively.

Public health and safety

Historical buildings located on Dufferin Street.

The suburban Sherbrooke University Hospital ("CHUS" or "Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbooke) has over 5,200 employees, including 550 doctors. It includes a clinical research facility, the Etienne-Lebel Research Center. CHUS operates the Hospital General Hotel-Dieu, located downtown Sherbrooke.[citation needed]

Climate

Climate data for Sherbrooke
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
17.1
(63)
23
(73)
30
(86)
31.6
(89)
32.6
(91)
33.7
(93)
32.8
(91)
31.1
(88)
27.8
(82)
22.2
(72)
17.8
(64)
Average high °C (°F) -5.7
(22)
-3.9
(25)
2.1
(36)
9.9
(50)
18.1
(65)
22.1
(72)
24.7
(76)
23.3
(74)
18.3
(65)
11.9
(53)
4.4
(40)
-2.7
(27)
10.2
(50)
Average low °C (°F) -18
(-0)
-16.7
(2)
-9.9
(14)
-1.7
(29)
4
(39)
8.8
(48)
11.4
(53)
10.4
(51)
5.6
(42)
0.3
(33)
-4.7
(24)
-13.5
(8)
-2
(28)
Record low °C (°F) -38.3
(-37)
-40
(-40)
-33.4
(-28)
-21.1
(-6)
-6.7
(20)
-2.2
(28)
0.5
(33)
-1.7
(29)
-7.4
(19)
-13.3
(8)
-25.5
(-14)
-37.8
(-36)
Precipitation mm (inches) 78.8
(3.1)
61.7
(2.43)
78.8
(3.1)
79.8
(3.14)
96.8
(3.81)
110.8
(4.36)
117.8
(4.64)
130
(5.12)
104.7
(4.12)
92.8
(3.65)
98.5
(3.88)
93.8
(3.69)
1,144.1
(45.04)
Source: Environment Canada[5] 2009-07-24

Demographics

City of Sherbrooke

Cathédrale Saint-Michel.

Language

from Canada 2006 Census

Language Population Percentage (%)
French only 129,970 89.89%
English only 5,735 3.97%
Both English and French 640 0.44%
Other languages 8,245 5.7%

Ethnic origin

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 117,305
French 50,540 33.61%
Irish 6,560 4.36%
English 5,065 3.37%
Scottish 3,070 2.04%
Québécois 2,415 1.61%
North American Indian 1,805 1.20%
Italian 1,505 1.00%

The information regarding ethnicities above is from the 2001 Canadian Census. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,500 responses are included.

Age structure

  • 0–14 years: 17.8%
  • 15–64 years: 69.0%
  • 65 years and over: 13.2%

Census Metropolitan Area

The Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) includes the cities of Sherbrooke, Magog and Waterville, the Parish of Saint-Denis-de-Brompton; the municipalities of Compton, Stoke, and Ascot Corner, Hatley county and the village of North Hatley.
The population in 2006 was 186,952. Indigenous peoples comprised just over 0.6% of the population.[6]

Plymouth-Trinity United Church

French was mother tongue to 90.6% of residents (counting both single and multiple responses). The next most common mother tongues were English at 5.6%, Spanish at 1.3%, Arabic and Serbo-Croatian languages at 0.6% each, Persian at 0.4%, Niger-Congo languages at 0.3%, and Chinese and German at 0.2% each. (Percentages may total more than 100% owing to rounding and multiple responses).[7][8]

About 87% of the population identified as Roman Catholic in 2001 while 6% said they had no religious affiliation. Among smaller denominations Statistics Canada counted 1.2% Anglicans, 0.8% Muslims, 0.8% United Church, 0.7% Baptists, 0.5% Eastern Orthodox and 0.3% Jehovah’s Witnesses. Pentecostals and Methodists accounted for 0.2% each, while Buddhists, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons and Plymouth Brethren accounted for 0.1% each.[9]

The area is home to about four thousand recent immigrants (arriving between 2001 and 2006) who now comprise about 2% of the total population. Approximately 13% have emigrated from Colombia, 12% from France, 7% from Afghanistan, 6% from each of Morocco and Argentina, 5% from each of Algeria and Congo, 4% from China, and 3% from each of Burundi, Tunisia, and Tanzania. About 2% of these recent immigrants were born in the United States while about 2% were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[10]

Sherbrooke University Hospital Centre (properly, the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Sherbrooke, or CHUS) in the Fleurimont borough
Mount Bellevue and the Sherbrooke skyline

Media

Sherbrooke skyline and Mount Orford.

Notable Sherbrooke residents

The former Winter Prison

Joseph-Armand Bombardier hailed from the Sherbrooke area. John Bassett and Conrad Black started their careers as media barons as owner and co-owner, respectively, of the Sherbrooke Record.

