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Silverstone Circuit
"Home of British Motor Racing"[1]
Silverstone Complete.jpg
Silverstone Circuit - 2010 Onwards
Location Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire, England
Time zone GMT
Coordinates 52°4′43″N 1°1′1″W / 52.07861°N 1.01694°W / 52.07861; -1.01694Coordinates: 52°4′43″N 1°1′1″W / 52.07861°N 1.01694°W / 52.07861; -1.01694
Major events FIA Formula One
British Grand Prix
FIM MotoGP
British Grand Prix
British Formula Three Championship
FIM Superbike World Championship
British Superbike
FIA GT Championship
Le Mans Series
World Touring Car Championship
British Touring Car Championship
Superleague Formula
Arena Circuit[2]
Length 5.900 km (3.666 mi)
Turns 18
Grand Prix Circuit
Length 5.141 km (3.194 mi)
Turns 17
Lap record 1:18.739 (Germany Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 2004, F1)
International Circuit
Length 3.619 km (2.249 mi)
Turns 10
National Circuit
Length 2.638 km (1.639 mi)
Turns 6
Stowe Circuit
Length 1.281 km (0.796 mi)
Turns 5
Kimi Räikkönen testing for McLaren at Silverstone in April 2006.

The Silverstone Circuit is a motor racing circuit in Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire, England, named after the village in the former. It is best known as the home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted in 1948 and which has been held on the circuit every year since 1987. The circuit is also home to the BRDC International Trophy, formerly one of the premier non-Championship F1 races in the calendar, today awarded to the winner of a race for historic F1 cars at the annual Silverstone Classic meeting.

Contents

Circuit development

Half the circuit is in Northamptonshire and half in Buckinghamshire, roughly equidistant from Milton Keynes and Northampton. It is built on the site of a World War II bomber base, RAF Silverstone, which opened in 1943. The airfield's three runways, in classic WWII triangle format, lie within the outline of the present track.

Silverstone was first used for motorsport by an ad hoc group of friends who set up an impromptu race in September 1947. One of their number, Maurice Geoghegan, lived in nearby Silverstone village and was aware that the airfield was deserted. He and eleven other drivers raced over a two mile circuit, during the course of which Geoghegan himself was unfortunate enough to run over an errant sheep that had wandered onto the airfield. Both car and sheep were written off, and in the aftermath of this event the informal race became known as the Mutton Grand Prix.[3]

The next year the Royal Automobile Club took a lease on the airfield and set out a more formal racing circuit. Their first two races were held on the runways themselves, with long straights separated by tight hairpin corners, the track demarcated by hay bales. However, for the 1949 International Trophy meeting, it was decided to switch to the perimeter track. This arrangement was used for the 1950 and 1951 Grands Prix. In 1952 the start line was moved from the Farm Straight to the present Finish Straight, and this layout remained largely unaltered for the following 35 years. For the 1975 meeting a chicane was introduced to try and tame speeds through the mighty Woodcote Corner, and Bridge Corner was subtly rerouted in 1987 before the track underwent a major redesign between the 1990 and 1991 races. The reshaped track's first F1 race was perhaps the most memorable of recent years, with Nigel Mansell coming home first in front of his home crowd. On his victory lap back to the pits Mansell even found time to pick up stranded rival Ayrton Senna and give him a lift on his side-pod, after Senna's McLaren had expired towards the end of the race.

Following the deaths of Senna and fellow Grand Prix driver Roland Ratzenberger at Imola in 1994, many Grand Prix circuits were modifed in order to reduce speed and increase driver safety. As a consequence of this the entry from Hangar Straight into Stowe Corner was modified in 1995 so as to make its entry less dangerous and, as a result, less challenging, and the flat-out Abbey kink was modified to a chicane in just 19 days before the 1994 GP.

Spectator traffic management

Historically Silverstone has suffered traffic jams on race days. This problem has been largely eliminated with the completion of the A43 Silverstone bypass, a dual-carriageway road just to the north of the circuit. When the race was moved to an April date in 2000, rainy conditions turned the fields used for car parking into mud baths, causing chaos for spectators trying to park.[4] On F1 race day a large number of spectators travel to the circuit by helicopter: enough to make Silverstone Heliport the busiest airport in the UK for this day.[5]

Hosting Grands Prix and Formula One

Silverstone is the current home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted in 1948. The 1950 British Grand Prix at Silverstone was the first race in the newly-created Formula One World Championship. The race rotated between Silverstone, Aintree and Brands Hatch from 1955 to 1986, but relocated permanently to Silverstone in 1987.

