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Siege of Metz: Wikis

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Siege of Metz
Part of the Franco-Prussian War
Date 19 August – 27 October 1870
Location Metz, France
Result Decisive Prussian victory
Belligerents
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia France France
Commanders
Prince Friedrich Karl François Bazaine #
Strength
134,000 ~190,000
Casualties and losses
unknown 186,000 surrendered


The Siege of Metz lasting from 19 August – 27 October 1870 was fought during the Franco-Prussian War and ended in a decisive Prussian victory.

After being defeated at the Battle of Gravelotte, Marshal Bazaine, retreated into the defenses of Metz. There he was besieged by the Prussian Second Army led by Prince Friedrich Karl on 19 August[1][2]. The French attempted to break the siege first at Noiseville and again at Bellevue but were repulsed each time. Although no call for help was made, the French Army of Châlons under the command of Marshal Mac-Mahon was nevertheless ordered to reinforce Bazaine. Marching to Metz, the Army of Châlons was trapped and destroyed at the Battle of Sedan. Bazaine was forced to surrender his entire army on 27 October 1870[2][3]. Prince Friedrich Karl and the Prussian Second Army were now free to move against the French force in the Loire River area. The siege is commended by the "Siegesmarsch von Metz" which uses parts of the "Die Wacht am Rhein"

References

  1. ^ Michael Howard, The Franco Prussian War ISBN 0-415-26671-8
  2. ^ a b William Fortescue, The Third Republic in France, 1870-1940: conflicts and continuities, (p. 9) ISBN 0415169445
  3. ^ Article on F. Bazaine in Encyclopaedia Britannica
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Siege of Metz
Part of the Franco-Prussian War
Date September 3October 23 1870
Location Metz, France
Result Decisive Prussian victory
Belligerents
File:Flag of Prussia (1803).gif Prussia France
Commanders
Prince Friedrich Karl François Bazaine #
Strength
134,000 ~190,000
Casualties and losses
unknown 186,000 surrendered[1]


The Siege of Metz lasting from September 3October 23 1870 was a crushing defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War.

After being defeated at the Battle of Gravelotte, Marshal Bazaine, retreated into the defenses of Metz. There he was besieged by the Prussian Second Army led by Prince Friedrich Karl on September 3. The French attempted to break the siege first at Noiseville and again at Bellevue but were repulsed each time. Although no call for help was made, the French Army of Châlons under the command of Marshal Mac-Mahon was nevertheless ordered to reinforce Bazaine. Marching to Metz, the Army of Châlons was trapped and destroyed at the Battle of Sedan. Bazaine was forced to surrender his entire army on October 23 1870. Prince Friedrich Karl and the Prussian Second Army were now free to move against the French force in the Loire River area.

Sources


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