Bordering counties

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Sherbrooke Quebec (Ville)". Statistics Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2443027&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=sherbrooke&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved April 8, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Sherbrooke Quebec (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMA&Code1=433__&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=sherbrooke&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved April 8, 2009. 
  3. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  4. ^ "Best places to do business in Canada". Canadian Business. September 10, 2007. http://www.canadianbusiness.com/rankings/bestcitiesforbusiness/list.jsp?pageID=list&year=2007. Retrieved February 13, 2008. 
  5. ^ Environment Canada Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  6. ^ "Sherbrooke". Aboriginal Identity (8), Sex (3) and Age Groups (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2008-01-15. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89122&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=0&Temporal=2006&Theme=73&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=837965. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  7. ^ "Sherbrooke". Detailed Mother Tongue (148), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89186&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=837965. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  8. ^ "Sherbrooke". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89201&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=837965. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  9. ^ "Sherbrooke". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-01. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/standard/themes/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?Temporal=2001&PID=55822&APATH=3&METH=1&PTYPE=55440&THEME=56&FOCUS=0&AID=0&PLACENAME=0&PROVINCE=0&SEARCH=0&GC=99&GK=NA&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&FL=0&RL=0&FREE=0&GID=431552. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  10. ^ "Sherbrooke". Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) for the Immigrants and Non-permanent Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-12-04. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89424&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=0&Temporal=2006&Theme=72&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=837965. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Sherbrooke is the largest town in the Eastern Townships of southern Quebec, Canada.

Get in

Limocar offers shuttle service from Montreal to Sherbrooke for $33. It should be noted that Go2Go does not serve this area.

Get around

The STS, which is local transportation by bus, offers either a one trip 'jeton' that you have to buy beforehand at an authorized dealer for $3.10 giving you one trip with all transfers necessary or, more economically if you travel a lot, a day pass at $8.50 that either gives the right for one or two adults with children (age 12 or less) for a maximum of 6 passenger on one pass or one adult alone. Service for the bus ends at midnight; if you need to get around after that, use a taxi. It is not too expensive--about $30 for one end to the other of the city--but if you need one at night, chances are that you are in downtown. From there to the farthest hotel, it would cost you $15.

  • Taxi service Phone: 819-562-4717; also, if you have a cell phone anywhere in Quebec, try *TAXI: it will patch you in the taxi service of your region--the cost is 99¢.
  • Sherbrooke Museum of Fine Arts (Musee des Beaux Arts), 241 Dufferin, Tel: 819-821-2115 (fax: (819) 821-4003, e-mail: mbas@interlinx.qc.ca), [1]. Tu-Su 1PM-5PM (summer 11AM-5PM); W 1PM-9PM. This art gallery is in the historic 19th-century Eastern Townships Bank building downtown. It displays both works of universal value and local flavor, focusing on the works of artists of the Eastern Townships, but also exhibiting other works. A dozen or so exhibitions are circulated through the lower two floors each year, while the third floor houses the museum’s permanent collection, featuring works by Frederick Simpson Coburn (1871-1960), originally from Melbourne in the Eastern Townships. $6, seniors/students $5.

Do

Every summer there is the Fete du Lac festival at Parc Jacques-Cartier which features an international fireworks competition and many local artists.

  • Choux de Bruxelle, Phone: +1-819-564-1848. This restaurant is not a real Quebecois affair but somewhere you can have Moule et frite at less than 20$ and you bring your own wine. It is recognized by Sherbrooke people to be the best value for your money and great food. You will need to make reservation in advance if you want to eat here during the weekend and during the month of November and December as many Christmas parties are celebrated there.
  • Louis Luncheonette, a local greasy-spoon. 3 locations in Sherbrooke. The fries are excellent. The meat is fresh. They also serve smoked-meat. Widely acknowledged as having the best poutine in Sherbooke; a regional dish that is must-have if you re visiting Quebec.
  • Stratos, another greasy-spoon, phone: +1-819-823-3333. Order poutine with frite bien cuit, sauce barbeque, sauce à part for maximum enjoyment. Pizzas are passable, and be sure to try their extra hot sauce suicide. However, the spare-ribs have an excellent sauce, heavy on melases falvour.
  • Bâton Rouge Restaurant, 2844 King ouest, 819-346-9888, [2]. For the best steak and baby back ribs in town, come to Bâton Rouge Restaurant! We also have a beautiful bar and patio where you can enjoy our "Happy Hour" from 4 to 7 pm (Monday to Friday). We offer a great meal for all budgets! Sunday-Monday: 11am-10pm Tuesday to Thursday: 11am-11pm Friday-Saturday: 11am-midnight  edit
  • Le Téléphone Rouge, 38 rue Wellington Sud, Phone: +1-819-566-9527, [3]. Local and Quebecois musical performances Fridays and Saturdays, with live DJs on Thursdays. Caters to a musically-aware crowd. No cover when there are no shows and on Thursdays. Between 5$-15$ on Fridays and Saturdays. Quebec beers only: 6$ for a pint.
  • Le Café du Palais, 184 ruelle Whiting (Wellington Nord), [4]. Rocking in Sherbrooke since 1979. during warmer weather, it has a large terrace located in an alleyway with a stunning view of City Hall. Caters mostly to students and twenty-somethings. Live improv on Sundays.
  • Complexe le Living, 66 rue Meadow, [5]. Club with four different rooms, each with a different setting. Hip-hop and techno.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SHERBROOKE, a city and port of entry of Quebec, Canada, and capital of Sherbrooke county, ioi m. E. of Montreal, at the confluence of the rivers Magog and St Francis, and on the Grand Trunk, Canadian Pacific, Quebec Central and Boston & Maine railways. Pop. (1901) 11,765. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric and of the district courts, and contains manufactories of woollen and cotton goods and machinery, also saw and grist mills. It derives its name from Sir John Coape Sherbrooke (1764-1830), who from 1816 to 1818 was governorgeneral of Canada.


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