Silverfish: Wikis

  
  
  

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Lepisma saccharina
Fossil range: 300–0 Ma
Late Carboniferous to Recent[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Thysanura
Family: Lepismatidae
Genus: Lepisma
Species: L. saccharina
Binomial name
Lepisma saccharina
Linnaeus, 1758
.Lepisma saccharina, frequently called silverfish, fishmoths, carpet sharks, or paramites, are small, wingless insects in the order Thysanura.^ Silverfish and firebrats (also called bristletails) belong to the insect order Thysanura.
  • G7376 Silverfish and Firebrats | University of Missouri Extension 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC extension.missouri.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • G7376 Silverfish and Firebrats | University of Missouri Extension 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC extension.missouri.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lepisma saccharina bristletail (Also: common silverfish; silverfish) .

^ SILVERFISH The silverfish is a primitive wingless insect is about 1/2 in.

.Its common name derives from the animal's silvery light grey and blue colour, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements, while the scientific name indicates the silverfish's diet of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches.^ The pests movements are similar to a fish, which is where it got its common name.
  • Silverfish and How to Get Rid of Them | Pest Control SuperTips 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.superpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish loves feeding on starch and sugar.
  • Silverfish Pest Control – Harmful For Your Home | InsectPest.net 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.insectpest.net [Source type: General]

^ Common names: Fishmoths, naked silverfish.
  • Palaeos Invertebrates: Arthropoda: Insecta: The Insects 2 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Etymology

.The scientific name for the species is Lepisma saccharina, due to its tendency to eat starchy foods high in carbohydrates and protein, such as dextrin.^ They eat a wide variety of foods containing proteins or carbohydrates.
  • Silverfish - Firebrats - How to Kill 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.epestsupply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Silverfish - Firebrats - How to Kill 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.epestsupply.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rats prefer foods with a high protein or carbohydrate content, but will eat almost any type of food.

^ Silverfish and firebrats may roam long distances for their food source, but once found will remain close to it, they consume carbohydrates and proteins.
  • Silverfish Pest Control | Traps | Pesticides 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.epestsolutions.com [Source type: General]

[2] .However, the insect's more common name comes from a combination of the words silver and fish, coming from the insect's distinctive metallic appearance and fish-like shape.^ It’s name comes from it’s silvery blue colour along with it’s fish-like appearance and movements.
  • Silverfish | Pest Information 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.bestpest.com.au [Source type: General]

^ A silverfish is a slender, cigar-shaped, shiny, silver or pearl gray, wingless insect about a third to a half an inch long.
  • Getting rid of pesky silverfish can be difficult | The San Diego Union-Tribune 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

^ Resources Did You Know Its common name derives from the animal's silvery blue colour, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements, while the scientific name indicates the silverfish's diet of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches.
  • Organic Ways to Get Rid of Silverfish in Your House - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[3] While the scientific name can be traced back to 1758, the common name has been in use since 1855.[4][5]

Description

.Silverfish are nocturnal, elongate, and flattened insects typically between 0.5 and 1.0 inches (12–25 mm) in length.^ Appearance Small, elongated triangular insects between 1/2 and 1 inch long.

^ Description: Silverfish and firebrats are slender, wingless insects, one-third to one-half inch long with three, long bristletails at the end of their body.

^ A silverfish is a slender, cigar-shaped, shiny, silver or pearl gray, wingless insect about a third to a half an inch long.
  • Getting rid of pesky silverfish can be difficult | The San Diego Union-Tribune 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.signonsandiego.com [Source type: News]

[6] .Their abdomen tapers at the end, giving them a fish-like appearance.^ It’s name comes from it’s silvery blue colour along with it’s fish-like appearance and movements.
  • Silverfish | Pest Information 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.bestpest.com.au [Source type: General]

^ These pests derive their common name from their silvery blue color along with their somewhat fish like appearance during movement.

^ Silverfish are wingless, having a fish-like appearance with a flat body, which is tapered at both ends and covered by overlapping scales.

[7] They are born whitish, but develop a grayish hue and metallic shine as they get older.[2] .They have three long cerci at the tips of their abdomens, one parallel to their body, one facing left, and one facing right.^ Characterized by the three long tail like appendages from the tip of the abdomen.
  • Silverfish Pest Control | Traps | Pesticides 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.epestsolutions.com [Source type: General]

^ They have long, slender antennae and three slender appendages at the rear of the body.
  • G7376 Silverfish and Firebrats | University of Missouri Extension 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC extension.missouri.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description: Silverfish and firebrats are slender, wingless insects, one-third to one-half inch long with three, long bristletails at the end of their body.

