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Sieradz
Monastery in Sieradz

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Sieradz is located in Poland
Sieradz
Coordinates: 51°36′N 18°45′E / 51.6°N 18.75°E / 51.6; 18.75
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Łódź
County Sieradz County
Gmina Sieradz (urban gmina)
Established 11th century
Town rights 1247
Government
 - Mayor Jacek Walczak
Area
 - Total 51.22 km2 (19.8 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 44,045
 - Density 859.9/km2 (2,227.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 98-200
Area code(s) +48 043
Car plates ESI
Website http://www.umsieradz.pl

Sieradz [ˈɕerat​͡s] ( listen) (Latin Syradia, German: Schieratz) is a town on the Warta river in central Poland with 44,326 inhabitants (2004). It is situated in the Łódź Voivodship (since 1999), but was previously the eponymous capital of the Sieradz Voivodship (1975-1998), and historically one of the minor duchies in Greater Poland.

It is one of the oldest towns in Poland, thrice being a location for the coronation of the Polish monarchs. The town was attacked by the Tartars, Bohemians and Teutonic Knights. Polish Kings chaired six assemblies from here.

Contents

Politics

Sieradz constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Sieradz constituency

  • Anita Błochowiak, SLD-UP
  • Waldemar Borczyk, Samoobrona
  • Tadeusz Gajda, PSL
  • Cezary Grabarczyk, PO
  • Krystyna Grabicka, LPR
  • Michał Kaczmarek, SLD-UP
  • Piotr Krzywicki, PiS
  • Irena Nowacka, SLD-UP
  • Wojciech Olejniczak, SLD-UP
  • Andrzej Pęczak, SLD-UP
  • Renata Rochnowska, Samoobrona
  • Wojciech Zarzycki, PSL

Historical rulers

Dukes of Sieradz-Łęczyca

after 1305 parts of the united Kingdom of Poland initially as two vassal duchies, later incorporated as Leczyca Voivodship and Sieradz Voivodship.

Dukes of Sieradz

  • 1233-1234 Boluslaus I of Mazovia (Bolesław I Mazowiecki)
  • 1275-1288 Leszek the Black (Leszek Czarny)
  • 1288-1294 Ladislaus III the Short (Władysław Łokietek )
  • 1327-1339 Przemysl of Cuiavia (Przemysł Kujawski)

After 1305 part of the united Kingdom of Poland as a vassal duchy, later after 1339 incorporated by the Polish king Casimir III the Great as the Sieradz Voivodship.

History of Sieradz

The oldest settlements can be traced back to almost 6th century. King Casimir the great had built the Castle of Sieradz.

In the mid 13th century it was conferred with Municipal rights. It had also welcomed many settlers from Scotland & Netherlands after the 13th century. During the fragmentation of Poland, it was the site of the Duchy of Sieradz.

In 1445 the election of King Casimir Jagiellonian took place at this town. Until the 16th century the town used to be important trade centre. Merchants from Spain & Portugal were frequently visiting the town for Trade and commerce. In the 17th century due to the Swedish wars, plagues, fires and floods the town lost its trading importance and fell from its prime. In the 18th century the reconstruction of town commenced. The residents during that time were only approximately 1500. On 13 November 1806 the acts of uprising against the Prussians took place in Sieradz. Since the first World War the town has preserved its Agricultural-Industrial character.At the beginning of the WW2 and on the 9th September 1939 the town was attacked by German advancing forces. The Nazis destroyed several traces of Polish culture,historical records, demolished monuments, erased many structures, changed street names in an effort to wipe out any connection with the Polish society. The town faced great devastation in the name of occupancy by the Nazis and later on by the Russians during the end of WW2. The resistance and determination of national pride, on the part of the town people grew stronger and they were aimed at bringing back the town to the Polish cultural roots. The Russians had bombed the town in the most horrific manner, killing more than 100 residents, which is still remembered as the most coward act by the Russians on the town of Sieradz. After three days,on 23rd of January 1945 Sieradz was liberated. The town got back to restoration and re-development soon after the end of WW2. They started their local clothing factories, cereal-milling, spirit plants, potato farming and agricultural activities. In 1957 the biggest knitting plant "Sira" was started and the town of Sieradz has thereafter been on constant road of development. The unique character, ambition, determination of the Sieradz citizens has made the town as the most sought after town in central Poland.

Famous people of Sieradz

Leszek Czarny ( Born 30 September 1240 ) He was a prince and grandson of Konrad Mazowiecki. At the age of 20 he became the ruler of Sieradz and a resident.

Cyprian Bazylik (1535–1600). Musician, poet, printer, translator, courtier and composer. His songs are still preserved until this day and noted as the most famous musician of 16th century in Poland.

Ary Szternfeld (1905–1980). The world knew him as a scientist from Sieradz. In 1957, Sputnik-1 the artificial satellite was launched by the Soviets and the orbit calculation were done by Ary Szternfeld.

Antoni ”Antoine” Cierplikowski (1886–1976). A hairdresser of international repute. His works are known as being the hairdresser to first lady Eleonora Roosevelt, the wife of US President FDR. Among his clients were the most rich and the famous people, actors of those time in USA, Britain and France. He also designed styles for MGM.

Sports, Tourism & Recreation

Sieradz has a fully equipped Sports town centre, with three proper Soccer fields, running track, two sports grounds, hotel, restaurant, tennis courts, sauna, health club, games, swimming pool and well guarded river side swim area. The natural forests on the banks of river Warta makes an ideal place for mushroom pickers. The town square also makes a perfect tourism place with local shops selling various products of good quality and brands. The Churches in Sieradz carry historical significance and well restored. The best part of the town is that people are very friendly.Załęcze landscape park and one of the biggest man made resovoirs “Jeziorsko”, make visit really worth due to its great picturesque quality.

See also

Coordinates: 51°36′N 18°45′E / 51.6°N 18.75°E / 51.6; 18.75


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SIERADZ, a town of Russian Poland, in the government of Kalisz, situated on the Warta, 110 m. S.W. of the city of Warsaw. Pop. (1897) 7019. It is one of the oldest towns of Poland, founded prior to the introduction of Christianity, and was formerly known as Syra or Syraz. The annals mention it in 1139. Several seims, or diets, of Poland were held there during the 13th to 15th centuries, and it was a wealthy town until nearly destroyed by a fire in 1447. The old castle, which suffered much in the Swedish war of 1702-1711, was destroyed by the Germans in 1800. There are two churches, dating from the 12th and 14th centuries respectively.


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