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Sida cordifolia
in Hyderabad, India.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Sida
Species: S. cordifolia
Binomial name
Sida cordifolia
L.

Sida cordifolia, commonly known as bala, is a plant in the family Malvaceae. It is used in Ayurvedic medicine.[1] It has been investigated as an anti-inflammatory,[2][3] for treating cancer,[4] and for encouraging liver re-growth.[5] It acts as a stimulant within the central nervous system. It is also used as a fat-burning supplement.

Bala grows well through the plains of India, especially, in damp climates. The shrub grows up to 0.75 – 1.5 metres in height. The roots and the stem being stout and strong. The leaves are 2.5-7 cm long and 2.5-5 cm broad, with 7-9 veins. They are heart shaped, serrate and truncate. The flowers are small, yellow or white in colour, solitary and axillary. The fruits are moong-sized, 6-8 mm in diameter. The seeds are called as bijabanda in Ayurveda, are grayish black in colour and smooth. The plant flowers from August to December and fruiting occurs from October to January.

No tannin or glycosides have been identified. Roots and stems contain the alkaloid ephedrine, normally observed in the different varieties of Ephedra belonging to the Gymnosperms. Recent analyses have revealed that ephedrine and pseudoephedrine constitute the major alkaloids from the aerial parts of the plant, which also show traces of sitosterol and palmitic, stearic and hexacosanoic acids. From seed oil sterculic, malvalic and coronaric acids are isolated along with other fatty acids (Chem. Ind. 1985. 483).

References

  1. ^ Pole, Sebastian (2006). Ayurvedic Medicine. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 137. ISBN 9780443100901. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wH2C3PuOHzYC&pg=PA137&dq=%22Sida+cordifolia%22&num=100. Retrieved 2008-11-03.  
  2. ^ Franzotti, Em; Santos, Cv; Rodrigues, Hm; Mourão, Rh; Andrade, Mr; Antoniolli, Ar (Sep 2000). "Anti-inflammatory, analgesic activity and acute toxicity of Sida cordifolia L. (Malva-branca).". Journal of ethnopharmacology 72 (1-2): 273–7. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00205-1. ISSN 0378-8741. PMID 10967481.  
  3. ^ Kanth, Vr; Diwan, Pv (Feb 1999). "Analgesic, antiinflammatory and hypoglycaemic activities of Sida cordifolia.". Phytotherapy research : PTR 13 (1): 75–7. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(199902)13:1<75::AID-PTR387>3.0.CO;2-F. ISSN 0951-418X. PMID 10189958.  
  4. ^ Jenny, M; Schwaiger, W; Bernhard, D; Wrulich, Oa; Cosaceanu, D; Fuchs, D; Ueberall, F (Sep 2005). "Apoptosis induced by the Tibetan herbal remedy PADMA 28 in the T cell-derived lymphocytic leukaemia cell line CEM-C7H2." (Free full text). Journal of carcinogenesis 4: 15. doi:10.1186/1477-3163-4-15. PMID 16138918. PMC 1232859. http://www.carcinogenesis.com/content/4//15.  
  5. ^ Silva, Rl; Melo, Gb; Melo, Va; Antoniolli, Ar; Michellone, Pr; Zucoloto, S; Picinato, Ma; Franco, Cf et al. (2006). "Effect of the aqueous extract of Sida cordifolia on liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy." (Free full text). Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 21 Suppl 1: 37–9. doi:10.1590/S0102-86502006000700009. ISSN 0102-8650. PMID 17013511. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-86502006000700009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en.  

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales
Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Genus: Sida
Species: Sida cordifolia

Name

Sida cordifolia L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:684. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

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