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Shillong
A landscape of Shillong
Shillong
Location of Shillong
in Meghalaya and India
Coordinates 25°34′00″N 91°53′00″E / 25.5667°N 91.8833°E / 25.5667; 91.8833
Country  India
State Meghalaya
District(s) East Khasi Hills
Mayor ?
Population 260000 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation

1,525 m (5,003 ft)

Shillong (Khasi: Shillong, Hindi: शिलांग) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smallest states in India. It is also the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district and is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 ft (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Lum Shyllong at 1,965 m. The city had a population of 260,520 according to the 2001 census.

Shillong has steadily grown in size and significance since it was made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British.Arvina remained the summer capital of Eastern ina and Assam for many years. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on January 21, 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur.

Contents

Geography

Shillong is located at 25°34′N 91°53′E / 25.57°N 91.88°E / 25.57; 91.88[1]. It is on the Shillong Plateau, the only major pop-up structure in the northern Indian shield.[2] The city lies in the centre of the plateau and is surrounded by hills, three of which are revered in Khasi tradition: Lum Sohpetbneng, Lum Diengiei and Lum Shillong. Best time to travel : October to March Weather Conditions : Pleasant, pollution-free; Summers: The temperature varies from 23 degree Celsius; Winters: The temperature varies from 4 degree Celsius. Location : Shillong, the capital city of Meghalaya is just 56 km from Cherrapunji, the world's wettest place.

Climate

Due to its latitude and high elevation Shillong has a sub-tropical climate with mild summers and chilly to cold winters[3].Shillong is subject to vagaries of the monsoon. The monsoons arrive in June and it rains almost until the end of August. October-November and March-April are the best months to visit Shillong.

Shillong
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
16
 
16
4
 
 
29
 
18
6
 
 
59
 
22
11
 
 
136
 
24
14
 
 
325
 
24
16
 
 
545
 
24
17
 
 
395
 
24
18
 
 
335
 
24
18
 
 
315
 
24
17
 
 
220
 
22
13
 
 
35
 
19
8
 
 
6.3
 
17
5
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: IMD

Connectivity

Although well connected by road, Shillong has no rail connection and a proper Air connection. Umroi airport exists but is not fully functional with limited flights.

Roadways

Shillong is well connected by roads with all major north eastern states. Major National highways passing through Shillong

  • NH 40 - Connected to Guwahati
  • NH 44 - Connected to Agartala

Private bus operators as well as state transport buses from other states ply to and from Shillong daily. Sumo taxi service is also available to various destination like Guwahati, Agartala, Dimapur and other north eastern towns and cities.

Local Transport

Major mode of local transport within Shillong are the share taxis. Buses too are available, but are not widely used because they are too slow with long stops in between. Unlike other Indian cities, Auto-Rickshaw are rarely seen here.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[4], Shillong had a population of 232,946. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Shillong has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 78%. In Shillong, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Khasis make up the majority of the population though the percentage of Khasi people in the city continues to fall as a result of the large number of migrants from other Indian states. All the other northeast Indian tribes are represented here as well as significant numbers of Bengali, Nepali, Assamese, Biharis and Marwaris making it a fairly cosmopolitan city.

Christianity is the dominant religion in the city. Protestants make up three-fourth of the Christian population of Shillong and Catholics make up the remaining one-fourth . A sizable proportion of the population follow the original Khasi religion. Other religions found in India are also represented in significant numbers in the city.

