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Shoin-zukuri (書院造 ?) is a style of Japanese residential architecture used in the mansions of the military, temple guest halls, and Zen abbot's quarters of the Azuchi-Momoyama (1568-1600) and Edo periods (1600-1868). It forms the basis of today's traditional-style Japanese house. Characteristics of the shoin-zukuri development were the incorporation of square posts and floors completely covered with tatami.[1]

The earliest extant example of a shoin-zukuri room is the Dōjinsai within the Tōgudō structure (ca. 1486) at Ginkaku-ji, the Temple of the Silver Pavilion, in Kyoto. A typical example of the early mature shoin-zukuri style is the Kōjōin guest hall at Onjō-ji (Miidera) in Shiga Prefecture.[1]

Shoin-zukuri buildings came to include rustic tea house (chashitsu) elements, and the resultant sukiya shoin or sukiya-zukuri architectural style diffused into the homes of the lower classes.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, entry for "shoin-zukuri".


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