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Coordinates: 54°38′N 1°39′W / 54.63°N 1.65°W / 54.63; -1.65

Shildon
Shildon is located in County Durham
Shildon

 Shildon shown within County Durham
Population 10,079 (2001) [1]
OS grid reference NZ226263
Unitary authority County Durham
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHILDON
Postcode district DL4
Dialling code 01388
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Bishop Auckland
List of places: UK • England • County Durham

Shildon is a town in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the 2 miles south east of Bishop Auckland and 11 miles north of Darlington. It is 13 miles away from Durham, 23 from Sunderland and 23 miles from Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Shildon is part of the Bishop Auckland Parliamentary constituency, which is represented by Helen Goodman MP.

Contents

Railways

Shildon is considered to be the "Cradle Of The Railways". The town grew considerably when the Stockton and Darlington Railway established its workshops there in 1825. The company owned much of the land and the population grew to around 9000.

Today, Shildon's connections with the birth of the railway industry, notably through the efforts of Timothy Hackworth, are marked by the Locomotion Museum, which opened in September 2004 and is part of the National Railway Museum. Daniel Adamson, Hackworth's apprentice and a renowned engineer in his own right, was born in Shildon. Shildon and the Locomotion Museum are served by Shildon railway station, which is on the Tees Valley Line.

General

Shildon was the birthplace of the writer, Sid Chaplin for whom the local library was named.

Shildon was once a busy, vibrant community with many manufacturing industries. The most notable of these was the railway wagon works which was closed in 1983 by British Rail.[2] The closure had a severe and lasting economic impact on the town and many businesses closed. The opening of the Shildon Locomotion Museum, an annex of the National Railway Museum, did help restore some local pride but due to the site's physical location, it has failed to revitalise the town centre.

Local side Shildon A.F.C. competed in the Arngrove Northern League Division One. In November 2003, they reached the FA Cup First Round for the first time in 42 years, however they were beaten 7-2 on the day by Notts County. They have a very successful history in the 1930s of which can be seen on their website [1]

Shildon also has a number of societies and clubs running in the town. "Shildon Recall" is a local history group that meets in the Shildon People's Centre[2] (formerly the Police Station). [3] Shildon Running & Athletic Club is based at the Stadium 2000 situated on Middridge Lane in Shildon and was founded in 1986.[4]

Education

References

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SHILDON, a market town in the Bishop Auckland parliamentary division of Durham, England, 9 m. N.W. from Darlington by a branch of the North Eastern railway. Pop. of urban district of Shildon and East Thickley (1901) 11,759. At New Shildon or East Thickley are extensive railway engine and wagon works belonging to the railway company. A large coal traffic is handled here, as there are collieries and foundries in the vicinity.


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