|District(s)||East Khasi Hills|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+05:30)|
• 1,525 m (5,003 ft)
Shillong (Khasi: Shillong, Hindi: शिलांग) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smallest states in India. It is also the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district and is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 ft (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Lum Shyllong at 1,965 m. The city had a population of 260,520 according to the 2001 census.
Shillong has steadily grown in size and significance since it was made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British.Arvina remained the summer capital of Eastern ina and Assam for many years. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on January 21, 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur.
Shillong is located at . It is on the Shillong Plateau, the only major pop-up structure in the northern Indian shield. The city lies in the centre of the plateau and is surrounded by hills, three of which are revered in Khasi tradition: Lum Sohpetbneng, Lum Diengiei and Lum Shillong. Best time to travel : October to March Weather Conditions : Pleasant, pollution-free; Summers: The temperature varies from 23 degree Celsius; Winters: The temperature varies from 4 degree Celsius. Location : Shillong, the capital city of Meghalaya is just 56 km from Cherrapunji, the world's wettest place.
Due to its latitude and high elevation Shillong has a sub-tropical climate with mild summers and chilly to cold winters.Shillong is subject to vagaries of the monsoon. The monsoons arrive in June and it rains almost until the end of August. October-November and March-April are the best months to visit Shillong.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Although well connected by road, Shillong has no rail connection and a proper Air connection. Umroi airport exists but is not fully functional with limited flights.
Shillong is well connected by roads with all major north eastern states. Major National highways passing through Shillong
Private bus operators as well as state transport buses from other states ply to and from Shillong daily. Sumo taxi service is also available to various destination like Guwahati, Agartala, Dimapur and other north eastern towns and cities.
Major mode of local transport within Shillong are the share taxis. Buses too are available, but are not widely used because they are too slow with long stops in between. Unlike other Indian cities, Auto-Rickshaw are rarely seen here.
As of 2001 India census, Shillong had a population of 232,946. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Shillong has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 78%. In Shillong, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Khasis make up the majority of the population though the percentage of Khasi people in the city continues to fall as a result of the large number of migrants from other Indian states. All the other northeast Indian tribes are represented here as well as significant numbers of Bengali, Nepali, Assamese, Biharis and Marwaris making it a fairly cosmopolitan city.
Christianity is the dominant religion in the city. Protestants make up three-fourth of the Christian population of Shillong and Catholics make up the remaining one-fourth . A sizable proportion of the population follow the original Khasi religion. Other religions found in India are also represented in significant numbers in the city.
These are a number of location in and around Shillong which are tourist spots. These include:
Although relatively unknown in the field of sports, Shillong recently got the limelight because of Shillong Lajong FC. A football club based here which has taken the Indian football scene by storm in the recent Indian leagues. Natively Shillongites are adept in archery.
Shillong is fast emerging as an educational hub for the entire North eastern region. Important educational institutes like Indian Institute of Management, National Institute of Fashion Technology and North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal, St. Edmund's College, St. Anthony College, Shillong and several others College and Engineering Institution have been established here.
Local media in Shillong is strong. There are a number of Theatres, newspapers, magazines, local radio and television stations.
Quite a number of dailies are published for Shillong both in Khasi and English. Prominent english dailies publich here include Shillong Times, Meghalaya Guardian. Khasi dailies like Mawphor, Nongsain Hima among others are published here.
The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government owned FM channels being introduced. State-owned Doordarshan transmits terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few weekly news channels like PCN are broadcast weekly on the local cable networks.
Shillong has a well connected communication network. Fixed telephones lines are available. Internet services are available both wired and wireless broadband. It is also well covered in mobile networks with all major cellular providers like Airtel, Aircel, Vodafone, IDEA, BSNL available here.
 Many international and Indian rock groups visit Shillong every year. Shillong itself has produced a many legends in rock music which are greatly recognized all over India. Some of the International rock groups that have visited Shillong in the past are:
Some of Shillong's own popular rock groups are:
Shillong is divided geographically into a number of localities. These include
People who have been associated with Shillong include
|“||...Man, this place barely exists on the map and there are all these wonderful people coming out of the woodworks with Powers of 10 albums and posters that I haven't even seen in America...(T)hey know everything I have ever done, every tune I have ever played... it's just bizarre, simply inconceivable...||”|
Shillong (िशलांग) is the capital and the largest town of Meghalaya.
