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Sichuan University
四川大学
Motto 海纳百川 有容乃大
Established 1896
Type Public
President Xie Heping (谢和平)
Staff 11,357
Students 70,000 [1]
Location Chengdu, Sichuan,  People's Republic of China
Website http://www.scu.edu.cn/

Sichuan University (simplified Chinese: 四川大学traditional Chinese: 四川大學pinyin: Sìchuān Dàxué, often shortened simply to"川大") is one of the oldest universities in China, located in the city of Chengdu the capital of the Sichuan province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the national universities directly under the Ministry of Education (MOE). It is also one of the State 211 Project and 985 Project universities enjoying privileged construction in the Ninth Five-Year Plan period. The current president is Professor Xie Heping (academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering).

Contents

History

Sichuan University (SCU), as it is now, is the result of a merge of three key national universities. In 1994, the original Sichuan University merged with the Chengdu University of Science and Technology (CUST), a national university under the Ministry of Education. The merged university was shortly known by the name of Sichuan Union University. In 2000, Sichuan University merged with West China University of Medical Science (WCUMS), an important university under the State Ministry of Health, and became "Sichuan University" as it is today.

The original Sichuan University was one of the earliest institutions of higher education in China, with a history dating back to Sichuan Zhong-Xi Xuetang (Sichuan Chinese and Western School), established in 1896. The Xuetang was in a direct line of succession with Jinjiang Shuyuan and Zunjing Shuyuan, institutions of classical learning, established in 1704 and 1875, respectively. By 1949, Sichuan University had developed into the biggest national multidisciplinary university with six branches in literature, science, engineering, agriculture, law, and teachers' training. Sichuan University is one of the pioneers of modern Chinese higher education, playing a critical role in the development of higher education in Western China.

The Old Gate at SCU

In 1949, upon the nationwide adjustment of universities and colleges, spurred by the Chinese revolution, Sichuan University became a comprehensive university with focus on literature, historiography, religion, mathematics, physics, biology, amongst others. In 1958, it was the only university outside Beijing directly administrated by the Central Government.

The former Chengdu University of Science and Technology was established as the Chengdu Engineering College in 1954 as the result of the nation-wide college and department adjustment. It specialized in areas such as chemical engineering, hydroelectricity, mechanics, textiles, and light industry.

The former West China University of Medical Science was originally built as a private medical school, once known as Huaxi Xiehe College (West China Union College). It was established in 1910 by five Christian missionary groups from the U.S., UK and Canada, with offered courses in stomatology, biomedicine, basic medicine and clinical medicine. WCUMS has been a prestigious medical university in China that also enjoys reputation abroad.

Throughout its centennial history, SCU has been the cradle for a great number of celebrated scientists, men of letters, educators, and revolutionaries. Among them, Zhang Lan, social activist, educationist, and former Vice-Chairman of the Chinese Central Government, and Wu Yuzhang, revolutionary and educationist, were once the President of the university. Other notable people who studied at SCU include Marshal Zhu De, one of the founding fathers of the People's Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army, Guo Moruo, a literary giant and the previous president of Chinese Academy of Science, and Ba Jin, a well-known Chinese author. There are at least 45 academicians among the alumni.

Present

Today, Sichuan University is the most comprehensive and largest university in Western China. It has 15 national disciplines and 14 "211 Project" key construction disciplines. SCU grants doctorates in twelve first-class disciplines and 111 subordinate disciplines. It also grants six professional degree programs, and has 16 disciplines for post-doctoral research. The 109 bachelor's degree programs SCU grants cover the major fields in liberal arts, sciences, engineering, medicine and agriculture. SCU has a current student population of more than 70,000. It has an alumni base of over 200,000.

Faculty

Sichuan University has a current total staff of 11,357, among which 1323 are professors, 2345 associate professors, 10 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, 434 tutors of doctoral students, and 17 members of the Academic Degrees Committee and the Discipline Appraisal Group under the State Council. Besides these, the university has 14 professorships from the Yangtze River Scholar Award Plan (9 engaged plus 1 lecture professor).