On 30 September 2004 British Racing Drivers' Club president Jackie Stewart announced that the British Grand Prix would not be included on the 2005 provisional race calendar, and if it were, would probably not occur at Silverstone.[6] However on 9 December an agreement was reached with Formula One rights holder Bernie Ecclestone ensuring that the track would host the British Grand Prix until 2009 after which Donington Park would become the new host of the British Grand Prix. However, the Donington Park leaseholders suffered economic problems resulting in the BRDC signing a 17 year deal with Bernie Ecclestone to hold the British Grand Prix at Silverstone.[7]

Recent Developments

Bernie Ecclestone stated that he would only negotiate the future of Formula One at Silverstone post-2009 if the BRDC gives up its role as promoter of the event. In an Autosport interview he said "I want to deal with a promoter rather than the BRDC. It is too difficult with the BRDC because you get no guarantees with them. We've said that unless they can get the circuit to the level expected from so-called third-world countries we are not prepared to do a deal. They know what we want them to build."[8] A new pit-and-paddock complex is the minimum redevelopment required.[8] Maurice Hamilton has described the attitude of the BRDC as "[appearing to be] inflexible and sometimes arrogant".[9] During testing ahead of the British Grand Prix, Damon Hill likened the relationship between the BRDC and governing body as that of Aladdin's Cave: "The genie says give me the lamp and Aladdin says get me out of the cave and I’ll give you the lamp. You’re in this constant cycle whereby in order to get our plans implemented we need to have a Grand Prix contract, and in order to get the Grand Prix contract we have to have our planning."[10]

On 1 August 2007 it was announced that a £25m redevelopment of the circuit had been approved, with new grandstands, pit facilities and a development centre planned [11]. However, on 4 July 2008 it was announced that the event will move to Donington Park from 2010 [12].

On 12 January 2009 is was announced that Silverstone will host the British MotoGP from 2010 after signing a five year deal to hold this event.[13]

On 18 February 2009, the first pictures of the MotoGP Layout emerged (this has since changed to the layout now being constructed). The track will be slightly longer than the Grand Prix circuit, as it uses parts of the three main configurations at Silverstone – the Grand Prix circuit from the start-finish to Abbey corner, then turns right to go up part of the International layout in reverse, before joining the National Circuit's straight from a left-hand hairpin known as the Arrowhead. Having negotiated the straight, the bikes will rejoin the Grand Prix circuit at Brooklands.[14]

On 20 June 2009 Bernie Ecclestone stated that there would be a British Grand Prix at Silverstone in 2010 if Donington was not ready to host it. When asked why he had moved from his previous "Donington or nothing" standpoint he cited changes in the structure of the BRDC meaning there was a better way of negotiating with them over future commercial rights. Furthermore during an interview with the BBC about the Formula One Teams Association threatening to break away and form their own series, FIA president Max Mosley said it was "highly likely" the 2010 British Grand Prix would return to Silverstone.[15] On 24 October 2009, BBC News reported that Donington had failed to raise the £135 million needed to stage a British Grand Prix and that Donington's bid 'looks over' and the F1 supremo has offered the race to Silverstone, but the terms appear to be the same as those that the Circuit rejected first time round.[16]

On 7 December 2009, Silverstone was awarded the rights to host the British Grand Prix for the next 17 years. Part of the deal is for a new pit lane to be built.[17]

On 11 February 2010, it was announced that the British Grand Prix would use the "Arena" circuit configuration, thus increasing the track's length by 760 metres.[18][19]

Other competitions

The Dunlop MSA British Touring Car Championship withdrew the track from its calendar in 2007, however demand from teams and sponsors saw the return of Silverstone to the 2008 BTCC calendar. Silverstone also hosts rounds of the FIA GT, British Superbikes, British F3, British GT and Le Mans Series championships as well as many club racing series. It is also host to the UK's only 24-hour car race, the Britcar 24, which is gaining in popularity, having first started in 2005.

