Sheremetyevo International Airport: Wikis

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Sheremetyevo International Airport
Международный аэропорт Шереметьево
Moscow airport domestic terminal.jpg
IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator International Airport Sheremetyevo
Location Moscow, Russia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 622 ft / 190 m
Coordinates 55°58′22″N 37°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472Coordinates: 55°58′22″N 37°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472
Website www.svo.aero
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07R/25L 12,139 3,700 Concrete
07L/25R 11,647 3,550 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Number of Passengers 14,764,000
Aircraft Movements 158,606
Press release [1]

Sheremetyevo International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Шереметьево, Mezhdunarodniy Aeroport Sheremet'evo IPA: [ʂerʲiˈmʲetʲjivə]) (IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE), is an international airport located 29km (18 miles) north-west of Moscow, Russia. It is a hub for the passenger operations of the Russian international airline Aeroflot, and one of the three major airports serving Moscow along with Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo (the IATA area code for Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo is MOW). It is the second largest in Russia (after Domodedovo). In 2009, the airport handled 14,764,000 passengers and 158,606 aircraft movements.[1]

Contents

History

Sheremetyevo was opened on 11 August 1959; the first international flight was on 1 June 1960 to Berlin (Schönefeld Airport). Sheremetyevo-1 (used by domestic flights) was opened on 3 September 1964. On 12 September 1967, the first scheduled passenger flight of Tupolev Tu-134 departed from Sheremetyevo (to Stockholm), followed by the first scheduled flight of Ilyushin Il-62 (to Montreal) on 15 September.

Sheremetyevo-2, the larger of the two terminals, opened on 1 January 1980 for the 1980 Summer Olympics and is the arrival and departure point for international flights. Flights to cities in Russia and charter flights arrive and depart from Sheremetyevo-1. There is no physical connection between the two terminals; they are essentially separate airports using the same set of runways. Such a layout is rather unusual worldwide; Sydney Airport in New South Wales, Australia, Perth Airport in Western Australia, Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport in Anchorage, Alaska, Ferihegy in Budapest, and Davao International Airport in Davao City, Philippines are other examples.

Transport and accessibility

It can take anywhere from 20 minutes to two hours from the city center to get to the airport. The main road leading to the airport — Leningradskoe Highway — can get clogged during the rush hour, often resulting in passengers missing their flights. Calling a cab from downtown Moscow to Sheremetyevo costs around $30–40. Slow buses and faster minivans (fixed price shared taxis, known as marshrutkas) connect Sheremetyevo with Moscow's extensive metro network.

In November 2004, an express train connection was established from the Savyolovsky Rail Terminal to the Lobnya station (25 minutes), which is 7 km from the airport, with the remainder of the journey taken by bus or taxi. On 10 June 2008, a new 60,000 square meter rail terminal opened in front of Terminal F with direct service from Savyolovsky Rail Terminal. A shuttle bus service ferries passengers to Terminal 1 (the future Terminal B) and Terminal C. Tickets on the rail service cost 250 roubles (350 roubles for first class), and journeys take 35 minutes. From 28 August 2009 the line was continued to Belorussky Rail Terminal, and by 2015, it is intended that a new central rail terminal will service all three of Moscow's main airports. The rail link is operated by Aeroexpress, a subsidiary of Russian Railways.[2]

Ongoing construction

In the 2000s Sheremetyevo saw growing competition from a newer and more comfortable Domodedovo International Airport. With major airlines leaving Sheremetyevo (most notably, Lufthansa, British Airways, Iberia Airlines, Japan Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines Group and Swiss International Air Lines), the need for reconstruction had become ever more evident.

Sheremetyevo Terminal 2.

A brand new, state-of-the-art, Terminal C, costing an estimated US$87.7 million is now complete beside the old Terminal 1 and has welcomed its first passengers. The terminal is also painted in the new Sheremetyevo orange color scheme. It has 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of floor space and has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year. The old Terminal 1 (or Sheremetyevo-1) currently caters mainly to internal flights. It will be refurbished as a terminal for business jets and will be designated as Terminal B.[3]

Another brand new building, Terminal D, opened in November 2009. The 170,000 m2 (1,800,000 sq ft) building will be home to Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners, with capacity for 12 million passengers a year.[4] Aeroflot, which was to transfer all international flights from Terminal F to D in February of 2010, recently announced a delay in the transfer.[5]

