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Republic of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto"Unity, Freedom, Justice"
AnthemHigh We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free
Capital
(and largest city)
Freetown
8°29.067′N 13°14.067′W / 8.48445°N 13.23445°W / 8.48445; -13.23445
Official language(s) English
National language Krio (de facto) spoken by 97% of the population[1][2]
Demonym Sierra Leonean
Government Constitutional republic
 -  President Ernest Bai Koroma (APC)
 -  Vice President Alhaji Samuel Sam-Sumana (APC)
 -  Speaker of Parliament Abel Nathaniel Bankole Stronge (APC)
 -  Chief Justice Umu Hawa Tejan Jalloh
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom April 27, 1961 
 -  Republic declared April 19, 1971 
Area
 -  Total 71,740 km2 (119th)
27,699 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.1
Population
 -  July 2009 estimate 6,440,053[2] 
 -  Density 79.4/km2 (114th1)
205.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $4.268 billion[3] 
 -  Per capita $725[3] 
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $1.953 billion[3] 
 -  Per capita $331[3] 
Gini (2003) 62.9 (high
HDI (2007) 0.365 (low) (180th)
Currency Leone (SLL)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .sl
Calling code 232
1 Rank based on 2007 figures.
.Sierra Leone ([sieɪrə liˈoːn]), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ Sierra Leone official visa fees for citizens of United States .
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

It is bordered by Guinea in the north, Liberia in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. .Sierra Leone covers a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) [4] and has a population estimated at 6.4 million.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ If you have any questions or topics you would like to see discussed or presented on Sierra Leone let me know and i will do my best to satisfy you.

^ Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature, and a population of approximately five million.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The country is a constitutional republic comprising three provinces and the Western Area, which are further divided into fourteen districts.^ Other JSDP initiatives focused on pilot literacy and numeracy programs for prisoners in the Western Area and Moyamba District, and a prison farm project in Moyamba District.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests.[5] Freetown is the capital, largest city and economic center.[4]. English is the official language,[6] spoken at schools, government administration and by the media. .However, the Krio language (a language derived from English and several African languages and native to the Sierra Leone Krio people) is the most widely spoken language in virtually all parts of the country.^ Krio see Creoles Sierra Leone .
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Krios are descendants of freed slaves who returned to Africa from the Americas, and their Krio language, based largely on English and African languages, is used as a lingua franca across the country.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Krio language is spoken by 97% of the country's population[2] and unites all the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and interaction with each other.^ Strong ethnic loyalties, bias, and stereotypes existed among all ethnic groups.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ethnic affiliations have traditionally been a strong influence in political party membership for the country's two dominant ethnic groups, the Mende and Temne, each of which include approximately 30 percent of the population.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were eight ethnic groups represented in the 112-seat parliament, 41 percent of whose members were Mende, 30 percent Temne, and the remainder other minorities.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] Despite its common use throughout the country, the Krio language has no official status. .In December 2002, Sierra Leone’s President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah named Bengali as an "official language" in recognition of the work of 5,300 troops from Bangladesh in the peace-keeping force.^ Hopefully together we can work together to improve health conditions in Sierra Leone.

^ During the year Guinean forces continued to occupy the Yenga area in the eastern part of the country, contravening an agreement between the presidents of Guinea and Sierra Leone acknowledging that the town of Yenga belongs to Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the SLPP actively worked to counter this perception (President Kabbah is Mandingo), most citizens viewed the SLPP as a predominantly Mende party.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7][8]
.The Sierra Leone government officially recognizes fifteen ethnic groups,[9] each with its own language and customs.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Ethnic groups were well-represented in the SLPP government cabinet: seven members of the 28-minister cabinet were Mende, 12 members were Temne, and nine members belonged to other minorities.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tourist visa required Business visa required Official visa required 1 Select the type of Sierra Leone tourist visa application: .
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

.The two largest and most influential are the Mende and Temne peoples, with each comprising 30% of the population.^ The two largest ethnic groups were the Temne in the North and the Mende in the South.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ethnic affiliations have traditionally been a strong influence in political party membership for the country's two dominant ethnic groups, the Mende and Temne, each of which include approximately 30 percent of the population.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mende have traditionally supported the ruling SLPP and the Temne the opposition All People's Congress (APC).
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Sierra Leone is very rich in minerals and has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base.^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Ministry of Mines and Mineral Resources mine monitoring officers did not effectively enforce rules against child mining in diamond mining areas.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The country is among the top 10 diamond producing nations in the world, and mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner. .Sierra Leone also claims to be home to the third largest natural harbour in the world, the Queen Elizabeth II Quay (also known as the QE II Quay and locally as the Deep Water Quay or Government Warf)[10][11].^ So now i'm in Sierra Leone and this is my third Ramadan at home as a muslim.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

.Early inhabitants of Sierra Leone included the Sherbro, Temne and Limba, and Tyra  peoples, and later the Mende,[12] who knew the country as Romarong, and the Kono who settled in the East of the country.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

[13] .In 1462, it was visited by the Portuguese explorer Pedro da Cintra, who gave it its name Serra de Leão, meaning 'Lion Mountains'.[14][15] Sierra Leone later became an important centre of the transatlantic trade in slaves until 1792 when Freetown was founded by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for formerly enslaved African Americans.^ On October 3, parliament confirmed five representatives for the newly-established Human Rights Commission of Sierra Leone, who were sworn in on December 11.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Home » Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs » Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor » Releases » Human Rights » 2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices » Africa » Sierra Leone .
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, and in 1896, the interior of the country became a British Protectorate;[13] in 1961, the two combined and gained independence.^ The Freetown peninsula became a Crown Colony in 1808 and the interior was declared a British Protectorate in 1896.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In their interior protectorate, the British elevated indigenous chiefs to exercise indirect rule.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At independence in 1961, the SLPP and APC remained the two main competing parties.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over two decades of government neglect of the interior followed by the spilling over of the Liberian conflict into its borders eventually led to the Sierra Leone Civil War,[17] which began in 1991 and was resolved in 2000 after the struggling Nigerian led United Nations troops were heavily reinforced by a British force spearheaded by 42 Commando of the Royal Marines as well as several British Army units.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ We were in a convoy of two SUVs headed for what i thought to be a brief stop in Bo and then on to Sulima on the South Eastern coast next to the Liberian border.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

The arrival of this force in what was codenamed OPERATION PALLISER resulted in the defeat of rebel forces and restored the civilian government elected in 1998 to Freetown. Since then, almost 72,500 former combatants have been disarmed[18] and the country has reestablished a functioning democracy.[2] .The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up in 2002 to deal with war crimes and crimes against humanity committed since 1996.[19] Sierra Leone is the third-lowest-ranked country on the Human Development Index and seventh-lowest on the Human Poverty Index, suffering from endemic corruption[20] and suppression of the press.^ Speedypin offers calling cards from Sierra Leone and other countries.
  • Sierra Leonean Calling Cards and Prepaid Phone Cards for Sierra Leone 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.calling-plans.com [Source type: News]

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

[21]

Contents

History

Early History

Fragments of prehistoric pottery from Kamabai Rock Shelter
.Archaeological finds show that Sierra Leone has been inhabited continuously for at least 2,500 years,[22] populated by successive movements from other parts of Africa.^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

^ The Vickie Remoe Show Brought to u by How4Do Productions: Sierra Leone's TV Talk Show if u get light, omni directional antenna & u able catch SLBS .

[23] .The use of iron was introduced to Sierra Leone by the 9th century, and by AD 1000 agriculture was being practiced by coastal tribes.^ Home » Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs » Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor » Releases » Human Rights » 2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices » Africa » Sierra Leone .
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .Sierra Leone's dense tropical rainforest largely protected it from the influence of any precolonial African empires[25] and from further Islamic colonization, which were unable to penetrate through it until the 18th century.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was re-elected as President in May 2002, and his Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won a large majority in parliament.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
.European contacts with Sierra Leone were among the first in West Africa.^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ Home » Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs » Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor » Releases » Human Rights » 2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices » Africa » Sierra Leone .
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1462, Portuguese explorer Pedro da Cintra mapped the hills surrounding what is now Freetown Harbour, naming shaped formation Serra de Leão (Portuguese for Lion Mountains).[15] .The Italian rendering of this geographic formation is Sierra Leone, which became the country's name.^ Apply for Sierra Leone Visa Online » To apply for visas to several countries add Sierra Leone to selection and return to the list of destinations.
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Well if it is african made most fabric will have the name of the country where its made printed on the edge of the fabric itself….fabric made in Sierra Leone doesn’t have that though FOR THE LADIES Dont let the want want get to your head.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

Soon after Portuguese traders arrived at the harbour and by 1495 a fort that acted as a trading post had been built.[27] .The Portuguese were joined by the Dutch and French; all of them using Sierra Leone as a trading point for slaves.^ In general labor unions joined the Sierra Leone Labor Congress (SLLC), but membership was voluntary.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars (SLRAS) of "sodasoap" and "living like a refugee" fame will be releasing their second album March 2010.

^ Pa Brima who struggled to speak krio tried to reconstruct the story of slavery in Sierra Leone and the history of the castle that had passed through Dutch, Portuguese, and British slavers.

[28] In 1562 the English joined the trade in human beings when Sir John Hawkins enslaved 300 people 'by the sword and partly by other means'.[29]

Enslavement and Freedom

An 1835 illustration of liberated Africans arriving in Sierra Leone.
.In 1787, a plan was established to settle some of London's "Black Poor" in Sierra Leone in what was called the "Province of Freedom". A number of "Black Poor" arrived off the coast of Sierra Leone on May 15, 1787, accompanied by some English tradesmen.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever the case I think it is safe to say that Sierra Leoneans do not have a weight issue…we may have the battle of the bulge for some but most are ok.

^ Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was re-elected as President in May 2002, and his Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won a large majority in parliament.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This was organized by the St. George's Bay Company, composed of British philanthropists who preferred it as a solution to continuing to financially support them in London. .Many of the "Black poor" were African Americans, who had been promised their freedom for joining the British Army during the American Revolution, but also included other African and Asian inhabitants of London.^ African Americans are a proud people who are not only proud of being black but they are also very proud of being African and i believe that they will come."

^ African Americans need to know that they are welcome with open arms, that they will be safe and that there are people here who can facilitate their visit.

Disease and hostility from the indigenous people nearly eliminated the first group of colonists. .Through intervention by Thomas Peters, the Sierra Leone Company was established to relocate another group of formerly enslaved Africans, this time nearly 1,200 Black Nova Scotians, most of whom had escaped enslavement in the United States.^ Sierra Leone entry visa is not required for citizens of United States.
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Sierra Leone official visa fees for citizens of United States .
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Sierra Leone tourist visa fees for citizens of United States .
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

Given the most barren land in Nova Scotia, many had died from the harsh winters there. They established a settlement at Freetown in 1792 led by Peters. It was joined by other groups of freed Africans and became the first African-American haven for formerly enslaved Africans.
The colony of Freetown in 1856.
.Though the English abolitionist Granville Sharp originally planned Sierra Leone as a utopian community, the directors of the Sierra Leone Company refused to allow the settlers to take freehold of the land.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Defendants included a former minister of transport and communications, a former accountant general, a former permanent secretary for the ministry of trade, and the former Sierra Leone Ports Authority (SLPA) chairman and managing director.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MOBILE PHONE COMPANIES Africell: a Lebanese owned company operating in Gambia & Sierra Leone recently took over the assets and liabilities of TIGO formerly Millicom.

Knowing how Highland Clearances benefited Scottish landlords but not tenants, the settlers revolted in 1799. The revolt was only put down by the arrival of over 500 Jamaican Maroons, who also arrived via Nova Scotia.
Thousands of formerly enslaved Africans were returned to or liberated in Freetown. .Most chose to remain in Sierra Leone.^ But most importantly i hope to spread the word and tell others of the hospitality that i have been shown here in Sierra Leone and the beauty of its people and the country.

^ Like most things that happen in Sierra Leone, the Cocaine saga has turned into a big joke but we’ve moved on.

These returned Africans were from many areas of Africa, but principally the west coast. They joined the previous settlers and together became known as Creole or Krio people.
Cut off from their homes and traditions, they assimilated some aspects of British styles of inhabitants and built a flourishing trade of flowers and beads on the West African coast. The lingua franca of the colony was Krio, a creole language rooted in 18th century African American English, which quickly spread across the region as a common language of trade and Christian mission. .In the 1790s, blacks voted for the first time in elections, as did women.^ When the APC finally did win the election Ahmed was in the very very inner circles of those very first weeks.

[30]

Colonial era

Bai Bureh, leader of the 1898 rebellion against British rule
.In the early 20th century, Freetown served as the residence of the British governor who also ruled the Gold Coast (now Ghana) and the Gambia settlements.^ But the British were careful not to let Krio elites dominate colonial politics or the economy, and in the early 20th century, trade fell under the control of large European companies and traders from Syria.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beginning in 1807, Freetown served as the main base for British naval patrols to prevent slavery.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sierra Leone also served as the educational centre of British West Africa.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

.Fourah Bay College, established in 1827, rapidly became a magnet for English-speaking Africans on the West Coast.^ In 1827, Fourah Bay College in Freetown became the first university in sub-Saharan Africa, and attracted Anglophone students from across West Africa.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For more than a century, it was the only European-style university in western Sub-Saharan Africa.^ In 1827, Fourah Bay College in Freetown became the first university in sub-Saharan Africa, and attracted Anglophone students from across West Africa.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During Sierra Leone's colonial history, indigenous people mounted several unsuccessful revolts against British rule and Krio domination.^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ In 2002 Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was reelected president, and his Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) won a large majority in parliament.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

The most notable was the Hut Tax war of 1898. Its first leader was Bai Bureh, a Temne chief who refused to recognize the British-imposed tax on "huts" (dwellings). The tax was generally regarded by the native chiefs as an attack on their sovereignty. .After the British issued a warrant to arrest Bai Bureh alleging that he had refused to pay taxes, he brought fighters from several Temne villages under his command, and from Limba, Loko, Soso, Kissi, and Mandinka villages.^ An unpopular hut tax led to rebellions, including that led by Temne chief Bai Bureh in 1896 and a revolt among the Mende in 1898.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Temne live an area inland from the coast to an area north of Mendeland; the Limba, in the Northern Province; and the Kono and Kissi in Eastern Province.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were numerous instances in which police refused to make arrests when warranted or arrested people without charge for strictly civil causes; arrests for alleged breach of contract or failure to satisfy debt were the most common.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bureh's fighters had the advantage over the vastly more powerful British for several months of the war. Hundreds of British troops and hundreds of Bureh's fighters were killed.[31] Bai Bureh was finally captured on November 11, 1898 and sent into exile in the Gold Coast (now Ghana), while 96 of his comrades were hanged by the British.
.The defeat of the natives in the Hut Tax war ended large scale organised resistance to colonialism; however resistance continued throughout the colonial period in the form of intermittent rioting and chaotic labour disturbances.^ In 2004 a magistrate court ordered the government to rearrest a soldier who had raped an eight-year-old girl; however, at year's end the soldier was still at large.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Riots in 1955 and 1956 involved "many tens of thousands" of natives in the protectorate.[32]
.One notable event in 1935 was the granting of a monopoly on mineral mining to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust run by De Beers, which was scheduled to last 98 years.^ I met Ahmed Sesay last year at Cafe De La Rose.

^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

An independent nation

Milton Margai
.The 1924 Sierra Leone constitution was replaced in November 1951 by a new one which united the formerly separate Colonial and Protectorate legislatures and — most importantly — provided a framework for decolonization.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ However, in March 1991, a militant organization called the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1951 Sir Milton Margai, an ethnic Mende and the leading politician from the Protectorate oversaw the drafting of a new constitution which triggered the process of decolonization.[33] .In 1953 Sierra Leone was granted local ministerial powers and Margai was made Chief Minister.^ As power devolved from the British, Margai became Chief Minister in 1954.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although paramount chiefs' authority exists independently of the central government and local councils, they frequently displayed party affiliations and were influenced by the party in power.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] The new constitution ensured Sierra Leone a parliamentary system within the Commonwealth of Nations and was formally adopted in 1958.[33]
.Margai led the Sierra Leone delegation at the constitutional conferences that were held with British Colonial Secretary Iain Macleod in London in 1960.[34] On April 27, 1961, Milton Margai led Sierra Leone to independence from the United Kingdom.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

^ Sierra Leone Conference 2009 for Donors & Investors .

[33] .Thousands of Sierra Leoneans throughout the nation took to the street to celebrate their Independence.^ Sierra Leonean governments since before independence have neither had an agenda nor ideology.

^ The rebels forcibly recruited thousands of Sierra Leonean children, and made them commit atrocities against civilians, including their own families and communities.
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^ I know that there are thousands of sierra leonean healthcare professionals out there so this is an appeal to you.

.The nation held its first general elections on May 27, 1962 and Margai was elected Sierra Leone's first Prime Minister by a landslide.^ In May 2004 the first local elections in 32 years were held.
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^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ In general labor unions joined the Sierra Leone Labor Congress (SLLC), but membership was voluntary.
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[33] Milton Margai's political party, the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), won by large margins in the nation's first general election under universal adult suffrage in May 1962.
.Upon Margai's death on April 28, 1964, his brother, Sir Albert Margai who was Sierra Leone Minister of Finance under Milton's government was chosen by Parliament to be the country's next prime minister.^ This then might implicate Ahmed’s brother Kemoh the minister of transport and aviation who has since been asked to resign and was taken in for questioning.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

.Sir Albert was sworn in as Sierra Leone's second Prime Minister the same day his brother died at a ceremony held at the state house in Freetown.^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

.Sir Albert was highly criticized during his three-year rule as prime minister.^ Officials used libel laws to suppress criticism of political or other leaders, and during the year the attorney general ordered security forces to arrest a journalist.
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^ During the year the paramount chief of Bo reportedly twice threatened to close a local independent radio station for airing programs that were critical of the ruling SLPP, although he did not follow through on the threats.
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^ However, during the year Temne cabinet ministers outnumbered Mende ministers.
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.He was accused of corruption and of favouritism toward his own Mende ethnic group.^ There were eight ethnic groups represented in the 112-seat parliament, 41 percent of whose members were Mende, 30 percent Temne, and the remainder other minorities.
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^ Ethnic groups were well-represented in the SLPP government cabinet: seven members of the 28-minister cabinet were Mende, 12 members were Temne, and nine members belonged to other minorities.
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^ The two largest ethnic groups were the Temne in the North and the Mende in the South.
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.He also tried to establish a one-party state but met fierce resistance from the opposition All People's Congress (APC) and ultimately abandoned the idea.^ All People's Congress: One Year and counting...

^ So on the eve of the APC one year anniversary all I can say is, I am not impressed although I still love Earnest Bai like my Daddy and I believe that he’s capable.

During Albert Margai's administration, The Mende increased their influence both in the civil service and the army. .Most of the top military and government positions were held by Mendes, and Mende country (the South-Eastern part of Sierra Leone) received preferential treatment.^ Yet still, I think that the government lacks direction and vision and the only consistent message that I hear is that the country is ready for and needs foreign investors...last I checked we had loads of foreign investment in Sierra Leone, infact a bit too much.

^ Coincidentally both Fred and Nanette had several years earlier taken DNA tests to unveil their African ancestral origins and as fate would have it their DNA had not only brought them to Sierra Leone but more specifically to the mende ethnic group in the South & East of the country.

^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

APC political rally in Kabala, Koinadugu District outside the home of supporters of the rival SLPP in 1967.
.In closely contested general elections in March 1967, Sierra Leone Governor General Henry Josiah Lightfoot Boston declared the new prime minister to be Siaka Stevens, candidate of the All People's Congress (APC) and Mayor of Freetown.^ Living in Freetown, we all get caught up in our routines and it is therefore difficult to really get a feel for or understand whats going on in other peoples lives.

^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

Stevens was sworn in as Sierra Leone's third Prime Minister on May 17, 1967 in Freetown. .Hours after taking office, Stevens was ousted in a bloodless coup led by the commander of the The Sierra Leone Armed Forces, Brigadier David Lansana, an ethnic Mende and a prominent supporter of Albert Margai who had appointed him in 1964 as the commander of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces.^ Albert Margain increasingly replaced Krio with Mende officials, and disenchanted Krios increasingly turned to the APC. The APC narrowly won national elections in 1967, but a military coup quickly deposed newly elected Prime Minister Siaka Stevens.
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^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
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^ Fred pulled out a copy of Steven Spielberg's The Amistad and explained the story of a mende man by the name of Sengbeh Pieh who had triumphed against slavery and beat the US Supreme court to gain his freedom and return back to Sierra Leone.