.They also have two small compound eyes, despite other members of Thysanura being completely eyeless, such as the family Nicoletiidae.^ These two Australian families of silverfish families can be differentiated from others due to one having small compound eyes and the other being completely eyeless.

^ Characteristics: body flattened long cerci and median filament compound eyes separate Other Names for Thysanura .
  • Thysanura 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC tolweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Actually two closets are emptied because I was afraid that if I treated one closet they would move into the other.
  • How to Get Rid of Silverfish - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[7][8]
.Like other species in Apterygota, silverfish completely lack wings.^ These two Australian families of silverfish families can be differentiated from others due to one having small compound eyes and the other being completely eyeless.

^ Like other basal insects, silverfish are long-lived, and may survive for up to four years.
  • Palaeos Invertebrates: Arthropoda: Insecta: The Insects 2 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like all basal insects, Archaeognathae lack wings.
  • Palaeos Invertebrates: Arthropoda: Insecta: The Insects 2 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7][9] .They have long antennae, and move in a wiggling motion that resembles the movement of a fish.^ Size: 1/2-1 inches long Name origin comes from their silvery bodies and fish-like movements Lifetime: 2-8 years Can live up to a year without food Have 6 appendages (legs) and antennae Are probably crawling around in your house What They Eat and Where They Live .
  • Kill Silverfish Insects 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.ecosmart.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish are most active at night and run very swiftly with a wiggling motion that resembles the swimming action of a fish.
  • Earwigs, Crickets, Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.billsext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • A & E's Do It Yourself (DIY) Pest Control - Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC aandepestcontrol.com [Source type: General]

^ They have chewing mouthparts, long antennae and the body is almost always covered with scales.

[10] .This, coupled with their appearance, influences their common name.^ The body tapers gradually to the rear, giving the insect a fishlike appearance, suggesting the common names "silverfish" or "fishmoths" or the German Fischen .
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Silverfish typically live for two to eight years.^ The lifespan of a silverfish is generally between two and eight years..
  • Silverfish, Firebrats, Pillbugs,Centipedes, Millipedes | ArmaXX Pest Control | Nashville, TN | 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.armaxx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adults may live two to eight years.
  • How to get rid of silverfish, silverfish pest control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.critterridders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Silverfish, SILVERFISH, silverfish, firebrats, FIREBRATS, Firebrats,silverfish control, exterminating silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC bestpestproducts.com [Source type: General]

^ Firebrats live about 2 years and silverfish about 3 years.
  • Silverfish and Firebrat Management Guidelines--UC IPM 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.ipm.ucdavis.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Diet

A book damaged by silverfish
.Silverfish consume matter that contains polysaccharides, such as starches and dextrin in adhesives.^ The favorite food of silverfish is any matter that contains starch or polysaccharides, such as dextrin in adhesives.
  • Get Rid of Silverfish! | Blog Marco 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.photos2view.com [Source type: General]

^ X Silverfish eat anything high in starch such as paste, glue, wallpaper, book bindings, and some textiles.
  • How to Get Rid of Silverfish - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish prefer substances of plant origin such as cotton cellulose and starch.
  • Fabric pest, cloth moths, closets, control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.pantrypest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .These include glue, book bindings, paper, photos, sugar, coffee, hair, carpet, clothing and dandruff.^ These include glue, book bindings, paper, photos, sugar, hair, and dandruff.
  • Get Rid of Silverfish! | Blog Marco 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.photos2view.com [Source type: General]

^ Favourite foods of silverfish include glue, book bindings, paper, photos, sugar, hair, and dandruff.

^ Silverfish diets are high in protein, sugar, or starch, including cereals, moist wheat flour, starch in book bindings, and paper on which there is glue or paste.
  • Silverfish Control Kill Get Rid of Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC store.doyourownpestcontrol.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How To Get Rid of Silverfish, Silverfish Control, Kill Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC acepestcontrolproducts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Can you name this bug and tell how to get rid of it? - Yahoo!7 Answers 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Silverfish can also cause damage to books and tapestries.^ Silverfish can also cause damage to books, tapestries, and textiles.
  • Get Rid of Silverfish! | Blog Marco 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.photos2view.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish normally live indoors and, because they eat starchy materials (e.g., paste, bookbindings, and wallpaper), can cause much damage.
  • silverfish (insect) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Behavior Silverfish will damage fabrics, paper, and book bindings.