Shillong Landscape from Shillong Peak

Places of Interest

These are a number of location in and around Shillong which are tourist spots. These include:

  • Wards Lake : Known locally as Nan-Polok. Its an artificial lake with sprawling garden and some boating facility. Located right at the heart of Shillong
  • Lady Hydari Park : A lovely park cum Mini-zoo with some exotic animals.
  • Shillong Peak : Shillong Peak which provides a spendid panoramic view of Shillong.
The Shillong Golf Course, Shillong in Meghalaya has one of India's oldest golf courses.
  • Shillong Golf Course : Shillong has one of the largest golf courses (the world's wettest) in Asia and the golf course is called Gleneagles of the East. It enjoys the rare distinction of being one of the few natural golf courses in Asia. Not only is the Shillong golf course scenic and enjoyable, it is also challenging. A group of British Civil Service officers introduced golf to Shillong in 1898 by constructing a nine hole course. The present 18 hole course was inaugurated in 1924.The course is set in an undulating valley covered with pine and rhododendron trees. The tight fairways, carpeted with a unique local grass which hardens the soil, are difficult to negotiate. The number of out-of-bounds streams that criss-cross every fairway makes it all the more trying. Obstructions come in the form of bunkers, trees and rain. The longest hole is the 6th, which is a grueling 594 yards.

Sports

Although relatively unknown in the field of sports, Shillong recently got the limelight because of Shillong Lajong FC. A football club based here which has taken the Indian football scene by storm in the recent Indian leagues. Natively Shillongites are adept in archery.

Education

IIM Shillong's Gate

Shillong is fast emerging as an educational hub for the entire North eastern region. Important educational institutes like Indian Institute of Management, National Institute of Fashion Technology and North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal, St. Edmund's College, St. Anthony College, Shillong and several others College and Engineering Institution have been established here.

Media

Local media in Shillong is strong. There are a number of Theatres, newspapers, magazines, local radio and television stations.

Print Media

Quite a number of dailies are published for Shillong both in Khasi and English. Prominent english dailies publich here include Shillong Times, Meghalaya Guardian. Khasi dailies like Mawphor, Nongsain Hima among others are published here.

Electronic Media

The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government owned FM channels being introduced. State-owned Doordarshan transmits terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few weekly news channels like PCN are broadcast weekly on the local cable networks.

Communication Services

Shillong has a well connected communication network. Fixed telephones lines are available. Internet services are available both wired and wireless broadband. It is also well covered in mobile networks with all major cellular providers like Airtel, Aircel, Vodafone, IDEA, BSNL available here.

Self proclaimed rock music capital of India

[5][6] Many international and Indian rock groups visit Shillong every year. Shillong itself has produced a many legends in rock music which are greatly recognized all over India. Some of the International rock groups that have visited Shillong in the past are:

Some of Shillong's own popular rock groups are:[citation needed]

  • Soulmate
  • Great Society
  • Snow White
  • Colors
  • Midnight Garden Factor
  • The Verbs
  • Project Blend
  • The Cubicals
  • The DWAR
  • The fifth Element
  • Plaque Throat
  • Adriot
  • Rebel Soul
  • Voices
  • Ki Badajied
  • Innocent Eyes
  • Akhia
  • Felixis
  • Lou Majaw
  • In-tune
  • Omnipotent
  • Dr. Pher's Band

Localities

Shillong is divided geographically into a number of localities. These include

  • Demthring
  • Umsohsun
  • Mawlai
  • Laitumkhrah
  • Pynthorumkhrah
  • Jaiaw
  • Mawkhar
  • Mission compound
  • Malki
  • Rynjah
  • Nongthymmai
  • Umpling
  • Nongmynsong
  • Lumparing
  • Riatsamthiah
  • Lamavilla
  • Lummawbah(Upper Shillong)
  • Mawprem
  • Rilbong
  • Lower Mawprem
  • Nongsohpoh
  • Mawbah
  • Laban
  • Upper Madanrting
  • Lower Madanrting (Happy Valley)
  • Laitkor
  • Madan Iewrynghep (Firebrigade)
  • Lower Lachumiere
  • Upper Lachumiere
  • Old Kench's Trace
  • New Kench's Trace
  • Polo
  • Jingkieng Umshyrpi
  • Jail Road
  • Police Bazaar
  • Harisabha