Brigadier Lansana insisted that the determination of office should await the election of the tribal representatives to the House of Representative.
Stevens was placed under house arrest and martial law was declared. But a group of senior military officers overrode this action by seizing control of the government on March 23, 1968, arresting Lansana and suspending the constitution. The group constituted itself as the National Reformation Council (NRC) with Brigadier Andrew Juxon-Smith as its chairman. Brigadier Juxon-Smith was a member of the minority Krio ethnic group who reside mostly in Freetown. In April 1968, the NRC was overthrown by a group of military officers who called themselves the Anti-Corruption Revolutionary Movement (ACRM), led by Brigadier General John Amadu Bangura, an ethnic Limba. The ACRM imprisoned senior NRC members, restored the constitution and reinstated Stevens as Prime Minister. After the return to civilian rule, by-elections were held (beginning in autumn 1968) and an all-APC cabinet was appointed. Calm was not completely restored. In November 1968, Stevens declared a state of emergency after disturbance in the provinces.
Stevens had campaigned on a platform of socialist principles. However, when he became Prime Minister he abandoned his pre-election promises and employed an authoritarian model of governance.[35] .Many senior officers in the Sierra Leone military were greatly disappointed but none could confront Stevens.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Another coup in 1968 reinstated him, but hope for functioning democracy in Sierra Leone withered as Stevens set about establishing a repressive government apparatus.
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^ A couple weeks ago a nieghbour's baby died, one of many that has died in my neighbourhood in banana water over the past couple months, and hundreds that die in Sierra Leone.

Brigadier General Bangura who had reinstated Stevens as Prime Minister was widely considered the only person who could put the brakes on Stevens. Bangura was a magnetic and popular figure among Sierra Leoneans. .The army was devoted to him and this made him potentially dangerous to Steven's new agenda in the shifting political climate of Sierra Leone.^ Also, for businesses already based in Sierra Leone it means that the climate for doing business is improving and those barriers preventing potential entrepreneurs from entering private sector are slowing receding.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

In January 1970, Bangura was arrested and charged with conspiracy and plotting to commit a coup against the Stevens government. He was convicted and sentenced to death by execution. On March 29, 1970, Stevens had Bangura hanged at the Kissy Road in central Freetown.
In March 1971 the government survived an unsuccessful military coup. The coup leaders were executed, including several senior officers in the army and some senior government officials.
.On April 19, 1971, parliament declared Sierra Leone a republic, with Siaka Stevens as executive President.^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

Guinean troops requested by Stevens to support his government were in the country from 1971 to 1973. The opposition SLPP boycotted the 1973 general election, alleging widespread intimidation and proceedural obstruction. .
.In 1973 president Stevens and president William Tolbert of Liberia signed a treaty forming the Mano River Union to facilitate trade between Sierra Leone and Liberia – with Guinea joining in 1980 under president Sekou Toure.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

^ We chattered two speed boats from the Pelican Water Taxi courtesy of Visit Sierra Leone that provided us with a tour guide for the trip.

In 1975 Sierra Leone joint the Economic Community of West African States (commonly known as ECOWAS) and in 1980 the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was hosted in Freetown.
An alleged plot to overthrow president Stevens failed in 1974 and its leaders were executed. In March 1976, Stevens was elected without opposition for a second five-year term as president. .On July 19, 1975, 14 senior army and government officials including Brigadier David Lansana, former cabinet minister Mohamed Sorie Forna, Ibrahim Bash Taqi, Lieutenant and Habib Lansana Kamara were executed after being convicted for allegedly attempting a coup to topple president Stevens' government.^ When the president announced his cabinet, Ahmed’s half brother other times referred to as his cousin Kemoh Sesay was appointed as the Minister of Transport & Aviation.

In early 1977 a major anti-government demonstration by students occurred in the country against the APC one-party rule and deteriorating economic conditions. But the demonstration was put down by the police and the army.
In the national parliamentary election of May 1977, the APC won 74 seats and the main opposition, the SLPP, won 15. The SLPP condemned the election, alleged widespread vote-rigging and voter intimidation. .In 1978, parliament approved a new constitution making the country a one-party state.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

.The 1978 referendum made the APC the only legal political party in Sierra Leone.^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

.Under the APC regimes headed by Stevens, the Limba, Stevens' own ethnic group, enjoyed strong influence in the government and civil service.^ Sierratel: Government owned Sierratel is also up on running again offering mobile services.

During the 1970s, another major ethnic group, the Temne joined the Mende in opposition to the APC government. But after Stevens appointed a Temne, Sorie Ibrahim Koroma as vice-president in 1978, the Temne appeared to have emerged as the second most influential group in the government, after the Limba.
Stevens is generally criticised for dictatorial methods and government corruption, but, on a positive note, he reduced the ethnic polarisation in government by incorporating members of various groups into his all-dominating APC.
.Siaka Stevens retired in November, 1985 after being in power for 18 years, but continued to be chairman of the APC. The APC named a new presidential candidate to succeed Stevens.^ Ernest Bai & The APC Party 2 years in power .

.He was Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh, the commander of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces, and Stevens' own choice to succeed him.^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
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^ Continued opposition amidst economic decline led Stevens to step down in 1985, although he remained chairman of the APC and hand-selected his successor, General Joseph Saidu Momoh, who continued Stevens’s repressive policies.
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^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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Like Stevens, Momoh was also a member of the minority Limba ethnic group. .Joseph Saidu Momoh was elected President in a one-party referendum as the only contesting candidate.^ Because one could easily speculate that if Ahmed Sesay is found guilty, then the President’s campaign to which Ahmed contributed money was partially funded by his drug money.

.Momoh was sworn in as Sierra Leone's second president on November 28, 1985 at an inauguration ceremony held at the State House in Freetown.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

A one party parliamentary elections between APC members were held in May, 1986.
.President Momoh strong links with the army and his verbal attacks on corruption earned him much needed initial support among Sierra Leoneans.^ I told him that while I was certain that the Sierra Leonean people needed a change, I wasn’t sure the APC was going to take us where we needed to go.

.With the lack of new faces in the new APC cabinet under president Momoh and the return of many of the old faces from Stevens government, criticisms soon arose that Momoh was simply perpetuating the rule of Stevens.^ I do not know if these fears are well placed or rather, left over perceptions of the old APC a la Shekie & Momoh.

^ A Truth and Reconciliation Commission, foreseen in the 1999 Lomé agreement, took up its work in 2002, but suffered from a lack of resources and allegations of protecting the government from criticism.
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.The next couple of years under the Momoh administration were characterised by corruption, which Momoh defused by sacking several senior army officials and cabinet ministers.^ If this trend continues then we can certainly look to breaking the 100 mark in the next couple years.

To formalise his war against corruption, President Momoh announced a Code of Conduct for Political Leaders and Public Servants"
.After an alleged attempt to overthrow President Momoh in March 1987, more than 60 senior government officials were arrested, including Vice-President Francis Minah, who was removed from office, convicted for plotting the coup, and executed by hanging in 1989 along with 5 others.^ Momoh put down an alleged coup attempt in 1987, arresting dozens of senior government officials in the aftermath.
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^ According to anthropologist and historian Joseph Opala, more slaves went directly to the Carolina & Georgia Rice Plantations from Sierra Leone than from any other slave castles on the African coast including Goree & Elmina.

^ Following another attempted coup in August 1996, alleged ringleader Major Johnny Paul Koroma was sent to prison.
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Multi-party constitution and Revolutionary United Front rebellion

.In October 1990, president Momoh set up a constitutional review commission to review the 1978 one-party constitution.^ He also sought to reduce domestic dissent by introducing a constitutional review process that led to reinstatement of a multi-party system in October 1991.
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^ In the face of increased opposition, Stevens used a dubious referendum to push through a new constitution in 1978 that officially made Sierra Leone a one-party state.
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^ Because one could easily speculate that if Ahmed Sesay is found guilty, then the President’s campaign to which Ahmed contributed money was partially funded by his drug money.

.Based on the commission recommendations a constitution re-establishing a multi-party system was approved by Parliament by a 60% majority vote, becoming effective on October 1, 1991. By November 1991, political oppostion became active once again in Sierra Leone.^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
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^ He also sought to reduce domestic dissent by introducing a constitutional review process that led to reinstatement of a multi-party system in October 1991.
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^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

But there was great suspicion that Momoh was not serious, and APC rule was increasingly marked by abuses of power.
Civil war broke out, mainly due to government corruption and mismanagement of diamond resources. The brutal civil war going on in neighboring Liberia played an undeniable role in the outbreak of fighting in Sierra Leone. .Charles Taylor—then leader of the National Patriotic Front of Liberia—reportedly helped form the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) under the command of former Sierra Leonean army corporal Foday Saybana Sankoh, an ethnic Temne from Tonkolili District in Northern Sierra Leone.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

Sankoh was a British trained former army corporal who had also undergone guerrilla training in Libya. Taylor’s aim was for the RUF to attack the bases of Nigerian dominated peacekeeping troops in Freetown who were opposed to his rebel movement in Liberia.
.The RUF, led by Sankoh and backed by Taylor, launched its first attack in villages in Kailahun District in eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia on March 23, 1991. The government of Sierra Leone, overwhelmed by a crumbling economy and corruption, was unable to put up significant resistance.^ However, in March 1991, a militant organization called the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia.
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^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
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.Within a month of entering Sierra Leone from Liberia, the RUF controlled much of the Eastern Province, including the diamond areas of Kailahun and Kono District.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

Forced recruitment of child soldiers was also an early feature of the rebel strategy.
.On April 29, 1992, a group of six young soldiers in the Sierra Leonean army, apparently frustrated by the government's failure to deal with the rebels and a revolt over salary pay launched a military coup which sent president Momoh into exile in Guinea [1].^ In April 1992 25-year-old Captain Vaentine Strasser (a Krio) led other young officers in ousting Momoh and establishing a National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC).
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^ Sierra Leonean governments since before independence have neither had an agenda nor ideology.

^ Momoh put down an alleged coup attempt in 1987, arresting dozens of senior government officials in the aftermath.
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.The young soldiers were Colonel Tom Nyuma, Sergon Solomon A.J. Musa, Captain Samuel Komba Kambo,Brigadier-General Julius Maada Bio, Colonel Yahya Kanu, Lieutenant Colonel Komba Mondeh and were led by 25-year-old captain Valentine Strasser, who belonged to the Krio ethnic group.^ Valentine Strasser was 25.

^ Hawa...the Baby Genius (before she was a mouth full) I have a two year old neice who leaves at home with us.

^ If the generator which is over 4 years old now is having a bad week as it did two weeks ago.

The soldiers established the National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC) with Yahya Kanu as its chairman. But Kanu was assassinated by fellow NPRC members, who accused him of trying to negotiate with the toppled APC administration. .On May 4, 1992, 25-year-old Valentine Strasser took over as chairman of the NPRC and Head of State of Sierra Leone.^ Valentine Strasser was 25.

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

.S.A.J. Musa, one of the leaders of the coup and a close friend of Strasser, took over as Vice-Chairman of the NPRC. Many Sierra Leoneans nationwide rushed into the streets to celebrate the NPRC's takeover from the 23-year dictatorial APC regime, which they perceived as corrupt.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ It would be a great we to distinguish SL businesses from foreing ones just in case some people actually care to patronize local small businesses and knwo they are empowering sierra leonean business people.

^ So on the eve of the APC one year anniversary all I can say is, I am not impressed although I still love Earnest Bai like my Daddy and I believe that he’s capable.

.The NPRC junta immediately suspended the 1991 Constitution, declared a state of emergency, banned all political parties, limited freedom of speech and freedom of the press, and enacted a rule-by-decree policy.^ He also sought to reduce domestic dissent by introducing a constitutional review process that led to reinstatement of a multi-party system in October 1991.
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.The NPRC Junters maintained relations with ECOWAS and support for ECOMOG troops in Sierra Leone which was fighting in Liberia.^ However, in March 1991, a militant organization called the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia.
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^ After the withdrawal of UNAMSIL peacekeepers, units attached to the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) have had responsibility for security at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in Freetown.
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^ Here you will find a diverse array of Sierra Leone related topics/commentaries/photos.

The army and police officers were granted unlimited powers of administrative detention without charge or trial, and challenges against such detentions in court were precluded.
In December 1992 a coup attempt led by Sgt. .Lamin Bangura to toppled the NPRC administration lead by Strasser was foiled and it led to the execution of seventeen soldiers in the Sierra Leone Army, including Sgt.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

Bangura. .By mid 1993 captain Strasser announced a plan to hand over the government to civilian rule by 1996. James Jonah was appointed by the NPRC Junta as the chairman of the new Interim Sierra Leone National Electoral Commission, in charge of the demarcation of electoral boundaries and voters registration.^ In April 1992 25-year-old Captain Vaentine Strasser (a Krio) led other young officers in ousting Momoh and establishing a National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC).
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^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

In 1994 the NPRC junters proposed a change in the age restriction in the Sierra Leonean constitution which stated only Sierra Leoneans over the age of 40 are eligible for the presidency, thus excluding Strasser and others in the NPRC.
The NPRC proved to be nearly as ineffectual as the Momoh-led APC government in repelling the RUF. More and more of the country fell to RUF fighters, and by 1995 they held much of the diamond-rich Eastern Province and were at the edge of Freetown. In response, the NPRC hired several hundred mercenaries from the private firm Executive Outcomes. .Within a month they had driven RUF fighters back to enclaves along Sierra Leone’s borders.^ Sierra Leone Refugee Allstars back with NEW album "RISE & SHINE" March 2010 .

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ However, in March 1991, a militant organization called the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia.
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During this time corruption had erupted within senior NPRC members. On July 5, Strasser dismissed his childhood friend Musa as deputy chairman of the NPRC and appointed Julius Maada Bio to succeed him. Some senior NPRC members, including Bio, Nyuma and Mondeh, were unhappy with Strasser's handling of the peace process.
.In January 1996, after nearly four years in power, Strasser was ousted in a coup by fellow NPRC members led by his deputy Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio, an ethnic Mende from Bonthe District.^ They plunged the coffers of the state and infighting led to a coup d'etat that oust Strasser and brought in another one of his comrades who eventually gave way to the democratically elected government of Tejan Kabbah.

Bio claimed that Strasser was attempting to amend the age restriction aspect of the constitution in order to perpetrate his hold on power. Bio reinstated the Constitution and called for general elections. .In the second round of presidential elections in early 1996, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, and ethnic Mandingo and the candidate of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), won 59% of the vote, over John Karefa-Smart, an ethnic Sherbro and the candidate of the United National People's Party (UNPP) who won 41%.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

Bio fulfilled promises of a return to civilian rule, and handed power to Kabbah. President Tejan Kabbah's SLPP party also won a majority of the seats in Parliament.
In 1996, Major General Johnny Paul Koroma who hail from the Limba ethnic group from Kono District was allegedly involved in an attempt to overthrow the government of president Kabbah. He was arrested, tried, convicted, and imprisoned at Freetown's Pademba Road Prison. .But some top-rank Army officers were unhappy with this decision, and on May 25, 1997, a group of soldiers who called themselves the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) overthrew Kabbah.^ Kabbah fled to neighbouring Guinea as Koroma invited the RUF to join his Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) in government.
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^ Junior officers loyal to Koroma launched a successful coup in May 1997, freed him from prison and made him head of state.
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.The AFRC released Koroma from prison and installed him as their chairman of the NPRC and Head of State of the country, with Foday Sankoh as the Vice-Chairman.^ Junior officers loyal to Koroma launched a successful coup in May 1997, freed him from prison and made him head of state.
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.Koroma suspended the constitution, banned demonstrations, shut down all private radio stations in the country and invited the RUF to join his government.^ One thing for sure is that the country shuts down during Ramadan and things tend to move slower than usual and its also rain season so when i say slow i mean slow.

^ Kabbah fled to neighbouring Guinea as Koroma invited the RUF to join his Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) in government.
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The Kamajors, a group of traditional fighters mostly from the Mende ethnic group under the command of deputy Defense Minister Samuel Hinga Norman remained loyal to President Kabbah. The Kamajors defended the Bo, the country's second largest city from the Junter and continue their attack against the AFRC and RUF in south-eastern Sierra Leone
.After 10 months in office, the junta was ousted by the Nigeria-led ECOMOG forces, and the democratically elected government of president Kabbah was reinstated in March 1998. Hundreds of civilians who had been accused of helping the AFRC government were illegally detained.^ They plunged the coffers of the state and infighting led to a coup d'etat that oust Strasser and brought in another one of his comrades who eventually gave way to the democratically elected government of Tejan Kabbah.

Courts-martial were held for soldiers accused of assisting the AFRC government. Twenty-four of these were found guilty and were executed without appeal in October 1998. On January 6, 1999, AFRC made another unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the government, causing many deaths and much destruction of property in and around Freetown.
In October, the United Nations agreed to send peacekeepers to help restore order and disarm the rebels. .The first of the 6,000-member force began arriving in December, and the UN Security Council voted in February 2000 to increase the force to 11,000, and later to 13,000. But in May, when nearly all Nigerian forces had left and UN forces were trying to disarm the RUF in eastern Sierra Leone, Sankoh's forces clashed with the UN troops, and some 500 peacekeepers were taken hostage as the peace accord effectively collapsed.^ Order cheap long distance phone cards and save money on all of your calls to and from Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leonean Calling Cards and Prepaid Phone Cards for Sierra Leone 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.calling-plans.com [Source type: News]

The hostage crisis resulted in more fighting between the RUF and the government.
.Between 1991 and 2001, about 50,000 people were killed in Sierra Leone's civil war.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

^ We even have Mormons in Sierra Leone from Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Church And there is an Indian temple on Wilkinson Road People will invite to church for thanksgiving this or that but Sierra Leoeneans in generally are not fussy about religion.

Hundreds of thousands of people were forced from their homes, and many became refugees in Guinea and Liberia. In 2001, UN forces moved into rebel-held areas and began to disarm rebel soldiers. By January 2002, the war was declared over. In May, Kabbah was reelected president. By 2004, the disarmament process was complete. Also in 2004, a UN-backed war crimes court began holding trials of senior leaders from both sides of the war. .In December 2005, UN peacekeeping forces pulled out of Sierra Leone.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

.In August 2007, Sierra Leone held presidential and parliamentary elections.^ The opposition APC won parliamentary elections in August 2007 and in the simultaneous presidential vote, APC candidate Ernest Bai Koroma advanced to a September runoff against incumbent Vice President and SLPP candidate Soloman Berewa.
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^ In 2007, Sierra Leone ranked 150th in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index of 180 countries.
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However, no presidential candidate won a majority of votes. .A runoff election was held in September 2007, and Ernest Bai Koroma, the candidate of the APC and an ethnic Temne from the north was elected president.^ Some said they were disgruntled and disappointed in Ernest Bai's government others are pleased and claim that their quality of life has improved since the elections.

^ As the president of the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce Fred Mundalo presented a plaque to His Excellency Ernest Bai inducting him into the Black Chamber of Commerce.

^ Ernest Bai & The APC Party 2 years in power .

.There is an increase in the number of drug cartels, many from Colombia, who are starting to use Sierra Leone as a base to ship drugs on to Europe.^ Krios are descendants of freed slaves who returned to Africa from the Americas, and their Krio language, based largely on English and African languages, is used as a lingua franca across the country.
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^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

[30] .It is feared that this may lead to increased corruption and violence and may turn the country, like neighboring Guinea-Bissau, into a narco state.^ Like most things that happen in Sierra Leone, the Cocaine saga has turned into a big joke but we’ve moved on.

Geography and climate

Satellite image of Sierra Leone, generated from raster graphics data supplied by The Map Library
The road from Kenema to Kailahun District.
.Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa, between the 7th and 10th parallels north of the equator.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ Home About us Contact us News Updates Advanced search ›› Directory › Africa › Sierra Leone › Sierra Leone Overview Quick search ›› .
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea to the north and northeast, Liberia to the south and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.^ Sierra Leone is bounded by Guinea in the north and east, Liberia in the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and west.
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^ However, in March 1991, a militant organization called the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia.
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^ After the withdrawal of UNAMSIL peacekeepers, units attached to the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) have had responsibility for security at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in Freetown.
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[36]
The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi), divided into a land area of 71,620 km2 (27,653 sq mi) and water of 120 km2 (46 sq mi).[2] The country has four distinct geographical regions. .In eastern Sierra Leone the plateau is interspersed with high mountains, where Mount Bintumani reaches 1,948 m (6,391 ft), the highest point in the country.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ But most importantly i hope to spread the word and tell others of the hospitality that i have been shown here in Sierra Leone and the beauty of its people and the country.

The upper part of the drainage basin of the Moa River is located in the south of this region.
.The centre of the country is a region of lowland plains, containing forests, bush and farmland,[36] that occupies about 43% of Sierra Leone's land area.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
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^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
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^ In 2002, the first staff of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) arrived in the country.
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The northern section of this has been categorised by the World Wildlife Fund as part of the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic ecoregion, while the south is rain-forested plains and farmland. .In the west Sierra Leone has some 400 km (249 mi) of Atlantic coastline, giving it both bountiful marine resources and attractive tourist potential.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ If you have any questions or topics you would like to see discussed or presented on Sierra Leone let me know and i will do my best to satisfy you.

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

The coast has areas of low-lying Guinean mangroves swamp. .The national capital Freetown sits on a coastal peninsula, situated next to the Sierra Leone Harbor, the world's third largest natural harbour.^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

The climate is tropical, with two seasons determining the agricultural cycle: the rainy season from May to November, and a dry season from December to May, which includes harmattan, when cool, dry winds blow in off the Sahara Desert and the night-time temperature can be as low as 16 °C (60.8 °F). The average temperature is 26 °C (78.8 °F) and varies from around 26 °C (78.8 °F) to 36 °C (96.8 °F) during the year.[37][38]

Environment

Logging, mining, slash and burn, and deforestation for land conversion - such as cattle grazing - have dramatically diminished forested land in Sierra Leone since the 1980s. .Correspondingly the habitat for the African Wild Dog, Lycaon pictus, has been decreased, such that this canid is deemed to have been extirpated in Sierra Leone.^ Fred proudly exclaimed that the mende people of Sierra Leone were therefore stronger in his eyes than any other African people.

