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Shijiazhuang
石家庄
—  Prefecture-level city  —
石家庄市
Shijiazhuang as part of Hebei
Shijiazhuang is located in China
Shijiazhuang
Location in China
Coordinates: 38°04′N 114°29′E / 38.067°N 114.483°E / 38.067; 114.483
Country China
Province Hebei
City seat Chang'an
Government
 - Party Secretary Che Jun (车俊)
 - Mayor Ai Wenli (艾文礼)
Area
 - Prefecture-level city 15,848 km2 (6,118.9 sq mi)
 - Urban 455 km2 (175.7 sq mi)
Elevation 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Prefecture-level city 9,600,000
 Density 605.8/km2 (1,568.9/sq mi)
 Urban 2,600,000
 - Urban Density 5,714.3/km2 (14,799.9/sq mi)
Time zone UTC + 8, H (UTC+8)
Postal code 050000
License Plate Prefix 冀A
Website http://www.sjz.gov.cn/

Other City Symbols
City Flower: Rosa Chinensis
City Tree: Styphnolobium

Shijiazhuang (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: Shíjiāzhuāng; literally "The Stones' Village") is a prefecture-level city and the capital of Hebei province, China. It is about 320 km (200 mi) south of Beijing.

Shijiazhuang is a newly industrialized city. It experienced dramatic growth after the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and was not relatively prominent until that time.[citation needed] The population of the urban core has more than quadrupled in only 30 years[1] It is a central hub of transportation routes.

Shijiazhuang is reported to have a strong rivalry with Baoding, a smaller but older[citation needed] city in Hebei province.[citation needed] It is home to large garrison of military troops in case of need to protect Beijing[1] It has a number of PLA colleges and universities and many of the dissadents from the Tiannamen Square demonstrations were sent there for 're-education'.[citation needed]

Contents

History

In pre-Han times (i.e., before 206 BC) it was the site of the city of Shihi in the state of Zhao, and, from Han (206 BC–AD 220) to Sui (581–618) times, it was the site of a county town with the same name. With the reorganization of local government in the early period of the Tang dynasty (618–907), the county was abolished. Shijiazhuang then became little more than a local market town, subordinated to the flourishing city of Zhengding (modern Zhengding) a few miles to the north.

The growth of Shijiazhuang into one of China's major cities began in 1905, when the BeijingWuhan (Hankou) railway reached the area, stimulating much new trade and encouraging local farmers to grow cash crops. Two years later the town became the junction for the new Shitai line, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan in central Shanxi province. This connection immediately transformed the town from a local collecting center and market into a communications center of national importance on the main route from Beijing and Tianjin to Shanxi and — later, when the railway from Taiyuan was extended to the southwest — to Shaanxi province as well. The city also became the center of an extensive road network.

During the pre-World War II period, Shijiazhuang was a large railway town as well as a commercial and collecting center for Shanxi and the regions farther west and for the agricultural produce of the North China Plain, particularly for grain, tobacco, and cotton. By 1935 it had far outstripped Zhengding as an economic center. At the end of World War II the character of the city changed once again. Not only did it assume an administrative role as the preeminent city in western Hebei but it also developed into an industrial city. Some industry, such as match manufacturing, tobacco processing, and glassmaking, had already been established before the war.

Only after 1949, however, did the planned industrialization of the city gather momentum. Its population more than tripled in the decade 1948–58. In the 1950s the city experienced a major expansion in the textile industry, with large-scale cotton spinning, weaving, printing, and dyeing works. In addition, there are various plants processing local farm produce. In the 1960s it was also the site of a new chemical industry, with plants producing fertilizer and caustic soda. Shijiazhuang also became an engineering base, with a tractor-accessory plant. There are important coal deposits at Jingxing and Huailu, now named Luquan, a few miles to the west in the foothills of the Taihang Mountains, which provide fuel for a thermal-generating plant supplying power to local industries. The city's role as a transport center has been supplemented by the construction of an airport handling regular domestic flights.

Geography

Shijiazhuang stands on the edge of the North China Plain at the foot of the Taihang Mountains, which lie to the west. The city stands south of the Hutuo River.