Eminent personalities associated with Shillong

People who have been associated with Shillong include

  • Swami Vivekananda, social reformer, philosopher and world renowned patriot monk visited Shillong.
  • Queenie Rynjah, Padmashree & educationist
  • Lou Majaw, the Bob Dylan of Shillong. Lou and Eddie Rynjah had started celebrating Bob Dylan's birthday in Shillong on May 24, 1972. It has become an annual event and gets extensive coverage on national and international TV Channels.
  • Victor Bannerjee, an actor is also a product of St. Edmund's School.
  • Amita Malik, famous film critic.
  • Nirad C. Chaudhuri has written extensively about Shillong in his book The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.
  • Verrier Elwin, Anthropologist and tribal expert had settled in Shillong and he lived here till his death.
  • Dhruba Hazarika (1956-) former student of St. Edmunds College. Recipient of the Katha prize for story writing. Presently based in Guwahati. His first novel 'A Bowstring Winter' has been published by Penguin India in May 2006.
  • Arthur Llewellyn Basham, noted historian of Indian culture. He died in Kolkata in 1986 and is buried in Shillong.
  • Arundhati Roy, noted writer and Booker Prize winner was born in the KJP Synnod Hospital in Shillong.
  • Award winning Blues band Soulmate hails from Shillong
  • James Michael Lyngdoh I.A.S, a student of St Edmunds, retired as the Chief Election Commissioner of India. He is also the author of “ Chronicle Of An Impossible Election.”
  • Pradyot Bikram Kishore Manikya, (b. July 4, 1977) is the current head of the Royal House of Tripura also has a summer Castle in Shillong and owns a Hotel called The Royal Heritage -Tripura Castle and the popular news and current affairs magazine The Northeast Today
  • Rono Dutta, President of United Airlines did his schooling from St.Edmunds, Shillong.
  • Anjum Hasan is a Bangalore based writer from Shillong and her debut novel Lunatic in my Head which is set in Shillong was launched on Dec 7 2007. She has also written a book of verse titled Street on the Hill.
  • Evelyn Norah Shullai, educationalist and pioneer of Girl Guiding in India.
  • John Shepherd-Barron, inventor of the ATM, was born in Shillong.
  • Brother Philip Pinto, who taught at St. Edmund's in the 1970s, is Superior General of the Christian Brothers worldwide and based in the Vatican in Rome.
  • Utpal Dutta, the prominent actor of Bengali and Hindi cinema, was born on 29 March, 1929 in Shillong.[7]
  • Leela Majumdar, the writer, spent her childhood days at Shillong, where she studied at the Loreto.
  • Shawn Lane the legendary guitarist and composer spent time jamming with the locales of Shillong[8][9] in February, 2003. In a comment made later about Aizawl and Shillong, he said:
...Man, this place barely exists on the map and there are all these wonderful people coming out of the woodworks with Powers of 10 albums and posters that I haven't even seen in America...(T)hey know everything I have ever done, every tune I have ever played... it's just bizarre, simply inconceivable...[10]
  • Rose Millian Bathew(Kharbuli),(b 1931) was the first woman Chairperson of the Union Public Service Commission. She is from Shillong and lives there now.

References

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Shillong (िशलांग) is the capital and the largest town of Meghalaya.

Understand

Shillong was the capital of Assam, but after the state was split as Assam and Meghalya meaning 'The abode Clouds', it became the first capital of the newly formed State of Meghalaya . Located in undulating pine covered hills, the city has a milder climate than tropical India. The city center is 1496 meters above sea level. Shillong currently has a population of around 270,000. Home to several waterfalls, it is also known as the Scotland of East. The British legacy is still visible in architecture and food habits of population. The Assam style houses with slanting roofs, large number of windows and wooden floors look like a piece of art (and happen to be very good idea, considering Shillong lies in a area where rains and earthquakes are very common). Shillong receives heavy rainfalls during monsoon and the rainy season usually lasts longer than rest of India. An umbrella is therefore a necessity while packing your bags. Although people avoid the rainy season, it is generally the time when city is clean (rains wash the streets of all garbage) and waterfalls are in full strength. Most of the Shillong population belong to Khasi tribe, who are predominantly Christian. There are significant Bengali and Nepali minorities. An interesting aspect of Khasis are that they are a matrilineal society - the mother is head of family, youngest daughter owns all the property and mothers surname is passed on to children.

