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Sierra Blanca, Texas
—  CDP  —
Location of Sierra Blanca, Texas
Coordinates: 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W / 31.18194°N 105.34083°W / 31.18194; -105.34083
Country United States
State Texas
County Hudspeth
Area
 - Total 4.1 sq mi (10.6 km2)
 - Land 4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 4,528 ft (1,380 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 533
 - Density 131.0/sq mi (50.6/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79851
Area code(s) 915
FIPS code 48-67772[1]
GNIS feature ID 1368253[2]

Sierra Blanca is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Hudspeth County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 533 at the 2000 census.

The town, founded in 1881 at the completion point of a long-sought southern transcontinental railway [4], was named for nearby Sierra Blanca Mountain, which was named for the white poppies which grew on it [5] [6] (sierra blanca is Spanish for white mountain).

Contents

Geography

Sierra Blanca is located at 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W / 31.18194°N 105.34083°W / 31.18194; -105.34083 (31.182009, -105.340843)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.6 km²), of which, 4.1 square miles (10.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.73%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 533 people, 184 households, and 126 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 131.0 people per square mile (50.6/km²). There were 227 housing units at an average density of 55.8/sq mi (21.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.99% White, 3.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 5.07% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 72.61% of the population.

There were 184 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,438, and the median income for a family was $30,000. Males had a median income of $26,071 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $10,768. About 19.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 32.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Sierra Blanca is served by the Sierra Blanca Independent School District.

Environment

The outskirts of Sierra Blanca was the location of a sludge dump that received 250 tons of treated sewage each week from New York City. The dumping was discontinued in 2001.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/hls47.html
  5. ^ http://www.texasescapes.com/WestTexasTowns/SierraBlancaTexas/SierraBlancaTx.htm
  6. ^ http://www.texaslegacy.org/bb/transcripts/addingtonbilltxt.html
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ "New York's Sewage Was a Texas Town's Gold". The New York Times. 2007-07-27. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9905E7DF153DF934A15754C0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2009-03-18.  

http://www.txpeer.org/toxictour/merco.html http://pages.sbcglobal.net/jasonpenney/hudspeth_county_land.htm

External links

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