Climate

Shijiazhuang, with a January average of −1.5 °C (29 °F), is, according to the Koppen climate classification, located in the transition zone between a humid subtropical climate and humid continental climate. Its winters are dry and somewhat cold, due to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone. Summers are very hot and humid, due to the influence of the East Asian monsoon; it is for the same reason that the majority of annual precipitation falls during those months.

Climate data for Shijiazhuang (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.6
(38)
6.7
(44)
13.3
(56)
21.5
(71)
27.2
(81)
32.0
(90)
31.8
(89)
30.2
(86)
26.8
(80)
20.6
(69)
11.9
(53)
5.4
(42)
19.3
(67)
Average low °C (°F) -6.6
(20)
-3.7
(25)
2.2
(36)
9.4
(49)
14.7
(58)
19.8
(68)
22.4
(72)
21.4
(71)
15.9
(61)
9.1
(48)
1.5
(35)
-4.2
(24)
8.5
(47)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.9
(0.15)
7.4
(0.29)
11.3
(0.44)
17.8
(0.7)
36.9
(1.45)
56.7
(2.23)
141.1
(5.56)
148.3
(5.84)
48.1
(1.89)
27.3
(1.07)
13.2
(0.52)
5.1
(0.2)
517.1
(20.36)
Sunshine hours 174.0 176.8 205.9 236.0 265.8 247.6 201.0 198.3 206.7 193.5 164.1 157.3 2,427
% Humidity 55 53 52 52 57 59 75 78 71 67 65 60 62
Source: 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 2009-09-10
Shijiazhuang
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.9
 
4
-7
 
 
7.4
 
7
-4
 
 
11
 
13
2
 
 
18
 
22
9
 
 
37
 
27
15
 
 
57
 
32
20
 
 
141
 
32
22
 
 
148
 
30
21
 
 
48
 
27
16
 
 
27
 
21
9
 
 
13
 
12
2
 
 
5.1
 
5
-4
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm

Administration divisions

Subdivisions of Shijiazhuang

Shijiazhuang has direct administrative jurisdiction over:

Economy

Night view of Shijiazhuang

In 2008, the GDP of Shijiazhuang reached RMB 283.8 billion, an increase of 11 percent over the previous year.

Salaries continue to experience relatively rapid growth as well. The city continues to strive to create an economic atmosphere encouraging investment and growth. Total fixed investment reached RMB 172.7 billion.

Shijiazhuang has become a major industrial city in North China and is considered to be the economic center of Hebei province. The city is the largest base for the pharmaceutical industry and is also one of the most important textile industry bases. Other main sectors include machinery and chemicals, building materials, light industry and electronics. With abundant agricultural resources, Shijiazhuang has 590,000 hectares of cultivated land and is the main source of high quality cotton, pears, dates and walnuts in Hebei province.[2]

In 2008, total imports reached US$1.393 billion, an increase of 42.1 percent over the previous year. Exports increased by 34.9 percent to US$5.596 billion.[2]

The Shijiazhuang municipal government reports that higher education and vocational education continue to experience rapid development, while compulsory education has experienced an increase in quality. A 2006 World Bank reports that Shijiazhuang spends less than RMB400 per capita on education, as opposed to Beijing (RMB1,044) and Weihai (RMB1,631).[3]

Development zones

Shijiazhuang New High-Tech Industrial Development Zone The zone was established in March 1991 as a State-level development zone and is divided into three districts.

The Eastern District, located in the eastern part of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 5.8 square kilometers, and serves as the primary section of the New High-tech Industrial Development Zone. The district focuses on the establishment of new high-tech enterprises. There are plans to expand the district into an area of 9.8 square kilometers. A special railway line operated by Shijiazhuang Oil Refinery runs through the zone from north to south, making it easy for enterprises in the zone to build lines of their own if necessary.[2]

The Western District, located in the southwest of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 8.2 square kilometers. It focuses on small- and medium-sized technology enterprises and technology incubation. Liangcun District, which borders the Western District, covers four square kilometers, and focuses on the pharmaceutical industry and the petrochemical industry. All three districts are subject to the same policies and regulations.[2]