Get in

By plane

There is a small airport at Umroi, about 40km from Shillong. There are Alliance Air (operated by Indian Airlines) flights from Calcutta to Umroi on certain days of the week. Gopinath Bordoloi Airport in Guwahati (104 km from Shillong) is connected to rest of India with regular flights. Shared cabs (typically small cars from the airport, and larger Tata Sumos from Guwahati town center) are available from outside airport connecting to Shillong. The rate (as of June 2007)is INR 300 per passenger from Guwahati Airport to Shillong. The cab drops you off at Police Bazaar from where you can get a ride to almost any part of Shillong. En route from Guwahati to Shillong, you'll probably stop mid way at Nongpoh to freshen up and get some refreshments. Nongpoh is also a good place to pick up bamboo pickles and other condiments.

By train

There are no rail lines in Meghalaya. The nearest railway station is Guwahati. It is 104 km from Shillong and very well connected with all major cities of India.

By bus

The main interstate bus stand is located right next to Guwahati railway station. Buses run by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC), ply every half an hour from Guwahati to Shillong. The ticket fares vary between Rs.30 to 100, depending upon bus class (ordinary, semi-deluxe and deluxe). Please note that many of the buses are very old and only visible difference among bus class is number of people allowed to sit. Many private run buses also run between two cities but they leave from Paltan Bazar area and cost around Rs. 70. Private buses might be better built but are occasionally crowded and have more stops enroute. Buses usually take around 4 hours with a mid-way stop at Nong-poh. Shared taxis are available from Paltan Bazar area. These are generally SUV sized vehicles (Tata Sumo & Mahindra Bolero) shared between 8 people. They take around 3 hours to reach Shillong from Guwahati.

Calendar of Events

 Month Date        Title of the Festival/Event     Venue
 OctoberNovember   MTDF Autumn Festival     Shillong,Umiam and other places.
                   CURRENT EVENT: 31ST OCTOBER TILL 8TH NOVEMBER  - 
                   2009:
                   Meghalaya Tourism Development Forum Presents "Autumn 
                   Festival 2009- Enchanting Folklore" -  8 days of Packed 
                   events - Hot Air Balloon, Shillong Carnival and Float 
                   Parade, Archery, Local Boat Races, Children's games,
                   Helicopter Show, Motocross, Indian and local cuisine,
                   Wine and Dine, Dances and Music and much more. A not to
                   be missed Event.
 October           Sohra Autumn Festival           Sohra
 October/November  Discover Jaintia                Jaintia Hills
 3rd November      Nongkrem Dance*                 Smit
 6th November      Traditional Folk Music(HTCWO)   Shillong
 November          ‘AHAIA’,2009                    West Garo Hills
 November          Baghmara Tourism Festival       South Garo Hills
 November          Wangala Dance Festival*         Garo Hills District
 November          Seng Kut Snem(Indigenous Festival)   Shillong
 11th&12th Dec     Er Batemon – A cultural extravaganza Mawphlang
 December          Williamnagar Winter Festival    East Garo Hills
 December          West Khasi Hills Tourism Festival West Khasi Hills
 December          New Year Celebration            Shillong
 January           Attong Festival                 South Garo Hills
 January/February  Beach Festival                  Ranikor, West Khasi Hills
 January/February  Orange Festival                 Shillong
 6th February      Annual Boat Rowing              Dawki
 February          Annual Pilgrimage, Lumsohpetbneng Ri Bhoi District
 February          Cave Exploration/ Expedition    Whole State
 April             Annual Lum Shillong Rituals     Shillong Peak
 April             Shad Suk Mynsiem* 
                   (Dance of the Joyful Soul)      Wikiki Ground Shillong.
 April/May         Archery Competition             Shillong            
 April/May         Roots Festival                  Shillong
 June/July         Flower Show Festival            Shillong
 July              Behdeinkhlam Festival*          Jowai
 July              Behdeinkhlam Festival           Tuber, Jaintia Hills

Get around

Best way to go about in Shillong is on foot. The city itself is small and can be easily covered walking and exploring hills and people.