Shillong was the capital of Assam, but after the state was split as Assam and Meghalya meaning 'The abode Clouds', it became the first capital of the newly formed State of Meghalaya . Located in undulating pine covered hills, the city has a milder climate than tropical India. The city center is 1496 meters above sea level. Shillong currently has a population of around 270,000. Home to several waterfalls, it is also known as the Scotland of East. The British legacy is still visible in architecture and food habits of population. The Assam style houses with slanting roofs, large number of windows and wooden floors look like a piece of art (and happen to be very good idea, considering Shillong lies in a area where rains and earthquakes are very common). Shillong receives heavy rainfalls during monsoon and the rainy season usually lasts longer than rest of India. An umbrella is therefore a necessity while packing your bags. Although people avoid the rainy season, it is generally the time when city is clean (rains wash the streets of all garbage) and waterfalls are in full strength. Most of the Shillong population belong to Khasi tribe, who are predominantly Christian. There are significant Bengali and Nepali minorities. An interesting aspect of Khasis are that they are a matrilineal society - the mother is head of family, youngest daughter owns all the property and mothers surname is passed on to children.
There is a small airport at Umroi, about 40km from Shillong. There are Alliance Air (operated by Indian Airlines) flights from Calcutta to Umroi on certain days of the week. Gopinath Bordoloi Airport in Guwahati (104 km from Shillong) is connected to rest of India with regular flights. Shared cabs (typically small cars from the airport, and larger Tata Sumos from Guwahati town center) are available from outside airport connecting to Shillong. The rate (as of June 2007)is INR 300 per passenger from Guwahati Airport to Shillong. The cab drops you off at Police Bazaar from where you can get a ride to almost any part of Shillong. En route from Guwahati to Shillong, you'll probably stop mid way at Nongpoh to freshen up and get some refreshments. Nongpoh is also a good place to pick up bamboo pickles and other condiments.
There are no rail lines in Meghalaya. The nearest railway station is Guwahati. It is 104 km from Shillong and very well connected with all major cities of India.
The main interstate bus stand is located right next to Guwahati railway station. Buses run by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC), ply every half an hour from Guwahati to Shillong. The ticket fares vary between Rs.30 to 100, depending upon bus class (ordinary, semi-deluxe and deluxe). Please note that many of the buses are very old and only visible difference among bus class is number of people allowed to sit. Many private run buses also run between two cities but they leave from Paltan Bazar area and cost around Rs. 70. Private buses might be better built but are occasionally crowded and have more stops enroute. Buses usually take around 4 hours with a mid-way stop at Nong-poh. Shared taxis are available from Paltan Bazar area. These are generally SUV sized vehicles (Tata Sumo & Mahindra Bolero) shared between 8 people. They take around 3 hours to reach Shillong from Guwahati.
Month Date Title of the Festival/Event Venue
OctoberNovember MTDF Autumn Festival Shillong,Umiam and other places. CURRENT EVENT: 31ST OCTOBER TILL 8TH NOVEMBER - 2009: Meghalaya Tourism Development Forum Presents "Autumn Festival 2009- Enchanting Folklore" - 8 days of Packed events - Hot Air Balloon, Shillong Carnival and Float Parade, Archery, Local Boat Races, Children's games, Helicopter Show, Motocross, Indian and local cuisine, Wine and Dine, Dances and Music and much more. A not to be missed Event. October Sohra Autumn Festival Sohra October/November Discover Jaintia Jaintia Hills 3rd November Nongkrem Dance* Smit 6th November Traditional Folk Music(HTCWO) Shillong November ‘AHAIA’,2009 West Garo Hills November Baghmara Tourism Festival South Garo Hills November Wangala Dance Festival* Garo Hills District November Seng Kut Snem(Indigenous Festival) Shillong 11th&12th Dec Er Batemon – A cultural extravaganza Mawphlang December Williamnagar Winter Festival East Garo Hills December West Khasi Hills Tourism Festival West Khasi Hills December New Year Celebration Shillong January Attong Festival South Garo Hills January/February Beach Festival Ranikor, West Khasi Hills January/February Orange Festival Shillong 6th February Annual Boat Rowing Dawki February Annual Pilgrimage, Lumsohpetbneng Ri Bhoi District February Cave Exploration/ Expedition Whole State April Annual Lum Shillong Rituals Shillong Peak April Shad Suk Mynsiem* (Dance of the Joyful Soul) Wikiki Ground Shillong. April/May Archery Competition Shillong April/May Roots Festival Shillong June/July Flower Show Festival Shillong July Behdeinkhlam Festival* Jowai July Behdeinkhlam Festival Tuber, Jaintia Hills
Best way to go about in Shillong is on foot. The city itself is small and can be easily covered walking and exploring hills and people.