Since its foundation 2,560 enterprises have settled in the zone, of which 185 are foreign-funded enterprises. At present, firms from Japan, the US, the Republic of Korea, Germany, Italy, Canada, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan have all established themselves in the zone.[3]

Dairy centre

The city is an important centre for the dairy trade, being the headquarters of the Sanlu Group. Both were rocked by the 2008 Chinese milk scandal. Chairman and General Manager of Sanlu, and several party officials, including vice mayor in charge of food and agriculture, Zhang Fawang, were reportedly removed from office.[4][5][6] Mayor Ji Chuntang reportedly resigned on 17 September;[7]

Since Sanlu, the region's largest purchaser of milk, was ordered to halt production, farmers in Hebei are suffering hardship because of the lack of purchasers for their milk. Many are said to be contemplating selling their cows into a buyerless market.[8]

Transport and infrastructure

Infrastructure

In 2001 the city received approval from the World Bank for a US$100 million loan for the Shijiazhuang Urban Transport Project, which was designed to foster the development of an efficient and environmentally sustainable urban transport system while providing a wider set of travel choices for users. The project is scheduled to be completed by December 31, 2008, with a total estimated cost of US$266 million. Major elements of the project include the upgrading of 25 kilometers of peripheral roads linking the city to the surrounding provincial highways, the upgrading and construction of 52 kilometers of urban major arterial roads, and the construction of six multi-level interchanges, two major rail overpasses, and 21 pedestrian crossing facilities.[2]

Transportation

Railway station square
Downtown Shijiazhuang

Shijiazhuang is a transportation hub: it is at the intersection point of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Taiyuan-Dezhou, and Shuozhou-Huanghua railroads and many expressways, including the Beijing-Shenzhen and Taiyuan-Cangzhou Expressways.

Airport

The Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport is the province’s center of air transportation. It is located about 30 kilometers northeast of the city and can accommodate all types of medium and large-sized aircraft. Presently there are 32 domestic routes arriving at and departing from Shijiazhuang, including destinations such as Shanghai, Shenzhen, Dalian, Hong Kong, and other medium and large cities. In addition, the airport services 12 international destinations including four routes to Russia. The airport is currently being expanded and will be capable of being an alternate airport to Beijing Capital International Airport.[3]

Culture

Hebei Art Center
Along Minxinhe channel

As a young industrial city, Shijiazhuang city proper is generally considered to have relatively few sights of historical or cultural interest. Exceptions are:

However, several sites of historical and cultural significance are located in the surrounding area, including:

Music

Shijiazhuang is also famous for its rock cultures. Several underground rock bands are active in this city, mostly performing in pubs. Two nation-wide rock magazines, SoRock(我爱摇滚乐) and XMusic (通俗歌曲) are based in Shijiazhuang and act as major platforms promoting rock music in China.

Health

Hospitals

  • The First Hospital of Shijiazhuang City[3]

Education

Universities and colleges

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Shijiazhuang is twinned with:

Poplar trees along a road

Shijiazhuang also has a Sister City Agreement:

References

  1. ^ a b "China Briefing Business Reports". Asia Briefing. 2009. http://shopping.china-briefing.com/index_eproduct_view.php?products_id=21. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Dezan Shira & Associates". Dezan Shira & Associates. 2009. http://www.dezshira.com. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d "China Expat city Guide". China Expat. 2009. http://www.chinaexpat.com/list/102. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^ Klaudia Lee, "Tests find tainted baby milk at 21 more firms", Page A1, South China Morning Post (17 September 2008)
  5. ^ Xinhua, "Officials, company manager sacked following baby milk powder scandal", chinaview.cn (16 September 2008)
  6. ^ Lee Spears, China Revokes `Inspection-Free' Right as Milk Scandal Spreads, Bloomberg, (17 September 2008)
  7. ^ Death toll rises to four in tainted baby formula scandal in China, Xinhua (18 September 2008)
  8. ^ Gillian Wong, China's dairy farmers fret as milk scandal grows, Associated Press (22 September 2008)

External links

Coordinates: 38°02′37″N 114°29′54″E / 38.04361°N 114.49833°E / 38.04361; 114.49833


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Shijiazhuang (石家庄; Shíjiāzhuāng) is the capital of Hebei Province.