  • Bus - For places within city limits, city buses are good options. There are two kinds of buses that pass from Shillong - City bus and Bazar bus. City buses is what tourists should use. Bazar buses are for villagers coming to Shillong to sell their products. Most of times they carry vegetables, fruits, poultry etc. along with people. City buses are notoriously slow. Drivers move their buses from bus-stop only when the bus gets packed or another bus arrives. Many times you will find that walking will take you earlier to your destination. Bus tickets are atmost Rs. 5 for one journey. You will find many locals paying in form of betel leaves instead of cash.
  • Taxis - Black and Yellow unmetered shared taxis ply within city limits. These are faster and are always shared; rates may vary from Rs 5/- to Rs 15/- maximum. Being shared taxis, drivers often pick up additional passengers en route to the same destination, in order to make a better fare. If one decides to negotiate the "hire" of a taxi, however, the driver will not pick up any more passengers (or stop roadside to find more) but the fare will be significantly higher than if one had just hailed the taxi as it passed by.

For sightseeing it is a good idea to hire a taxi cab for full day. The fares should be fixed before travel. Hotel staff will be able to give you an idea of reasonable rate. Much of the infrastructure is basic and many roads outside city are in bad shape due to heavy rains and poor maintenance, but within the city the roads are quite good. Although the city traffic ranks second in the country in terms to vehicles to population ratio, Mumbai being first, it is very slow and disciplined unlike most of India.

  • Umiam Lake, meghalaya (north of shillong). A beautiful lake north of Shillong, which resembles the 'Lochs', or lakes of Scotland, and is a must-see for all tourists. This lake is man-made and is better known as 'Barapani' (big water) for its sheer size. There is a water sports complex. There is a garden ( Lum Nehru park) by the side water sports complex.  edit
  • Don Bosco Museum of Indigenous North East Culture. Run by the Salesian order of the Catholic Church, the Don Bosco Museum is a truly amazing repository of information on the entire North Eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura. Located within the precincts of the Sacred Heart Church, Mawlai, the edifice iteself is shaped like a spiral and its distinct form is discernible from quite some distance away. It has an amazing collection of attire, accoutrements, weapons, ornamentation and rare photographs. This is also the largest cultural museum in the whole Asia. Fr Sebastian is the priest who has taken up the cause of preservation of art and culture with 'missionary zeal!
  • Wards Lake. Wards Lake is an artificial lake surrounded by a fairly large garden. Boating facilities are available in the lake. It has a wooden bridge at the middle. Lots of lotus plants with leaves are there on either side of lake. One can find lots of colourful fishes in the lake. A cafeteria is there to provide refreshment.A fountain dancing to the tunes of song is also there.
  • Lady Hydari Park. The park has variety of local flowering plants and orchids. It also has a small zoo within it. Children wiil like it as there are few swings, sea-saws, slips for them. It is a famous picnic spot for local population.

This park is named after the Lady Hydari, the first lady of the state, wife of the Governor of Assam. This park has a mini zoo and a deer park, which is spread over more than one kilometre.

