From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
People's Republic of China–Sudan relations
refers to the bilateral
relations between the People's Republic of China
and Sudan. The People's Republic of China
is Sudan's biggest trade
partner. China imports oil from
Sudan, and Sudan imports low cost items as well as armaments from China. China and Sudan enjoy
a very robust and productive relationship in the fields of
diplomacy, economic trade, and political strategism. The two
nations established diplomatic relations on January 4, 1959 and
have since become strongly close global allies.
Human rights organizations have criticized China for its
supportive relationship with the government of Sudan, which is
committing mass killings in Darfur. China
is Sudan's largest economic partner, with a 40% share in their
also sells Sudan small arms. China
has threatened to veto UN Security
Council actions to combat the Darfur crisis.
China has responded to these criticisms by arguing that, "As the
Darfur issue is not an internal affair of China, nor was it caused
by China, to link the two together is utterly unreasonable,
irresponsible and unfair."
In July 2008, the BBC reported
that China is training fighter pilots for and selling army lorries
to Sudan, in violation of the 2006 arms embargo.
In February 2008, Steven Spielberg announced he was
stepping down from his role as an artistic advisor for the 2008
Summer Olympics in protest of the Chinese government's refusal
to pressure Sudan to stop the "continuing human suffering" in
Darfur, urging China to do more to stop the "crimes against
Additionally, 106 lawmakers in the United States circulated a
letter calling for the US to boycott the Olympics because of
China's support of the Sudanese regime.
However, SIPRI reports that only 8 percent of
Sudanese arms are Chinese, and that Russian arms actually make up
the majority, at 87 percent.