^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

[39]
.Until 2002, Sierra Leone lacked a forest management system due to a brutal civil war that caused tens of thousands of deaths.^ If Hawanatu is Sierra Leone's Future...then fear not, cause it is super bright .

^ Splash Mobile Money: Sierra Leone's 1st Mobile Payment System "Dont Flash Me, Splash Me" .

Deforestation rates have increased 7.3% since the end of the civil war[40]. .On paper, 55 protected areas covered 4.5% of Sierra Leone as of 2003. The country has 2,090 known species of higher plants, 147 mammals, 626 birds, 67 reptiles, 35 amphibians, and 99 fish species.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ But most importantly i hope to spread the word and tell others of the hospitality that i have been shown here in Sierra Leone and the beauty of its people and the country.

[40]
.The Environmental Justice Foundation has documented how the number of illegal fishing vessels in Sierra Leone's waters has multiplied in recent years.^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

The amount of illegal fishing has significantly depleted fish stocks, depriving local fishing communities of an important resource for survival. The situation is particularly serious as fishing provides the only source of income for many communities in a country still recovering from over a decade of civil war.[41]
.In June 2005, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and Bird Life International agreed to support a conservation-sustainable development project in the Gola Forest in southeastern Sierra Leone,[42] an important surviving fragment of rainforest in Sierra Leone.^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
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^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
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^ He spoke of the importance of his journey to Sierra Leone and called it a milestone in his life.

Government and politics

.Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

.The current system of government in Sierra Leone, established under the 1991 Constitution, is modeled on the following structure of government: the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Splash Mobile Money: Sierra Leone's 1st Mobile Payment System "Dont Flash Me, Splash Me" .

[43]
Within the confines of the 1991 Constitution, supreme legislative powers are vested in Parliament, which is the law making body of the nation. Supreme executive authority rests in the president and members of his cabinet and judicial power with the judiciary of which the Chief Justice is head.
Ernest Bai Koroma, current president of Sierra Leone
.The president is the head of state, the head of government and the commander-in-chief of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces and the Sierra Leone Police.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

.The president appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers, which must be approved by the Parliament.^ When the president announced his cabinet, Ahmed’s half brother other times referred to as his cousin Kemoh Sesay was appointed as the Minister of Transport & Aviation.

The president is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two five-year terms. .The president is the highest and most influential position within the government of Sierra Leone.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was re-elected as President in May 2002, and his Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won a large majority in parliament.
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^ As the RUF and Liberian mercenaries encroached on the main diamond areas, Sierra Leone’s army grew impatient with President Momoh.
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.To be elected president of Sierra Leone, a candidate must gain at least 55% of the vote.^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

If no candidate gets 55%, there is to be a second-round runoff between the top two candidates.
.The current president of Sierra Leone is Ernest Bai Koroma, who was sworn in on September 17, 2007, shortly after being declared the winner of a tense run-off election over the incumbent Vice president, Solomon Berewa of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP).^ Finally he answered a call…he left me at the bar off to a “strategizing meeting” with Cheri Coco, a lawyer who then was running for MP (he won).

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Some said they were disgruntled and disappointed in Ernest Bai's government others are pleased and claim that their quality of life has improved since the elections.

[44]
.Next to the president is the Vice president, who is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Sierra Leone Government.^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

.As designated by the Sierra Leone Constitution, the vice president is to become the new president of Sierra Leone upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president by parliament and to assume the Presidency temporarily while the president is otherwise temporarily unable to fulfill his or her duties.^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Sierra Leone Refugee Allstars back with NEW album "RISE & SHINE" March 2010 .

The vice president is elected jointly with the president as his or her running mate. Sierra Leone's current vice president is Samuel Sam-Sumana, sworn in on September 17, 2007.
The Parliament of Sierra Leone is unicameral, with 124 seats. Each of the country's fourteen districts is represented in parliament. 112 members are elected concurrently with the presidential elections; the other 12 seats are filled by paramount chiefs from each of the country's 12 administrative districts.
.The current parliament in the August 2007 Parliamentary elections is made up of three political parties.^ The opposition APC won parliamentary elections in August 2007 and in the simultaneous presidential vote, APC candidate Ernest Bai Koroma advanced to a September runoff against incumbent Vice President and SLPP candidate Soloman Berewa.
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.The most recent parliamentary elections were held on August 11, 2007. The All People's Congress (APC), won 59 of 112 parliamentary seats; the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) won 43; and the People's Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC) won 10. To be qualified as Member of Parliament, the person must be a citizen of Sierra Leone, must be at least 21 years old, must be able to speak, read and write the English language with a degree of proficiency to enable him to actively take part in proceedings in Parliament; and must not have any criminal conviction.^ All People's Congress: One Year and counting...

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ So on the eve of the APC one year anniversary all I can say is, I am not impressed although I still love Earnest Bai like my Daddy and I believe that he’s capable.

[43]
The Sierra Leone Supreme Court in the capital Freetown, the highest and most powerful court in the country
.Since independence in 1961, Sierra Leone's politics has been dominated by two major political parties, the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), and the ruling All People's Congress (APC), although other minor political parties have also existed but with no significant supports.^ Living in Freetown, we all get caught up in our routines and it is therefore difficult to really get a feel for or understand whats going on in other peoples lives.

^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

^ I told him that while I was certain that the Sierra Leonean people needed a change, I wasn’t sure the APC was going to take us where we needed to go.

.The judicial power of Sierra Leone is vested in the judiciary, headed by the Chief Justice and comprising the Sierra Leone Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the country and its ruling therefore cannot be appealed; High Court of Justice; the Court of Appeal; the magistrate courts; and traditional courts in rural villages.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

The president appoints and parliament approves Justices for the three courts. The Judiciary have jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters throughout the country. .The current Sierra Leone's Chief Justice is Umu Hawa Tejan Jalloh, who was appointed by President Ernest Bai Koroma and took office on January 25, 2008 upon his confirmation by parliament.^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ As the president of the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce Fred Mundalo presented a plaque to His Excellency Ernest Bai inducting him into the Black Chamber of Commerce.

^ Salone music gave those who had lost faith a reason to believe and be proud, competing with each other over who had the newest releases from Sierra Leone.

.She is the first woman in the history of Sierra Leone to hold such position.^ In 2002, the first staff of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) arrived in the country.
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^ No one group dominated pre-colonial Sierra Leone, and relatively large groups such as the Temne and Mende were sub-divided into smaller units.
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[45]

Foreign relations

.The Sierra Leone Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations, headed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Zainab Hawa Bangura is responsible for foreign policy of Sierra Leone.^ I want to make a recommendation to the SL High Commission (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and SL Immigration to in the future develop a policy where they do matching fees with respective Embassies in Sierra Leone.

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

.Sierra Leone has diplomatic relations that include China, Libya, Iran, and Cuba.^ Here you will find a diverse array of Sierra Leone related topics/commentaries/photos.

.Sierra Leone has good relations with the West, including the United States and has maintained historical ties with the United Kingdom and other former British colonies through membership of the Commonwealth of Nations.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ According to anthropologist and historian Joseph Opala, more slaves went directly to the Carolina & Georgia Rice Plantations from Sierra Leone than from any other slave castles on the African coast including Goree & Elmina.

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

[46]
Former President Siaka Stevens' government had sought closer relations with other West African countries under the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) a policy continued by the current. .Sierra Leone, along with Liberia and Guinea form the Mano River Union (MRU) primarily designed to implement development projects and promote regional economic integration between the three countries.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

[47]
.Sierra Leone is also a member of the United Nations and its specialized agencies, the African Union, the African Development Bank (AFDB), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Our guests were Fred Jordan and Nanette Cutliff two African Americans who had travelled to Sierra Leone from San Francisco, California to speak at The African Network's yearly private sector entrepreneurship and investors conference.

[48] .Sierra Leone is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US military (as covered under Article 98).^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ We chattered two speed boats from the Pelican Water Taxi courtesy of Visit Sierra Leone that provided us with a tour guide for the trip.

Provinces and districts

The 14 districts of Sierra Leone.
.The Republic of Sierra Leone is composed of three provinces: the Northern Province, Southern Province and the Eastern Province and one other region called the Western Area.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
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^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Temne live an area inland from the coast to an area north of Mendeland; the Limba, in the Northern Province; and the Kono and Kissi in Eastern Province.
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The provinces are further divided into 12 districts, and the districts are further divided into chiefdoms, except for the Western Area.
District Capital Area km2 Province Population (2004 census)[49] Population (2008 estimates)
Bombali District Makeni 7,985 Northern Province 408,390 424,100[50]
Koinadugu District Kabala 12,121 265,758
Port Loko District Port Loko 5,719 455,746 483,752[51]
Tonkolili District Magburaka 7,003 347,197 370,425[52]
Kambia District Kambia 3,108 270,462 299,725[53]
Kenema District Kenema 6,053 Eastern Province 497,948 522,656[54]
Kono District Koidu Town 5,641 335,401
Kailahun District Kailahun 3,859 358,190 389,253[55]
Bo District Bo 5,473.6[56] Southern Province 463,668 527,131[57]
Bonthe District Mattru Jong 3,468 129,947 137,155 [2]
Pujehun District Gandorhun 4,105 228,392 262,073[58]
Moyamba District Moyamba 6,902 260,910
Western Area Urban District Freetown 3,568 Western Area 1,272,873 1,473,873
Western Area Rural District Freetown 4,175 174,249 205,400

Major cities

Freetown (population 1,070,200[59]) The capital, largest city and economic center of Sierra Leone.
.
Koidu Town (population 111,800) Sierra Leone's fourth largest city and a major center for diamond trade.
^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

The city is located in Kono District, the richest diamond producing District in Sierra Leone
City 2004 census[49] Current population estimate
Freetown 772,873 1,070,200[59]
Bo 149,957 215,474 [3].
Kenema 128,402 164,125 [4].
Koidu Town 80,025 111,800[60]
Makeni 82,840 105,900[60]
  • The populations quoted above for the five largest cities are estimates from the sources cited. Different sources give different estimates. Some claim that Magburaka should be included in the above list, but one source estimates the population at only 14,915,[61] whilst another puts it as high as 85,313.[62]

Economy

Diamond miners in Kono District.
.Sierra Leone is slowly emerging from a protracted civil war and is showing signs of a successful transition.^ The Vickie Remoe Show Brought to u by How4Do Productions: Sierra Leone's TV Talk Show if u get light, omni directional antenna & u able catch SLBS .

Investor and consumer confidence continue to rise, adding impetus to the country’s economic recovery. There is greater freedom of movement and the successful re-habitation and resettlement of residential areas.
Rich in minerals, Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. The country is among the top 10 diamond producing nations in the world. Mineral exports remain the main foreign currency earner. .Sierra Leone is a major producer of gem-quality diamonds.^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

Though rich in diamonds, it has historically struggled to manage their exploitation and export.
.Annual production of Sierra Leone's diamond estimates range between $250–300 million U.S dollar.^ The Vickie Remoe Show Brought to u by How4Do Productions: Sierra Leone's TV Talk Show if u get light, omni directional antenna & u able catch SLBS .

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

Some of that is smuggled, where it is possibly used for money laundering or financing illicit activities. .Formal exports have dramatically improved since the civil war with efforts to improve the management of them having some success.^ Some said they were disgruntled and disappointed in Ernest Bai's government others are pleased and claim that their quality of life has improved since the elections.

In October 2000, a UN-approved certification system for exporting diamonds from the country was put in place and led to a dramatic increase in legal exports. In 2001, the government created a mining community development fund, which returns a portion of diamond export taxes to diamond mining communities. The fund was created to raise local communities' stake in the legal diamond trade
.Sierra Leone is perhaps best known for its blood diamonds that were mined and sold for high prices during the civil war.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
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^ Sierra Leone has rich deposits of alluvial diamonds in its east, as well as minerals including rutile and bauxite.
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[citation needed] In the 1970s and early 1980s, economic growth rate slowed because of a decline in the mining sector and increasing corruption among government officials.
By the 1990s economic activity was declining and economic infrastructure had become seriously degraded. .Over the next decade much of the formal economy was destroyed in the country’s civil war.^ When he join our dinner table at country lodge the next day he confessed he hadnt been home for decades and was possibly looking forward to coming back over christmas.

.Since the end of hostilities in January 2002, massive infusions of outside assistance have helped Sierra Leone begin to recover.^ Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was re-elected as President in May 2002, and his Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) won a large majority in parliament.
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^ In 2002, the first staff of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) arrived in the country.
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Much of the recovery will depend on the success of the government's efforts to limit corruption by officials, which many feel was the chief cause for the civil war. A key indicator of success will be the effectiveness of government management of its diamond sector.
.Sierra Leone has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile, a titanium ore used as paint pigment and welding rod coatings.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ A couple weeks ago a nieghbour's baby died, one of many that has died in my neighbourhood in banana water over the past couple months, and hundreds that die in Sierra Leone.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

.Sierra Rutile Limited, owned by a consortium of United States and European investors, began commercial mining operations near the city of Bonthe, in the Southern Province, in early 1979. It was then the largest non-petroleum US investment in West Africa.^ MOBILE PHONE COMPANIES Africell: a Lebanese owned company operating in Gambia & Sierra Leone recently took over the assets and liabilities of TIGO formerly Millicom.

.The export of 88,000 tons realized $75 million in export earnings in 1990. In 1990, the company and the government made a new agreement on the terms of the company's concession in Sierra Leone.^ Sierra Leone Refugee Allstars back with NEW album "RISE & SHINE" March 2010 .

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

Rutile and bauxite mining operations were suspended when rebels invaded the mining sites in 1995, but exports resumed in 2005.
About two-thirds of the population engages in subsistence agriculture, which accounts for 52.5% of national income. The government is trying to increase food and cash crop production and upgrade small farmer skills. The government works with several foreign donors to operate integrated rural development and agricultural projects.
.Despite its successes and development, the Sierra Leone economy still faces significant challenges.^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

There is high unemployment, particularly among the youth and ex-combatants. Authorities have been slow to implement reforms in the civil service, and the pace of the privatisation programme is also slacking and donors have urged its advancement.

Currency

Sierra Leone’s currency is the Leone. .The central bank of the country is the Bank of Sierra Leone which is located in the capital, Freetown.^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

.Sierra Leone operates a floating exchange rate system, and foreign currencies can be exchanged at any of the commercial banks, recognised foreign exchange bureaux and most hotels.^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ MOBILE PHONE COMPANIES Africell: a Lebanese owned company operating in Gambia & Sierra Leone recently took over the assets and liabilities of TIGO formerly Millicom.

Credit card use is limited in Sierra Leone, though they may be used at some hotels and restaurants. .There are a few internationally linked automated teller machines that accept Visa cards in Freetown operated by ProCredit Bank.^ Additionally you can open a local account get a visa card that can be used everywhere visa is accepted all over the world.

^ ATM CARDS: UBA, Access Bank, Procredit, Rokel, Ecobank currently have ATMs operating around the city linked to local bank accounts.

^ Currently operating with Africell & Zain Users who can splash out to anyone on any mobile network Procredit Visa: Procedit bank is the only financial institution that offers visa services.

Demographics

A Mende woman in the village of Jojoima in Kailahun District
.The 2009 UN estimate of Sierra Leone's population is 6.4m.^ Sierra Leone Conference 2009 for Donors & Investors .

Freetown, with an estimated population of 1,070,200, is the capital, largest city and the hub of the economy, commercial, educational and cultural centre of the country. .Bo is the second city with an estimated population of up to 269,000. Other cities with an estimated population over 100,000 are Kenema, Koidu Town and Makeni.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

Sierra Leonean children in Koindu, Kailahun District playing next to a school damaged during the Sierra Leone Civil War
.Although English is the official language[6] spoken at schools, government administration and by the media, Krio (language derived from English and several African languages and native to the Sierra Leone Krio people) is the most widely spoken language in virtually all parts of Sierra Leone.^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ USers are usually high income earners/ people in the provinces Most people tend to carry both Zain & Comium phones although i use Africell & Zain.

^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

The Krio language is spoken by 97%[2] of the country's population and unites all the different ethnic groups, especially in their trade and interaction with each other.[1]
.According to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Sierra Leone had a population of 8,700 refugees and asylum seekers at the end of 2007. Nearly 20,000 Liberian refugees voluntarily returned to Liberia over the course of 2007. Of the refugees remaining in Sierra Leone, nearly all were Liberian.^ Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars (SLRAS) of "sodasoap" and "living like a refugee" fame will be releasing their second album March 2010.

^ Sierra Leone Refugee Allstars back with NEW album "RISE & SHINE" March 2010 .

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

[63]
.The life expectancy of Sierra Leone is 41 years.^ He spoke of the importance of his journey to Sierra Leone and called it a milestone in his life.

^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

[64]

Religion

Religions in Sierra Leone
religion percent
Islam
  
60%
Christianity
  
10%
Indigenous religions
  
30%
.Sierra Leone is a predominantly Muslim nation.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ So now i'm in Sierra Leone and this is my third Ramadan at home as a muslim.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

.Followers of Islam are estimated to comprise 60% of Sierra Leone's population.^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
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^ No single ethno-linguistic group forms an absolute majority of Sierra Leone’s population, which consists of 18 tribes.
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Muslim predominate in all of the country's three provinces and plus the Western Area. those of Christianity 10%, and those of African indigenous religion, 30%. [5][6].
.The Sierra Leone constitution provides freedom of religion and the government generally protects this right and does not tolerate its abuse.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ We even have Mormons in Sierra Leone from Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Church And there is an Indian temple on Wilkinson Road People will invite to church for thanksgiving this or that but Sierra Leoeneans in generally are not fussy about religion.

.Unlike many other African countries, the religious diversity of Sierra Leone has seldom led to conflict.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
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^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
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^ In 2002, the first staff of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) arrived in the country.
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Ethnic groups

.The Sierra Leone government officially fifteen ethnic groups,[9] each with its own language and custom.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ No one group dominated pre-colonial Sierra Leone, and relatively large groups such as the Temne and Mende were sub-divided into smaller units.
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^ Another coup in 1968 reinstated him, but hope for functioning democracy in Sierra Leone withered as Stevens set about establishing a repressive government apparatus.
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.Unlike most African nations, Sierra Leone has no serious ethnic divisions and no serious religious divisions.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

People often married across tribal and religious boundaries.
The two largest and most dominant are the Mende and Temne, each comprises 30% of the population[65] (about 1,888,000 members each). .The Mende predominate in the South-Eastern Provinces; the Temne likewise predominate in the Northern Province and the Western Area.^ Northerners increasingly resented the greater infrastructure development in the Mende and Krio strongholds of the south and west.
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^ The Temne live an area inland from the coast to an area north of Mendeland; the Limba, in the Northern Province; and the Kono and Kissi in Eastern Province.
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^ The 2007 election campaign highlighted the general rivalry for power between such northern peoples as the Temne and Limba, and the Mende, who are concentrated in the South.
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.Sierra Leone's national politics centers on the competition between the north, dominated by the Temne and the south-east dominated by the Mende.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

The third largest ethnic group are the Limba at (8.5%) of the population and they are a close ally of the Temne. .The Limba are primarily found in the Northern Sierra Leone, particularly in Bombali District and they are one of the earliest inhabitant of Sierra Leone.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ A couple weeks ago a nieghbour's baby died, one of many that has died in my neighbourhood in banana water over the past couple months, and hundreds that die in Sierra Leone.

.Sierra Leone's first president Siaka Stevens and country's second president Joseph Saidu Momoh are ethnic Limba.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

.Followed by the Mandingo at (7.4%) (they are the descendants of the Mandinka traders from Guinea who immigrated to Sierra Leone between 1840 to about 1898).^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ I want to make a recommendation to the SL High Commission (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and SL Immigration to in the future develop a policy where they do matching fees with respective Embassies in Sierra Leone.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

Historically, the Mandinka intense rivals have been the Temne and Limba. .Sierra Leone's third president Ahmad Tejan Kabbah is an ethnic Mandingo.^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

^ So now i'm in Sierra Leone and this is my third Ramadan at home as a muslim.

.The Kono at (6%) and they are primarily found in in Kono District in Eastern Sierra Leone.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

The Kono are primarily diamond miners and diamond dominante their economic activities.
.Followed by the Creole (at 5%) (descendants of freed West Indians slaves from the West Indies and freed African American slaves from the United States which landed in Freetown between 1787 and about 1885) are primarily found in the capital city of Freetown and its surrounding Western Area.^ Uncle Mundalo spoke about the importance of building economic ties between africa and african americans, connecting the dots of our common history to unleash africa's potential.

.Creole culture is unlike that of all other ethnic groups in Sierra Leone, and it is typical of Western culture and ideals.^ Fred proudly exclaimed that the mende people of Sierra Leone were therefore stronger in his eyes than any other African people.

^ Salone music gave those who had lost faith a reason to believe and be proud, competing with each other over who had the newest releases from Sierra Leone.

^ Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars (SLRAS) of "sodasoap" and "living like a refugee" fame will be releasing their second album March 2010.

.Former Sierrer Leone's Head of State Valentine Strasser is an ethnic Creole.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ It would be telling of us as a people if we let this man's life close in such a way and do not find avenues to restore his dignity as a man, a citizen, and as a former head of state.

