Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi: Wikis

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Shimonoseki
下関
—  Core city  —
下関市 · Shimonoseki
Modern Shimonoseki

Flag
Location of Shimonoseki in Yamaguchi
Shimonoseki is located in Japan
Shimonoseki
Coordinates: 33°57′N 130°56′E / 33.95°N 130.933°E / 33.95; 130.933
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku
Prefecture Yamaguchi
Government
 - Mayor Tomoaki Nakao
Area
 - Total 715.83 km2 (276.4 sq mi)
Population
(2005)
290,693
City Symbols
 - Tree Camphor Laurel
 - Flower Crinum asiaticum
Website City of Shimonoseki

Shimonoseki (下関市 Shimonoseki-shi?) is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It is at the southwestern tip of Honshū, facing the Tsushima Strait and also Kitakyushu across the Kanmon Straits.

Contents

Description

The city was founded on April 1, 1889. It is known for fugu, as this is where the largest catch of these fish is taken in Japan each year. The city has a population of 290,693 (as of January 1, 2006) with a density of 406.1 persons per km². The total area is 715.89 km².

On February 13, 2005, the city of Shimonoseki merged with the towns of Hōhoku, Kikugawa, Toyota, and Toyoura from Toyoura District to form the new city of Shimonseki. Since October 1, 2005, the city has been designated as a Core city by the Japanese Government.

Captured battery at Shimonoseki, 1864.

The geographical position of Shimonoseki has given it historical importance, especially with the Bombardment of Shimonoseki in 1864 and the Treaty of Shimonoseki, where a defeated China handed over Taiwan, Penghu, and Port Arthur to the victorious Japanese in 1895. The Heike and Genji fought at Dan-no-ura near the present Kanmonkyo Bridge.

Kozanji Temple

On January 7, 2006, the wooden station building at Shimonoseki station, which had dated back to 1942, was destroyed in a fire, the cause of which is suspected to be arson.

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Mayor

Tomoaki Nakao (2009 -)

Consulate

Honorary Consulate-General of the Republic of Korea in Shimonoseki

Economy

Major companies and institutes

Port of Shimonoseki (Hanano-cho Port Area)
  • Yamaguchi Financial Group, Inc.
  • Hayashikane Sangyo Co., Ltd.
  • Chofu Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
  • Harakosan Co., Ltd.
  • Minato-Yamaguchi Co., Ltd.

Main sightseeing spots and institutions

Kanmon Straits seen from space, Shimonoseki on the right, Kitakyushu on the left
Shimonoseki Port
The Shimonoseki aquarium (Kaikyokan) with the Kanmon Straits and Moji-ku, Kitakyushu in the background.
Former British Consulate
The last of Richard Henry Brunton's 26 lighthouses at Tsunoshima island, Hohoku, Shimonoseki

The main commercial district is Buzenda and the surroundings of the JR West Shimonoseki Station. Buzenda is near Karato and Shimonoseki Port International Terminal.

JR Shimonoseki Station and Buzenda

Shops
  • Sea Mall Shimonoseki (largest shopping center in West Japan when it was built)
  • Buzenda Shopping Street (the most famous downtown in Yamaguchi Prefecture)
  • Green Mall shopping street (Korean Town [1])
  • Nagato Market (The Nagato market is a local market which sells a fresh fish, fresh vegetables, etc.)
  • Daiso (100-yen shop, Over 2,350m2)
  • Deodeo (electronics store)
Sightseeing
Amusement
  • Shimonoseki Royal Bowl (bowling alley)
  • ROUND ONE Shimonoseki (Karaoke, Bowling alley, and video arcade)
  • Simonoseki Citizen hall
  • Hikottoland Marine beach (Hikoshima island)
Others
  • Shimonoseki Port (Foreign Access Zone)
  • Shimonoseki Port International Terminal
  • Shimonoseki Fishing Port
  • Yamaguchi Bank Co., Ltd. (head office)
  • Hayashikane Sangyo Co., Ltd. (main office)

Karato

Shops
  • SunLive Karato(Shopping center)
  • Karato shopping street
  • Kamon Wharf (fresh fish shop and restaurant, etc.)
Sightseeing
  • Kaikyokan (Aquarium)
  • Mt. Hinoyama (268.2m)
  • Karato Market (Fresh fish shop etc.)
  • The Karato Retro District
    • Former British Consulate (built in 1906)
    • Former Akita Company Building (built in 1915) : Shimonoseki Tour Information Center
    • Nabe-cho Post Office (built in 1900)
    • Fujiwara Yoshie Memorial Museum
  • Akama Shrine(built in 1191)
  • Kameyama Hachimangu Shrine (built in 859)
  • Kanmon Straits (Kanmonkyo Bridge)
  • Dan-no-ura (Battle of Dan-no-ura)
Others
  • Shimonoseki City Hall
  • Arcaport development area