It has in the past hosted exhibition rounds of the D1 Grand Prix both in 2005 and 2006. The course, starting from the main straight used in club races, makes use of both Brooklands and Luffield corners to form an S-bend – a requirement in drifting – and is regarded by its judge, Keiichi Tsuchiya, as one of the most technical drifting courses of all.[20]. The section, used in drifting events since 2002, is currently used to host a European Drift Championship round. The Course also hosts the Formula Student Competition by the iMeche yearly.

In 2010 Silverstone will host its very first Superleague Formula event. [21]

Redevelopment for motorcycle racing

To make room on Donington Park's calendar for the 'switch' of the British Grand Prix, it was announced in early 2009 that in return, Silverstone would get the option to host MotoGP in 2010 onwards. Just after the 2009 British Grand Prix on the 21st June, tickets became available on the official Silverstone website for MotoGP in 2010.

Both the FIM and Silverstone acknowledged a need for the circuit to be remodelled in order to become more suitable for motorcycle racing, with particular concerns raised by riders over the proximity of the bridge at Bridge corner.[22]

A £5m renovation plan was put forward in February 2009 [23]. The most notable change of the remodelling is the addition of a new "Arena" section that will see riders turn right at the Abbey Chicane and head towards the new Arena section in what is currently the infield, turning left onto the National Circuit straight and then rejoining the original Grand Prix circuit at Brooklands, just before Woodcote and the Finishing straight. The new 'Arena' will consist of three new grandstands. Silverstone later claimed that the changes would make the circuit the fastest track on the MotoGP calendar.[24]. This additional section is also planned to be used in the 2010 Formula 1 British Grand Prix.

On 22 January 2010 it was confirmed that Silverstone would host the British round of the 2010 Superbike World Championship season, taking over from Donington Park after the circuit was deemed "un-raceable" due to the postponed construction that had commenced in 2009.[25].

Current Circuit Configurations

Like most racing circuits around the world, the Silverstone Circuit has a number of different layouts which offer differing lengths and complexity.

Appearances in video games

Simulation / Video Game Year Configuration
1950 GP 1952 GP 1975 GP 1987 GP 1991 GP National International 1994 GP 1996 GP 1997 GP 2000 GP South
F1 2009 2009 Check markY
Forza Motorsport 3 Check markY Check markY Check markY
NFS Shift Check markY Check markY Check markY
Supercar Challenge Check markY Check markY Check markY
iRacing Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY
Ferrari Challenge Trofeo Pirelli 2008 Check markY
Forza Motorsport 2 2007 Check markY Check markY Check markY
F1 Championship Edition Check markY
TOCA Race Driver 3 2006 Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY
Redline 2006 Check markY Check markY
rFactor as Northamptonshire 2005 Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY
Forza Motorsport Check markY Check markY
F1 Challenge '99-'02 2003 Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY Check markY
NASCAR Racing 2003 Season 2003 Check markY
Grand Prix 4 2002 Check markY Check markY
Grand Prix Challenge Check markY
Grand Prix 3 1999 Check markY Check markY
Grand Prix Legends 1998 Check markY
TOCA 2 Touring Cars 1998 Check markY
TOCA Touring Car Championship 1997 Check markY
Grand Prix 2 1996 Check markY Check markY
Formula One Grand Prix / World Circuit 1992 Check markY
Michael Andretti's World GP 1990 Check markY
Grand Prix Circuit 1988 Check markY
Revs 1984 Check markY
Chequered Flag 1983 Check markY
Gaming
  • The circuit has featured in all modern Formula One simulators such as Formula One Grand Prix and more recent official F1 games.
  • Silverstone, along with Brands Hatch, are currently the only European circuits included in iRacing Motorsport Simulations. The track has been recreated in the service basing on high resolution 3d laser scan data.