.Then there are the Fula at (5%) (descendants of 17th- and 18th-century Fulani settlers from the Fouta Djalon region of Guinea ) live primarily in the north and the Western Area of Sierra Leone.^ Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars (SLRAS) of "sodasoap" and "living like a refugee" fame will be releasing their second album March 2010.

^ I told her that I’d been living in Sierra Leone for the past two years.

^ There were certain roads that over the years were the best tarred roads in the western area.

Much smaller ethnic groups are the Kuranko at (2%) in the north; the Loko in the north at (2.4%), with the Susu at (3%) and Yalunka at (1%) in the far north in Kambia District around the border with Guinea. The Kissi at (3%) and the much smaller group of Vai at (0.5% )are further inland in Kailahun District in the East next to the border with Liberia. On the coast in Bonthe District in the south are the Sherbro at (2.8%).
In the past, Sierra Leoneans were noted for their educational achievements, trading activity, entrepreneurial skills, and arts and crafts work, particularly wood carving. .Many are part of larger ethnic networks extending into several countries, which link West African states in the area.^ He was part of the presidential contingent at the airport on inauguration day that welcomed and ushered presidents into the country.

But the level of education and infrastructure has declined sharply over the last 30 years.[66]

Education

Second grade class in Koidu Town.
.Education in Sierra Leone is legally required for all children for six years at primary level (Class P1-P6) and three years in junior secondary education,[67] but a shortage of schools and teachers has made implementation impossible.^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

^ I told her that I’d been living in Sierra Leone for the past two years.

[68] Two thirds of the adult population of the country are illiterate.[69] .The Sierra Leone Civil War resulted in the destruction of 1,270 primary schools and in 2001 67 percent of all school-age children were out of school.^ Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars (SLRAS) of "sodasoap" and "living like a refugee" fame will be releasing their second album March 2010.

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Sierra Leonean school children should know as young as possible whether they live in a socialist, capitalist, Marxist, Pan-Africanist, or communist country.

[68] The situation has improved considerably since then with primary school enrollment doubling between 2001 and 2005 and the reconstruction of many schools since the end of the war.[70] Students at primary schools are usually 6 to 12 years old, and in secondary schools 13 to 18. Primary education is free and compulsory in government-sponsored public schools.
.The country has three universities, the University of Sierra Leone, founded as Fourah Bay College in 1827 (the oldest university in West Africa)[citation needed], and Njala University, primarily located in Bo District, which was established as the Njala Agricultural Experimental Station in 1910 and became a university in 2005.[71] Teacher training colleges and religious seminaries are found in many parts of the country.^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

Health

The Kailahun Government Hospital at its reopening in 2004. It is the main hospital that serves Kailahun District.
Healthcare is provided by the government, among others. .All medical care is generally charged for in Sierra Leone[72] The country has a very high infant mortality and a very low life expectancy.^ Portuguese explorers viewing the mountainous Freetown peninsula in the 15th Century called the territory ‘Lion Mountains’, the Italian translation of which, ‘Sierra Leone’, gave the country its name.
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^ Most Sierra Leoneans suffer debilitating poverty, severe health problems that include prevalent malaria and extreme infant mortality rates.
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^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

The maternal death rates are also the highest in the world, at 2,000 deaths per 100,000 live births. The country suffers from epidemic outbreaks of diseases including yellow fever, cholera, lassa fever and meningitis.[73] The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the population is 1.6 percent, higher than the world average of 1 percent but lower than the average of 6.1 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa.[74]

Military

.The Military of Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF), are the unified armed forces of Sierra Leone responsible for the territorial security of Sierra Leone's border and defending the national interests of Sierra Leone within the framework of its international obligations.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

The armed forces were formed after independence in 1961, on the basis of elements of the former British Royal West African Frontier Force present in the country. .The Sierra Leone Armed Forces currently consist of around 15,500 personnel, comprising the largest Sierra Leone Army,[75] the Sierra Leone Navy and the Sierra Leone Air Wing [76].^ Sierra Leone consistently ranks at or near the bottom of the UN Development Programme’s Human Development Index.
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^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ No single ethno-linguistic group forms an absolute majority of Sierra Leone’s population, which consists of 18 tribes.
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.The president of Sierra Leone is the Commander in Chief of the military, with the Minister of Defence responsible for defense policy and the formulation of the armed forces.^ If i were president of sierra leone i would call Pat Sowe up and give him a shovel and and dirt and tar and ask him to fix it.

^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

The current Sierra Leone Defense Minister is Ret. Major Alfred Paolo Conteh. .The Military of Sierra Leone also has a Chief of the Defence Staff who is a uniformed military official responsible for the administration and the operational control of the Sierra Leone military [77].^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Salone music gave those who had lost faith a reason to believe and be proud, competing with each other over who had the newest releases from Sierra Leone.

.Brigadier General Alfred Nelson-Williams who was appointed by president Koroma succeeded the retired Major General Edward Sam M’boma on 12 September 2008 as the Chief of Defense Staff of the Military.^ Upon taking office in September 2007, President Koroma pledged to crack down on corruption.
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[78]
.Before Sierra Leone gained independence in 1961 the military was known as the Royal Sierra Leone Military Force.^ Sierra Leonean governments since before independence have neither had an agenda nor ideology.

The military seized control in 1968, bringing the National Reformation Council into power. On 19 April 1971, when Sierra Leone became a republic, the Royal Sierra Leone Military Forces were renamed the Republic of Sierra Leone Military Force (RSLMF).[79] .The RSLMF remained a single service organization until 1979, when the Sierra Leone Navy was established.^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

.It then remained largely unchanged for 16 years until in 1995 when Defence Headquarters was established and the Sierra Leone Air Wing formed.^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

.This gave the need for the RSLMF to be renamed the Armed Forces of the Republic of Sierra Leone (AFRSL).^ Salone music gave those who had lost faith a reason to believe and be proud, competing with each other over who had the newest releases from Sierra Leone.

Law enforcement

Law enforcement in Sierra Leone is primarily the responsibility of the Sierra Leone Police (SLP). .Sierra Leone Police was established by the British colony back in 1894 and is one of the oldest police forces in West Africa.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
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^ No one group dominated pre-colonial Sierra Leone, and relatively large groups such as the Temne and Mende were sub-divided into smaller units.
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^ Home About us Contact us News Updates Advanced search ›› Directory › Africa › Sierra Leone › Sierra Leone Overview Quick search ›› .
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The key mission of the Sierra Leone Police include to prevent crime, to protect life and property, To detect and prosecute offenders, To maintain public order, To ensure safety and security, To enhance access to justice.^ He spoke of the importance of his journey to Sierra Leone and called it a milestone in his life.

^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

^ The 8 shot topics were: Blind Date & Relationships, Fatherhood, Violence & Anti Social Behaviors in Schools, Sierra Leone Music Industry, BO & Makeni, Public Health & Safety, Made in Sierra Leone Products, and an Independence Extravaganza Celebration.

.The Sierra Leone Police is headed by the Inspector General of Police, the professional head of the Sierra Leone Police force and is appointed by the President of Sierra Leone.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

.Each one of Sierra Leone's 14 districts is headed by a District Police commissioner who is the professional head of their respective district.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ Open a Local Account: a foreign friend who recently relocated to Sierra Leone was amazed at the ease of opening her bank account at a local Ecobank branch.

^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

.The Districts Police Commissioners report directly to the Inspector General of Police at the Sierra Leone Police headquarters in Freetown.^ Doing Business is Sierra Leone is getting Sweeter :-) For more on the Doing Business Report please visit www.doingbusiness.org Posted by Nasratha at 9:01 AM 3 comments .

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

The current Inspector General of Police is Brima Acha Kamara who was appointed to the position by former president Ahmad Tejan Kabbah.

Media

Radio listener in Kailahun
.Media in Sierra Leone began with the introduction of the first printing press in Africa at the start of the nineteenth century.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

A strong journalistic tradition developed with the creation of a number of newspapers. .In the 1860s, the country became a journalist hub for Africa, with professionals travelling to the country from across the continent.^ In 1827, Fourah Bay College in Freetown became the first university in sub-Saharan Africa, and attracted Anglophone students from across West Africa.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Krios are descendants of freed slaves who returned to Africa from the Americas, and their Krio language, based largely on English and African languages, is used as a lingua franca across the country.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the end of the nineteenth century, the industry went into decline, and when radio was introduced in the 1930s, it became the primary communication media in the country.^ The two rebithed children of the Mende tribe were then handed gifts of country cloth from the community as the hall broke into song and dance.

.The Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service (SLBS) was created by the government in 1934 making it the earliest English language radio broadcaster service in West Africa.^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ The Vickie Remoe Show Brought to u by How4Do Productions: Sierra Leone's TV Talk Show if u get light, omni directional antenna & u able catch SLBS .

The service began broadcasting television in 1963, with coverage extended to all the districts in the country in 1978.
.Print media is not widely read in Sierra Leone, especially outside Freetown, partially due to the low levels of literacy in the country.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

[80] In 2007 there were 15 daily newspapers in the country, as well as those published weekly.[81] Among newspaper readership, young people are likely to read newspapers weekly and older people daily. The majority of newspapers are privately run and are often critical of the government. The standard of print journalism tends to be low due to lack of training, and people trust the information published in newspapers less than that found on the radio.[80]
Isata Mahoi shown editing radio programmes in Talking Drum studio Freetown, she is also an actress in Sierra Leone radio soap opera Atunda Ayenda
.Radio is the most-popular and most-trusted media in Sierra Leone, with 85% of people having access to a radio and 72% of people in the country listening to the radio daily.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ Like most things that happen in Sierra Leone, the Cocaine saga has turned into a big joke but we’ve moved on.

[80] .These levels do vary between areas of the country, with the Western Area having the highest levels and Kailahun the lowest.^ "All women's dresses, in every age and country, are merely variations on the eternal struggle between the admitted desire to dress and the unadmitted desire to undress."

Stations mainly consist of local commercial stations with a limited broadcast range, combined with a few stations with national coverage. .The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) runs one of the most popular stations in the country, broadcasting programs in a range of languages.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ A couple weeks ago a nieghbour's baby died, one of many that has died in my neighbourhood in banana water over the past couple months, and hundreds that die in Sierra Leone.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

Content includes news of UN activities and human rights information, as well as music and news. .The UN missions will withdraw in 2008 and the UN Radio's future is uncertain.^ After the withdrawal of UNAMSIL peacekeepers, units attached to the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) have had responsibility for security at the Special Court for Sierra Leone in Freetown.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is also a government station run by the SLBS that transmits on FM and short-wave. FM relays of BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Voice of America are also broadcast.
Outside the capital Freetown television is not watched by a great many people. .There are two national, free terrestrial television stations in Sierra Leone, one run by the government SLBS and the other a private station, ABC Television-Africa (ABC).^ The Vickie Remoe Show Brought to u by How4Do Productions: Sierra Leone's TV Talk Show if u get light, omni directional antenna & u able catch SLBS .

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

.In 2007, a pay-per-view service was also introduced by GTV as part of a pan-African television service in addition to the nine year old sub-saharan Digital satellite television service (DStv) originating from Multichoice Africa in South Africa.^ SOS signal is a prosign, its respective letters have no inherent meaning per se On April 29th 1992 I was 7 years old.

.Internet access in Sierra Leone has been sparse but is on the increase, especially since the introduction of wireless services across the country.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

^ But most importantly i hope to spread the word and tell others of the hospitality that i have been shown here in Sierra Leone and the beauty of its people and the country.

There are nine Internet Service Providers (ISPs) operating in the country. Freetown has a city wide wireless network and Internet cafes and other businesses offering internet access. Problems experienced with access to the Internet include an intermittent electricity supply and a slow connection speed in the country outside Freetown.
.The Sierra Leone constitution guarantees freedom of speech, and freedom of the press; however, the government maintains strong control of media, and at times restricts these rights in practice.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

Some subjects are seen as taboo by society and members of the political elite; imprisonment and violence have been used by the political establishment against journalists.[82][83] Under legislation enacted in 1980, all newspapers must register with the Ministry of Information and pay sizable registration fees. The Criminal Libel Law, including Seditious Libel Law of 1965, is used to control what is published in the media.[84] In 2006, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah committed to reforming the laws governing the press and media to create a freer system for journalists to work in,[84] but in 2007, Sierra Leone was ranked as having the 121st least-free press in the world, with the press less-free, in comparison to other countries, than in 2006.[85]

Music of Sierra Leone

Transportation

.There are a number of systems of transport in Sierra Leone, which has a road, air and water infrastructure, including a network of highways and several airports.^ Labor is very very very very cheap in sierra leone and it would cost close to nothing to hire someone whose job it was to make sure that the toilets always have water.

^ I saw Ahmed many many times after and when I thought of my close friends in Sierra Leone he was certainly included.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

Air

.There are ten regional airports in Sierra Leone, and one international airport.^ A couple weeks ago a nieghbour's baby died, one of many that has died in my neighbourhood in banana water over the past couple months, and hundreds that die in Sierra Leone.

.The Lungi International Airport located in the coastal town of Lungi in Northern Sierra Leone is the primary airport for domestic and international travel to or from Sierra Leone.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

Passengers cross the river to Aberdeen Heliports in Freetown by hovercraft, ferry or a helicopter. Helicopters are also available from the airport to other major cities in the country. The airport has paved runways longer than 3,047m. The other airports have unpaved runways, and seven have runways 914 to 1,523 metres long; the remaining two have shorter runways.

Prohibition from E.U. air operations

This country appears on the E.U. list of prohibited countries with regard to the certification of airlines. .This means that no airline which is Sierra Leone registered may operate services of any kind within the European Union.^ MOBILE PHONE COMPANIES Africell: a Lebanese owned company operating in Gambia & Sierra Leone recently took over the assets and liabilities of TIGO formerly Millicom.

This is due to substandard safety standards.[86]

Water

.Sierra Leone has the third largest natural harbor in the world, where international shipping berth at the Queen Elizabeth II Quay in Government Wharf in central Freetown.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ Arguably the closest you’ll get to a 5star hotel in Sierra Leone, a two and half hour drive from Freetown.

^ So now i'm in Sierra Leone and this is my third Ramadan at home as a muslim.

.There are 800 km of waterways in Sierra Leone, of which 600 km are navigable year-round.^ I intend to go on a campaign to convince the San Francisco Black Chamber of Commerce to have their annual conference here in when Sierra Leone turns 50 in the year 2011.

^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Sierra Leone which in previous years was second from last has moved up to a rank of 148/183.

Major port cities are Bonthe, Freetown, Sherbro Island and Pepel.

Highways

.There are 11,700 kilometers (about 7,270 Miles) of highways in Sierra Leone, of which 936 km (about 581 miles) are paved (about 8% of the roads).^ We even have Mormons in Sierra Leone from Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Church And there is an Indian temple on Wilkinson Road People will invite to church for thanksgiving this or that but Sierra Leoeneans in generally are not fussy about religion.

^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

Sierra Leone highways are linked to Conakry, Guinea, and Monrovia, Liberia.

Sports

Football

.
Sierra Leonean football star Sheriff Suma just after a Leone Stars training session on 4 Sept.
^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

^ By then Ahmed had been appointed as the manager of the national football team; Leone Stars.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

2008 at the National Stadium in Freetown.
.Football (soccer) is by far the most popular sport in Sierra Leone.^ Like most things that happen in Sierra Leone, the Cocaine saga has turned into a big joke but we’ve moved on.

^ But most importantly i hope to spread the word and tell others of the hospitality that i have been shown here in Sierra Leone and the beauty of its people and the country.

.The national football team, popularly known as the Leone Stars, represents the country in international competitions.^ By then Ahmed had been appointed as the manager of the national football team; Leone Stars.

^ When I asked Ahmed about being Leone Stars team manager he said that he had promised His Excellency my favorite president Earnest Bai that he would make sure that the team qualified for the World Cup & 2010 Nations Cup in Angola.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

.It has never qualified for the FIFA World Cup but participated in the 1994 and 1996 African Cup of Nations.^ When I asked Ahmed about being Leone Stars team manager he said that he had promised His Excellency my favorite president Earnest Bai that he would make sure that the team qualified for the World Cup & 2010 Nations Cup in Angola.

.The country's national television network, The Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service (SLBS) broadcasts the live match, along with several radio stations throughout the country.^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

Some well known Sierra Leonean footballers include the team captain Mohamed Kallon, Julius Gibrilla Woobay, Al Bangura, Paul Kpaka, Rodney Strasser, Ahmed Deen, Samuel Barlay, Kewullay Conteh Albert Jarrett and Kei Kamara
.The Sierra Leone National Premier League is the top football league, controlled by the Sierra Leone Football Association.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ By then Ahmed had been appointed as the manager of the national football team; Leone Stars.

^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

The two biggest and most successful football clubs are East End Lions and Mighty Blackpool, but Kallon F.C. has enjoyed contemporary success. .Kallon F.C. won the Premier League and the Sierra Leonean FA Cup in 2006, and eliminated 2006 Nigerian Premier League Champions Ocean Boys FC in the 2007 CAF Champions League first qualifying round, but later lost to ASEC Mimosas of Ivory Coast in the second qualifying round for the group stage.^ You can also stop by tribes to watch your champions and premier league games.

^ Residents of Boyle and its surrounding neighbourhoods from murray town, Ohlohshoro and beyond crowd the cinema every week to catch premier and champion league soccer games.

^ According to the report Sierra Leone is a better place to do business than Ivory Coast(168),Angola(169, and Senegal (157).

.The Sierra Leone U-17 football team, nicknamed the Sierra Stars, finished as runner-up at the 2003 African U-17 Championship in Swaziland, but came in last place in their group at the 2003 FIFA U-17 World Championship in Finland.^ By then Ahmed had been appointed as the manager of the national football team; Leone Stars.

^ I was most proud and happy to learn when i came back on tuesday that the team had in fact returned home with medals last week as the runners up to compete in the World Cricket League Divison 2 Africa competitions to be played in Benoni, South Africa next year.

^ When I asked Ahmed about being Leone Stars team manager he said that he had promised His Excellency my favorite president Earnest Bai that he would make sure that the team qualified for the World Cup & 2010 Nations Cup in Angola.

Cricket

.The Sierra Leone cricket team represents Sierra Leone in international cricket competitions, and is among the best in West Africa.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

^ If you have any questions or topics you would like to see discussed or presented on Sierra Leone let me know and i will do my best to satisfy you.

It became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council in 2002. It made its international debut at the 2004 African Affiliates Championship, where it finished last of eight teams. .But at the equivalent tournament in 2006, Division Three of the African region of the World Cricket League, it finished as runner-up to Mozambique, and just missed a promotion to Division Two.^ I was most proud and happy to learn when i came back on tuesday that the team had in fact returned home with medals last week as the runners up to compete in the World Cricket League Divison 2 Africa competitions to be played in Benoni, South Africa next year.

^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

^ My two cousins and aunt finish up yesterday's jollof rice, which they top off with some bread and butter and tea.