Castle town Chōfu

Shops
  • Chofu Tourist Hall
  • Chofu Shopping Street
  • You me town Chofu (shopping center)
Sightseeing
  • Streets with earthen walls
  • Kozanji (Temple, National treasure)
  • Shimonoseki City Art Museum
  • Chofu Garden
  • Nogi jinja - a shrine dedicated to the memory of General Nogi Maresuke
  • Shimonoseki Marin Hot Springs
Others
  • Chofu Seisakusho.,Ltd. (main office)

Shin-Shimonoseki Station, Ayaragi, Yasuoka, Yoshimi

Shops
  • You me town Shin-Shimonoseki (open schedule in 2009)
Sightseeing
  • Sumiyoshi shrine(National treasure)
  • Shimonoseki Fishing Park
  • Shimonoseki Baseball Stadium
Beaches and Camping
  • Ayaragi Beach
  • Yasuoka Beach
  • Yoshimo Beach

Ozuki, Yoshida, Ōki

  • Tōgyō-an
  • Yutani Onsen (hotspring)

Toyoura

Sightseeing

Toyota

Sightseeing
Beaches and Camping
  • Toyota Kohan Park Campground
  • Tokusen no Taki Campground

Kikugawa

Sightseeing
Beaches and Camping
  • Kikugawa Natural Village Campground

Houhoku

Sightseeing
  • Tsunoshima (island)
  • Takibe Onsen (hotspring)
Beaches and Camping
  • Cobalt Blue Beach
  • Doigahama Chuo Beach
  • Akada Beach
  • Doigahama Campground

Transportation

Ferries from Shimonoseki Port International Terminal

Trains

JR network map

Buses

Regular bus services are provided by Sanden Kohtsu, as well as by group companies of Sanden Kohtsu.

  • Bus companies (A loop-line bus in the city.)
    • Sanden Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.
    • Blue Line Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.

Roads

Expressway

Chūgoku Expressway
  • Shimonoseki interchange
  • Ozuki interchange

Bypasses

  • Ozuki Bypass
  • Shimonoseki-Kita Bypass

National Highways

Airports

Shimonoseki is served by four airports outside the city.

Education

Universities and colleges

University of East Asia
Institution Location
National Fisheries University (水産大学校 Suisan daigakkō?) Yoshimi
Shimonoseki City University (下関市立大学 Shimonoseki shiritsu daigaku?) Daigaku-cho
University of East Asia (東亜大学 Tōa daigaku?) Shin-Shimonoseki
Baiko Gakuin University (梅光学院大学 Baikō gakuin daigaku?) Higashieki
Shimonoseki Junior College (下関短期大学 Shimonoseki tanki daigaku?) Sakurayama-cho

Culture

Popular Foods

Specialty Products

Festivals

Shimonoseki is home to many festivals that are held throughout the year. Of these, the most famous are Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival and Shimonoseki Bakan Festival.

  • Shimonoseki Fugu (Blowfish) Festival (February) : Haedomari Market
  • Kawatana Onsen(hot spring) Festival (April)
  • Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival (May) : Karato, Ganryujima Island
  • Suhouteisai Festival (August) : Castle town Chofu
  • Kanmon Kaikyo Fireworks Festival (August) : Karato(Aruka Port area)
  • Shimonoseki Bakan Festival (August) : Along the street from Karato-cho to Shimonoseki Station
  • TOUR de Shimonoseki (October/November)
  • Shimonoseki Kaikyo Marathon (November)
  • Shimonoseki Fish Festival (November) : Shimonoseki Fishing Port
  • Little Busan Fest (November) : Green Mall

Architecture

Museums

  • Shimonoseki City Art Museum
  • Shimonoseki Chofu Museum
  • Shimonoseki City Archaeological Museum
  • Shimonoseki Marine Science Museum (Shimonoseki City Aquarium "Kaikyo Kan")
  • Doigahama Site Anthropological Museum
  • The firefly museum of toyota town
  • やまぎん史料館(The Yamaguchi Bank, Ltd.)

Sports

Professional Teams

Sporting venues

Twin cities

Shimonoseki has one domestic and 5 international sister cities [2]:

Outside Japan

Within Japan

People

External links


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