  • Sweet Falls. Located in Happy Valley, it is a very steep fall. Extreme caution is advised as there are no barricades and rocks are nearly always slippery (due to rain or dew).
  • Bishop & Beadon Falls. Located in Suna valley,these two are very beautiful falls. Suna is the home to wild animals such as deer, leopard,langurs,wild cats and numerous bird species.
  • Elephant Falls. It is located in Upper Shillong area which also houses the Eastern Air Command of Indian Airforce. The scenic fall is not continuous and more of collection of smaller falls. It has footpath leading to bottom fo fall where it reaches a small lake. Its name elephant falls was given by British. Because there was a rock by the side of fall which resembled elephant. The rock was destroyed in earthquake. elephant falls
  • Shillong Peak. Shillong Peak is the highest point in state of Meghalaya (1965 meters above sea level). There is a view-point where you can get breathtaking view of Shillong city. The city view during night is a scene to remember. It is host to a radar station for Indian Air force and tourists are advised to declare their cameras while reaching view-point and not to take pictures of radar facilties.
  • Butterfly Museum. There is a huge collection of different types of butterflies. Students of zoology will find them interesting. This place is also attractive for adults where they can see the natural beauty and play with the beautiful and colourful butterflies. This museum presents some of the finest and rarest species of butterflies.
  • Golf course Shillong golf course is located at an altitude of around 5200 ft. This is the first golf course of India which has 18 holes in it. This place is like a dream come true for the putters. This golf course is so beautiful and located at the unique location that some time it is compared with the “ Glen Eagle Course” of the United State.
     golf course
  • Take a walk through Iewduh (Bara Bazar)-Iewduh means Big Market - It is one of the biggest market in North-East India. There are separate areas dedicated to vegetables, fruits, iron works, fish, beef, betel and so on.
  • Visit the State Central Library - Located near Dhankheti, it was started at the time of British Raj and holds many rare books and almanacs. For British searching for clues about ancestors in this area, it is a gold-mine. Unfortunately with time and poor management many books are being lost.
  • Explore the forest around Shillong peak - There are no large or dangerous animals and forest is full of rare and exotic plants - orchids, pines and others including the famous insect eating pitcher plant (Nepenthes khasiana).
  • elephant falls. one can get his/her photograph taken in traditional Naga dress at elephant falls. the dress is provided but you have to shoot your own picture. a most recommended activity.  edit
  • elephant falls. elephant falls is a recommended but difficult outing, especially harsh on knees. an elderly person may get a coronary climbing 250 steps.  edit
  • Lady Hydari Park. If you are used to spicy food: Do try the aloo muri and yellow aloo chaats that are very popular among school kids as well as adults.  edit

Cave Exploration:

There are many naturally beautiful caves in Shillong, Meghalaya. Tourists can explore the caves, where they will have to pass through dark and murky interiors. [1]

Buy

Iewduh is the largest open street market in north-eastern India. It has large sections dedicated to local fruits, vegetables, honey, fish etc. As a tourist, one can get a very nice picture of local life in here. Traditional bamboo handicrafts and woollen handmade shawls are most popular buys. Additionally art-crafts made of wood and bamboo funitures are popular. Bamboo shoot pickles are quite favourite of the tourists. Please visit the Meghalya Govt. Handicrafts Showroom "Purbashree" located in police bazar.

FASHION:

As we know,Shillong is one of the fashion capitals of India,it has innumerable number of shops selling top quality brands from India and abroad. The O.B. Shopping Mall is home to top brand name shops like United Colors of Benetton,Puma, Adidas, Reebok, as well as having a traditional tribal handicraft shop for great souvenirs.

  • elephant falls. two or three small shops at elephant falls sell traditional tribal dresses, variety of caps, bamboo artifacts, jungle knives and birds carved out of wood. bargaining is welcome  edit

Eat

There are a variety of restaurants in Shillong. Most of the better ones are located in Police Bazar area. Chinese, Indian and Tibetan foods are popular and even khun ksew. One should definitely try Momos (steamed Tibetan dumplings filled with cabbage and pork) They come as small momos and big momos and are very popular snacks. Shillong has a pre-dominantly Christian population, therefore pork and beef are easily available in restaurants run by local Khasis, although cleanliness remains a issue in smaller food-outlets. Khasi and Tibetan recipes use very little spices (including salt) unlike cooking style of rest of India and emphasis is on boiling or roasting rather than frying in oil. For Indian snacks, one can try Delhi Mistaan Bhandar in Police Bazar which in my opinion,has the best jalebis in the world. Apart from these, the hotels mentioned below have restaurants that have their own charm. Ginger at Hotel Polo Towers is good, Royal Heritage has a nice restaurant. Sip & Dine at Hotel Alpine Continental have excellent restaurant.