.Other substances that may be eaten include cotton, linen, silk and synthetic fibres, and dead insects or even its own exuvia (moulted exoskeleton).^ Silverfish are chewing insects and broad feeders, but prefer carbohydrates and protein, including flour, dried meat, oats, paper, cereal, cotton, linen, rayon, silk, sugar, and even glue.
  • Silverfish, Firebrats, Pillbugs,Centipedes, Millipedes | ArmaXX Pest Control | Nashville, TN | 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.armaxx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cellulose, shampoos, glue in books, linen, silk and dead insects may be food sources.  Some experts classify silverfish as most destructive pest of stored food.
  • Silverfish Insect Facts - Silverfish Bug Facts 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.orkin.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish eat your clothes - Silverfish are also attracted to eating silk, synthetic fabrics and cotton clothing, so they may be crawling around in your clothes when you hang them in the closet.
  • Rid Silverfish,Ebooks online,download ebooks 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.treasure-hunt.in [Source type: General]

.During famine, a silverfish may even attack leatherware and synthetic fabrics.^ Silverfish eat your clothes - Silverfish are also attracted to eating silk, synthetic fabrics and cotton clothing, so they may be crawling around in your clothes when you hang them in the closet.
  • Silverfish Control: The Ultimate Guide to Get Rid of Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.getridofsilverfish.com [Source type: General]
  • Rid Silverfish,Ebooks online,download ebooks 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.treasure-hunt.in [Source type: General]

^ Because silverfish and firebrats molt during their adult lives their cast skins may be a useful detection too.

^ They may feed on fabrics of vegetable origin or synthetics, if the fabrics are mixed with wool, or may use such materials to construct their cocoons.
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Silverfish can live for a year or more without eating.^ Firebrats live about 2 years and silverfish about 3 years.
  • Silverfish and Firebrat Management Guidelines--UC IPM 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.ipm.ucdavis.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Silverfish normally live indoors and, because they eat starchy materials (e.g., paste, bookbindings, and wallpaper), can cause much damage.
  • silverfish (insect) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Silverfish Paks destroy these year-round pests that eat wool, paper, linen and cellulose materials.
  • Firebrats and Firebrat Control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.doyourownpestcontrol.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Dekko Silverfish Paks - Cleaning & Repair - WalterDrake 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.wdrake.com [Source type: General]

[2][6]

Distribution

.Silverfish are a cosmopolitan species, found throughout North America, Europe, Australia, Japan, Asia, and other parts of the Pacific.^ Silverfish are active at night or in dark places found throughout the structure.

^ Silverfish may be found almost anywhere in the house, but are most commonly found in moist, warm locations (such as around sinks and other plumbing fixtures).
  • Earwigs, Crickets, Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.billsext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We supply DIY Pest Control Products throughout the UK, France and other parts of Europe.
  • Pest Help UK - Silverfish|Bristletail Pest Control Products 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.pesthelp.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .They inhabit moist areas, requiring a relative humidity between 75% and 95%.^ The silverfish lives and develops in damp, cool places (prefers 75 to 95 percent relative humidity), often in the basement, bathroom and kitchen.
  • How to get rid of silverfish, silverfish pest control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.critterridders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • SilverFish & Firebrats | Pest Control and Bug Exterminator Blog 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blogpestcontrol.com [Source type: General]

^ They prefer humid areas (75 to 97% humidity),like bathrooms and moderate temperatures (70o to 80o F).

^ They prefer humid areas (75 to 97% humidity), like bathrooms and moderate temperatures (70o to 80o F).
  • How To Get Rid of Silverfish, Silverfish Control, Kill Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC acepestcontrolproducts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Can you name this bug and tell how to get rid of it? - Yahoo!7 Answers 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[12] .In urban areas, they can be found in basements, bathrooms, garages, closets, and attics.^ Once inside a home, they are usually found in the bathroom or bedroom wall.
  • Silverfish, Firebrats, Pillbugs,Centipedes, Millipedes | ArmaXX Pest Control | Nashville, TN | 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.armaxx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No Pvm, they live in damp areas like the bathroom where the bath, toilet, sink is & under the kitche sink as well.
  • Pest contol(silverfish) [Archive] - Dublin.ie Forums 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.dublin.ie [Source type: Original source]