Basketball

.The Sierra Leone national basketball team represents Sierra Leone in international men's basketball competitions and is controlled by the Sierra Leone Basketball Federation.^ Sierra Leone’s mounting international debt led Momoh to agree to stringent Structural Adjustment Programmes put forward by the International Monetary Fund.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

The squad is mostly home-based, with a few foreign players.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/181/
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Sierra Leone". The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Sierra Leone". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=724&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=42&pr.y=6. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  4. ^ a b Encarta Encyclopedia. ""Sierra Leone"". http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761563681/Sierra_Leone.html. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  5. ^ The World Guide. ""Sierra Leone Geography"". http://sbs.com.au/theworldnews/Worldguide/index.php3?country=178&header=3. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  6. ^ a b "Sierra Leone Overview". United Nations Development Programme Sierra Leone. http://www.sl.undp.org/sloverview.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  7. ^ "Sierra Leone makes Bengali official language". http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_29-12-2002_pg9_6. Retrieved 2002-12-29. 
  8. ^ Zahurul Alam (27 December 2002). "Bangla Made One of The Official Languages of Sierra Leone". http://www.voanews.com/bangla/archive/2002-12/a-2002-12-27-3-Bangla.cfm?mod. 
  9. ^ a b About Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone Encyclopedia, 2007, http://www.daco-sl.org/encyclopedia/1_gov/1_1gosl.htm, retrieved 2008-07-27 
  10. ^ visitsierraleone.org. ""Freetown"". http://www.visitsierraleone.org/freetown.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
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  12. ^ Kup (1961), p. 116
  13. ^ a b Classic Encyclopedia. ""Sierra Leone"". http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Sierra_Leone. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  14. ^ Room (1995), p. 346-7
  15. ^ a b Kingfisher Geography encyclopedia. ISBN 1-85613-582-9. Page 180
  16. ^ History World. ""History of Sierra Leone"". http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad45. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  17. ^ Sillinger (2003), p. 104
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  25. ^ Utting (1931), p. 33
  26. ^ Utting (1931), p. 8
  27. ^ LeVert, Suzanne (2006), Cultures of the World: Sierra Leone, Marshall Cavendish (published 2007), p. 22, ISBN 9780761423348 
  28. ^ Sibthorpe, A. B. C. (1970), The History of Sierra Leone, Routledge, p. 7, ISBN 9780714617695 
  29. ^ National Maritime Museum. ""Sir John Hawkins"". http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/explore/object.cfm?ID=BHC2755. Retrieved 2008-12-09. 
  30. ^ a b Sierra Leone’s struggle for progress
  31. ^ www.sierra-leone.org. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  32. ^ Martin Killson, Political Change in a West African State: A Study of the Modernization Process in Sierra Leone, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 1966, p 60. Also pp 106, 107, 110, 111, 186-188 on other riots and strikes.
  33. ^ a b c d e Advocate Nations of Africa: Sierra Leone
  34. ^ Sierra Leone's Leader; Milton Augustus Strieby Margai, New York Times, April 28, 1961
  35. ^ The Final Report of the Truth & Reconciliation Commission of Sierra Leone.
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  37. ^ Blinker, Linda (September 2006), COUNTRY ENVIRONMENT PROFILE (CEP) SIERRA LEONE, Freetown, Sierra Leone: CONSORTIUM PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF, p. 12, http://www.delsle.ec.europa.eu/en/whatsnew/Docs/Final%20Report%20Country%20Environmental%20Profile%20(CEP)%20SL%2019-OCT-06.pdf, retrieved 2008-09-25 
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  39. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
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  66. ^ ""Sierra Leone (02/08)"". "U.S. Department of State". http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-17. 
  67. ^ Wang, Lianqin (2007), Education in Sierra Leone: Present Challenges, Future Opportunities, World Bank Publications, p. 2, ISBN 0821368680 
  68. ^ a b "Sierra Leone". 2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2002). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  69. ^ http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/20.html
  70. ^ Wang, Lianqin (2007), Education in Sierra Leone: Present Challenges, Future Opportunities, World Bank Publications, p. 1 and 3, ISBN 0821368680 
  71. ^ Njala University College (Nuc), Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone Encyclopedia, July, http://www.daco-sl.org/encyclopedia/1_gov/1_7njala.htm, retrieved 2008-06-25 
  72. ^ "Sierra Leone". The Kambia Appeal. http://www.kambia.org.uk/information_about/sierra_leone.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  73. ^ "The Primary Health Care Hand Book Policing" (doc). Ministry of Health & Sanitation. 2007-05-25. http://www.health.sl/drwebsite/publish/healthcare.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  74. ^ "2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic" (pdf). UNAIDS. 2006. http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/GlobalReport/Default.asp. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  75. ^ Armed forces (Sierra Leone) Jane's Sentinel Security Assessments, June 2008
  76. ^ http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-World-Air-Forces/Summary-Sierra-Leone.html
  77. ^ http://www.news.sl/drwebsite/publish/article_200511647.shtml
  78. ^ New Vision, Freetown, 15 September 2008
  79. ^ Partners: Sierra Leone Armed Forces
  80. ^ a b c Media use, and attitudes towards media in Sierra Leone:A comprehensive baseline study, BBC World Service Trust and Search for Common Ground, June 2007, http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/trust/pdf/media_report_2007.pdf, retrieved 2007-04-19 
  81. ^ Jalloh, Tanu (28 December 2007), Sierra Leone: Newspaper Development, Freetown, Sierra Leone: Concord Times, http://allafrica.com/stories/200712310637.html, retrieved 2008-04-19 
  82. ^ Wilson, Harry (2005), Press Freedoms and Human Rights:2005 Year End Press Freedom Brief, Commonwealth Press Union, http://www.cpu.org.uk/pf_2005_review.html, retrieved 2008-04-20 
  83. ^ Sierra Leone - Annual report 2006, Reporters without Borders:For Press Freedom, 2006, http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=17400, retrieved 2008-04-20 
  84. ^ a b Sierra Leone - Annual report 2006, Reporters without Borders:For Press Freedom, 2006, http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=17400, retrieved 2008-04-20 
  85. ^ Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2007, Reporters without Borders:For Press Freedom, 2007, http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=24025, retrieved 2008-04-20 
  86. ^ List of banned E.U. air carriers

Book references

Primary sources

Secondary sources

  • Room, Adrian (1995). Placenames of the World. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0786418141. 
  • Levinson, Robby (1998). Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix: Oryx Press. ISBN 1573560197. 

Further reading

  • Abraham, Arthur (1978). Mende Government and Politics under Colonial Rule. Freetown and London. 
  • Abraham, Arthur (1978). .Cultural Policy in Sierra Leone.^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

    UNESCO.
     
  • Abraham, Arthur (1978). "Sengbe Pieh: A Neglected Hero?". Journal of the Historical Society of Sierra Leone II (2). 
  • Abraham, Arthur (c. 1976). .Topics in Sierra Leone History: A Counter-Colonial Interpretation.^ If you have any questions or topics you would like to see discussed or presented on Sierra Leone let me know and i will do my best to satisfy you.

    ^ Here you will find a diverse array of Sierra Leone related topics/commentaries/photos.

    Sierra Leone: Leone Publishers.
     
  • Bah, M. Alpha (1998). Fulbe Migration in Sierra Leone: A Case History of Twentieth-Century Migration and Settlement Among the Kissi of Koindu. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. 
  • Berger, Daniel (2003). In the Land of Magic Soldiers: A Story of White and Black in West Africa. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 
  • Blyden, Nemata Amelia. .'In Her Majesty' Service: West Indians in British Colonial Government, Sierra Leone, 1808-1880: Race, Class and Ethnicity in a British West African Colony. 
  • Clarke, J.I., Nelson, S.J.A. and Swindell, K. (1966).^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

    ^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

    ^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

    Sierra Leone in Maps. London. 
  • Cole, Bernadette (1995). Mass Media, Freedom and Democracy in Sierra Leone. Freetown. 
  • Conteh-Morgan, Earl and Dixon-Fyle, Mac (1999). .Sierra Leone at the End of the Twentieth Century: History, Politics and Society.^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

    New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
     
  • Cox-George, N. A. (1961). .Finance and Development in West Africa: The Sierra Leone Experience.^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

    ^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

    ^ We left Sierra Leone in 1994 for Ethiopia and that concluded our NPRC experience and their regime went south after that.

    London: D. Dobson.
     
  • Foray, Cyril P. (1977). Historical Dictionary of Sierra Leone. Metuchen and London: The Scarecrow Press. 
  • Forna, Aminatta (2002). .The Devil that danced on the Water: A daughter’s memoir.^ Shaka Forna (brother to Aminata Forna of Devil that Danced on Water Fame).

    London.
     
  • Fyfe, Christopher (1962). A History of Sierra Leone. Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press. 
  • Fyle, Christopher (1964). Sierra Leone Inheritance. London. 
  • Fyfe, Christopher (1992). Africanus Horton, 1835-1883 : West African Scientist and Patriot. Aldershot. 
  • Gberie, Lansana, Smillie, Ian and Hazleton, Ralph (January 2000). The Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds and Human Society. Partnership Africa Canada. 
  • Global Witness (June 2000). Conflict Diamonds, Possibilities for the Identification, Certification and Control of Diamonds. 
  • Hirsch; John L. (2000). Sierra Leone: Diamonds and the Struggle for Democracy. Lynne Rienner Pub. 
  • Jalloh, Alusine (1999). ."African Entrepreneurship: Muslim Fula Merchants in Sierra Leone". Monographs in International Studies, Africa Series (Ohio University Center for International Studies) (71). 
  • Jalloh, S. Balimo (1991).^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

    ^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

    ^ Our guests were Fred Jordan and Nanette Cutliff two African Americans who had travelled to Sierra Leone from San Francisco, California to speak at The African Network's yearly private sector entrepreneurship and investors conference.

    Sierra Leone. Länderbericht, Bergisch Gladbach. 
  • Jalloh, S. Balimo (February 2001). ."Conflicts, Resources and Social Instability in Subsahara Africa – The Sierra Leone Case". Internationasles Afrikaforum (37): 166–180. 
  • Jalloh, S. Balimo (April 1995).^ Well for companies, and individuals that are looking to make foreign direct investment to markets in Africa, post conflict or otherwise, they know that doing Business in Sierra Leone is Good and their investment will be well protected.

    ^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

    ^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

    "Subsahara Africa – Trade Expansion Through Countertrade". Internationales Afrikaforum: 365–374. 
  • Jones, Durosimi Eldred (1965). Othellos Countrymen. Oxford University Press. 
  • Jones, Durosimi Eldred and Eustace Palmer (1995). African Literature Today Africa World Press. London. 
  • Jones, Howard (1986). Mutiny on the Amistad: The Saga of a Slave Revolt and its Impact on American Abolition, Law and Diplomacy. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  • Kabba, Muctaru, (Editor) (1988). .Sierra Leonean Heroes, Fifty Great Men and Women Who Helped to Build Our Nation.^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

    ^ He followed up by saying that though he could list over fifty well qualified successful Sierra Leoneans who could certainly run the country, how many of those individuals would work for the govt?

    ^ The article was generally on women who control men etc.

    Freetown.
     
  • Koroma, Abdul K. (1996). .Sierra Leone – The Agony of a Nation.^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

    ^ British nationals applying for Sierra Leonean visas pay about le.250,000 a fee that is set by Sierra Leone immigration.

    Freetown: Andromeda Publications.
     
  • Kpundeh, Sahr John. .Politics and Corruption in Africa: A Case Study of Sierra Leone.^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

    ^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

    ^ Sierra Leone Cricket Squad beats Rwanda to advance to the World Cricket League (WCL) Africa Division 2 .

    Lanham: University Press of America.
     
  • Lewis, Damien (2005). Operation Certain Death - The Inside Story of the SAS'S Greatest Battle. Arrow Books. 
  • Nicol, Davidson, Regionalism and the New International Economic Order; UNITAR-CEESTEM-Club of Rome conference at the United Nations, Pergamon Press, 1981.
  • Opala, Joseph (1987). .The Gullah: Rice, Slavery, and the Sierra Leone-American Connection.^ But as to what will bring African Americans to Sierra Leone, it is simple.

    U.S. Information Service.
     
  • William Reno (1995). .Corruption and State Politics in Sierra Leone.^ What I do know however, is that the constitution of Sierra Leone makes provisions for former heads of state and Strasser is not and has not benefited from it.

    ^ In 2007, Sierra Leone ranked 150th in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index of 180 countries.
    • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

    Cambridge University Press.
     
  • Paul Richards (1996). Fighting for the Rain Forest – War Youth & Resources in Sierra Leone. London: James Currey Publishers. 
  • Sawyerr, Harry (1970). God, Ancestor or Creator? .Aspects of Traditional Belief in Ghana, Nigeria & Sierra Leone.^ TBC Salone Initiative Ghana Public Policy ThinkThank Visit Sierra Leone African Film Festival The African Magazine Blog Archive .

    Harlow: Longmans. 
  • H.L. van der Laan (1965). .The Sierra Leone Diamonds, An Economic Study covering the years 1952-1961.^ In 1935 the colonial government granted a 99-year mining monopoly to the Sierra Leone Selection Trust, owned by the Belgian company De Beers.
    • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the 20th century, mining became increasingly important for Sierra Leone’s economy, and populations shifted from agricultural areas to centres of diamond and iron-ore mining.
    • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The folks over at Visit Sierra Leone had organized several trips to Bunce Island in previous years but I had been unable to make the trip.

    Oxford.
     
  • Wyse, Akintola J.G.; Deveneaux, Gustav H.K. (1993). The Sierra Leone-German connection, 1787-1987, An Overview. Freetown: The German Embassy. 
  • Wyse, Akintola J. G. (1990). .H. C. Bankole-Bright and Politics in Colonial Sierra Leone, 1919-1958.^ If Hawanatu is Sierra Leone's Future...then fear not, cause it is super bright .

    ^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

    Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
  • Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2001). The Modern African State: Quest for Transformation, Chapter Two: Anarchy and Mercenaries in Sierra Leone: The Powerless African State, pp. 19 – 72. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Huntington, New York; Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Military Coups in West Africa Since The Sixties, Chapter Twelve: Sierra Leone, pp. 183 – 196, Nova Science Publishers, 2001.

External links

Government
General information
News media
Tourism
Telecommunication
Other

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : West Africa : Sierra Leone
noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:sl-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Freetown
Government Republic
Currency Leone (SLL)
Area total: 71,740 km2
water: 120 km2
land: 71,620 km2
Population 4,976,871 (2004)
Language English (official), Krio (English-based Creole, Lingua Franca), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north)
Religion Muslim, Christian, indigenous beliefs
Electricity 220V/50Hz (British plug)
Calling Code +232
Internet TLD .sl
Time Zone UTC
.Sierra Leone is on the West Coast of Africa between 7 and 10 degrees N, and longitudes 10.5 and 13 degrees W. The Republic of Guinea is to the north and northeast; Liberia is to the east and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west and south.^ HISTORY European contacts with Sierra Leone were among the first in West Africa.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa, north of the equator.
  • Culture of Sierra Leone - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, population, religion, rituals 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It has 402 km of coastline.
.From an approximate 100km coastal belt of low-lying land, the country rises to a mountain plateau near the eastern frontier rising 1200m to 2000m with a rich timber forest region.^ It encompasses areas of heavy rain forest, swamp, plains of open savanna, and hill country, rising to 6390 feet at Loma Mansa (Bintimani) in the Loma Mountains.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is followed by low-lying mangrove swamps, rain-forested plains and farmland, and finally a mountainous plateau in the east, where Mount Bintumani rises to 6,390 feet (1,948 meters).
  • Culture of Sierra Leone - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, population, religion, rituals 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beyond that is the "Upcountry," a region of rolling hills rising gradually to mountains three thousand feet high in the far northwest.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

The peninsula, on which the capital and main commercial centre of Freetown stands, is 40km long and 17km wide with a mountainous interior.
Map of Sierra Leone
Map of Sierra Leone
  • Freetown - Capital city in the West of the country
  • Bo - Second city and capital of the South
  • Kenema - Major city in the East
  • Makeni - Major city in the North
  • Koidu Town - Another major city in the East and capital of the diamond mining Kono district.

Understand

.Sierra Leone is recovering from several years of a brutal civil war which killed and maimed many thousands.^ Sierra Leone, like many other African countries, is guilty of "state led prostitution" in its attempts to bring investors back into the country, argues Sweet Sierra Leone.

^ Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Sierra Leone are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plans to reopen bauxite and rutile mines shut down during an 11 year civil war have not been implemented due to lack of foreign investment.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The war ended in 2001. The government, with considerable international assistance has put in place measures which have stabilised the country politically and economically.^ The White Paper concluded that the government: Will use its best endeavours to ensure the full and timely implementation of various reparations programmes recommended by the Commission, subject to the means available to the State, taking into consideration the resources available to it and assistance received from the international community and the countries mentioned in the Report.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The government assisted in reintegrating trafficking victims when requested; however, there were no known requests for assistance with international investigations or extraditions.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the many individuals maimed in the civil war, or who had their limbs amputated by rebel forces, received special assistance from local and international humanitarian organizations.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While the government sector still suffers from chronic shortage of resources, the private sector is booming.^ However, the recently adopted Comprehensive Development Framework (1999) emphasizes "partnerships among governments, donors, civil society, the private sector, and other development actors."
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although independent from the other branches of government, the action of the judicial branch has suffered from the practice of corruption, lack of resources and qualified personnel.
  • Background on Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.mnadvocates.org [Source type: Original source]

The potential for tourism is vast, but currently unrealised. .Tour operators are looking closely at what the country has to offer and if the newly democratically elected (Summer 2007) government can maintain the current momentum, Sierra Leone potentially has a very bright future.^ If Hawanatu is Sierra Leone's Future...then fear not, cause it is super bright .

^ Sierra Leone, like many other African countries, is guilty of "state led prostitution" in its attempts to bring investors back into the country, argues Sweet Sierra Leone.

^ We are a local tour operating company in Sierra Leone and in addition to the tons of free information available on this site and our forum community, we also offer a range of services, from customised tours and visa applications to vehicle hire and accommodation , to help you plan your trip.
  • Sierra Leone Travel and Tourism - Your Online Travel Guide and Local Tour Operator in Sierra Leone | Visit Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.visitsierraleone.org [Source type: News]

Climate

.Sierra Leone has a tropical climate, typified by warm temperatures and high humidity.^ The High Court Rules, 2007 *searchable In exercise of the powers conferred on it by section 145 of the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1991, the Rules of Court Committee hereby makes the following Rules.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sierra Leone’s judicial system consists of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, High Court of Justice, and magistrate courts.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone, like many tropical countries, is home to a variety of diseases.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Night time temperatures rarely drop below 24C and daytime temperatures reach 30C throughout the year. From October to March the weather is generally dry with many fine, hot, sunny days. From April to September, is the rainy season. The rainfall increases to a peak in July and August and then decreases until rain has almost ceased by November.

Terrain

.Coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east.^ Terrain: Mangrove swamps and beaches and mostly shallow bays along the coast, wooded hills along the immediate interior, and a mountainous plateau in the interior.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It encompasses areas of heavy rain forest, swamp, plains of open savanna, and hill country, rising to 6390 feet at Loma Mansa (Bintimani) in the Loma Mountains.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Climate : tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April) Landscape : coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east Natural Resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite Environmental hazards: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing Population : 5,732,681 (July 2003 est.
  • Background on Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.mnadvocates.org [Source type: Original source]

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

Electricity

Electricity is officially 220V/50Hz. Sockets are British standard. Supplies are intermittent, but improving. .Sierra Leone does not have sufficient generation capacity to meet demand.^ In general, the security conditions in Sierra Leone have greatly improved since the end of the civil war in 2002.
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The KDO is currently undertaking to secure medicines, food, and clothing for the victims of conflict in Koinadugu District in particular and Sierra Leone in general.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How and to what degree does the Sierra Leone government account for gender justice?
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Parts of Freetown do now get a reasonable supply. The Bumbuna Dam Project is now operational (6 November 2009), which provides 50MW of electricity to the capital.

Get in

.Please note that Yellow Fever vaccines are required for most nationalities.^ Visas Tourist Visa: Required but available on arrival (US$50) Business Visa: Required Student Visa: Required Official Visa : Required but available on arrival (free) A yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required of travellers arriving from infected areas.
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Proof of vaccination might be required to get a visa!

Passport and Visa

.All persons entering Sierra Leone must have a valid passport or travel document.^ A valid Canadian passport is required for Canadians intending to visit Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ In Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, office blocks, military headquarters and a refurbished stadium are all the work of planners from Beijing.

^ Membership is open to all Sierra Leonean women, and support from all Sierra Leoneans and friends of Sierra Leone is welcomed.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Citizens of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) do not require a visa to enter the country.^ Sierra Leone, like many other African countries, is guilty of "state led prostitution" in its attempts to bring investors back into the country, argues Sweet Sierra Leone.

^ Many Sierra Leonean citizens launched a campaign of passive resistance to the AFRC. The brutal stalemate was broken when troops from Nigeria, Guinea, Ghana, and Mali, part of the Economic Council of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG), routed the AFRC and restored Kabbah to power in 1998.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many immigrants enter the United States with student visas or after earning degrees from British universities or from Fourah Bay College in Freetown.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All other nationalities will require a visa, which are issued at Sierra Leone's overseas missions and at the land borders.^ Sierra Leone, like many other African countries, is guilty of "state led prostitution" in its attempts to bring investors back into the country, argues Sweet Sierra Leone.

^ In Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, office blocks, military headquarters and a refurbished stadium are all the work of planners from Beijing.

^ Being a Decree to establish the maritime zones of Sierra Leone in conformity with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982; and for connected purposes.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

.Visas are not too hard to get, it is unlikely that anyone will be refused unless there is a very good reason for the government not to want them in the country.^ The Government of Canada cannot intervene in ongoing legal proceedings in other countries or regions, unless requested to do so by local authorities.
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.Visa prices vary considerably based on your citizenship: US citizens need to fork out around US$130 for one, a 3 month visa for UK citizens is £50, while most others can get away with as little as $40. Contact the local embassy for current prices (UK [1], USA [2]).^ HEr stylists have been trained by profesionals from the UK & US. The prices are maybe 2x more than u'd pay at the regular salon and although i was a skeptic before i have been converted and jemna's is the number one salon in town.

^ In the end they threw us out a few months ago, saying that I did not do my chores properly.""
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ None of the men are around as most went to the mining areas to find work and have met other women.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

By plane

.The international airport is at Lungi, the other side of the estuary from Freetown.^ TRAVEL AND CURRENCY Local transportation Local transportation services between Lungi International Airport and the city of Freetown are available by land (approximately 4 hours), by ferryboat (approximately 1.5 hours), by helicopter (approximately 15 minutes) and by speed boat (approximately 60 minutes).
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

A short helicopter ride or boat trip is required to the Aberdeen part of Freetown. A hovercraft also runs to Aberdeen. Alternatively an often overloaded ferry runs to the main part of Freetown, which can take 3+ hours and has been known to take 8 hours. By road it is 5+ hours to the city, via Port Loko using some poor roads. Safety concerns have been expressed over all of the different transport options from the airport to Freetown. .The British Embassy only permits its staff to travel by road in a convoy of at least 2 vehicles (in case of breakdown).^ Land travel outside Freetown should only be undertaken in a four-wheel drive vehicle.
  • Sierra Leone Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

BMI is well established, with four flights per week to London Heathrow. African airline, Bellview [3] flies to Heathrow via Lagos. Brussels Airlines[4] flies to Brussels. .Flights to Nairobi (Kenya Airways), Casablanca (Royal Air Maroc) and many Western African countries are available.^ Sierra Leone, like many other African countries, is guilty of "state led prostitution" in its attempts to bring investors back into the country, argues Sweet Sierra Leone.

