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Shughni language: Wikis


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xuγ̌nůn ziv
Spoken in Afghanistan (20,000), Tajikistan (40,000)
Total speakers approximately 60,000
Language family Indo-European
Writing system Arabic, Cyrillic, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3 sgh

Shughni is one of the Pamir languages of the Southeastern Iranian language group.[1][2] Its distribution is in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in Tajikistan and Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan.[1]

Shughni tends towards SOV word order, distinguishes a masculine and a feminine gender in nouns and some adjectives as well as the 3rd person singular of verbs. Shughni distinguishes between an absolute and a oblique case in its system of pronouns.


  1. ^ a b Karamšoev, Dodchudo K. (1988-99). Šugnansko-russkij slovar. 3 vols. Moskva: Nauka. ISBN 5-02-016991-9 (Vol. 2), ISBN 5-02-018101-3 /ISBN 5-02-017858-6 (Vol. 3)
  2. ^ Ethnologue:Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern

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