^ Habitat Silverfish live in cracks and voids and are commonly found in larger numbers in attics, basements, and crawl spaces.
  • Bugs & Other Occasional Invaders: Silverfish, Box Elder Bug, Ladybug Prevention & More 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.terminix-triad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Reproduction and life cycle

A silverfish without its silvery scales, which are developed after its third molt
.The reproduction of silverfish is preceded by a ritual involving three phases, which may last over half an hour.^ Q. Our home seems to have had an unusually large number of silverfish for the last two or three years.
  • Silverfish: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Adult silverfish and firebrats may continue to live for up to three years.

^ Silverfish and firebrats, depending on the species, may reach maturity in three to twenty-four months.
  • SilverFish & Firebrats | Pest Control and Bug Exterminator Blog 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blogpestcontrol.com [Source type: General]

.In the first phase, the male and female stand face to face, their trembling antennae touching, then repeatedly back off and return to this position.^ Adult black widow males are harmless, about half the female's size, and usually have yellow and red bands with spots on their backs.

.In the second phase the male runs away and the female chases him.^ The female spider may mistake the male for prey and eat him, but most male spiders perform courtship activities that identify themselves and attract the females.

.In the third phase the male and female stand side by side and head-to-tail, with the male vibrating his tail against the female.^ Earwig female forceps are straight-sided, whereas male forceps are strongly curved (caliper-like) and larger.
  • Earwigs, Crickets, Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.billsext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Finally the male lays a spermatophore, a sperm capsule covered in gossamer, which the female takes into her body via her ovipositor to fertilize the eggs.^ These extant archaeognaths lay a relatively small number (~12) orange-coloured eggs in crevices or holes bored with their long ovipositors.
  • Palaeos Invertebrates: Arthropoda: Insecta: The Insects 2 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only 1 clutch of eggs is laid between molts, and fertilization must take place before each clutch of eggs is laid.
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Males produce a packet of sperm (spermatophore) and leave it on the ground to be picked up by a female.
  • Discover Life - Insecta: Archeognatha - Bristletails, Archaeognatha, Silverfish, Firebrats 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The female lays groups of less than fifty eggs at once, deposited in small crevices.^ The females lay the eggs in crevices, on cloth, or buried in food or dust.
  • Silverfish and Firebrat Management Guidelines--UC IPM 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.ipm.ucdavis.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eggs are very small and deposited in cracks and crevices.
  • Silverfish - Do It Yourself Pest Control at cooperseeds.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.cooperseeds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Females lay eggs after a blood meal.

[14] .The eggs are oval-shaped, whitish, about 132 inches (0.79 mm) long,[15] and take between two weeks and two months to hatch.^ Eggs hatch in about two weeks under ideal conditions.
  • How to get rid of silverfish, silverfish pest control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.critterridders.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mice droppings are about 1/8-1/4 inch long and rod shaped.

^ Adults are about 1/2 inch long.

.Silverfish usually lay fewer than one hundred eggs in their lifetime.^ One moth can lay 100-400 eggs over a 1-18 day period.

^ Silverfish or their eggs can be unknowingly transported from one building to another in cardboard cartons, books, papers, and many other carbohydrate substances.
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The females lay about 200 eggs, usually at the rate of three or four a day, in cracks and crevices in the floor or bed.

[6]
.When the nymphs hatch, they are whitish in color, and look like smaller adults.^ These eggs hatch into nymphs, which look like small adults.

^ The young insects look like adults except they are smaller.
  • ENY-225/IG094: Booklice and Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC edis.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newly hatched nymphs are nearly colorless, becoming brownish as they mature.

.As they molt, young silverfish develop a grayish appearance and a metallic shine, eventually becoming adults after three months to three years.^ Silverfish has been together for nearly three years.
  • Silverfish on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When they become adults, they will become adults incapable of reproducing.
  • EAR WIGG & Silverfish PRODCUTS 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.bugaboopest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The life cycle from silverfish egg to adult is three to four months.

[14] .They may go through seventeen to sixty-six molts in their lifetime, sometimes thirty in a single year, which is much more than usual for an insect.^ They are much more harmful and intrusive than you may think.
  • Silverfish Control: The Ultimate Guide to Get Rid of Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.getridofsilverfish.com [Source type: General]

^ They go through only a three stage life cycle called gradual metamorphosis, while many insects have a four stage life cycle (complete metamorphosis).