^ After the introduction, Fred got up and spoke heartily about a journey he had made with his son many years earlier visiting African countries from Senegal to Kenya looking for people who resembled him, a lifelong quest to know where he was from.

^ Many are part of larger ethnic networks extending into several countries, which link West African states in the area.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By car

.Currently Sierra Leone can be accessed by road from Guinea(Conakry).^ The lack of genuine access to formal legal processes for rural women in Sierra Leone also raises concerns.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In order to have a thorough understanding of how women are currently incorporated within these realms in Sierra Leone, answers to the following questions are necessary: .
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The SCSL is a step in the right direction by the government of Sierra Leone; however, under current conditions, the Court will continue to have little more than a symbolic role.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Special permits are required if transiting the border with a private vehicle. Private taxis, buses and trucks commute daily to and from Conakry/Freetown.

By bus

.There are buses which can be used in Sierra Leone called poda poda.^ Sierra Leone has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile, a titanium ore used as paint pigment and welding rod coatings.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Sierra Leone, these baskets are still used to winnow rice.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have a friend who was born in Sierra Leone and now calls Canada his home.
  • Beautiful Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are run by private companies and can cost between 2500 and 5000 leones (£0.50-£1).^ Between the two of us were able to get very generous food donations from a company called Mantrac SL the official dealers of Caterpillars in Sierra Leone .

^ A packet of candles cost me about le 5000 ($1.50).

.There are no designated bus stops and so one can stand on a street and when they notice a 60's style mini van stretch out you arms to make it stop otherwise it will continue on its journey.^ After this they plan to build a school and a clinic in an area where there is no education and healthcare for children at the moment” .

^ Also, no one really goes there so u can have privacy and eat in peace.

^ I couldnt make out the crests on their jackets but when i asked later i was informed that they were the Sierra Leone National Cricket Squad on their way to a competition in Malawi.

However, be careful with personal belongings as petty theft is common on these buses.

By boat

.Sierra Leone has the 3rd largest natural harbour in the world and is looking forward to the arrival of cruise ships.^ The largest site is the Sierra Leone Web.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone has one of the world's largest deposits of rutile, a titanium ore used as paint pigment and welding rod coatings.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Time and time again people who've travelled the world and back tell me how kind people from Sierra Leone are.
  • Beautiful Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cargo and Passenger ships berth at the Queen Elizabeth II quay, while some passenger/Cargo and private crafts can land at the Government Wharf in central Freetown, arriving most times from Conakry and Banjul.^ Often government packages such as this one are sound at the time of announcement, but at the grassroots level where the resources are needed most of the packages are almost insignificant.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both the central government judiciary and customary law courts handled civil complaints; however, there was evidence that corruption influenced some cases.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Enquiries should be made to Cargo Shipping Agencies.

Talk

.English is the official language, but regular use is limited to the literate minority.^ English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Krios are descendants of freed slaves who returned to Africa from the Americas, and their Krio language, based largely on English and African languages, is used as a lingua franca across the country.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of its long colonial association with Britain, Sierra Leone's official language is English, and most Sierra Leonean Americans speak it as a first or second language.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Krio, an English-based creole, serves as the country's lingua franca and is a first language for the Creoles (minority of descendants of ex-slaves from the Americas and United Kingdom) but it is understood by 95% of the population of the country.^ Krio, which is a creole language derived from English.
  • Beautiful Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 10% of the population are Krio, the descendants of freed slaves who returned to Sierra Leone from Great Britain and North America and from slave ships captured on the high seas.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the provinces Mende is principal vernacular in the south and Temne is principal vernacular in the north, Krio use is mostly limited to provincial cities.^ The Temne in the north and the Mende in the south are the largest.
  • Sierra Leone (12/09) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two largest ethnic groups were the Temne in the North and the Mende in the South.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Buy

The unit of currency is the Leone, symbol Le. Leone coins have the value Le50 and Le100. Bank notes are Le500, Le1000, Le2000,Le5000 and Le10000
Exchanging money is very easy, either through the black market or banks. The small bank at the airport offers reasonable rates. GB£, Euro or US$ are most popular, although others are possible.
Exchange rates (August 2009):
  • 1GB£=Le5000
  • 1US$=Le3800
  • 1EU€=Le4400
.Credit cards are accepted in a few supermarkets, restaurants and hotels (Visa only).^ Additionally you can open a local account get a visa card that can be used everywhere visa is accepted all over the world.

^ You must have an account with the various banks to use the service except for Procredit which accepts all visa cards.

The airport duty free shop does take major cards. Some of the other hotels are planning to take cards. It is possible to get money from some banks with a credit card, but the process can be long and rather costly. There are ATMs in Freetown most are not internationally linked. .Pro Credit Bank has ATMs that accept international Visa cards.^ Additionally you can open a local account get a visa card that can be used everywhere visa is accepted all over the world.

^ ATM CARDS: UBA, Access Bank, Procredit, Rokel, Ecobank currently have ATMs operating around the city linked to local bank accounts.

^ You can use your foreign visa cards to withdraw money from their ATMs.

Eat

The main staple of Sierra Leonean food is rice, often accompanied by soup i.e. stews. These stews may include a flavorful and often spicy mix of meat, fish, seasonings, greens, etc., often taking hours to prepare. .There are plenty of good quality restaurants offering a variety of local and international dishes.^ I will not get into the details of the cocaine story or what happened or how it happened because there are enough speculations in the local and international press to that effect.

^ There are alot of brand name designer and good quality accessories that end up in junks.

.The diet of Sierra Leoneans like many African country is very healthy.^ FGM is practiced throughout the country and it is estimated that 90% of Sierra Leonean women have been circumcised.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Housing materials are one of the many necessities unavailable to the majority of the Sierra Leonean populace.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He followed up by saying that though he could list over fifty well qualified successful Sierra Leoneans who could certainly run the country, how many of those individuals would work for the govt?

Many tend to eat fresh fruits picked from trees growing in their homes or freshly picked by market vendors that very day. .They also eat seafood particularly in the Capital Freetown which seats on the Atlantic.^ They faced discrimination in matters of marriage, divorce, property, and inheritance, which are guided by customary law, which applies in all areas except for the capital, Freetown.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is common to go to areas such as Lumley Beach where one can find local fishermen pulling in nets from the Atlantic filled with food such as crabs, lobsters, oysters, snappers and many, many more.^ For the really hardcore, you could even go camp out on a deserted area of the beach and spend the night in your very own tent!

^ I believe that as many more African Americans use DNA to trace their ancestry we will find that many more are willing to make the journey Salone and even go so far as to making substantial contributions to the country's national development.

.The locals of Sierra Leone keep healthy by eating many plant-based dishes which are high in fiber, such as casava leaves, potato leaves, okra and more.^ More photos in Sierra Leone .

^ Doing Business is Sierra Leone is getting Sweeter :-) For more on the Doing Business Report please visit www.doingbusiness.org Posted by Nasratha at 9:01 AM 3 comments .

^ Now that a ceasefire has been established, these issues must be immediately addressed by international, national, and local organizations in Sierra Leone.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Drink

.The national brewer Sierra Leone Breweries Limited produces the high quality Star beer.^ Being a Decree to establish the maritime zones of Sierra Leone in conformity with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982; and for connected purposes.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to precluding criminal prosecution, the Lomé amnesty also precludes victims of crimes from seeking reparations against perpetrators before Sierra Leone's national courts.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The High Court Rules, 2007 *searchable In exercise of the powers conferred on it by section 145 of the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1991, the Rules of Court Committee hereby makes the following Rules.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

Many European beers are also imported. .Soft drinks such as Coca Cola and Fanta are also locally produced.^ Even though I still refuse to drink imported water I was informed by a friend at Coca Cola aka SL Bottling Company formerly Freetown cold strorage that none of the water producing companies have the treatment plants to process water.

Wine is available from restaurants and supermarkets, but can be expensive and not well kept.

Sleep

There are some excellent hotels/guest houses in Freetown. .Facilities are very limited in other cities, although improvements are being made.^ Being an Act to ratify and confirm an agreement made for and on behalf of the Government of Sierra Leone (hereinafter referred to as the Government) of the one part and the Bayer Preussag Companies (hereinafter referred to as the Companies) of the other part.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Being an Act to ratify and confirm an agreement made for and on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone of the one part and by Sierra Rutile Limited of the other part.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

Makeni now has at least one good hotel. Good budget accommodation for leisure can be found in Banana Island.

Stay safe

.Sierra Leone was for many years on the list of countries to avoid (as published by the UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office [5]).^ Being an Act to authorise expenditure from the Consolidated Fund for the services of Sierra Leone for the year 2009.
  • Sierra Leone Web - The Laws of Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the year Guinean forces continued to occupy the Yenga area in the eastern part of the country, contravening an agreement between the presidents of Guinea and Sierra Leone acknowledging that the town of Yenga belongs to Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Retrieved from www.sierra-leone.org/list on 23 October 2002.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

With this obstacle lifted, tourism and investment are starting to take off. Whilst petty crime is fairly common - watch personal property carefully - violent crime is very rare. It is safe to walk the streets, even at night, although the lack of lighting can be a problem.

Stay healthy

Waterborne diseases, malaria and other tropical diseases are prevalent. You should consider taking medication to protect against malaria and using insect repellent. .Vaccination against rabies and yellow fever (required to enter Guinea) are strongly advised.^ Copy of International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever.
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Yellow Fever Vaccination.
  • Sierra Leone Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Sierra Leonean Visas Online. 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC sierra-leone.visahq.com [Source type: Reference]

HIV/AIDS is prevalent. Lassa fever can be contracted in Kenema and the east. If you have travelled in this region you should seek urgent medical advice for any fever not positively identified as malaria.
Medical facilities are poor. You should carry basic medical supplies. .You should take medical advice before travelling and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up to date.^ At the Lodge you will have to do your own cooking, so our advice is…Whoever normally does the cooking should be treated to the culinary skills of their other half.

^ Season 2 will be bigger, better, and badder no doubt and we look forward to taking you where no TV show has ever gone before.

Respect

.Sierra Leone has a long history of religious harmony.^ Before exploring to what extent gender equality has been mainstreamed in Sierra Leone, it is important to first understand the recent history of the country.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Minister Shirley Gbujama has a long background of political involvement in Sierra Leone.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a long road ahead for women victims of sexual violence in Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

Both Muslims and Christians live and worship side by side. .Same goes for members of different tribes; the country is known for having relative tribal harmony as well.^ Tribal customs and practices differ throughout the country in relation to property rights.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contact

Contact information for government offices, consulates and embassies, and local businesses nationwide can be found in the Sierra Leone Business Directory [6]

Phone

.The country code is 232. Sierra Leone has fixed line phone service in Freetown, Bo and Kenema.^ Gilo and Mundalo overjoyed and grateful rejoined our waiting convoy as we headed to Bo Town, Sierra Leone's second largest city.

^ Countries included in the Africa Division 3 competitions were Malawi, Rwanda, Gambia, Lesotho, Morroco, and the Sierra Leone underdogs.

^ A radio DJ I interviewed a couple months ago said that “Sierra Leone music focused too much on political issues and negative things going on in the country”.

The service was mostly destroyed during the war but is slowly being reinstated. Digital exchanges are installed in Freetown and Bo.
The mobile phone network uses the GSM technology (as in Europe) and use is widespread. The format for dialling is: +232-##-######, where the first "##" designates the area code. Key area codes include Freetown (22) and Bo (32). .Calls to mobile phones use the operator's area codes: (77/88) for Africell, (76/78) for Zain, (33) for Comium and (30) for Tigo.^ USers are usually high income earners/ people in the provinces Most people tend to carry both Zain & Comium phones although i use Africell & Zain.

^ I have an africell phone now (Users are typically blue collar workers and students) (077 or 088) Comium: a Lebanese owned mobile company.

^ Currently operating with Africell & Zain Users who can splash out to anyone on any mobile network Procredit Visa: Procedit bank is the only financial institution that offers visa services.

.Like other countries, when dialling locally, "00" is used to access an international number (and followed by the country code) and "0" is used to access a national number (followed by the area code).^ Soon after his nomination like several other ministers like him Kemoh was frequently out of the country “trying to bring investors in the country”.

^ International monitors, including UNIOSIL and the ICRC, had unrestricted access to Pademba Road Prison and other detention facilities, including the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) detention facilities.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, beneficiaries are primarily in the Freetown area; rural areas lack desperately needed NGO programs like those available in the nations capitol.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are 4 mobile phone networks (GSM900/1800 system) - Africell, Zain (Celtel), Comium, and Tigo (now owned by Africell).^ USers are usually high income earners/ people in the provinces Most people tend to carry both Zain & Comium phones although i use Africell & Zain.

^ I have an africell phone now (Users are typically blue collar workers and students) Comium: Many people I know have comium.

^ I have an africell phone now (Users are typically blue collar workers and students) (077 or 088) Comium: a Lebanese owned mobile company.

The major cities and industrial areas enjoy good coverage as well as some major national roads. Zain is the oldest and has the best nationwide coverage. International roaming is available. International calling is relatively cheap. Some of the mobile networks charge as little as $0.35/minute to all countries. However, calls to some less popular destinations may not work.
.Zain Sierra Leone is part of the One Network Service.^ DNA Tests Bringing AfricanAmericans to Sierra Leone (Freetown- GBo) Part 1 .

^ Visit the Power-Of-Connecting "Find a Network Tool" to find further networking information for Sierra Leone.
  • Joshua Project - Ethnic People Groups of Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.joshuaproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Right now we are still at the part of the project that produces just about ZEROMW. I've been in Sierra Leone over two years now.

.This allows a Zain SIM card from another country to be used in Sierra Leone.^ Before exploring to what extent gender equality has been mainstreamed in Sierra Leone, it is important to first understand the recent history of the country.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The vibrant women’s organizations which are growing in Sierra Leone, as well as their successes at collaborating with international donors, has been imperative for enhancing women’s equality in the country.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the poorest countries in the world, Sierra Leone does not have the ability to adequately provide the necessary resources to women for the entire country.
  • SIERRA LEONEAN WOMEN 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC seminars2.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Incoming calls are free to receive and local calls are charged at local rates. Remember that calls to the SIM cards home country will be charged at international rates. [7]

Internet

Internet access is generally poor, but improving. The major hotels in Freetown usually have high speed access, some with wireless networks. FGC Wireless covers parts of Freetown with a pay-as-you-go wireless broadband service, although it is fairly slow.
TIGO offer a GPRS service as part of their GSM phone service. It is unknown if TIGO supports EDGE. see the link [8] for more information
.Zain are offering a GPRS service, but it can be a challenge to get it activated and configured.^ ZAIN: Zain formerly celtel also offers mobile internet services…it’s a bit faster and certainly more reliable but at about $80 a month.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.SIERRA LEONE, a British colony and protectorate on the west coast of Africa.^ In 1896, a British protectorate was declared over the hinterland of Sierra Leone, which was separate from the colony.
  • History - Sierra Leone - power, policy, Independence 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.nationsencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ European contacts with Sierra Leone were among the first in West Africa.
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.historyofnations.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Sierra Leone 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone served as the educational center of British West Africa as well.
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.historyofnations.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Sierra Leone 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is bounded W. by the Atlantic, N. and E. by French Guinea and S. by Liberia.^ It is bordered by ► Guinea on the north and ► Liberia on the south, with the Atlantic Ocean on the west.
  • Atlas of Sierra Leone - Wikimedia Commons 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC commons.wikimedia.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia .
  • Geography and Map of Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC geography.about.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Flag Counter » Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC flagcounter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • About : Sierra Leone 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC sierra-leone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 1890s frontiers are agreed with French Guinea and with independent Liberia to the south.
  • History of SIERRA LEONE 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.historyworld.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The coast-line, following the indentations, is about 400 m.^ The coast-line, following the indentations, is about 400 m.

in length, extending from .9° 2' N. to 6° 55' N. It includes the peninsula of Sierra Leone-23 m.^ The Sierra Leone Peninsula which is a mountainous area with a strip of flat land at the foothill of the mountains.
  • Sierra Leone - Atlapedia Online 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.atlapedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sierra Leone peninsula.

^ The Gullahs' African personal names and African vocabulary words include many items that are familiar in Sierra Leone today.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

long with an average breadth of 14 m. - .Sherbro Island, Bance, Banana, Turtle, Plantain and other minor islands, also Turner's Peninsula, a narrow strip of land southward of Sherbro Island, extending in a S.E. direction about 60 m.^ This is succeeded by Turner's Peninsula (in reality an island).

^ Sherbro Island, Bance, Banana , Turtle, Plantain and other minor islands, also Turner's Peninsula, a narrow strip of land southward of Sherbro Island, extending in a S.E. direction about 60 m.

^ To stop the traffic in Sherbro Island General Charles Turner concluded in 1825 a treaty with its rulers putting the island, Turner's Peninsula and other places under British protection.

.Except in the Sierra Leone peninsula, Sherbro Island and Turner's Peninsula, the colony proper does not extend inland to a greater depth than half a mile.^ This is succeeded by Turner's Peninsula (in reality an island).

^ The colonial history of Sierra Leone was not placid.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Background Notes Archive - Africa 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • History of Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.historyofnations.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Sierra Leone 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Except in the Sierra Leone peninsula, Sherbro Island and Turner's Peninsula, the colony proper does not extend inland to a greater depth than half a mile.

.The protectorate, which adjoins the colony to the north and east, extends from 7° N. to ro° N. and from ro° 40' W. to 13° W., and has an area of rather more than 30,000 sq.^ We are occupying more than 40 villages.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The protectorate, which adjoins the colony to the north and east, extends from 7° N. to ro° N. and from ro° 40' W. to 13° W., and has an area of rather more than 30,000 sq.

^ Revolts in 1898 were provoked mainly by attempts to extend British colonial jurisdiction into the protectorate.
  • History - Sierra Leone - power, policy, Independence 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.nationsencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

m., being about the size of Ireland. .(For map, see French West Africa.^ Not because traveling to West Africa is a crazy idea, but simply because I did not see myself ever getting past the stage of “hobbyist” photography.

^ Gambia occupies a narrow strip on both… See more » Geography of Ghana Ghana, or Republic of Ghana, an independent country on Africa's west coast.

) The population of the colony proper at the 1901 census was 76,655. The population of the protectorate is estimated at from r,000,000 to 1,500,000.
Table of contents

Physical Features

.Sierra Leone is a well-watered, well-wooded.^ Sierra Leone is a well-watered, well-wooded.

^ Water withdrawal in Sierra Leone.
  • Water profile of Sierra Leone - Encyclopedia of Earth 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

^ "Water profile of Sierra Leone."
  • Water profile of Sierra Leone - Encyclopedia of Earth 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

and generally hilly country. .The coast-line is deeply indented in its.^ The coast-line is deeply indented in its.

northern portion. .Here the sea has greatly eroded the normal regular, harbourless line of the west coast of Africa, forming bold capes and numerous inlets or estuaries.^ Here the sea has greatly eroded the normal regular, harbourless line of the west coast of Africa, forming bold capes and numerous inlets or estuaries.

^ The country has a hot, tropical climate with up to 195 inches of rainfall a year on the coast—making it one of the wettest places in West Africa.

^ Sierra Leone's coast, which is 210 miles (340 km) long, has numerous bays, estuaries, and mangrove swamps.

.The Sierra Leone peninsula.^ The Portuguese landed on the Sierra Leone Peninsula, naming it Serra Lyoa [lion mountains] after the mountains located there.
  • Sierra Leone News - Breaking World Sierra Leone News - The New York Times 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Except in the Sierra Leone peninsula, Sherbro Island and Turner's Peninsula, the colony proper does not extend inland to a greater depth than half a mile.

^ In the Sierra Leone peninsula the hills come down to the sea, elsewhere a low coast plain extends inland 30 to 50 m.

is the most striking result of this marine action. .North of it are the Sierra Leone and Scarcies estuaries; to the south is Yawry Bay.^ North of it are the Sierra Leone and Scarcies estuaries; to the south is Yawry Bay.

^ Sierra Leone Tourism Information on the Mape Project is a major tourist resort development 7 miles north of Lungi International Airport.
  • Sierra Leone on the Internet 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Sierra Leone on the Internet 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ St George's Bay Company , obtained a charter of incorporation as the Sierra Leone Company, with Henry Thornton as chairman.

.Then in 7° 30' N. Sherbro Island is reached.^ Then in 7° 30' N. Sherbro Island is reached.

.This is succeeded by Turner's Peninsula (in reality an island).^ This is succeeded by Turner's Peninsula (in reality an island).

^ To stop the traffic in Sherbro Island General Charles Turner concluded in 1825 a treaty with its rulers putting the island, Turner's Peninsula and other places under British protection.

^ Sherbro Island, Bance, Banana , Turtle, Plantain and other minor islands, also Turner's Peninsula, a narrow strip of land southward of Sherbro Island, extending in a S.E. direction about 60 m.

.The seaward faces of these islands are perfectly regular and indica.ce the original continental coast-line.^ The seaward faces of these islands are perfectly regular and indica.ce the original continental coast-line.

^ Here the sea has greatly eroded the normal regular, harbourless line of the west coast of Africa, forming bold capes and numerous inlets or estuaries.

