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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°21′12″N 1°06′05″W / 51.3533°N 1.1014°W / 51.3533; -1.1014

Silchester - church & wall.JPG
Silchester church and Roman wall
Silchester is located in Hampshire

 Silchester shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU627620
District Basingstoke and Deane
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district RG26
Dialling code 01256
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Basingstoke
List of places: UK • England • Hampshire

Silchester is a village and civil parish in the English county of Hampshire. It is best known for the adjacent archaeological site and Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum, which was first occupied by the Romans in about AD 45 and includes what is thought to be the best-preserved Roman wall in Great Britain.



Silchester is located at grid reference SU627620, 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Reading and 5 miles (8 km) north of Basingstoke. The village is sometimes referred to as Silchester Common, as that is where it stands, some distance from the parish church and the old manor (now Manor Farm) just within the eastern walls of the Roman town.

Local government

Silchester is a civil parish with an elected parish council. Silchester parish falls within the area of Basingstoke and Deane District Council and of Hampshire County Council and all three councils are responsible for different aspects of local government. At the 2001 census the parish had a population of 918.


Silchester has its own primary school, but children aged 11 to 16 that receive normal (state-funded) education are likely to attend The Hurst Community College in Baughurst.

The medieval parish church of St Mary stands just within the old Roman walled town, probably on the site of a Roman temple. It has a fine rood screen, a canopied pulpit and several minor church monuments.

The village public house is called the Calleva Arms, a reference to Calleva Atrebatum, the large Roman town lying near the present village. There is an active community with regular events and village activities through the year including a fun run, village fair and music festival. Pictures of these and many other community events can be seen at Pete's Silchester Pages. The village is also famed for the amateur dramatic society, the Silchester Players.


Silchester was voted "Hampshire Village of the Year" (2008) and "South England Village of the Year" (2009) in the Calor Village of the Year competition[1]


External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SILCHESTER, a parish in the north of Hampshire, England, about Io m. S. of Reading, containing the site of the RomanoBritish town Calleva Atrebatum. This site has been lately explored (1890-1909) and the whole plan of the ancient town within the walls recovered; unfortunately the excavators had to abandon their task before the suburbs, cemeteries and whatever else may lie outside the walls have been examined. The results are published in Archaeologia, the official organ of the London Society of. Antiquaries (see Britain: Roman). As the excavations proceeded, the areas excavated were covered in again, but the ruins of the town hall, which have been famous since the 1 2th century, still remain. The smaller and movable objects found in the excavations have been deposited by the duke of Wellington, owner of the site of Calleva, in the Reading museum..

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