^ In short, regardless of the degree to which it’s taken, organic gardens give more to the earth than they take away.
  • WKBW News 7: News, Sports, Weather - Buffalo, New York | Thinking Green 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.wkbw.com [Source type: General]

.Silverfish are one of the rare species of insect that continue to molt after mating.^ These insects are elusive, and if you’ve noticed one, there are probably more silverfish in your home than you realize.
  • How to Get Rid of Silverfish - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Unlike other insects, firebrats and silverfish molt continuously throughout their life, passing through 45 to 60 instars or development stages.
  • Silverfish and Firebrat Management Guidelines--UC IPM 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.ipm.ucdavis.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Silverfish are very long-lived insects, and are unique in continuing to molt their skins for years after they become adults.
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Relationship with humans

.Silverfish are considered a household pest, due to their consumption and destruction of property.^ Silverfish and firebrats are considered to be nuisance pests that can feed on wallpaper pastes, natural textiles, books, and papers.

[6] .While responsible for the contamination of food and other types of damage, they do not transmit disease.^ They prefer starchy materials such as cereals, wallpaper and book bindings as food but in large populations they may do damage to cotton and linen fabrics.
  • Kill Silverfish: Pest Control Products for Silverfish Control 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.pestproducts.com [Source type: General]

^ The silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) and the firebrat (Thermobia domestica) cause damage in homes by eating foods and other materials that are high in starch, protein, or sugar.
  • Get Rid of Silverfish! | Blog Marco 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.photos2view.com [Source type: General]

^ They are also commonly found in basements, where there is humidity in the air and food nearby, behind baseboards and walls, and under couches or other furniture.
  • Kill Silverfish Insects 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blog.ecosmart.com [Source type: General]

[2][17]

Predation

.Earwigs, house centipedes, and (in rare cases) spiders are known to be predators of silverfish.^ I am terrified of bugs - any kind of bug - spiders, earwigs, silverfish, ants, flies, bees - flying or crawling.
  • How to Get Rid of Silverfish - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ It kills GNATS FLIES , Mosquitoes , moths , Sowbugs, Millipedes, Centipedes, Booklice, Silverfish, Firebrats, , Cockroaches , spiders , Earwigs and many other pests in enclosed areas.
  • EAR WIGG & Silverfish PRODCUTS 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.bugaboopest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hobo spider, also known as the aggressive house spider, is brown and measures roughly 12-18mm in length.

[18][19]

Similar species

.Other, similar insect species are known as silverfish.^ Like other basal insects, silverfish are long-lived, and may survive for up to four years.
  • Palaeos Invertebrates: Arthropoda: Insecta: The Insects 2 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.palaeos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These traps are disposable and easy to handle without touching the trapped silverfish or other insects.
  • Silverfish - Do It Yourself Pest Control at cooperseeds.com 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.cooperseeds.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Silverfish Trap captures adult and nymphal stages of silverfish , bristletails, firebrats and other insects.
  • Silver Fish Trap; Pesticide Free Non-Toxic Insect Trapper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.pestproducts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two other silverfish are common in North America, Ctenolepisma longicaudata and Ctenolepisma quadriseriata.^ Left , silverfish, Lepisma saccharina ; right , gray silverfish, Ctenolepisma longicaudata .
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The common silverfish , Lepisma saccharina (Linnaeus), the fourlined silverfish , Ctenolepisma quadriseriata (Packard...
  • silverfish Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Fourlined Silverfish, Ctenolepisma lineata (F.) (= quadriseriata Packard) .
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] Ctenolepisma urbana is known as the urban silverfish.[11] .The Australian species most commonly referred to as silverfish is Acrotelsella devriesiana.^ This species is the most widely distributed and abundant silverfish in Australia, where its biology was intensively investigated by Lindsay (1940).
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Silverfish may be found almost anywhere in the house, but are most commonly found in moist, warm locations (such as around sinks and other plumbing fixtures).
  • Earwigs, Crickets, Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.billsext.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • A & E's Do It Yourself (DIY) Pest Control - Silverfish 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC aandepestcontrol.com [Source type: General]

[7] .The firebrat (Thermobia domestica) is like a silverfish but smaller.^ Young silverfish and firebrats resemble adults except being smaller, white and take on the adult color in four to six weeks.
  • SilverFish & Firebrats | Pest Control and Bug Exterminator Blog 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC blogpestcontrol.com [Source type: General]

^ Silverfish and their close relatives Firebrats are characterized by three long tail-like appendages arising from the tip of the abdomen.

