The Full Wiki

Sint Eustatius: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Island Territory of Saint Eustatius
Eilandgebied Sint Eustatius
Teritorio Insular di Sint Eustatius
Capital Oranjestad
17°29′N 62°59′W / 17.483°N 62.983°W / 17.483; -62.983
Largest city Oranjestad
Official languages Dutch, Papiamentu, English
Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles
 -  Sint Eustatius Administrator H.C.I. Gittens
 -  Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag
Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles 
Area
 -  Total 21 km2 
8.1 sq mi 
Population
 -  2006 census 3100 
 -  Density 147.6/km2 (ranked as part of N. A.)
?/sq mi
Currency Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Time zone -4 (UTC-4)
Internet TLD .an
Calling code 599

Sint Eustatius (pronounced /ˌsɪnt juːˈsteɪʃəs/), also known affectionately to the locals as Statia, or Statius (/ˈjuːstəs/), is one of the islands which make up the Netherlands Antilles; it is in the northern, Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, southeast of the Virgin Islands. It forms part of the inner arc of the Leeward Island chain, lying immediately to the northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis and to the southeast of Saba at 17°30′N 62°58′W / 17.5°N 62.967°W / 17.5; -62.967. It is named after the legendary Catholic Saint Eustace. The regional capital is Oranjestad.

In the 18th century St. Eustatius was the most important Dutch island in the Caribbean.

Sint Eustatius has a land area of 21 km² (8.1 sq. miles). At the 2001 Netherlands Antilles census, the population was 2,292 inhabitants, equating to a population density of 109 inhabitants per square kilometre. In 2004, the population was estimated at 2,498 inhabitants. Travel to the island by air is through F.D. Roosevelt Airport.

Sint Eustatius is slated to become a special municipality within the country of the Netherlands. This transition is still planned, but has now been postponed to an indefinite future date.

The University of Sint Eustatius, School of Medicine is located on the island with students coming predominantly from the united States and Canada but also from many other international locations. The students of the university of Sint Eustatius School if Medicine provide and important source of revenue for the island and local economy bringing in tens of thousands of dollars every semester for food, accommodations and more.

History

Sint Eustatius Harbor.

The island was seen by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and claimed by an astonishing welter of nations over the next 150 years. In 1636, it was colonized by the chamber of Zeeland of the Dutch West India Company. As of 1678, the islands Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten and Saba fell under direct command of the Dutch West India Company. At Sint Eustatius a commander was stationed, who also governed over the island's dependencies Sint Maarten and Saba. At the time, the island was of some importance for sugar cultivation. The island was also home to a Jewish settlement, mainly merchants and plantation owners.

Since the island sold arms and ammunition to anyone willing to pay, the island was one of the few ways for the rebellious Thirteen colonies to obtain weaponry. This good relationship between Sint Eustatius and the United States resulted in the famous "First Salute" of 16 November 1776, when Commander Johannes de Graeff of Sint Eustatius decided to return the salute fire of the visiting American brigantine Andrew Doria by firing the cannons of Fort Oranje. The United States gave the answering salute great publicity because the eleven gun salute was the first international acknowledgment of the independence of the United States. The gesture provided the title for Barbara Tuchman's 1988 work The First Salute: A View of the American Revolution.

17th century Fort Oranje

The British did not take the incident too seriously, although they protested against the continuous trade between the United States and Sint Eustatius. The island was known as The Golden Rock and its economy flourished by ignoring the trade embargoes between the great powers. In 1778, Lord Stormont claimed in Parliament that, "if Sint Eustatius had sunk into the sea three years before, the United Kingdom would already have dealt with George Washington". The trade between Sint Eustatius and the United States was the main reason for the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, which was disastrous for the Dutch economy.