References

  1. ^ http://www.racecar.com/Motorsport/News/BTCC-heading-for-the-Home-of-British-Motor-Racing/29982.htm
  2. ^ "New Silverstone circuit gets green light for 2010 British Grand Prix". Silverstone Circuit (British Racing Drivers' Club). 2010-02-11. http://www.silverstone.co.uk/news/latest-news/New-Silverstone-circuit-gets-green-light-for-2010-British-Grand-Prix/. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  3. ^ Tibballs, Geoff (2001). Motor Racing's Strangest Races. London: Robson Books. pp. 123–124. ISBN 9781861054111. 
  4. ^ Silverstone warned over washout (BBC)
  5. ^ Guardian Silverstone track guide
  6. ^ itv-f1.com British GP set for axe
  7. ^ news.bbc.co.uk Silverstone seals British GP deal
  8. ^ a b Henry, Alan (2007-05-10). "Motor racing: Ecclestone fires Silverstone salvo". The Guardian (Guardian Newspapers): p. 10. http://sport.guardian.co.uk/motorsport/story/0,,2076048,00.html. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  9. ^ Hamilton, Maurice (2007-05-13). "Formula One Spanish Grand Prix: Hamiltons pace fuels expectation". The Observer (Guardian Newspapers): p. 24. http://sport.guardian.co.uk/motorsport/story/0,,2078544,00.html. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  10. ^ Hayes, Chris (2008-07-01). "The Price of Heritage: Will Silverstone Survive?". Forumula1.net. http://www.forumula1.net/2008/f1/f1-news/the-price-of-heritage-will-silverstone-survive/. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  11. ^ "Silverstone plan gets green light". BBC Sport. 2007-08-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/6925232.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  12. ^ "British GP will move to Donington". BBC Sport. 2008-07-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/7489662.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  13. ^ "Silverstone signs MotoGP contract". BBC Sport. 2009-01-12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/motorbikes/7825163.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  14. ^ Beer, Matt (2009-02-18). "Silverstone reveals new MotoGP layout". autosport.com. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/73337. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  15. ^ "British GP is secure - Ecclestone". BBC Sport. 2009-06-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8110859.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  16. ^ Silverstone warned by Ecclestone
  17. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (2009-12-07). "Silverstone secures British GP from 2010". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/80466. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  18. ^ Beer, Matt (2010-02-11). "Silverstone to use new track for 2010 GP". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/81407. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  19. ^ "New Silverstone layout to be used for 2010 British GP". BBC Sport (BBC). 2010-02-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8511026.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  20. ^ JDM Option Volume 29 - 2006 D1GP Silverstone UK
  21. ^ http://www.superleagueformula.com/superleague/News-Media/News-archive/12-races-on-the-2010-Superleague-Formula-by-Sonangol-schedule
  22. ^ "Stoner welcomes Silverstone switch". Insidebikes. http://www.carolenash.com/insidebikes/bike-sport/stoner-welcomes-silverstone-switch.htm. Retrieved 26-01-2010. 
  23. ^ "Silverstone to get £5m facelift". Insidebikes. http://www.carolenash.com/insidebikes/bike-news/silverstone-to-get-5m-facelift.htm. Retrieved 26-01-2010. 
  24. ^ "Silverstone claims title as fastest GP circuit". Insidebikes. http://www.carolenash.com/insidebikes/bike-sport/silverstone-claims-title-as-fastest-gp-circuit.htm. Retrieved 26-01-2010. 
  25. ^ "Silverstone gets British WSB". Insidebikes. http://www.carolenash.com/insidebikes/bike-news/silverstone-gets-british-wsb.htm. Retrieved 26-01-2010. 

External links


Simple English

Silverstone Circuit
"Home of British Motor Racing"[1]

File:Silverstone Circuit 2010
Silverstone Circuit - 2010 Onwards

Location Silverstone, Northamptonshire, England
Time zone GMT
Coordinates 52°4′43″N 1°1′1″W / 52.07861°N 1.01694°W / 52.07861; -1.01694Coordinates: 52°4′43″N 1°1′1″W / 52.07861°N 1.01694°W / 52.07861; -1.01694
Major Events FIA Formula One
British Grand Prix
FIM MotoGP
British Grand Prix
FIM Superbike World Championship
FIA GT1 World Championship
Le Mans Series
Arena Grand Prix Circuit[2]
Circuit Length 5.901 km (3.667 mi)
Turns 18
Lap Record 1:30.874 ( Fernando Alonso, Ferrari, 2010, F1)
Bridge Grand Prix Circuit
Circuit Length 5.141 km (3.194 mi)
Turns 17
Lap Record 1:18.739 ( Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 2004 F1)
International Circuit
Circuit Length 3.619 km (2.249 mi)
Turns 10
National Circuit
Circuit Length 2.638 km (1.639 mi)
Turns 6
Stowe Circuit
Circuit Length 1.281 km (0.796 mi)
Turns 5

Silverstone Circuit is an English motor racing circuit next to the Northamptonshire villages of Silverstone and Whittlebury. Nearly half of the circuit is across the Northamptonshire boundary in Buckinghamshire. The closest large towns are Northampton and Milton Keynes. It is best known as the home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted in 1948 and which has been held on the circuit every year since 1987. The circuit is also home to the BRDC International Trophy, awarded to the winner of a race for historic F1 cars at the annual Silverstone Classic meeting.

