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Sierra Nevada
Range
Country Spain
Communities Andalusia
Highest point Mulhacén
 - elevation 3,478 m (11,411 ft)
 - coordinates 37°03′12″N 03°18′41″W / 37.05333°N 3.31139°W / 37.05333; -3.31139
Orogeny Alpine
Period Tertiary
Location of Sierra Nevada in the Iberian Peninsula
The ski resort.
Ragua Pass, Sierra Nevada.

The Sierra Nevada, meaning "snowy range" in Spanish, is a mountain range in the region of Andalusia in Spain. It contains the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at 3,478 metres (11,411 ft).

It is a popular tourist destination, as its high peaks make skiing possible in European Union's most southern ski resort after Mt Olympos in Cyprus (actually located in Asia), in an area along the Mediterranean Sea predominantly known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. At its foothills is found the city of Granada and, a little further, Málaga and Almería.

Parts of the range have been included in the Sierra Nevada National Park. The range has also been declared a biosphere reserve. The Sierra Nevada Observatory is located on the northern slopes at 2800 m.

Contents

Formation

The Sierra Nevada was formed during the Alpine Orogeny, a mountain-building event that also formed the European Alps to the east and the Atlas Mountains of northern Africa across the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Sierra as observed today formed during the Tertiary Period (65 to 1.8 million years ago) from the collision of the African and Eurasian continental plates.

Geography

Central to the mountain range is a ridge running broadly west-south-west - east-north-east. For a substantial distance, the watershed stays consistently above 3000m in altitude.

On the southern side of the range, several long but narrow river valleys lead off towards the south-west, separated by a number of subsidiary ridges.

On the steeper and craggier northern side, the valleys have less regular orientations. This side is dominated by the Rio Genil which starts near Mulhacén and into which many of the other rivers flow.

Highest peaks

Sport

  • Sierra Nevada Ski Resort

See also

External links

References

Bibliography

  • Francisco Pérez Raya, Joaquín Molero Mesa, Francisco Valle Tendero, 1992: "Parque Natural de Sierra Nevada. Paisaje, fauna, flora, itinerarios". Ed. Rueda. Madrid. ISBN 84-7207-067-0 (Spanish)
  • "Flora de la Tundra de Sierra Nevada". Pablo Prieto Fernández, Ed. Universidad de Granada. ISBN ISBN 84-600-1810-5 (Spanish)
  • "Sierra Nevada: Guía de Montaña". Aurelio del Castillo y Antonio del Castillo. Ed. Penibética, 2003. ISBN 84-932022-3-1 (Spanish)

Coordinates: 37°05′N 3°10′W / 37.083°N 3.167°W / 37.083; -3.167

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Spain : Andalucia : Granada : Sierra Nevada
Contents

The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in Andalucia in the south east of Spain. They are the country's tallest mountains, rising to over 10,000 ft (3000+ metres). The highest peak is Mulhacén at 3,479 m.

Regions

The Sierra Nevada lie predominately in the province of Granada.

Cities

The city of Granada lies in the foothills on the northern side of the Sierra Nevada

  • Fly in to Malaga and drive eastwards from there.
  • Drive westwards from the city of Almeria
  • ski resort 2 hours from Malaga Airport, 45 minutes from Granada airport
  • Alpujarras Valley 2,5 hours from Malaga, 1h15 from Granada

See

The Sierra Nevada National Park (known as the Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada in Spanish) covers part of the Sierra Nevada range and has a number of interesting species of animals.

  • Andaventur Granada Adventure Company [1] - outdoor sports in the Sierra Nevada National park and Granada province, tandem paraglider flights, canyoning, hiking, ski, rock climbing, horse riding...
  • Camping Las Lomas Güéjar-Sierra [2]
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Simple English

File:Sierra Nevada en Espanha y
Situation of Sierra Nevada in the Iberian Peninsula.

The Sierra Nevada, meaning "snowy range" in Spanish, is a mountain range in the region of Andalusia in Spain. It contains the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at 3,479 m.

It is a popular tourist destination, as its high peaks make skiing possible in Europe's most southern ski resort after Ski Centre on the island of Crete in an area along the Mediterranean Sea predominantly known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. At its foothills is found the city of Granada and, a little farther, Málaga and Almería.

Other websites

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References

Bibliography

  • Francisco Pérez Raya, Joaquín Molero Mesa, Francisco Valle Tendero, 1992: "Parque Natural de Sierra Nevada. Paisaje, fauna, flora, itinerarios". Ed. Rueda. Madrid. ISBN 84-7207-067-0 (Spanish)
  • "Flora de la Tundra de Sierra Nevada". Pablo Prieto Fernández, Ed. Universidad de Granada. ISBN ISBN 84-600-1810-5 (Spanish)
  • "Sierra Nevada: Guía de Montaña". Aurelio del Castillo y Antonio del Castillo. Ed. Penibética, 2003. ISBN 84-932022-3-1 (Spanish)



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