Understand

Shijiazhuang is a young city. It was an unimportant town until the building of the Zhengtai and Jinghan railways saw it become an important regional transport hub. Captured by the PLA under the leadership of the CPC in 1947, it was the cradle of the new China, and for three years housed the headquarters of the CPC.

Nowadays it is the capital and main economic center of Hebei and a relatively important city in China. Shijiazhuang is the largest pharmarceutical base in China and is as well an important center in the textile, IT, manufacturing and chemical industries. In 2007, it was listed as one of the top 15 economic powers in China.

According to the latest census figures, Shijiazhuang has a population of 2.19 million in the city proper, with a further 7.4 million people living in its 20 affiliated counties.

Get in

By plane

Flights from Hong Kong to Shijiazhuang International Airport is currently available.

By train

In addition, as one of the largest railway transportation hubs in China, there are many trains to and from Shijiazhuang. From 2007, intercity Multipile Unit fast trains are available from Major neigbouring cities, including Beijing.

By bus

Notice that buses to neighboring cities and towns depart from different bus stations, but each of these stations (and many close destinations) can be conveniently reached by buses and minibuses from the Central Railway Station. Long-distance buses (e.g. to Beijing) depart/arrive to the main bus station, just a few minutes walk to the south of the Railway Station.

By car

The road network is as well quite good and Shijiazhuang can be reached from Beijing by car in about 3 hours.

Get around

The joy of traveling in Shijiazhuang, as in any large city in China, is that buses are frequent and cheap: just ¥1 for a journey, whatever the distance.

Taxis are plentiful and, again, will seem to Western travelers almost laughably inexpensive, with the flag-drop often just ¥5 or so.

Most tourist attractions are located outside the city proper.

See

There are a number of sightseeing places in the area, both natural and historic. Most are not located within the city proper.

  • Hebei Provincial Museum. This is a must see and contains expositions from two major discoveries of the recent decades: the tomb of King of Zhongshan (中山王) from the late 4th century BCE, and the royal tombs of prince and princess of the Han principality of Zhongshan (Mancheng 满城 Han tombs) from the late 2nd century BCE.  edit
  • Pilu Monastery (毗庐寺; Pílúsì; also known as Vairocana Monastery), (Shanjing Village in the northwestern suburbs of Shijiazhuang, bus 115 or 204 from the Railway Station will take you there). Built in the Tang dynasty and underwent major restorations under the Yuan and Ming dynasties. The main hall (Vairocana Hall; 毗庐殿; Pílúdiàn) contains a stone pedestal with excellent Tang carvings as well as murals from the Yuan-Ming period, some of which are truly magnificent (if you have the luck to visit when the sunlight is good enough to observe the details). ¥20.  edit
  • Martyrs' Memorial (Lieshi Lingyuan). Dedicated to Norman Bethune, Eric Liddell and Dwarkanath Kotnis.  edit
  • Zhaozhou Bridge, Zhao County (赵县; Zhàoxiàn) (Bus from the southern Nanjiao Station (南焦客运站; Nánjiāo Kèyùnzhàn; which can be riched by bus 35 from the Central Railway Station) to Zhao County or, better, to Ningjin County (宁晋县; Níngjìnxiàn), get off the bus at the junction from which it is 1km walk). <A great masterpiece of Chinese civil engineering. Created around 600 CE under the Sui dynasty, it survived numerous floods and earthquakes, and is considered nowadays as the oldest stone single arch bridge in the world. Adjacent small museum with a collection of stone carvings, steles and statues from the vicinity of Zhou County. ¥30 including the museum.  edit
  • Bolin Monastery (柏林寺; Bólínsì), Zhao County (赵县; Zhàoxiàn) (In Zhao County proper, 3km from Zhaozhou Bridge and can be reached by the same buses). Large monastery, dating back to the Tang dynasty.  edit
  • Cangyan Mountain (苍岩山; Cāngyánshān), (90 minutes drive from Shijiazhuang, bus from the western Xiwang Station (西王客运站; Xīwáng Kèyùnzhàn; reached by bus 9 from the Central Bus Station)). Really beautiful, picture postcard temples built on the steep hillsides. There is a pavilion built on a bridge over a gorge that was filed in the final scenes of the Oscar winning film Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon.  edit
  • Shitou Village (石头村; Shítoucūn; lit. Stone Village; also known as Yujia Village (于家村; Yújiācūn)), (20km from Jingxing County and can be visited en route to the Cangyan Mountain). A perfect example of Chinese stone architecture, with an excellent local temple (Qingliang pavillion; 清凉阁; Qīngliánggé) built in the late Ming-Early Qing period (16th-18th centuries). It may serve as an introduction to popular beliefs of the Chinese peasants.  edit
  • Niangzi Guan (娘子关; Niángziguān), (20km east of Shitou Village, a taxi will be ¥80-100 from Shitou Village or Jingxing County (井陉县; Jǐngxíngxiàn), or you can take the train from Shijiazhuang (6414, leaves at 6:38AM, back at 5:59PM)). For those who really love old towns. The dusty coalminers' town has two major attractions: a small but impressive section of the internal Great Wall, separating Shanxi from Hebei, a site of major battles from the sixth century on; and a beautiful village built on a stream, with private watermills run by many villagers (ask for Shuishangrenjia; 水上人家; Shuǐshàngrénjiā).  edit
  • Ancient town of Zhengding (正定; Zhèngdìng), (15km north of Shijiazhuang, bus 201 or 31 from the Railway Station). Features numerous beautiful sites, most specifically the Longxing Temple (隆兴寺), built in the Tang dynasty, which features a huge 22m high bronze Buddha statue donated by the Song emperor in the 11th century. It is also home to four unique ancient pagodas.  edit