  • suruchi hotel, police bazar (near parking lot). this place serves excellent bengali food, rice, daal, vegetable, fish at a very economical price. the restaurant is clean, staff is polite and food is very good. The food is simply superb and the quality of fish is great. A must try for all the bengalis and others who appreciate bengali food.recommended  edit
  • FOODPLUS, Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand, 091-9863083167. A fast food joint Cum Hotel  edit
  • Chef's Multi Cuisine Restaurant, M G Road- Opp SBI, Shillong (5 minutes from City centre on foot), +919436332977, [2]. Great food at reasonable prices  edit
  • Sesame, Laitumkhrah. Serves South-east Asian cuisine including traditional tribal food. Newly opened and offers an interesting menu including the Jaintia thali.  edit

Drink

It is the drinker's paradise.Because of the tax structure on alcohol in this state, you will be hard pressed find cheaper drinks anywhere else in India, if you are the type who buys liquor from a shop and drinks in your hotel room.

If you like pubs and clubs, then Shillong has quite a few of them.

  • Platinum, Hotel Polo Towers.
  • Cloud 9, Centre Point.
  • Picadilly (English Pub), Hotel Polo Towers.
  • Tango at Police Bazar in O B Shopping Mall.
  • Cocktails at Hotel Alpine Continental.

Nightlife is generally at its peak on Fridays and Saturdays. Sundays are very very dull.

  • Madras Cafe (Police bazar). 7 am to 10 pm. This small but busy place in polica bazar serves some authentic south indian dishes like idlis, dosas, vada etc.. Dosas are their favourite and are crispy and hot. They also serve some south indian rice dishes. 100 for a meal.  edit
  • Swish, laitumkhrah. Swish Cafe which is opening soon after undergoing renovation, is the first cafe in Shillong and is a favourite haunt of youngsters and anyone who wants a good cup of coffee and some tasty snacks. Its a cute little coffee shop with a lot of character!  edit
  • Delhi Mistan Bhandar, Police bazar. Vintage sweet shop in Shillong,famous for it's jalebis  edit
  • MOT (Matter of Taste), Laitumkrah, (turn left at the junction). Matter of taste, MOT is an amazing coffee shop which serves pastas, sandwiches and pizzas too. Irish coffee is a must try. After a hard day of travelling around shillong, it refreshes you like anything  edit
  • Sharma Bhojanalaya, Near Police Bazaar (Enter from Iewedeh, near roop kala sarees). For all those who look for vegetarian food. Serves decent food, marwari thali priced at Rs.40. Good food for veggies  edit

Sleep

Shillong has options for all kind of travellers. Most of the hotels are located in and around the Police Bazar which is the noisy, crowded city centre of Shillong. Hotel Polo Towers and Royal Heritage have locations that are more relaxing. Backpackers might want to check the Youth Hostel near Office of Chief Telecom Officer (CTO Complex). Internet reservation is available only in few starred hotels.

