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Sin Moo Hapkido
Hangul 신무 합기도
Hanja 神武 合氣道
Revised Romanization Sin Mu Hapgido
McCune–Reischauer Sin Mu Hapkido

Sin Moo Hapkido is a martial art that combines "hard" and "soft" techniques. It is closely related to its parent art, Hapkido. Sin means spiritual and Moo means martial, thereby Sin Moo Hapkido can be translated as, "A spiritual martial art."



Sin Moo Hapkido was founded in the United Stated in 1984 by Ji, Han Jae (b. 1936). Ji, Han Jae was an early student (Dan #14) of Choi, Young Sool, the founder of Hapkiyusool, a forerunner of Hapkido.

The Art

Sin Moo Hapkido incorporates a philosophy of non-violence, self improvement, adaptability, and physical, emotional and spiritual balance, with the basic Hapkido training. Additionally, Sin Moo Hapkido formalizes a series of techniques, although at advanced levels students are expected to synthesize their own work. The use of energy flows are also emphasized in Sin Moo Hapkido.


Sin Moo Hapkido uses holds, joint locks, throws, re-direction, kicks, punches, blocks, pressure points, weapons, and energy flow techniques.


Holds and Joint Locks

Holds and joint locks are used primarily for control of an aggressor. They are primarily defensive, but at more advanced levels can be interpreted as attacks. At the 4th dan black belt there is also taught 30 special attack techniques using variations and combinations of basic locks.

Throws, Re-direction and Blocks

Throws and re-direction of an aggressor's energy use an attacker's momentum to continue their own motion using the circular motion principle (Won) of Hapkido. These techniques depend on the incoming energy of the attack to determine their outcome; a soft or weak attack will require a small or soft re-direction. A large or powerful attack will result in a re-direction or throw that involves much more energy, translating to a more devastating outcome upon the attacker. The blocks used in Sin Moo Hapkido are usually also re-direction blocks, but some blocks are intended to be used to stop an aggressor's attack and because of this some blocks are hard blocks. Also legs are used for blocking.

Kicks and Punches

Sin Moo Hapkido uses a wide variety of strikes. Sin Moo Hapkido incorporates 25 defensive kicks that are useful in "street style" defensive situations that counter incoming attacks – out of the 25 two are specially only used to block kicks, but some of the other kicks can be used the same way also. Many of the kicks are designed for use in restricted spaces like hallways or crowds. After learning the basic 25 the student then learns 29 special kicks. Special kicks are harder to master but they need more room to be used, and they include doublekicks, flyingkicks, from the ground done kicks, jumpingkicks and combination kicks. Sin Moo Hapkido has also 17 different kind of punches.

Pressure Points and Energy Flow

Pressure points are used in Hapkido to control the physical body, and to manipulate the body's Ki to stop, disarm and disable an attacker or heal a patient. Sin Moo Hapkido uses 365 pressure points out of the body's over 600 pressure points. The pressure points are also referred to as vital points. Sin Moo Hapkido has a special side called Hyol Do Bup which specializes on pressure point fighting and eastern medicine.


Sin Moo Hapkido weapon training consist the use of short stick (Dan Bong), walking stick (Dan Jang / Ji Pang e), long stick (Jang Bong), the sword (Kum), rope (Po Bak), knife (Kal), thrown weapons and adapting everyday objects to use as weapons. Weapon training is learned in the black belt stages, but knife techniques and defences against them are learned in the upper red belt (2. gup).


Sin Moo Hapkido's ranking system is somewhat similar to other ranking systems. Gups (급, called also kups) are beginner student stages and dans (단) are advanced student stages. Practitioners are referred as Wong Sang. Though Sin Moo Hapkido has had a number of different revisions as far as rank structure, this is the current organization used by Ji, Han Jae.

Color Belts:

  • White Belt
  • Green Belt
  • Blue Belt
  • Red Belt
  • Brown Belt

Black Belts:

  • 1st Dan: Black Belt
  • 2nd Dan: Assistant Instructor
  • 3rd Dan: Assistant Instructor
  • 4th Dan: Instructor
  • 5th Dan: Master
  • 6th Dan: Master
  • 7th Dan: Master
  • 8th Dan: Master
  • 9th Dan: Master
  • 10th Dan: Dojunim Ji, Han Jae


Front Side of a European Sin Moo Hapkido Dobok (uniform). This one has two badges: The European Sin Moo Hapkido Association on the chest and a local club's emblem.
Back side of an Finnish Sin Moo Hapkido Dobok.

