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Simón de Anda y Salazar

In office
July 1770 – October 30, 1776
Preceded by José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez
Succeeded by Pedro de Sarrio

In office
October 6, 1762 – January 30, 1764[1]

Born October 28, 1701
Subijana, Basque Country, Spain
Died October 30, 1776
Cavite, Philippines
Military service
Battles/wars Seven Years' War

Simón de Anda y Salazar (October 28, 1701 – October 30, 1776) was a Spanish Basque governor of the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776.



De Anda y Salazar had been appointed lieutenant governor in Manila by the Governor and the Real Audiencia during the British occupation of the Philippines. He departed Manila on October 4, 1762, two days before the city was captured by British soldiers, and established a new Spanish base in Bacolor, Pampanga. The governor and capitan-general Archbishop Manuel Rojo, was captured by the British, and with the Real Audiencia ceded the islands to them. Anda organized resistance against the invaders, but was confronted by several insurrections of Filipinos between 1762 and 1764, who sided with the British. He entered into negotiations with the British, which proved to be failures. In March 1764 orders were brought from both the king of England and the king of Spain by governor designate Brigadier Don Francisco de la Torre, requiring the handover of government to Spain in accordance with the Treaty of Paris (1763), with de la Torre as Spanish governor. British Governor Drake was charged with culpability as governor but forestalled an adverse finding by resigning and leaving the Philippines on 29 March 1764. The Manila Council elected Alexander Dalrymple as governor the same day, but the Manila garrison would not obey him. On 1 April 1764 the Manila garrison ceremonially marched out, embarking for home, and giving the Spanish control of Manila with de la Torre as Governor and Captain-General of the Spanish Philippines.[2]

Anda traveled to Spain, and was well received by the Cortes Generales (General courts), and made Councilor of Castile. He had written a letter to the king complaining of certain disorders in the Philippines, enumerating among them a number against the friars. On April 12, 1768, he returned to the Philippines, and became governor in July 1770. He proceeded against his predecessor, and other politicians, and roused the opposition and reformed the Spanish and Philippine army, and engaged in other public works. He opposed the king's order of November 9, 1774, to secularize the curacies held by regulars, and had the order repealed, December 11, 1776.


De Anda y Salazar died on October 30, 1776, in the hospital de San Felipe, in Cavite at the age of 76 years old. A monument to his legacy were erected on Bonifacio Avenue in Manila, and the cities of San Simon in Pampanga, and Anda in Bohol were named after him.


  1. ^ Anda was the lieutenant governor since the fall of Manila to the British in October 4, 1762. The British military handed over civil power to Drake as governor in November 1762. They continued to recognize former governor Rojo as president of the Real Audiencia until his death on January 30, 1764. After the death of Rojo, the British commenced negotiations with Anda but Drake remained as governor of the Philippines until 29 March 1764.
  2. ^ Nicholas Tracy (1995) Manila Ransomed: The British Assault on Manila in the Seven Years War, ISBN 0-85989-426-6, p102-106

See also

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Newly established
Dictator of the Spanish Provisional Government of the Philippines
in Bacolor, Pampanga

Succeeded by
Preceded by
José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez
Governor-General of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Pedro de Sarrio


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