  • Luxury, Ri Kynjai Resort, (+91 98624 20300/01 Email:rikynjai@yahoo.co.in), [3]
  • B&B, Rosaville Cottage, [4]
  • Starred hotels-
    • Hotel Centre Point (+91 364 222 0272/ 222 0480 Email: centre_point91@rediffmail.com)
    • Royal Heritage Tripura Castle (+91 364 250 1111/49 Email: rh_tripuracastle@rediffmail.com)
    • Hotel Alpine Continental,3 Star, Shillong [5]email: alpineshillong@gmail.com
    • Hotel Polo Towers, Shillong`s Only 4 Star Hotel, [6]
    • HotelPine Brook Guest House***' Pure Bengali food available Laban Howell( Near Police Bazer)road well furnesid 700 to 1200 Kolkata Cont. 033 - 3295=3360 , 22642=051
  • Non Star hotels-
    • The Majestic Hotel, Polo Road, [7]
    • Lake View Inn, MG Road, [8]
    • Shillong Club Guesthouse near Police bazaar
    • Hotel Pegasus Crown
    • Hotel Pinewood
  • Hotel Broadway
  • Hotel Embassy
  • Hotel Elgin
  • Hotel Magnum
  • Farganus (Cherrapunji) Contact No.09436178164
  • FOODPLUS,Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand, A fast food joint Cum Motel, Ph:09863083167
  • YALANA HOTEL,LAIMUKHARA,CONTACT - 9954364952,MAIL-northeastindiatravel@gmail.com
  • For Budget Tours - Min Price- 3200/- Per Person/3night4day Ex-Guwahati,mail-hrishikeshtravels@gmail.com

Get out

There are many interesting places for outing from Shillong.

  • Cherrapunjee (or Sohra as called locally) is around 60 km south of Shillong. It holds the world record for the highest rainfall ever in a calendar year. It is famous for its various waterfalls (most famous of all Noh Kalikai Falls) and limestone caves. The Monsoon is the best time to enjoy thundering waterfalls. Limestone caves are full of stalactites and stalagmites and you will find many adventurous souls venturing deep into them.

Warning-It is better to avoid caves not being visited by locals. There are no lighting or medical arrangements near these caves owing to lack of infrastructure.

  • Umiam is a water sports complex, developed upon the reservoir of the Umiam Hydro Electric Project, around 20 km north of Shillong. The campus consists of a lake resort and a park. It also offers many water sports activities.

Warning-Tourists should avoid swimming and diving in the lake even when locals are doing so. The lake was formed by filling a vast low-lying area full of pine trees. There have been many cases of divers been lost after injuring themselves in one of the lost tree trunk.

  • Sacred Forest (or Mawphlang as called locally) are groves around 25 km away from Shillong. These are considered sacred by Khasis and people were forbidden to enter them earlier. This ensured protection of a dense growth of several kinds of trees including the Khasi pine. The heavily covered grounds around the forests facilitating growth of ferns and orchids most of them endemic.
  • Mawsynram is 56 km from Shillong and is known for the Giant Stalagmite formation shaped into a "Shivalinga" and found inside a cave known locally as Mawjymbuin. It also gets the heaviest rainfalls in world in recent years.
  • Jakrem, 64 km from Shillong, is a hot-spring of sulphur water, believed to have curative medicinal properties.
  • Jaintia Hills This is not a hot tourist spot but one can find a beautiful lake, a 700 hundred years old Durga temple and a rock garden(NARTIANG),
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Shillong

  1. The state capital of Meghalaya (India).

Shillong is a lovely hill station and a popular tourist destination in North Eastern India. It is about 100 kilometers from Guwahati and is accessible by car or bus and by helicopters.


Simple English

Shillong (Khasi: Shillong, Hindi: शिलांग) is a city in India. Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya. The East Khasi Hills district is in Shillong. In 2001, the city had a population of 260,520. Shillong is a major place in north-east India for education, because it has many schools and universities.

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census[1], Shillong had a population of 232,946. Males and females are both 50% of the population. About 80% of people in Shillong can read, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%. 83% of males can read, and 78% of women can read. In Shillong, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Khasis make up most of the population. However, the percentage of Khasi people is decreasing because many other people are moving there. People of all the other northeast Indian tribes live in Shillong. Many Bengali, Nepali, Assamese, Biharis and Marwaris also live there.

Christianity is the main religion in the city. Protestants make up 75% of the Christian population of Shillong and Catholics make up the remaining 25%. A lot of people in Shillong follow the original Khasi religion. There are also many other religions in the city.

References

Other websites

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