As a result of the war, Sint Eustatius was taken by the British on 3 February 1781. Commander de Graeff, who at the moment was not informed about the declaration of war but seeing that he was facing superior forces, surrendered the island quickly to the British Admiral Rodney. Within a day, part of the Jewish community, c.q. all the men and the governor Johannes de Graeff were forcibly deported to England. The Honen Dalim Synagogue, built in 1739 and burned by Admiral Rodney in 1781, stood in ruins until 2001, when its walls were restored as part of the Historic Core Restoration Project. Now funds are being sought from private donors to construct a modern roof on the ancient ruins (there are no images showing what the synagogue looked like when it was in use so a proper 'restoration' of its former glory is not possible.)

Ten months later, the island was conquered by the French, allies of the Dutch in this war. The Dutch regained command over the island in 1784.

At its peak, Sint Eustatius may have had a population of about 10,000 people. In the time since, this has gradually declined to 3,600, and Sint Eustatius was eclipsed by other Dutch ports on Curaçao and Sint Maarten.

Geography

View of the Quill

Geographically, the island is saddle-shaped, with the 602 meter-high dormant volcano Quill, (from Dutch kuil, meaning 'pit' - because of its crater) to the southeast and the smaller pair Signal Hill/Little Mountain (or Bergje) and Boven Mountain to the northwest. The Quill Crater is a popular tourist attraction on the island. The bulk of the island's population lives in the "dip" between the two areas, which crosses the center of the island.

The Great Hurricane of 1780 caused cataclysmic damage and the loss of over 4,000 lives on Sint Eustatius.

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Sint Eustatius, more locally known as Statia is an island in the Netherlands Antilles.

Get in

The only regular operated service that goes to Statia is the regional airline carrier Winair.

See

Statia was at one point the most important port in the New World. During the 18th century it rose to prominence through a combination of lax Dutch trading controls and the American Revolution. Successive transfers between Dutch, British and French control compelled the once-prosperous merchant community to seek better profits elsewhere, but the archaeological record records their presence. Hence Statia's current motto, "The Historic Gem." Nowadays, the only visible record of it's once-proud presence are the fragments of pottery incorporated into local driveways and crumbling 18th century Caribbean architecture. An archaeological field station run by the Sint Eustatius Center for Archaeological Research (SECAR) [1] is the only remaining effort to restore the heritage of Statia to American history.

Drink

There's not many places to go on an island less than 30 square miles in area. The largest and longest running industries have been traditionally tourism and port services for the passing oil tankers from nearby Venezuela. The longest running, owner-operated bar is Chuckies. The expatriate community typically restricts itself to this bar as the patron will frequently drink with patrons and keep the bar open until the last customer leaves.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Simple English

Sint Eustatius
'Sint Eustatius'
[[Image:|125px|center|Flag]]
Official flag
National information
National anthem: None
About the people
Official languages: {{{officiallanguages}}}
Population: (# of people)
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Geography / Places
[[Image:{{{image_location}}}|250px|none|country map]] Here is the country on a map.
Capital city: {{{countrycapital}}}
Largest city: {{{countrylargestcity}}}
Area
  - Total: {{{areatotal}}}
Politics / Government
Economy / Money
Currency:
(Name of money)
Netherlands Antillean gulden
International information
Time zone: {{{utcoffset}}}
Telephone dialing code: {{{dialingcode}}}
Internet domain: {{{internettld}}}

Sint Eustatius, also known as Statia, or Saint Eustace, is one of the islands which make up the Netherlands Antilles; it is in the northern, Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, some distance southeast of the Virgin Islands. It forms part of the inner arc of the Leeward Island chain, lying immediately to the northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis and to the southeast of Saba at 17°30′N 62°58′W. The regional capital is Oranjestad. It is named after the legendary Catholic Saint Eustace.

Sint Eustatius has a land area of 21 km² (8.1 sq. miles). At the 2001 Netherlands Antilles census, the population was 2,292 inhabitants, which means a population density of 109 inh. per km². In 2004, the population was estimated at 2,498 inhabitants.

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found



Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message