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Sringeri
Sringeri
Location of Sringeri
in Karnataka and India
Coordinates 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25
Country  India
State Karnataka
District(s) Chikmagalur
MLA D. N. Jeevaraj
Population 4,253 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

672 m (2,205 ft)

Sringeri (Kannada: ಶೃಂಗೇರಿ), also written as Shringeri, Śŗngeri and Śŗngagiri is a taluk located in Chikmagalur district in the Indian state of Karnataka, is the site of the first maţha established by Adi Shankaracharya, Hindu theologian and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century C.E. It is located on the banks of the river Tungā.

Contents

Origin of the name

The name Sringeri is derived from Rishyashringa-giri, a nearby hill that is believed to have contained the hermitage of Rishi Vibhandaka and his son Rishyashringa. Rishyashringa appears in an episode in the Bala-Kanda of the Ramayana where a story, narrated by Vasishtha, relates how he brought rains to the drought-stricken kingdom of Romapada.[1]

Legend

According to legend, Adi Shankaracharya is said to have selected the site as the place to stay and teach his disciples, because when he was walking by the Tunga river, he saw a cobra with a raised hood, providing shelter from the hot sun, to a frog about to spawn. Impressed with the place where natural enemies had gone beyond their instincts, he stayed here for twelve years. Adi Shankaracharya also established mathas in the northern (at Jyotirmath, near Badrinath), eastern (at Puri) and western (at Dwaraka) quarters of India.

Geography

Sringeri is located at 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25[2]. It has an average elevation of 672 metres (2204 ft).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[3], Sringeri had a population of 4253. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sringeri has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sringeri, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of interest

Sringeri is home to a number of historic temples. Of these, Sri Sharadamba temple and Sri Vidyashankara temple are very prominent.

Sharadamba Temple

Sharadamba temple

The Sharada temple, dedicated to the Goddess of learning and wisdom, has grown from a simple shrine dating to the time of Adi Shankaracharya. In the fourteenth century, Vidyaranya is said to have replaced the old sandalwood image with a stone and gold image. The temple structure itself continued to be made of wood till the early 20th century. After an unexpected fire that damaged the structure, the current structure was built in the traditional south Indian style of temple architecture.[4]

Vidyashankara Temple

Vidyasankara temple

The Vidyashankara temple was built in commemoration of the pontiff Vidyashankara, around 1357-58 C.E.. It was built by Vidyaranya, patron-saint of Harihara and Bukka, the brothers who founded the Vijayanagara empire. The niches in the temple have a number of sculptures from Hindu, Buddhist and Jain mythologies. Inscriptions in the temple record contributions made by several Vijayanagara emperors but the temple was probably built on an earlier Hoysala site as it combines Hoysala and Vijayanagara architectural features. The temple architecture is also an exhibition of the astronomical expertise of medieval south Indian temple builders. The main temple hall features 12 pillars designated for the 12 signs of the zodiac. Windows and doors along the temple walls are arranged such that equinoxes sunrise views reach the deity. The northern and southern gates enable the sunrise view from the hall during solstices.[5][6][7]

Sringeri Sharada Peeta

Sri Vidya Teertha Setu across the Tunga river

The matha at Sringeri is known as Sringeri Sharada Peetham. It is one of the four Hindu Advaita maths established by Adi Shankaracharya. It is also referred to as Dakshinamnaya Sringeri Sharada peetam. Following the tradition initiated by Adi Shankaracharya, the maţha is incharge of the Yajur Veda (the Krishna (Black) Yajurveda is more prevalent in South India, over which the maţha has authority in the Smarta tradition).The head of the matha is called Jagadguru (teacher of the world) and also carries the Shankaracharya name as a title. The present Sringeri Shankaracharya is Shri Bharati Tirtha.

Tunga river at Sringeri
Sri Shankara Temple at Sringeri

Zodiac Pillars

The twelve pillars in the Vidyashankar temple are popularly known as Rashistambhas (zodiacal pillars). Symbols of the twelve divisions of the zodiac are engraved on these pillars. The temple is an architectural marvel. Among the many delicate carvings, lions that are engraved in biped positions on the pillars may be mentioned. There are stone balls inside the growling faces of the lions and they can be moved inside their mouths. It is said that the design of the pillars involved certain astronomical concepts. For example, the first rays of the rising sun fall on specific pillars with the zodiacal symbol on the pillar corresponding to the position of the sun.