Sin Moo Hapkido practitioners in some schools use a white Dobok, which has black edges on the jacket part of the suit. On the back side is usually a large Hapkido eagle and the text Sin Moo Hapkido or a large Korean Sin Moo Hapkido Emblem. It is common to see some type of badge on the uniform's left chest, typically the badge of the Korean Sin Moo Hapkido or the World Sin Moo Hapkido Association, other Association badges are common also. Usually the local clubs emblem can be also found. Black belts can use black pants but this is not mandatory. The World Sin Moo Hapkido Association also has released a grey official Sin Moo Hapkido suit, but the suit is a rare sight in some countries.

This varies from school to school. Some schools use a purely white dobok with no black (or any other color) on it anywhere, except for the letters or characters describing the school and its affiliation. Some schools do not include badges, just the text of the Sin Moo Hapkido association.


Sin Moo Hapkido has many meditation techniques. The Korean word for meditation is Mun Yum. Sin Moo Hapkido has also breathing techniques which are referred in Sin Moo Hapkido as Tanjun. The Korean term for formalized breathing techniques is, Ki Gung. Sin Moo Hapkido lessons usually start with Tanjun and end with meditation.

Nine basic rules

Sin Moo Hapkido's basic rules are categorized into three groups to make a total of 9 rules. These rules will help the Sin Moo Hapkido practitioner to have a better and healthier life.


  • 1st Good/Healthy Food/Eating
  • 2nd Healthy sexual behavior
  • 3rd Beneficial Meditation


  • 4th Do not be Angry
  • 5th Do not be Sad
  • 6th Do not be Greedy


  • 7th Water Control
  • 8th Air Control
  • 9th Sunshine Control

Basic Techniques to Attain Yellow Belt

The following are the basic techniques one must know for the exam to attain a yellow belt:


  • 1. sudo an chigi (hand in shape of knife (sudo). Circular strike from the outside in towards the neck)
  • 2. sudo bakat chigi (same as above, but in opposite direction, from the inside outwards, towards the opponent's neck)
  • 3. yok sudo (hand is shape of knife (sudo). Hand starts on your side at the belt level, palm facing upwards. Strike the side of the head – the temple – in a circular motion ending with palm facing downwards. The strike point is the first joint of the index finger)


  • 1. andari cha noki (frontal kick to the knee using the sole of the foot)
  • 2. choki chagi (frontal kick to the groin using the tips of the toes, foot in a straightened angle continuing the shape of the leg)
  • 3. tuit kum chi mit dari chagi (circular kick to the quadriceps -thigh- area from the outside, using the heel of the foot)
  • 4. hadan yop chagi (descending kick to the knee, using the heel of the foot. The foot comes up, knee bent, then straightens as it strikes the opponent's knee)
  • 5. andari chagi (circular kick using the sole of the foot at face level. From the outside in. Used a lot as a defensive kick)
  • 6. bakat dari chagi (circular kick using the sole of the foot at face level. Same as above, but in the opposite direction, from the inside outwards)

Wrist Holds (8 techniques)

Sleeve Holds (4 techniques)

Elbow Clothes Holds (4 techniques)

Shoulder Clothes Holds (4 techniques)

Neck Clothes Holds (4 techniques)

Sin Moo Hapkido senior masters (7th+ Dan)

  • Ji, Han Jae; Do Ju, Founder
  • Yung T. Freda; 9th Dan
  • Jurg Ziegler; 9th Dan
  • John Beluschak; 9th Dan
  • Ken MacKenzie; 9th Dan
  • Ronny Dassen; 9th Dan
  • Massan Ghorbani; 9th Dan
  • Egil Fosslien; 9th Dan
  • Hank Shik-Shin; 9th Dan
  • Ian Cyrus; 9th Dan
  • Walter Hubmann; 9th Dan
  • Glen I. Uesugi; 9th Dan
  • John L Godwin; 8th Dan
  • In wan Kim; 8th Dan
  • Larry Dorsey; 8th Dan
  • Scott Yates; 8th Dan
  • Geoff J. Booth; 8th Dan
  • James Allison; 8th Dan
  • Rick Nabors; 7th Dan
  • Chad Zwieg; 7th Dan
  • Farshad Azad; 7th Dan
  • Frank Croaro; 7th Dan
  • Stuart Rosenberg 7th Dan
  • Rafael Balbastre; 7th Dan
  • Rami Vainionpää; 7th Dan
  • Nicolas Tacchi; 7th Dan

External links


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