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Lower Silesian language
Spoken in Poland, Czech Republic, Germany[1]
Region Lower Silesia. Also spoken in Czech Republic, eastern Germany.
Total speakers unknown[1]
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 gem
ISO 639-3 sli

Lower Silesian language or simply Silesian (Lower Silesian: Schläsch, German: Schlesisch), is a German dialect/language spoken in Lower Silesia. Today, the area is mainly in southwestern Poland, but as well as in northeastern Czech Republic and in eastern Germany.

The group of dialects is nearly extinct.

The German Silesian dialect is part of the East Central German language area with some West Slavic influences. After the expulsion of the Germans east of the Oder-Neisse line, German Silesian culture and language nearly died out when most of Silesia became part of Poland in 1945. Polish authorities banned the remaining persecuted German minority from speaking their native language. There are still unresolved feelings on the sides of both Poles and Germans, largely because of Nazi Germany's treatment of Poles and the forced expulsion and ethnic cleansing of native Germans from former eastern territories of Germany that was transferred to Poland in the wake of the Potsdam Agreement.

The German Silesian dialect is not recognized by the Polish State in any way, although the status of the German minority in Poland has improved much since the 1991 communist collapse and Polish entry into the European Union.

See also


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