^ Like the silverfish, the firebrat continues to molt during its adult life.
  • Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 8] Pests of Fabric and Paper 25 January 2010 1:50 UTC www.entomology.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

References

  1. ^ Hoell, H.V., Doyen, J.T. & Purcell, A.H. (1998). Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity, 2nd ed.. Oxford University Press. p. 320. ISBN 0-19-510033-6. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Jackman (1981). "Silverfish". AgriLife Extension. http://insects.tamu.edu/fieldguide/aimg2.html. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Silverfish". Dictionary.com Unabridged. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/silverfish. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carolus (1758). Systema Naturae. 1 (10 ed.). p. 608. 
  5. ^ Harper, Douglas (November 2001). "Silverfish". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=s&p=22. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  6. ^ a b c d Day, Eric (August, 1996). "Silverfish factsheet, Department of Entomology". Virginia Cooperative Extension. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University. http://sites.ext.vt.edu/departments/entomology/factsheets/silverfi.html. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Thysanura - silverfish". CSIRO Entomology. Australia. http://www.ento.csiro.au/education/insects/thysanura.html. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  8. ^ "Thysanura Families". CSIRO Entomology. Australia. http://www.ento.csiro.au/education/insects/thysanura_families/thysanura_families.html. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  9. ^ Hoell, H.V., Doyen, J.T. & Purcell, A.H. (1998). Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity, 2nd ed.. Oxford University Press. pp. 333–340. ISBN 0-19-510033-6. 
  10. ^ "Silverfish and Firebrats". Iowa Insect Information Notes. Iowa State University. 2005-07-14. http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/iiin/silverfi.html. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  11. ^ a b Yates, Julian R. III (December 1992). "Silverfish". University of Hawaii. http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/Kbase/urban/site/silverfish.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-27. 
  12. ^ Barnes, Jeffrey K. (October 6, 2005). "Silverfish". Arthropod Museum Notes. University of Arkansas. http://www.uark.edu/ua/arthmuse/silfsh.html. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  13. ^ Von H. Sturm (1965) Die Paarung beim Silberfischen, Lepisma saccharina. In Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie, Band 13, Heft 1.
  14. ^ a b c Houseman, Richard (August 2007). "Silverfish and Firebrats". University of Missouri Extension. http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=G7376. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  15. ^ Koehler, P. G.; Branscome, D.; Oi, F. M.. "Booklice and Silverfish". Electronic Data Information Source. University of Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ig094. Retrieved 2009-11-27. 
  16. ^ Hubbell, Sue (1993). Broadsides from the Other Odors. ISBN 0-679-40062-1. 
  17. ^ Hahn, Jeffrey; Kells, Stephen A. (2006). "Silverfish and Firebrats". University of Minnesota Extension. http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/housingandclothing/DK1018.html. Retrieved 2009-11-27. 
  18. ^ Jacobs, Steve, Sr. (January 2006). "House Centipedes — Entomology — Penn State University". Pennsylvania State University. http://ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/house-centipedes. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  19. ^ Pehling, Dave (November 2007). "Spiders". Washington State University. http://gardening.wsu.edu/library/inse005/inse005.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Simple English

Lepisma saccharina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Thysanura
Family: Lepismatidae
Genus: Lepisma
Species: L. saccharina
Binomial name
Lepisma saccharina
Linnaeus, 1758

Lepisma saccharina (commonly called the fishmoth, urban silverfish or just the silverfish) is a small, wingless insect. Typically it is between half an inch and one inch (12–25 mm). Its common name comes from the animal's silvery blue color, combined with the fish-like appearance of its movements. The scientific name indicates the silverfish's diet of carbohydrates such as sugar or starches. It belongs to the basal insect order Thysanura, and the species is estimated to have existed for over 300 million years, originating in the Paleozoic Era.[1] Often misidentified as a silverfish is the house centipede, another house-dwelling arthropod that exhibits rapid, fluid movement.

An eyeless species of silverfish, or a close relative, was discovered in January 2006 in caves in Sequoia National Park, California.

References


Citable sentences

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