.They have been detached fr;m the mainland partly by a marine inlet, partly by the lagoon-like creeks formed by the rivers..^ Land pollution takes the form of water contamination, degradation of forest and land, and siltation of rivers and creeks.
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.In the Sierra Leone peninsula the hills come down to the sea, elsewhere a low coast plain extends inland 30 to 50 m.^ Sierra Leone: the coming anarchy?
  • Sierra Leonebib 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.univie.ac.at [Source type: Academic]

^ "It is just bringing it (to) too low of a level to believe that Liberia would be involved in a war in Sierra Leone for diamonds," he said.
  • CNN.com - World - Diamonds are Sierra Leone war's best friend - May 24, 2000 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The western area consists of the Sierra Leone Peninsula, the small islands of Sherbro, Tasso, Plantain, Banana, Turtle, York and others, as well as areas of inland territory approximately 255 square miles in all.

.The plateau which forms the greater part of the protectorate has an altitude varying from 800 to 3000 ft.^ The plateau which forms the greater part of the protectorate has an altitude varying from 800 to 3000 ft.

.On the north-east border by the Niger sources are mountains exceeding 5000 ft.^ On the north-east border by the Niger sources are mountains exceeding 5000 ft.

^ There is savannah in the north and mountainous highland plateau in the east.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Sierra Leone : Sierra Leone Overview 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Guinea in the north and east, and by Liberia in the south.
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.The most fertile parts of the protectorate are Sherbro and Mendiland in the south-west.^ The most fertile parts of the protectorate are Sherbro and Mendiland in the south-west.

^ A railway, state first built in British West Africa, runs S.E. from Freetown through the fertile districts of Mendiland 'to the Liberian frontier.

^ The Little Scarcies enters Sierra Leone near Yomaia, in the most northerly part of the protectorate.

.In the north-west the district between the Great Scarcies and the Rokell rivers is flat and is named Bullom (low land).^ In the north-west the district between the Great Scarcies and the Rokell rivers is flat and is named Bullom (low land).

^ It is bounded on the North and North East by the Republic of Guinea, on the east and southeast by Liberia and on the West and South by the Atlantic Ocean with a coastline stretching some 300 miles extending from the boundary with the Republic of Guinea to the north of the mouth of the Great Scarcies river on to southeast at the mouth of Mano river.

^ Sierra Leone shares several river basins with neighboring countries, such as the Kolente (Great Scarcies) and the Kaba with Guinea , the Mano with Liberia , and the Moa with Guinea and Liberia.
  • Water profile of Sierra Leone - Encyclopedia of Earth 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

.In the south-east bordering Liberia is a belt of densely forested hilly country extending 50 m.^ Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea in the north and east, and by Liberia in the east and south.
  • Water profile of Sierra Leone - Encyclopedia of Earth 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In the south-east bordering Liberia is a belt of densely forested hilly country extending 50 m.

^ It is bounded on the North and North East by the Republic of Guinea, on the east and southeast by Liberia and on the West and South by the Atlantic Ocean with a coastline stretching some 300 miles extending from the boundary with the Republic of Guinea to the north of the mouth of the Great Scarcies river on to southeast at the mouth of Mano river.

.S. to N. and very sparsely inhabited.^ S. to N. and very sparsely inhabited.

.The hydrography of the country is comparatively simple.^ The hydrography of the country is comparatively simple.

.Six large rivers-300 to Soo m.^ Six large rivers-300 to Soo m.

long - rise in the .Futa Jallon highlands in or beyond the northern frontier of the protectorate and in whole or in part traverse the country with a general S.W. course; the Great and Little Scarcies in the north, the Rokell and Jong in the centre and the Great Bum and Sulima in the south.^ Futa Jallon highlands in or beyond the northern frontier of the protectorate and in whole or in part traverse the country with a general S.W. course; the Great and Little Scarcies in the north, the Rokell and Jong in the centre and the Great Bum and Sulima in the south.

^ Aquaculture is concentrated in the provinces in the south (mainly in Bo and to a lesser extent in Moyamba and Pujehun), the north (mainly in Tonkolili and a little in Bombali) and the east (in Kailahun, Kenema and Kono) of the country.
  • FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.fao.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is bounded on the North and North East by the Republic of Guinea, on the east and southeast by Liberia and on the West and South by the Atlantic Ocean with a coastline stretching some 300 miles extending from the boundary with the Republic of Guinea to the north of the mouth of the Great Scarcies river on to southeast at the mouth of Mano river.

.These rivers are navigable for short distances, but in general rapids or cataracts mark their middle courses.^ These rivers are navigable for short distances, but in general rapids or cataracts mark their middle courses.

.The Great Scarcies, the Rio dos Carceres of the Portuguese, rises not far from the sources of the Senegal.^ The Great Scarcies, the Rio dos Carceres of the Portuguese, rises not far from the sources of the Senegal .

.Between 9° 50' and 9° 15' N. it forms the boundary between the protectorate and French Guinea; below that point it is wholly in British territory.^ Between 9° 50' and 9° 15' N. it forms the boundary between the protectorate and French Guinea ; below that point it is wholly in British territory.

^ The Spanish claimed Florida, but they used it only as a buffer between the British Colonies and their own settled territories farther south.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It rises in Liberia, and below 7° 30' N. forms the frontier between that republic and the protectorate.

.The Little Scarcies enters Sierra Leone near Yomaia, in the most northerly part of the protectorate.^ Most chose to remain in Sierra Leone.
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^ Go on for Sierra Leone Flights Search simply enter your details into the search box and click search.
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^ With a death toll of around 50, 000, the civil war in Sierra Leone was one of the most violent conflicts of the 20th century.

.Known in its upper course as the Kabba, it flows through wild rocky country, its banks in places being 900 ft.^ Known in its upper course as the Kabba, it flows through wild rocky country, its banks in places being 900 ft.

^ Into the estuary flows, besides smaller streams, the Rokell, known in its upper course as the Seli.

^ Through the years of British Colonisation, the original name was modified and it became 'Sierra Leone', the name by which the country is known today.

high. .After piercing the hills it runs parallel with 'the Great Scarcies.^ After piercing the hills it runs parallel with 'the Great Scarcies.

.In their lower reaches the two rivers - both large streams - traverse a level plain, separated by no obstacles.^ In their lower reaches the two rivers - both large streams - traverse a level plain, separated by no obstacles.

^ The two Canadian journalists working for JHR both aired separate radio reports.

^ All rivers have a stair stepping profile, with rock bars every two or three miles, and the major rivers are rarely able to form a wide flood plain.

.The mouth of the Little Scarcies is 20 m.^ The mouth of the Little Scarcies is 20 m.

S. of that of the Great Scarcies. .South of the estuary of the Scarcies the deep inlet known as the Sierra Leone river forms a perfectly safe and commodious harbour accessible to the largest vessels.^ North of it are the Sierra Leone and Scarcies estuaries; to the south is Yawry Bay.

^ The largest site is the Sierra Leone Web.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South of the estuary of the Scarcies the deep inlet known as the Sierra Leone river forms a perfectly safe and commodious harbour accessible to the largest vessels.

.At its entrance on the southern shore lies Freetown.^ At its entrance on the southern shore lies Freetown .

.Into the estuary flows, besides smaller streams, the Rokell, known in its upper course as the Seli.^ Into the estuary flows, besides smaller streams, the Rokell, known in its upper course as the Seli.

^ The broad estuary which separates Sherbro Island from the mainland, and is popularly called the Sherbro river, receives the Bagru from the N.W. and the Jong river, whose headstream, known as the Taia, Pampana and Sanden, flows for a considerable distance east of and parallel to the Rokell.

^ Known in its upper course as the Kabba, it flows through wild rocky country, its banks in places being 900 ft.

.The broad estuary which separates Sherbro Island from the mainland, and is popularly called the Sherbro river, receives the Bagru from the N.W. and the Jong river, whose headstream, known as the Taia, Pampana and Sanden, flows for a considerable distance east of and parallel to the Rokell.^ The broad estuary which separates Sherbro Island from the mainland, and is popularly called the Sherbro river, receives the Bagru from the N.W. and the Jong river, whose headstream, known as the Taia, Pampana and Sanden, flows for a considerable distance east of and parallel to the Rokell.

^ South of the estuary of the Scarcies the deep inlet known as the Sierra Leone river forms a perfectly safe and commodious harbour accessible to the largest vessels.

^ It flows east of and more directly south than the Taia.

.The sources of the Taia, and those of the Great Bum, are near to those of the Niger, the watershed between the coast streams and the Niger basin here forming the frontier.^ The sources of the Taia, and those of the Great Bum, are near to those of the Niger, the watershed between the coast streams and the Niger basin here forming the frontier.

^ Here the sea has greatly eroded the normal regular, harbourless line of the west coast of Africa, forming bold capes and numerous inlets or estuaries.

^ It rises in Liberia, and below 7° 30' N. forms the frontier between that republic and the protectorate.

.The main upper branch of the Great Bum (or Sewa) river is called the Bague or Bagbe (white river).^ The main upper branch of the Great Bum (or Sewa) river is called the Bague or Bagbe (white river).

^ The main lagoon waterway goes by the name of the Bum-Kittam river, and to the north opens into the Sherbro estuary.

.It flows east of and more directly south than the Taia.^ It flows east of and more directly south than the Taia.

^ In the south the plains comprise rolling wooded country where isolated hills rise abruptly to more than 1,000 feet (300 metres).
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^ The protectorate, which adjoins the colony to the north and east, extends from 7° N. to ro° N. and from ro° 40' W. to 13° W., and has an area of rather more than 30,000 sq.

.In its lower course the Bum passes through the Mendi country and enters the network of lagoons and creeks separated from the ocean by the long low tract of Turner's Peninsula.^ In its lower course the Bum passes through the Mendi country and enters the network of lagoons and creeks separated from the ocean by the long low tract of Turner's Peninsula.

^ Known in its upper course as the Kabba, it flows through wild rocky country, its banks in places being 900 ft.

^ The main upper stream of the Moa separates French Guinea and Liberia and enters British territory in 10° 40' W. 8° 20' N. Only the lower course is known as the Sulima.

.The main lagoon waterway goes by the name of the Bum-Kittam river, and to the north opens into the Sherbro estuary.^ The main lagoon waterway goes by the name of the Bum-Kittam river, and to the north opens into the Sherbro estuary.

^ As legend goes, a hunter from Senehun crossed the river into this grassland in search of a game to kill for his family.
  • Sierra Leone Web - Village Names and Histories 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the north-west the district between the Great Scarcies and the Rokell rivers is flat and is named Bullom (low land).

.Southward it widens out and forms Lake Kasse (20 m.^ Southward it widens out and forms Lake Kasse (20 m.

long), before reaching the ocean just north of the estuary of the Sulima. .The Wanje or upper Kittam joins this creek, and is also connected with Lake Mabessi, a sheet of water adjacent to Lake Kasse.^ The Wanje or upper Kittam joins this creek , and is also connected with Lake Mabessi, a sheet of water adjacent to Lake Kasse.

.The Sulima or Moa is a magnificent stream and flows through a very fertile country.^ The Sulima or Moa is a magnificent stream and flows through a very fertile country.

^ Known in its upper course as the Kabba, it flows through wild rocky country, its banks in places being 900 ft.

.One of its headstreams, the Meli, rises in French Guinea in 10 30' W. 9° 17' N. and flows for some distance parallel to the infant Niger, but in the opposite direction.^ One of its headstreams, the Meli, rises in French Guinea in 10 30' W. 9° 17' N. and flows for some distance parallel to the infant Niger, but in the opposite direction.

^ The broad estuary which separates Sherbro Island from the mainland, and is popularly called the Sherbro river, receives the Bagru from the N.W. and the Jong river, whose headstream, known as the Taia, Pampana and Sanden, flows for a considerable distance east of and parallel to the Rokell.

^ Ex Liberian Prez Defends Skull Displays (7/17/2009 10:30:00 AM) .
  • Sierra Leone Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It joins the Moa within Sierra Leone.^ It joins the Moa within Sierra Leone.

^ Government Sierra Leone became an independent, Sovereign state within the Commonwealth on 27 April 1961, thus ending its British administration.

^ Cutting off arms was the RUF’s response to Sierra Leone president Ahmad Tejan Kabbah’s 1996 plea for citizens to “join hands for peace”.
  • Sierra Leone: revenge and reconciliation - Le Monde diplomatique - English edition 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC mondediplo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The main upper stream of the Moa separates French Guinea and Liberia and enters British territory in 10° 40' W. 8° 20' N. Only the lower course is known as the Sulima.^ The main upper stream of the Moa separates French Guinea and Liberia and enters British territory in 10° 40' W. 8° 20' N. Only the lower course is known as the Sulima.

^ In their lower reaches the two rivers - both large streams - traverse a level plain, separated by no obstacles.

^ The Spanish claimed Florida, but they used it only as a buffer between the British Colonies and their own settled territories farther south.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

.Between 7° 40' and 7° 20 are lacustrine reaches.^ Between 7° 40' and 7° 20 are lacustrine reaches.

.Six miles S. of the mouth of the Sulima the Mano or Bewa river enters the sea.^ Six miles S. of the mouth of the Sulima the Mano or Bewa river enters the sea.

^ It is bounded on the North and North East by the Republic of Guinea, on the east and southeast by Liberia and on the West and South by the Atlantic Ocean with a coastline stretching some 300 miles extending from the boundary with the Republic of Guinea to the north of the mouth of the Great Scarcies river on to southeast at the mouth of Mano river.

.It rises in Liberia, and below 7° 30' N. forms the frontier between that republic and the protectorate.^ It rises in Liberia, and below 7° 30' N. forms the frontier between that republic and the protectorate.

^ The sources of the Taia, and those of the Great Bum, are near to those of the Niger, the watershed between the coast streams and the Niger basin here forming the frontier.

^ Between 9° 50' and 9° 15' N. it forms the boundary between the protectorate and French Guinea ; below that point it is wholly in British territory.

.The Sierra Leone peninsula, the site of the oldest British settlement, lies between the estuary of the same name and Yawry Bay to the south.^ North of it are the Sierra Leone and Scarcies estuaries; to the south is Yawry Bay.

^ The Sierra Leone peninsula, the site of the oldest British settlement, lies between the estuary of the same name and Yawry Bay to the south.

^ Directory of Sierra Leone web sites .
  • Sierra Leone on the Internet 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]
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.It is traversed on its seaward face by hills attaining a height of 1700 ft.^ It is traversed on its seaward face by hills attaining a height of 1700 ft.

in the Sugar Loaf, and nearly as much in Mount Herton farther south. .The hills consist of a kind of granite and of beds of red sandstone, the disintegration of which has given a darkcoloured ferruginous soil of moderate fertility.^ The hills consist of a kind of granite and of beds of red sandstone , the disintegration of which has given a darkcoloured ferruginous soil of moderate fertility.

.Sugar Loaf is timbered to the top, and the peninsula is verdant with abundant vegetation.^ Sugar Loaf is timbered to the top, and the peninsula is verdant with abundant vegetation.

Climate

.The coast lands are unhealthy and have earned for Sierra Leone the unenviable reputation of being "the white man's grave."^ Sierra Leone: Land use / Resources .
  • Sierra Leone Deforestation Rates and Related Forestry Figures 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC rainforests.mongabay.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The coast lands are unhealthy and have earned for Sierra Leone the unenviable reputation of being "the white man's grave."

^ In 1787, 400 persons (including 330 blacks and 70 white prostitutes) arrived at the Sierra Leone Peninsula, bought land from local Temne leaders, and established the Province of Freedom near present-day Freetown.
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.The mean annual temperature is above 80°, the rainfall, which varies a great deal, is from 150 to 180 or more inches per annum.^ Annual production had been about 800,000 carats per annum as of 1965.

^ The mean daily temperature varies between 25°C and 28°C. .
  • Water profile of Sierra Leone - Encyclopedia of Earth 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The average annual rainfall is about 100 inches overall, but it is generally a little higher in the South East and a little lower in the North.

.In 1896 no fewer than 203 in.^ In 1896 no fewer than 203 in.

were recorded. .In 1894, a "dry" year, only 144 in.^ In 1894, a "dry" year, only 144 in.

of rain fell. .In no other part of West Africa is the rainfall so heavy.^ In no other part of West Africa is the rainfall so heavy.

^ Traders who arrived in Charlestown with slaves from other parts of Africa where rice was not traditionally grown, such as Nigeria, often found that their slaves fetched lower prices.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The West African Creole English of the slave trade era gave rise to both Krio and Gullah, as well as to many other English-based creoles in West Africa and the West Indies.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

.December, January, February and March are practically rainless; the rains, beginning in April or May, reach their maximum in July, August and September, and rapidly diminish in October and November.^ There is very little rain in December, January, and February.

^ December, January, February and March are practically rainless; the rains, beginning in April or May, reach their maximum in July, August and September, and rapidly diminish in October and November.

^ March 2009 February 2009 December 2008 April 2008 March 2008 February 2008 January 2008 December 2007 November 2007 October 2007 January 2010 .
  • » The Languages of Sierra Leone Jays Bar - Sierra Leone - Guesthouse Accommodation - Tourism: Discover Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC jaysbar.net [Source type: General]

During the dry season, when the climate is very much like that of the West Indies, there occur terrible tornadoes and long periods of the harmattan - a north-east wind, dry and desiccating, and carrying with it from the Sahara clouds of fine dust, which sailors designate "smokes." The dangers of the climate are much less in the interior; 40 or 50 m. inland the country is tolerable for Europeans.

Flora

.The characteristic tree of the coast districts is the oilpalm.^ The characteristic tree of the coast districts is the oilpalm.

.Other palm trees found are the date, bamboo, palmyra, coco and dom.^ Other palm trees found are the date, bamboo , palmyra , coco and dom.

.The coast-line, the creeks and the lower courses of the rivers are lined with mangroves.^ The coast-line, the creeks and the lower courses of the rivers are lined with mangroves.

^ In its lower course the Bum passes through the Mendi country and enters the network of lagoons and creeks separated from the ocean by the long low tract of Turner's Peninsula.

^ Turtle are common on the southern coast-line, sand and mangrove oysters are plentiful.

.Large areas are covered with brushwood, among which are scattered baobab, shea-butter, bread fruit, corkwood and silk-cotton trees.^ Large areas are covered with brushwood, among which are scattered baobab , shea- butter , bread fruit , corkwood and silk - cotton trees.

^ In the north where rainfall is less, there are large areas were the secondary bush has been replaced by elephant grass, with shrubs and trees persisting only along the watercourses.

.The forests contain valuable timber trees such as African oak or teak (Oldfieldia Africana), rosewood, ebony, tamarind, camwood, odum - whose wood resists the attacks of termites - and the tolmgah or brimstone tree.^ The forests contain valuable timber trees such as African oak or teak ( Oldfieldia Africana ), rosewood , ebony , tamarind , camwood, odum - whose wood resists the attacks of termites - and the tolmgah or brimstone tree.

^ Forests are densest in the southeast and contain varieties of palm and, to a lesser extent, mahogany and teak.
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^ Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005 .
  • Sierra Leone Deforestation Rates and Related Forestry Figures 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC rainforests.mongabay.com [Source type: Academic]

.The frankincense tree (Daniellia thurifera) reaches from 50 to 150 ft., the negro pepper (Xylopia Aethiopica) grows to about 60 ft., the fruit being used by the natives as pepper.^ The frankincense tree ( Daniellia thurifera ) reaches from 50 to 150 ft., the negro pepper ( Xylopia Aethiopica ) grows to about 60 ft., the fruit being used by the natives as pepper.

^ The equipment will only operate efficiently in moderately deep water and it has been successfully used up to depths of up to 60 ft along the Sewa.

^ Artists are also using soundclash festivals to protest about the way their country is being run.
  • Sierra Leone: revenge and reconciliation - Le Monde diplomatique - English edition 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC mondediplo.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are also found the black pepper plant (Piper Clusii), a climbing plant abundant in the mountain districts; the grains of paradise or melegueta pepper plant (Amomum Melegueta) and other Amomums whose fruits are prized.^ There are also found the black pepper plant ( Piper Clusii ), a climbing plant abundant in the mountain districts; the grains of paradise or melegueta pepper plant ( Amomum Melegueta ) and other Amomums whose fruits are prized.

^ Of fruit trees there are among others the blood- plum ( Haematostaphis Barteri ) with deep crimson fruit in grape -like clusters, and the Sierra Leone peach ( Sarcocephalus esculentus).

.Of the Apocynaceae the rubber plants are the most important.^ Of the Apocynaceae the rubber plants are the most important.

.Both Landolphia florida and Landolphia owariensis are found.^ Both Landolphia florida and Landolphia owariensis are found.

.Of several fibre: yielding plants the so-called aloes of the orders Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae are common.^ Of several fibre: yielding plants the so-called aloes of the orders Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae are common.

^ The plant to be grown is called Jatropha and is common here, used for medicinal purposes but not a usual crop.

.The kola (Cola acuminata) and the bitter kola (Garcinia cola), the last having a fruit about the size of an apple, with a flavour like that of green coffee, are common.^ The kola ( Cola acuminata ) and the bitter kola ( Garcinia cola ), the last having a fruit about the size of an apple , with a flavour like that of green coffee , are common.

.Of dye-yielding shrubs and plants camwood and indigo may be mentioned; of those whence gum is obtained the copal, acacia and African tragacanth (Sterculia tragacantha). Besides the oil-palm, oil is obtained from many trees and shrubs, such as the benni oil plant.^ Besides the oil-palm, oil is obtained from many trees and shrubs, such as the benni oil plant.