Do

There are some well-equipped leisure centers, especially the luxury bathing centers.

Buy

Aggregated with 3 China top 10 wholesale markets, it is a good place for shopping for cheaper stuff.

There are also a number of very large modern western-style department stores.

  • Bei Guo Centre, (In the middle of the city, just down the road from People's Park). The biggest western-style department store.  edit
  • Hebei House. For a fantastic authentic Chinese feast you cannot go past this restaurant.  edit
  • Rehehuiguan Restaurant (热河会馆; Rèhéhuìguǎn), (Just opposite the railway station (slightly to the south)). Features excellent Hebei and Manchu cuisine.  edit
  • Korean Restaurant, Zhongshanxi Road (中山西路; Zhōngshānxīlù) (A few minutes walk from the railway station). Small but lovely, and relatively cheap restaurant.  edit

Drink

The good citizens of Shijiazhuang enjoy the Chinese alcohol made from rice baijiu, or white spirit. It is a strong drink and you need to develop an acquired taste. You will surely get to try some whenever you eat out with Chinese friends.

  • Youth Year Beer Bar (also known as McDonald's Bar), Zhongshan Road (Next to McDonald's (just tell the taxi driver ''Maidanglau Zhongshanlu'' and you should get there), it is in the far right hand corner of the bottom floor of Changan Guangchang). The main bar for expats and foreign teachers. Sonia and Kevin are at the bar, Sonia never smiles.  edit
  • Seven Club (Qi Jiuba), (West of the train station). The main night club that all the expats and foreign teachers go to. The beer is not great but it has the best atmosphere compared to any other club.  edit

Get out

Shijianzhuang was one of the rudest cities ever. I was denied from ten hotels, they all claimed they were full. I finally got a taxi man to go and try to get a room for me. He went in and they said they had room, the taxi man goes out to get me, we both enter and she changes her mind and says that they don't have any rooms.

Collectively, this city was very anti-tourist. I spent 8 hours there, trying to get a hotel, until I finally just had a taxi drive me back to the railway station, where I went to Xi'an.

Routes through Shijiazhuang
Beijing  N noframe S  HandanZhengzhou
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun

Singular
Shijiazhuang

Plural
-

Shijiazhuang

  1. A prefecture-level city in northeastern China; capital of Hebei Province.

Translations








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