Contents

Circuit development

Silverstone Circuit is built on the site of RAF Silverstone, a World War II Royal Air Force bomber station. RAF Silverstone opened in 1943.

Silverstone was first used for racing by a group of friends who set up their own race in September 1947. Maurice Geoghegan, lived in Silverstone village and was knew that the airfield was deserted. He and eleven other drivers raced over a two mile circuit. Geoghegan's car ran over a sheep and killed it. The car was beyond repair. This informal race became known as the Mutton Grand Prix.[3]

The next year the Royal Automobile Club leased the airfield and set-up a more formal racing circuit. Their first two races were held on the runways, with long straights and tight hairpin corners. For 1948, it was decided to switch to the perimeter track. This arrangement was used for the 1950 and 1951 British Grands Prix. Several small changes were made in the track before the track underwent a major redesign after the 1990 race.

Following the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, many Grand Prix circuits were modifed in order to reduce speed and increase driver safety. The entry from Hangar Straight into Stowe Corner was modified in 1995 so as to make its entry less dangerous and less challenging. The high speed Abbey kink was changed to a chicane in just 19 days before the 1994 Grand Prix.

Spectator traffic management

Silverstone has suffered with bad traffic delays on race days. The traffic problem was improved when the the A43 Silverstone bypass was built. When the race date was moved to April in 2000] heavy rain turned the fields used for parking into mud pits, causing sever problems for the spectators trying to park.[4] On F1 race day many spectators travel to the circuit by helicopter. Silverstone Heliport is the busiest airport in the UK for this day.[5]


Hosting Grands Prix and Formula One

File:Kimi Raikkonen 2006
Kimi Räikkönen testing for McLaren at Silverstone in April 2006.

Silverstone is the current home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted in 1948. The 1950 British Grand Prix at Silverstone was the first race in the newly-created Formula One World Championship. The race rotated between Silverstone, Aintree and Brands Hatch from 1955 to 1986. In 1987 the rotation stopped and the race stayed at Silverstone.

In 2004, Silverstone was in danger of losing the Grand Prix. There was even the possibility that the British Grand Prix would not be run in 2005.[6] In December an agreement was reached with Formula One Silverstone would host the British Grand Prix until 2009. Starting in 2010 Donington Park would become the new host of the British Grand Prix. Then the Donington Park leaseholders ran into economic problems. A new deal with Formula One resulted in a 17 year deal to hold the British Grand Prix at Silverstone.[7]

Other competitions

The Dunlop MSA British Touring Car Championship withdrew the track from its calendar in 2007. Strong demand brought the series back to Silverstone for the 2008 BTCC calendar. Silverstone also hosts rounds of the FIA GT, British Superbikes, British F3, British GT and Le Mans Series championships as well as many club racing series. It is also host to the UK's only 24-hour car race, the Britcar 24, which is gaining in popularity, having first started in 2005.

It has in the past hosted exhibition rounds of the D1 Grand Prix both in 2005 and 2006. The course makes use of both Brooklands and Luffield corners to form an S-bend – a requirement in drifting. The section is currently used to host a European Drift Championship round. The Course also hosts the Formula Student Competition by the iMeche yearly.

In 2010 Silverstone hosted its very first Superleague Formula event.[8]

Redevelopment for motorcycle racing

Both the FIM and Silverstone agree the circuit needs to be remodeled for motorcycle racing. The riders are concerned over the closeness of the bridge at Bridge corner.[9]

On 22 January 2010 it was confirmed that Silverstone would host the British round of the 2010 Superbike World Championship season. The race was moved after Donington Park was deemed "un-raceable".[10]

Current circuit configurations

Like most racing circuits around the world, the Silverstone Circuit has a number of different layouts. The layouts offer different lengths and complexity.

Previous configurations

References

Other websites

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