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Siemens Velaro
Front car of the Velaro RUS, at Innotrans 2008 in Berlin
Power type electric
Builder Siemens
Total production Velaro E: 26
Velaro RUS: 8
CRH 3: 60 + 100ordered
UIC classification Bo'Bo'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'+2'2' +2'2'+Bo'Bo'+2'2'+Bo'Bo'
Length 200 m / 8 cars with up to 536 seats[1]

200 m / 8 cars with 601 seats (Velaro CN)
250 m / 10 cars with 604 seats (Velaro RUS)

Weight 425 t (Velaro E)
447 t (Velaro CN)
667 t (Velaro RUS)
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz (Velaro E)
Top speed 350 km/h, 403 km/h max. (Velaro E, CRH3)
250 km/h, upgradeable to 330 km/h (Velaro RUS)
Power output 8,800 kW 11,968 hp (Velaro E, CRH3) or 550 kW per motor
Tractive effort 283 kN (Velaro E, CRH3)

Siemens Velaro is a family of German high-speed EMUs. They are based on Deutsche Bahn's ICE 3 high-speed trains. Unlike the ICE 3, the Velaro is a full Siemens product.

In July 2006 a Siemens Velaro train-set (AVE S-103) reached 403.7 km/h (250.8 mph). This is a world record for railed and unmodified commercial service trainsets.

Spain's RENFE was the first to order Velaro trains, known as Velaro E, for their AVE network. Wider versions were ordered by China for the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail (CRH 3) and Russia for the Moscow - Saint Petersburg and the Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod routes (Velaro RUS / Сапсан).


Velaro D

Deutsche Bahn placed an order for 15 trains valued €500 million.[2]

Velaro E

Siemens Velaro E at Innotrans 2006 in Berlin

In 2001, RENFE ordered sixteen Velaro,[3] which will be designated AVE S-103. The order was later added to for a total of 26 trains. The trains will serve the 621 km BarcelonaMadrid line at speeds up to 350 km/h for a travel time of 2:25 hours.

The first units were delivered in July 2005 and completed their first test runs in January 2006.

On 15 July 2006 a train achieved a top speed of 403.7 km/h between Guadalajara and Calatayud on the MadridZaragoza line. This is a Spanish record for railed vehicles and a world record for unmodified commercial service trainsets, as the earlier TGV (world record of 574.8 km/h) and ICE records were achieved with specially modified and shortened trainsets, and the Shinkansen (443 km/h, 1996) record was for a test (non-commercial) trainset.

Velaro CRH3

Siemens Velaro CRH3

In November 2005, China ordered 60 Velaro trains[3] for the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail line. The 8-car trains will be very similar to the Velaro E, but 300 mm wider to fit in almost 50% more seats in a 2+3 layout. In the CRH3 version, a 200 m Velaro train will seat 600 passengers.[4] These trains are being manufactured jointly by Siemens in Germany and CNR Tangshan in China. The first Chinese-built CRH3 was unveiled on 11 April 2008.[5] CRH3 reached a top speed of 394.3 km/h during a test on Beijing to Tianjin High speed railway on 24 June 2008.[6] An additional 100 CRH3 units have been ordered in 2009

Velaro RUS EVS (Sapsan)

Siemens Velaro RUS in waiting hall of Moscow Terminus (St. Petersburg)

On 19 May 2006 Siemens announced an order for eight Velaro RUS high speed trains by Russian Railways including a 30-year service contract[3]. The contract is in total worth €600 million. The trains, connecting Moscow with Saint Petersburg, and later also Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod at a speed of up to 250 km/h (160 mph), are based on the ICE3 train standard but with bodies broadened by 33 cm (13 in) to 3.265 m (10 ft 8.5 in) to suit Russia's standard loading gauge.[7]

Four of the trains will be prepared for both 3 kV direct current and 25 kV alternating current operation. The total length of each ten-car train will be 250 m (820 ft), carrying up to 600 passengers.

Development and construction is being carried out at Erlangen and Krefeld in Germany. Single-voltage EVS1 (3 kV DC) trains have entered passenger service at the end of 2009 on the Moscow - St Petersburg route, and the dual-system EVS2 trains are planned to enter service on the Nizhniy Novgorod route in 2010.

It set a record for the fastest train in Russia on 2 May 2009, travelling at 281 km/h (175 mph)[8] and on 7 May 2009, travelling at 290 km/h (180 mph).[9]


  1. ^ Brockmeyer, Ansgar; Gerdhard, Thomas; Lübben, Edzard; Reisner, Manfred; Bayrhof, Monika (2007-06-06). "High-speed trains: from power car to distributed traction". European Railway Review 13 (3): 67–79. ISSN 1351-1599. OCLC 225912293.  
  2. ^ "Siemens receives order over 15 high-speed trains from Deutsche Bahn". Siemens. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-27.   Reference Number: I MO 200812.006-04.
  3. ^ a b c Möller, Dietrich; Schlegel, Christian (2006). "Velaro - Weiterentwicklung des ICE 3 für den Weltmarkt [Velaro - Further Development of the ICE 3 for Worldwide Use]" (in German). Elektrische Bahnen 104 (5): 258–263. ISSN 0013-5437. OCLC 2446655.  
  4. ^ Brockmeyer, Ansgar; Reuß, Ernst; Wehrberger, Ralf (2007-08-01). "China's first 300 km/h trainsets are taking shape". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  5. ^ "Tangshan rolls out its first 350 km/h train". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  6. ^ "Velaro sets Chinese speed record". Railway Gazette International. 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  7. ^ Nazarov, Alexander; Nazarov, Oleg; Protze, Marion (2006-11-01). "Broad-gauge Velaro fleet relaunches Russia's high speed programme". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2009-08-05.  
  8. ^ "Sapsan claims Russian rail speed record". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2009-05-10.  
  9. ^ Электропоезд ЭВС (Сапсан) at Wikipedia in Russian (Russian)

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