Terminal 2 (or Sheremetyevo-2), now known as Terminal F, is undergoing what the airport's management calls "cosmetic repairs". A major reconstruction was started and is scheduled for completion by the second quarter of 2010, where a new section connecting Terminal D and F will open. It will be known as Terminal E.[6] After the reconstruction, the southern complex of the airport, the three terminals (D, E and F), will be able to receive up to 25 million passengers annually. Ultimately, after the northern part of the airport is reconstructed, the airport will have a capacity to receive 40 million passengers annually.[3]

The airport's two runways are set for major reconstruction, including widening and resurfacing. The Moscow Oblast government has reserved a piece of land by the airport for a future third runway.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana F
Aeroflot Eilat-Ovda, Hurghada, Innsbruck [seasonal], Salzburg [seasonal], Sharm-el-Sheikh, Simferopol C
Aeroflot Antalya, Astrakhan, Baku, Barnaul, Berlin-Schonefeld, Brussels, Dresden, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gelendzik [begins 1 May], Hamburg, Hanover, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad, Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Magadan, Munich, Nizhnevartovsk, Norilsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, St Petersburg, Samara, Sochi, Tyumen, Ufa, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk[7] D
Aeroflot Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Bishkek, Bratislava, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Budapest, Cairo, Copenhagen, Damascus, Delhi, Geneva, Hanoi, Havana, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Karlovy Vary, Kiev-Boryspil, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Madrid, Malaga, Milan-Malpensa, New York-JFK, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Split [seasonal], Stockholm-Arlanda, Tashkent, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tokyo-Narita, Ulan Bator, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw, Washington-Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich F
Aerosvit Airlines Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa C
Air Algérie Algiers C
Air Astana Almaty, Astana F
airBaltic Riga F
Air China Beijing-Capital F
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle F
Air Koryo Pyongyang [seasonal] F
Air Malta Malta F
Alitalia Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin F
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul C
Armavia Yerevan C
Avianova Astrakhan, Kazan, Krasnodar, Naberezhnye Chelny, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Sochi [begins 28 March] B
Belavia Minsk B
Bulgaria Air Burgas, Sofia, Varna F
Cyprus Airways Larnaca F
Czech Airlines Karlovy Vary, Prague F
Delta Air Lines Atlanta [seasonal], New York-JFK F
Donavia Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don, Surgut, Ufa, Volgograd D
Estonian Air Tallinn F
Finnair Helsinki F
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital F
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong [begins 28 June] F
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini F
Jat Airways Belgrade F
KLM Amsterdam F
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon F
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw F
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest F
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Berlin-Tegel, Ulan Bator F
Nordavia Anapa, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Chelyabinsk, Krasnodar, Murmansk, Naryan-Mar, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Syktyvkar, Yekaterinburg D
Rossiya St Petersburg B
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda F
Tatarstan Airlines Kazan B
Transaero Airlines Antalya, Dalaman, Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tel Aviv F
Turkish Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Atatürk F
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg B
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Cargo airlines

Accidents and incidents

  • On 26 September 1960, Vickers Viscount OE-LAF of Austrian Airlines crashed 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) short of the runway at Sheremetyevo Airport. Thirty one of the 37 people on board were killed.[8]
  • On 27 November 1972 Japan Airlines Flight 446, a DC-8-62, crashed while in an initial climb on a route from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Tokyo International Airport (Haneda). 9 of 14 crew members and 52 of 62 passengers died, with a total of 61 of 76 occupants dead.[9]
  • 6 July 1982 - Aeroflot Flight 411, an Ilyushin Il-62 crashed on take-off; all 90 on board were killed.[10]
  • 28 July 2002 - Pulkovo airlines, an Ilyushin Il-86 with 16 crew members and no passengers on board, crashed shortly after take-off. Two stewardesses survived.

In popular culture

  • In the 1997 film, Air Force One, the President of the United States, takes off from Sheremetyevo, but the plane is hijacked by Russian terrorists shortly after take-off.
  • It was featured in the 2009 video game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 in the controversial single player level "No Russian" and the multiplayer level "Terminal". It is renamed "Zakhaev International Airport" after the Ultranationalist leader and antagonist from the previous game.
  • Sheremetyevo Airport was the setting of the opening of the 13th Nu, pogodi! episode Olympic Games.

References

The airport is featured in "The Bourne Supremacy" starring Matt Damon. Terminal 2 is shown followed by a scene shot at the arrival/pick-up area outside of Terminal 2.

External links


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