Research

Sichuan University has two national key labs, six national engineering centers, five ministerial (MOE) key labs, 35 provincial key labs, 10 ministerial and provincial centers, four key research bases for humanities and social sciences, and four clinical research bases at the national level. The university has invested significantly in research, teaching and medical equipment, with a total value of about 530 million RMB.

SCU has undertaken and completed a considerable number of national, ministerial and regional research projects, and has made many achievements that are rated first class in China and bear significant international influence. The university publishes more than 4,000 research papers annually.

In 2002, the university's state and central government funding ranked fifth among Chinese universities; it was ranked seventh for the number of publications and eleventh for publications included in SCI. The citations ranked fifteenth among Chinese universities. The number of publications in science, engineering and medicine ranked sixth, and the citations ranked seventh among Chinese universities. In 2002, the university applied for 121 patents, 102 out of which were invention-oriented, making it number eighth among peer schools.

Facilities

The University has four libraries containing, in total, about 5.5 million volumes.[2] The libraries also serves as the Collection Center for English Publications under the National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, MOE Information Center for Liberal Arts Literature and CALIS Southwest Sub-center.[3] The National University Scientific and Technological Projects and Achievements Consulting Center, and Center for Medical Literature Retrieval in Southwest China are served by the SCU library as well. The University Museum is the only one of its kind in China with a comprehensive collection of over 40,000 cultural relics, and over 600,000 animal and plant specimens, ranking first in its holdings among the others in China.[4][5] The University Stadium is fully equipped and once served as the main field for the Sixth National Collegiate Sports Meet. Other sub-divisions available are Campus Web Center, Analytic and Testing Center, University Archive Establishment[6], University Press, National Foreign Language Examination Center and Intensive Language Training Center, 4 attached hospitals, and 1 attached health school. So far the university has published 37 academic periodicals to domestic and overseas subscribers.

Campus

Sichuan University is located in Chengdu, seat of the Sichuan Province, adjacent to the Jinjiang River and its tributary the Jiang’an River. The University consists of 3 Campuses of Wangjiang, Huaxi and Jiang’an, covering an area of over 7,000 Chinese mu (about 4.7 km²), with a total floorage of more than 2.7 million square meters.

Colleges and Schools

The University has over 30 colleges or schools in various disciplines, including[7]:

The College of Physical Science and Technology is located in Wangjiang Campus, which is one of the most biggest and eldest college in the university. The Department of Physics was established in the year 1928, which means have a history more than 80 years. There are two key national deciplines, which is Atomic&Mol. Physics and Nuclear Technology. Basically speaking, the Atomic&Mol. Physics is studied in the western part of Wangjiang Campus, and the Nuclear Technology is carried out in the eastern part, in NO.1 Science Building. There're also professor focus on the study of Optics, Condense Matter, Theory. The Optics was originally a national discipline in 1980s, but not as much currently. Condense Matter physics was famous[citation needed] for its research on mesoscopic electron transportation lab. And the leader of the laboratory, academician of Chinese Engineering Academy Prof. Jie Gao, now focus on the transportation of single electron with the aim of finding novelty ways to measure tiny electrical current.

  • College of Arts
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
  • College of Mathematics
  • School of Chemical Engineering
  • School of Pharmacy
  • West China College of Stomatology
  • West China College of Stomatology has long been known as the birth place of the modern stomatology[8] and the earliest hospital of stomatology in China. The initiation of our college, a dental clinic called Ren Ji Dental Clinic was founded in 1907, and then expanded to the first dental hospital in China in 1912. In 1917 the medical faculty of West China Union University (WCUU) established a department of dentistry and in 1921 the status was raised to the college of dentistry of WCUU. In 1928 the college of Medicine and dentistry formed the joint college of medicine and dentistry of WCUU. It was renamed as Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan Medical College in 1953. In 1985, it was granted a name as the College of Stomatology, West China University of Medical Sciences and was changed into West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University in 2000.

Notable people associated with Sichuan University

International rankings

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 30°37′49″N 104°05′24″E / 30.63016°N 104.09001°E / 30.63016; 104.09001

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