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Shorty Long
Also known as Frederick Earl Long
Born May 20, 1940(1940-05-20)
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Origin Birmingham, Alabama
Died June 29, 1969 (aged 29)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Genres R&B, soul
Instruments Vocals, piano, organ, drums, harmonica, and trumpet
Labels Tri-Phi/Harvey, King Records, Motown

Frederick Earl "Shorty" Long (May 20, 1940 – June 29, 1969) was an American soul singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer for Motown's Soul Records imprint. He was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame in 1980.



Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Long came to Motown in 1963 from the Tri-Phi/Harvey label, owned by Berry Gordy, Jr.'s sister, Gwen, and her husband, Harvey Fuqua. His first release, "Devil With the Blue Dress On" (1964), written with William "Mickey" Stevenson, was the first recording issued on Motown's Soul label, a subsidiary designed for more blues-based artists such as Long. While this song never charted nationally, the song was covered and made a hit in 1966 by Mitch Ryder and The Detroit Wheels. Long's 1966 single "Function At the Junction" was his first popular hit, reaching #42 on the national R&B charts. Other single releases included "It's a Crying Shame" (1964), "Chantilly Lace" (1967), and "Night Fo' Last" (1968).

Long's biggest hit was "Here Comes the Judge" in 1968, which reached number-four on the R&B charts and number-eight on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was inspired by a comic act on Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In about a judge by Pigmeat Markham, whose own "Here Comes the Judge" (a totally different song) charted two weeks after Long's did in June 1968, and became a Top 20 hit. Long's 1969 singles included "I Had a Dream" and "A Whiter Shade of Pale". He released one album during his lifetime, Here Comes the Judge (1968).

Long played many instruments, including piano, organ, drums, harmonica, and trumpet. He acted as an MC for many of the Motortown Revue shows and tours, and co-wrote several of his tunes ("Devil With the Blue Dress," "Function At the Junction," and "Here Comes the Judge."). Long was the only Motown artist besides Smokey Robinson who was allowed to produce his own recordings in the 1960s. Marvin Gaye, in David Ritz's biography Divided Soul: The Life & Times of Marvin Gaye,, described Shorty Long as "this beautiful cat who had two hits, and then got ignored by Motown."[1] Gaye claimed he "fought for guys like Shorty" while at Motown, since no one ever pushed for these artists. When Holland-Dozier-Holland came to Gaye with a tune, he stated, "Why are you going to produce me? Why don't you produce Shorty Long?"[1]


On June 29, 1969, Long and a friend drowned when their boat capsized on the Detroit River in Michigan.[2] Stevie Wonder played the harmonica at his burial, and placed it on his casket afterwards.

Motown issued Long's final album, The Prime of Shorty Long, shortly after his passing.

Selected discography



Releases on the Tamla Motown label (UK)

  • Here Comes the Judge (LP, STML/TML11086)
  • The Prime of Shorty Long (LP, STML11144)


  • "Out To Get You"/"It's a Crying Shame" (7", TMG512)
  • "Function at the Junction"/"Call On Me" (7", TMG573)
  • "Chantilly Lace"/"Your Love is Amazing" (7", TMG600)
  • "Night Fo' Last" (Vocal) /"Night Fo' Last" (Instrumental) (7", TMG644)
  • "Here Comes the Judge"/"Sing What You Wanna" (7", TMG663)


  1. ^ a b Ritz, David (2003). Divided Soul: The Life of Marvin Gaye. Basic Books. pp. 99. ISBN 0-306-81191-X.  
  2. ^ "'Shorty' Long, Pal, Drown; He's Buried In Alabama". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company) 36 (15): 57. 1969-07-17. ISSN 0021-5996.  

External links


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