Places of interest near Sringeri

There are a number of prominent Hindu centres of pilgrimage near Sringeri. Some of the major ones include Horanadu Annapoorneshari Temple, Hariharapura, Kigga (Rishyashringa Temple), Agumbe (Venugopalaswami Temple & Sunset Spot), Kalasa ( Kalaseshwara Temple), Balehonnur - Rambapuri Matha, Koppa (Veerabhadra Swamy & Chittemakki Mallikarjuna Swamy temple). Udupi, famous for Krishna matha, is a 3-hour journey by road.

Where to Stay

  • Sringeri has guest houses run by the temple administration. Visit Sringeri Mutt web site for details. There are many private lodges also.

Best time to visit

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Sringeri is a city in Southern India.

The nearest airport is Mangalore (110km from Sringeri)
Deccan / Kingfisher / Jet operate this route from Bangalore.
Ticket costs range between INR 1800 – 2500.

By train

Shimoga or Kadur is the nearest railroad and is linked to Bangalore. An alternate town is Koppa.

The Shimogha Express (Train Number : 6227) runs from Bangalore to Shimoga. The train departs from Bangalore (Station Code : SBC) at 2340 hrs and arrives at Shimoga, next day at 0513 hrs. The train can also be boarded in Bangalore at Yashwantpur and Malleswaram.

A similar train - Bangalore Express (Train Number : 6228) departs Shimoga (Station Code: SME) at 2205 hrs and arrives at Bangalore (Station Code : SBC) at 0500 hrs next day. Both trains run on all days in a week.

By bus

The KSRTC (State Owned Transport) operates buses from all major cities to Shringere and Shimoga. Tickets can be booked from online vendors, KSRTC offices or online [1]. There are also a good number of buses and private transport from Shimoga town to Sringeri.

  • Shri Sharada Temple - The main temple of Sringeri established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya.
  • Tunga river Bank - Famous for fishes. Fishing is banned in this area. But you can feed the fishes. People generally feed puffed rice.
  • Narasimha Vana - This is where the present Jagadguru of Dakshina( southern) Shankaracharya Mutt H.H Bharathi teertha Swamigalu lives.
  • Mallikarjuna temple (Mallappana betta).
  • Rajiv Gandhi Samskrutha vidya Peetham - This place is around 2Kms from Sringeri in a place called Menase.
  • Uluve bird Sancuary - Its the home of hundreds of cranes. Its on the bank of river Tunga. Its located at about 5Kms from Sringeri town.
  • Kigga - It is located about 9Kms from Sringeri and is famous for Rushyasringeshwara temple who is known as rain . Regular bus services are available to Kigga from Sringeri ( Frequency: One per hour).
  • Sirimane - A beautifull waterfalls which is just 4 Kms from Kigga Village. You will not get any bus to reach this place.You need to hire a car or an auto rickshaw from Sringeri. Or should be ready to walk from Kigga village.

Image:Sirimane.jpg

  • Maghe Bailu - A beautifull Village located in the middle of ever green forests. This village became famous when the villagers started producing electricity on their own. A small beautifull Wwater falls called MagheBailu falls is located in this village. Its about 5kms from Kigga village. No bus facility available to this village as well.
  • Narasimha Parvatha - A trek spot. Trek is of about 8Km.Trek starts from Kigga to reach the peak of Narasimha Parvatha.In case you are trekking permission has to be taken from the forest department in Sringeri .
  • Agumbe - located at around 25 Kms from Sringeri. Regular bus services are available to this place from Sringeri. This place is known for the beautifull sunset Spot in the middle of ever green forest valley.
  • There is no dress code to enter inside the temple. However if you are planning to go to Narasimhavana where Swamiji resides, carry a set of Dhothi. Men are suppose to take off their shirt before entering "GuruBhavana" ( Swamiji's place). Eventhough women don't have any dress code, they are expected to wear either Saree or Salwar Kameez.
  • Do not try Swimming in the river as there are many whirlpools in the river.
  • Sringeri Banana Chips -> Sirngeri is famous for Banana chips.
  • Pickles -> Malnad part is famous for pickles. There are many shops which sells pickles, thokku etc out of these stores Vijaya Naarasimha store is the most famous one
  • Papads -> Sringeri is also famous for "Jacknut Papads"

/* -- Always go for home made products, there will be nothing special in branded items. -- */

  • Not many good hotels are there in Sringeri. But Sringeri Mutt provides hygenic good food during noon and night time.
  • There are many good small budget mess are available
  • Sri Mutt has many decent lodges but has to be booked well in advance.
  • Shankara kripa, Sharada Kripa , Bharathi Vihar and Yatri Nivas are the Mutt lodges
  • Many decent budget lodges are available in Bharathi street of Sringeri

Contact

http://www.sringerimutt.info/contacts.html

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