^ Of dye-yielding shrubs and plants camwood and indigo may be mentioned; of those whence gum is obtained the copal , acacia and African tragacanth ( Sterculia tragacantha).

^ The forests contain valuable timber trees such as African oak or teak ( Oldfieldia Africana ), rosewood , ebony , tamarind , camwood, odum - whose wood resists the attacks of termites - and the tolmgah or brimstone tree.

.Of fruit trees there are among others the blood-plum (Haematostaphis Barteri) with deep crimson fruit in grape-like clusters, and the Sierra Leone peach (Sarcocephalus esculentus). The coffee and cotton plants are indigenous; of grasses there are various kinds of millet, including Paspalum exile, the so-called hungry rice or Sierra Leone millet.^ Of fruit trees there are among others the blood- plum ( Haematostaphis Barteri ) with deep crimson fruit in grape -like clusters, and the Sierra Leone peach ( Sarcocephalus esculentus).

^ The coffee and cotton plants are indigenous; of grasses there are various kinds of millet , including Paspalum exile, the so-called hungry rice or Sierra Leone millet.

^ There was a coup in Sierra Leone.

.Ferns are abundant in the marshes.^ Ferns are abundant in the marshes.

.Bright coloured flowers are somewhat rare.^ Bright coloured flowers are somewhat rare.

Fauna

.The wild animals include the elephant, still found in large numbers, the leopard, panther, chimpanzee, grey monkeys, antelope of various kinds, the buffalo, wild hog, bush goat, bush pig, sloth, civet and squirrel.^ Among the numerous small animals are bush pigs, chimpanzees, monkeys, and porcupines.
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wild animals include the elephant , still found in large numbers, the leopard , panther , chimpanzee , grey monkeys, antelope of various kinds, the buffalo , wild hog, bush goat , bush pig , sloth , civet and squirrel .

.The hippopotamus, manatee, crocodile and beaver are found in the rivers, and both land and fresh-water tortoises are common.^ The hippopotamus, manatee, crocodile and beaver are found in the rivers, and both land and fresh-water tortoises are common.

^ Crocodiles and hippopotamuses are often found in the rivers.
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Serpents, especially the boa-constrictor, are numerous. .Chameleons, lizards and iguanas abound, as do frogs and toads.^ Chameleons, lizards and iguanas abound, as do frogs and toads.

.Wild birds are not very common; among them are the hawk, parrot, owl, woodpecker, kingfisher, green pigeon, African magpie, the honey-sucker and canary.^ Wild birds are not very common; among them are the hawk , parrot , owl , woodpecker , kingfisher , green pigeon , African magpie , the honey -sucker and canary .

.There are also wild duck, geese and other water fowl, hawk's bill, laggerheads and partridges.^ There are also wild duck , geese and other water fowl , hawk's bill, laggerheads and partridges.

.Mosquitoes, termites, bees, ants, centipedes, millipedes, locusts, grasshoppers, butterflies, dragonflies, sandflies and spiders' are found in immense numbers.^ Mosquitoes, termites, bees, ants, centipedes, millipedes, locusts, grasshoppers, butterflies, dragonflies, sandflies and spiders ' are found in immense numbers.

.Turtle are common on the southern coast-line, sand and mangrove oysters are plentiful.^ Turtle are common on the southern coast-line, sand and mangrove oysters are plentiful.

^ The coast-line, the creeks and the lower courses of the rivers are lined with mangroves.

.Fish abound; among the common kinds are the bunga (a sort of herring), skate, grey mullet and tarpon.^ Fish abound; among the common kinds are the bunga (a sort of herring ), skate, grey mullet and tarpon.

.Sharks infest the estuaries.^ Sharks infest the estuaries.

Inhabitants

.Sierra Leone is inhabited by various ethnic groups, the chief being the Timni, the Sulima, the Susu and the Mendi.^ Leonenet Discussion group on Sierra Leone.
  • Sierra Leone on the Internet 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Sierra Leone on the Internet 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Sierra Leone is inhabited by various ethnic groups, the chief being the Timni, the Sulima, the Susu and the Mendi.

^ The coast lands are unhealthy and have earned for Sierra Leone the unenviable reputation of being "the white man's grave."

.From the Mendi district many curious steatite figures which had been buried have been recovered and are exhibited in the British Museum.^ From the Mendi district many curious steatite figures which had been buried have been recovered and are exhibited in the British Museum.

.They show considerable skill in carving.^ They show considerable skill in carving .

.Of semi-negro races the Fula inhabit the region of the Scarcies.^ Of semi-negro races the Fula inhabit the region of the Scarcies.

.Freetown is peopled by descendants of nearly every negro tribe, and a distinct type known as the Sierra Leoni has been evolved; their language is Kreo is a vernacular language of its own right, order and substance, equivalent to any other world language.^ Freetown is peopled by descendants of nearly every negro tribe, and a distinct type known as the Sierra Leoni has been evolved; their language is Kreo is a vernacular language of its own right, order and substance, equivalent to any other world language.

^ The United States is host to nearly 40 million international migrants – more than any other country though as a share of total population it is Qatar which has the most migrants – more than 4 in every 5 people are migrants.
  • Human Development Report 2009 - Country Fact Sheets - Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC hdrstats.undp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Living in Freetown, we all get caught up in our routines and it is therefore difficult to really get a feel for or understand whats going on in other peoples lives.

.Kreo is equally influenced by French, Portugese, Yoruba and other local languages.^ Kreo is equally influenced by French, Portugese, Yoruba and other local languages.

.It has its own grammar and structure.^ It has its own grammar and structure.

.Since 1900 a considerable number of Syrians and Lebanese migrants have settled in the country as traders.^ Since 1900 a considerable number of Syrians and Lebanese migrants have settled in the country as traders.

^ There are also small numbers of Europeans, Syrians, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians in residence.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chronology of natural disasters Access EM-DAT , a database of natural disasters from 1900 to the present - death tolls and numbers of affected people - searchable by country.
  • http://www.alertnet.org/db/cp/sierraleone.htm 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.alertnet.org [Source type: Academic]

.Most of the African population are pagans and each tribe has its secret societies and fetishes.^ Most of the African population are pagans and each tribe has its secret societies and fetishes.

^ Oxford , 1900); T. J. Alldridge, The Sherbro and its Hinterland (London, 1901), and A Transformed Colony (London, 1910) - the last with valuable notes on secret societies and fetish; Winwood Reade, The African Sketch Book, vol.

.These are very powerful and are employed often for beneficent purposes, such as the regulation of agriculture and the palm-oil industry.^ These are very powerful and are employed often for beneficent purposes, such as the regulation of agriculture and the palm-oil industry.

^ The economy is based largely on agriculture and mining; rice, cassava, coffee, cacao, and oil palm are major crops, and diamonds, rutile, and bauxite are mined.
  • Sierra Leone -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He has been delighted that the palm nut oil, crudely separated from the glycerin by using soda is sufficient to run these engines for two weeks without a problem.

.There are many Christian converts (chiefly Anglicans and Wesleyans) and Muslims.^ There are many Christian converts (chiefly Anglicans and Wesleyans) and Muslims.

^ Some 60 percent of Sierra Leoneans are Muslims, 30 percent are traditionalists, and 10 percent are Christian (mostly Anglican and Roman Catholic).
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From there, they dominated the Temnes, converting many of them to Islam.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Northern areas are some Muslim tribes, as for instance the Susu.^ In the Northern areas are some Muslim tribes, as for instance the Susu.

^ Of the major tribes, the Temnes, the Fulas, and the Susus are largely Muslim.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Likewise, Muslim rituals may appear to dominate in some areas, yet these can become mixed with indigenous ideas or customs.
  • Culture of Sierra Leone - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, population, religion, rituals 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The majority of the Sierra Leonis are nominally Christian.^ The majority of the Sierra Leonis are nominally Christian.

.The European population numbers about Soo. Towns.^ The European population numbers about Soo.

- Besides Freetown (q.v.) the capital .(pop., Igor, 34,463), the most important towns are Bonthe, the port of Sherbro, Port Lokko, at the head of the navigable waters of a stream emptying itself into the Sierra Leone estuary, and Songo Town, 30 m.^ Igor, 34,463), the most important towns are Bonthe, the port of Sherbro, Port Lokko, at the head of the navigable waters of a stream emptying itself into the Sierra Leone estuary, and Songo Town, 30 m.

^ Most chose to remain in Sierra Leone.
  • Map Zones : Sierra Leone Map 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC kids.mapzones.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone is a well-watered, well-wooded.

.S.E. of Freetown, with which it is connected by railway.^ S.E. of Freetown, with which it is connected by railway .

.In the interior are many populous centres.^ In the interior are many populous centres.

.The most noted is Falaba, about 190 m.^ The most noted is Falaba, about 190 m.

.N.E. of Freetown on the Fala river, a tributary of the Little Scarcies.^ N.E. of Freetown on the Fala river, a tributary of the Little Scarcies.

^ Located along the Little Scarcies river, the area was known for its wild fowl.
  • Sierra Leone Web - Village Names and Histories 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

.It lies about 1600 ft.^ It lies about 1600 ft.

above the sea. .Falaba was founded towards the end of the 18th century by the Sulima who revolted from the Muslim Fula, and its normadic inhabitants soon attained supremacy over the neighbouring villages and country.^ Falaba was founded towards the end of the 18th century by the Sulima who revolted from the Muslim Fula, and its normadic inhabitants soon attained supremacy over the neighbouring villages and country.

^ It was founded around the 18th century by the great Krim warrior, Kai Mla, from whom the Minahs are descended.
  • Sierra Leone Web - Village Names and Histories 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the late sixteenth century the Susus, who were converting to Islam, revolted against the Christian Temnes and set up their own state on the Scarcies River.
  • Sierra Leonean Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first sierra leoneans in america 11 September 2009 10:23 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like many of the native towns it is surrounded by a loopholed wall, with flank defences for the gates.^ Like many of the native towns it is surrounded by a loopholed wall, with flank defences for the gates.

.The town is the meeting-place of many trade routes, including some to the middle Niger.^ The town is the meeting-place of many trade routes, including some to the middle Niger.

^ Moreover, the main trade road from Konakry to the middle Niger skirts the N.E. frontier of the protectorate for some distance.

^ But if u're new in town and hoping to meet people its the best place to strike a conversation with a stranger.

.Kambia on the Great Scarcies is a place of some importance.^ Kambia on the Great Scarcies is a place of some importance.

^ ROKORAY , Samu Chiefdom, Kambia District, is situated along the northern banks of the Great Scarcies River, AKA "Kolenten".
  • Sierra Leone Web - Village Names and Histories 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

^ KAMBIA , Magbema Chiefdom, is located along the Great Scarcies River, otherwise known as the River Kolenten.
  • Sierra Leone Web - Village Names and Histories 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC www.sierra-leone.org [Source type: Original source]

.It can be reached by boat from the sea.^ It can be reached by boat from the sea.

.On the railway running S.E. from Freetown are Rotifunk, Mano, and Bo, towns which have increased greatly in importance since the building of the railway.^ On the railway running S.E. from Freetown are Rotifunk, Mano, and Bo, towns which have increased greatly in importance since the building of the railway.

^ A railway, state first built in British West Africa, runs S.E. from Freetown through the fertile districts of Mendiland 'to the Liberian frontier.

Agriculture and Trade. - .Agriculture is in a backward condition, but is being developed.^ Agriculture is in a backward condition, but is being developed.

.The wealth of the country consists, however, chiefly in its indigenous trees of economic value - the oil-palm, the kola-nut tree and various kinds of rubber plants, chiefly the Landolphia owariensis. The crops cultivated are rice, of an excellent quality, cassava, maize and ginger.^ The oil-palm and kola-nut tree are especially abundant in the Sherbro district and its hinterland , the Mendi country.

^ The wealth of the country consists, however, chiefly in its indigenous trees of economic value - the oil-palm, the kola- nut tree and various kinds of rubber plants, chiefly the Landolphia owariensis.

^ The crops cultivated are rice, of an excellent quality, cassava , maize and ginger .

.The cultivation of coffee and of native tobacco has been practically abandoned.^ The cultivation of coffee and of native tobacco has been practically abandoned.

as unremunerative. .The sugar cane is grown in small quantities.^ The sugar cane is grown in small quantities.

.The ginger is grown mainly in the colony proper.^ The ginger is grown mainly in the colony proper.

.Minor products are benni seeds, pepper and piassava.^ Minor products are benni seeds, pepper and piassava.

.The oil-palm and kola-nut tree are especially abundant in the Sherbro district and its hinterland, the Mendi country.^ The oil-palm and kola-nut tree are especially abundant in the Sherbro district and its hinterland , the Mendi country.

^ He has been delighted that the palm nut oil, crudely separated from the glycerin by using soda is sufficient to run these engines for two weeks without a problem.

^ The wealth of the country consists, however, chiefly in its indigenous trees of economic value - the oil-palm, the kola- nut tree and various kinds of rubber plants, chiefly the Landolphia owariensis.

.The palms, though never planted, are in practically unlimited numbers.^ The palms, though never planted, are in practically unlimited numbers.

^ Well the Binkolo vehicle is off and running, already finding uses for its practical hauling ability even though the food processing plant is not yet operational.

.The nuts are gathered twice a year.^ The nuts are gathered twice a year.

Formerly groundnuts were largely cultivated, but this industry has been superseded by exports from India. Its place has been taken to some extent by the extraction of rubber.
.The cotton plant grows freely throughout the protectorate and the cloth manufactured is of a superior kind.^ The cotton plant grows freely throughout the protectorate and the cloth manufactured is of a superior kind.

^ The coffee and cotton plants are indigenous; of grasses there are various kinds of millet , including Paspalum exile, the so-called hungry rice or Sierra Leone millet.

.Exotic varieties of cotton do not thrive.^ Exotic varieties of cotton do not thrive.

.Experiments were made during1903-1906to introduce the cultivation of Egyptian and American varieties, but they did not succeed.^ Some folks at the American Embassy also made donations to the orphanage although they did so on their own a day before us.

^ But the American colonists in South Carolina and Georgia had no experience with the cultivation of rice, and they needed African slaves who knew how to plant, harvest, and process this difficult crop.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

.Cattle are numerous but of a poor breed; horses do not thrive.^ Cattle are numerous but of a poor breed; horses do not thrive.

.The chief export is palm kernels, the amount of palm oil exported being comparatively slight.^ The leading cash crops, most of which are exported, are coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, and palm oil.
  • Sierra Leone News - Breaking World Sierra Leone News - The New York Times 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Sierra Leone Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Next to palm products the most valuable articles exported are kola-nuts - which go largely to neighbouring French colonies - rubber and ginger.^ Next to palm products the most valuable articles exported are kola-nuts - which go largely to neighbouring French colonies - rubber and ginger.

^ The oil-palm and kola-nut tree are especially abundant in the Sherbro district and its hinterland , the Mendi country.

^ The wealth of the country consists, however, chiefly in its indigenous trees of economic value - the oil-palm, the kola- nut tree and various kinds of rubber plants, chiefly the Landolphia owariensis.

.The imports are chiefly textiles, food and spirits.^ The imports are chiefly textiles, food and spirits .

.Nearly three-fourths of the imports come from Great Britian, which, however, takes no more than some 35% of the exports.^ Nearly three-fourths of the imports come from Great Britian, which, however, takes no more than some 35% of the exports.

^ However, an anti-money laundering law passed in July 2005 prohibits importing more than $10,000 in cash except through a financial institution.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Sierra Leone 16 September 2009 12:28 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet more than three years after receiving the report, the government has shown little sign of commitment to its legal obligations.
  • Sierra Leone: Getting reparations right for survivors of sexual violence (Including amendments) 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.amnestyusa.org [Source type: Original source]

.About to % of the exports go to other British West African colonies.^ About to % of the exports go to other British West African colonies.

^ The British dominated the slave trade in the 18th century, and during that period an English-based creole spread along the West African coast from Senegal to Nigeria.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1821, Gold Coast (now Ghana), Gambia and Sierra Leone were merged into the British African West Territories governed by the Sierra Leone governor.
  • Background on Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.mnadvocates.org [Source type: Original source]

.Germany, which has but a small share of the import trade, takes about 45% of the exports.^ Germany , which has but a small share of the import trade, takes about 45% of the exports.

^ Nearly three-fourths of the imports come from Great Britian, which, however, takes no more than some 35% of the exports.

^ Incompatible population with poverty indicators has vast economic implications especially in the aspect of regulating export and import trades.
  • Major causes of poverty in low income countries: Sierra Leone Case Study | Sierra Express Media 28 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.sierraexpressmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

The value of the trade increased in the ten years1896-1905from £943,000 to 1,265,000. In 1908 the imports were valued at £813,700, the exports at £736,700.
.The development of commerce with the rich regions north and east of the protectorate has been hindered by the diversion of trade to the French port of Konakry, which in 1910 was placed in railway communication with the upper Niger.^ Creoles arise in the context of trade, colonialism, and slavery when people of diverse backgrounds are thrown together and must forge a common means of communication.
  • Black History Month: The Gullah: Rice, Slavery and the Sierra Leone/American Connection 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.africanaheritage.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Railway Plan On Track - 23/04/07 President Kabbah has placed rail development top of his agenda in the latest ten year Transport Sector Development Plan.
  • OT Africa Line - Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.otal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1896 the Colony and protectorate of Sierra Leone was established to limit French colonial ambitions in the region.
  • Background on Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.mnadvocates.org [Source type: Original source]

.Moreover, the main trade road from Konakry to the middle Niger skirts the N.E. frontier of the protectorate for some distance.^ Moreover, the main trade road from Konakry to the middle Niger skirts the N.E. frontier of the protectorate for some distance.

^ The town is the meeting-place of many trade routes, including some to the middle Niger.

^ One of its headstreams, the Meli, rises in French Guinea in 10 30' W. 9° 17' N. and flows for some distance parallel to the infant Niger, but in the opposite direction.

Communications. - .Internal communication is rendered difficult by the denseness of the "bush" or forest country.^ Internal communication is rendered difficult by the denseness of the "bush" or forest country.

^ In the south-east bordering Liberia is a belt of densely forested hilly country extending 50 m.

.The rivers, however, afford a means of bringing country produce to the seaports.^ The rivers, however, afford a means of bringing country produce to the seaports.

.A railway, state first built in British West Africa, runs S.E. from Freetown through the fertile districts of Mendiland 'to the Liberian frontier.^ A railway, state first built in British West Africa, runs S.E. from Freetown through the fertile districts of Mendiland 'to the Liberian frontier.

^ Freetown became the educational center of West Africa with its western style university Fourah Bay College.
  • Background on Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.mnadvocates.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1866 Freetown was made the capital of the new general government set up for the British settlements on the West Coast of Africa (comprising Sierra Leone, Gambia , the Gold Coast and Lagos , each of which was to have a legislative council).

.Begun in 1896, the line reached Bo (136 m.^ Begun in 1896, the line reached Bo (136 m.

) in the oil-palm district in 1903, and was completed to Baiima, 15 m. from the .Liberian frontier - total length 221 m.^ Liberian frontier - total length 221 m.

- in .1905. The gauge throughout is 2 ft.^ The gauge throughout is 2 ft.

6 in. .The line cost about £430o per mile, a total of nearly £1,000,000. Tramways and "feeder roads" have been built to connect various places with the railway; one such road goes from railhead to Kailahun in Liberia.^ Tramways and "feeder roads" have been built to connect various places with the railway; one such road goes from railhead to Kailahun in Liberia.

^ The line cost about £430o per mile, a total of nearly £1,000,000.

^ The donated land needs to be walled and Sister Rikta has asked me to help with the quotations for costs at about $9,000.

.Telegraphic communication with Europe was established in 1886. Steamers run at regular intervals between Freetown and Liverpool, Hamburg, Havre and Marseilles.^ Telegraphic communication with Europe was established in 1886.

^ Steamers run at regular intervals between Freetown and Liverpool , Hamburg , Havre and Marseilles .

In the ten years1899-1908the tonnage of shipping entered and cleared rose from 1,181,00o to 2,046,000.
.Administration, Revenue, eec.^ Administration, Revenue, eec.

- .The country is administered as a crown colony, the governor being assisted by an executive and a legislative council; on the last-named a minority of nominated unofficial members have seats.^ The country is administered as a crown colony, the governor being assisted by an executive and a legislative council; on the last-named a minority of nominated unofficial members have seats.

^ There were eight ethnic groups represented in the 112-seat parliament, 41 percent of whose members were Mende, 30 percent Temne, and the remainder other minorities.
  • Sierra Leone 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Email: * Add more details First Name: Last Name: Country Select one .
  • Maternal mortality in Sierra Leone – photo gallery | Oxfam International 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.oxfam.org [Source type: General]

.The law of Sierra Leone is based upon common law of England modified by local ordinances.^ The law of Sierra Leone is based upon common law of England modified by local ordinances.

^ Successive visits by English sailors and later British colonization modified the name to "Sierra Leone."
  • Culture of Sierra Leone - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress, marriage, men, life, population, religion, rituals 2 February 2010 17:15 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sydney Smith's jest that Sierra Leone had always two governors, one just arrived in the colony, and the other just arrived in England, is but a slight exaggeration.

.There is a denominational system of primary and higher education.^ There is a denominational system of primary and higher education.

.The schools are inspected by government and receive grants in aid.