For sightseeing it is a good idea to hire a taxi cab for full day. The fares should be fixed before travel. Hotel staff will be able to give you an idea of reasonable rate. Much of the infrastructure is basic and many roads outside city are in bad shape due to heavy rains and poor maintenance, but within the city the roads are quite good. Although the city traffic ranks second in the country in terms to vehicles to population ratio, Mumbai being first, it is very slow and disciplined unlike most of India.
This park is named after the Lady Hydari, the first lady of the state, wife of the Governor of Assam. This park has a mini zoo and a deer park, which is spread over more than one kilometre.
There are many naturally beautiful caves in Shillong, Meghalaya. Tourists can explore the caves, where they will have to pass through dark and murky interiors. 
Iewduh is the largest open street market in north-eastern India. It has large sections dedicated to local fruits, vegetables, honey, fish etc. As a tourist, one can get a very nice picture of local life in here. Traditional bamboo handicrafts and woollen handmade shawls are most popular buys. Additionally art-crafts made of wood and bamboo funitures are popular. Bamboo shoot pickles are quite favourite of the tourists. Please visit the Meghalya Govt. Handicrafts Showroom "Purbashree" located in police bazar.
As we know,Shillong is one of the fashion capitals of India,it has innumerable number of shops selling top quality brands from India and abroad. The O.B. Shopping Mall is home to top brand name shops like United Colors of Benetton,Puma, Adidas, Reebok, as well as having a traditional tribal handicraft shop for great souvenirs.
There are a variety of restaurants in Shillong. Most of the better ones are located in Police Bazar area. Chinese, Indian and Tibetan foods are popular and even khun ksew. One should definitely try Momos (steamed Tibetan dumplings filled with cabbage and pork) They come as small momos and big momos and are very popular snacks. Shillong has a pre-dominantly Christian population, therefore pork and beef are easily available in restaurants run by local Khasis, although cleanliness remains a issue in smaller food-outlets. Khasi and Tibetan recipes use very little spices (including salt) unlike cooking style of rest of India and emphasis is on boiling or roasting rather than frying in oil. For Indian snacks, one can try Delhi Mistaan Bhandar in Police Bazar which in my opinion,has the best jalebis in the world. Apart from these, the hotels mentioned below have restaurants that have their own charm. Ginger at Hotel Polo Towers is good, Royal Heritage has a nice restaurant. Sip & Dine at Hotel Alpine Continental have excellent restaurant.
It is the drinker's paradise.Because of the tax structure on alcohol in this state, you will be hard pressed find cheaper drinks anywhere else in India, if you are the type who buys liquor from a shop and drinks in your hotel room.
If you like pubs and clubs, then Shillong has quite a few of them.
Nightlife is generally at its peak on Fridays and Saturdays. Sundays are very very dull.
Shillong has options for all kind of travellers. Most of the hotels are located in and around the Police Bazar which is the noisy, crowded city centre of Shillong. Hotel Polo Towers and Royal Heritage have locations that are more relaxing. Backpackers might want to check the Youth Hostel near Office of Chief Telecom Officer (CTO Complex). Internet reservation is available only in few starred hotels.
There are many interesting places for outing from Shillong.
Warning-It is better to avoid caves not being visited by locals. There are no lighting or medical arrangements near these caves owing to lack of infrastructure.
Warning-Tourists should avoid swimming and diving in the lake even when locals are doing so. The lake was formed by filling a vast low-lying area full of pine trees. There have been many cases of divers been lost after injuring themselves in one of the lost tree trunk.
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Shillong (Khasi: Shillong, Hindi: शिलांग) is a city in India. Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya. The East Khasi Hills district is in Shillong. In 2001, the city had a population of 260,520. Shillong is a major place in north-east India for education, because it has many schools and universities.
As of the 2001 India census, Shillong had a population of 232,946. Males and females are both 50% of the population. About 80% of people in Shillong can read, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%. 83% of males can read, and 78% of women can read. In Shillong, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Khasis make up most of the population. However, the percentage of Khasi people is decreasing because many other people are moving there. People of all the other northeast Indian tribes live in Shillong. Many Bengali, Nepali, Assamese, Biharis and Marwaris also live there.
Christianity is the main religion in the city. Protestants make up 75% of the Christian population of Shillong and Catholics make up the remaining 25%. A lot of people in Shillong follow the original Khasi religion. There are also many other religions in the city.
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