Sioux City, Iowa: Wikis


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Sioux City
—  City  —
Location in Iowa
Coordinates: 42°29′53″N 96°23′44″W / 42.49806°N 96.39556°W / 42.49806; -96.39556Coordinates: 42°29′53″N 96°23′44″W / 42.49806°N 96.39556°W / 42.49806; -96.39556
Country  United States
State  Iowa
Counties Woodbury, Plymouth
Founded 1854
Incorporated 1857
 - Mayor Mike Hobart
 - City manager Paul Eckert
 - City 56.0 sq mi (144.9 km2)
 - Land 54.8 sq mi (141.9 km2)
 - Water 1.2 sq mi (3.0 km2)  2.06%
Elevation 1,201 ft (366 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 82,807
 Density 1,551.3/sq mi (599.0/km2)
 Metro 143,157
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 51101, 51102, 51103, 51104, 51105, 51106, 51108, 51109, 51111
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-73335
GNIS feature ID 0461653

Sioux City (pronounced /ˌsuːˈsɪti/) is a city in Plymouth and Woodbury counties in the western part of the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 85,013 at the 2000 census; census estimates showed a slight decline to 82,807 by 2008.[1] Sioux City is the primary city of the four-county Sioux City, IANESD Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a population of 143,053 in 2000 and a slight increase to an estimated 143,157 in 2008.[2] The Sioux City-Vermillion, IA-NE-SD Combined Statistical Area has an estimated population of 156,762 as of 2008.[3] It is the county seat of Woodbury County,[4] in which the large majority of the city lies.

Sioux City is at the navigational head of the Missouri River, about 90 miles (140 km) north of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. Sioux City and the surrounding areas of northwestern Iowa, northeastern Nebraska and southeastern South Dakota are sometimes referred to as Siouxland, especially by the local media. Sioux City is the second largest city in the Sioux Falls-Sioux City, SD-IA-MN-NE Designated Market Area (DMA),with a population of 1,043,450.[5]

Sioux City is the home of Morningside College, Briar Cliff University, St. Luke's College and Western Iowa Tech Community College.

In 2005, Sioux City, along with Coon Rapids and Clinton, was awarded one of the inaugural Iowa Great Places designations.[1]

In March 2009, the Sioux City metropolitan area was recognized by Site Selection Magazine as the top economic development community in the United States for communities with populations between 50,000 and 200,000 people. The Sioux City metro also received the same recognition by Site Selection magazine in 2008.

Interstate 29 is the major highway in Sioux City and surroundings. It approaches the city from Omaha to the south before curving northwest along the Missouri River near downtown. The highway then enters South Dakota and curves back to the north as it approaches Sioux Falls.



The first people to live in this area were ancestors of those we know today as Native Americans. These inhabitants lived here thousands of years before any explorers from Spain or France arrived.

While the name is not known of the first European man to explore the area which is now Sioux City, it is commonly believed to be an early French or Spanish fur trader. The first documented explorers to record their travels through this area were the Americans Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during the summer of 1804.[6] Their expedition was supported by the federal government. President Thomas Jefferson was eager to hear their report.

Geography and climate

Sioux City is located at 42°29′53″N 96°23′45″W / 42.49806°N 96.39583°W / 42.49806; -96.39583 (42.497957, -96.395705).[7] Sioux City is at an altitude of 1,135 feet (345.9 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.0 square miles (144.9 km²), of which, 54.8 square miles (141.9 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.0 km²) of it (2.06%) is water.

Sioux City
Climate chart (explanation)
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: [2]

Metropolitan area

As of the 2000 census, the Sioux City metropolitan area had 143,053 residents in four counties; the population was estimated at 143,157 in 2008.[8] As defined by the Office of Management and Budget, the counties comprising the metropolitan area are (in descending order of population):

Two of these counties—Union and Dixon—were added to the metro area in 2003. In reality, only Woodbury, Dakota, and Union counties contain any metropolitan character; Dixon County is entirely rural.

Plymouth County is not considered part of metropolitan Sioux City although the extreme north and northwest sides of the city spill over into Plymouth County.


Sioux City is located very near to the center of the North American continent, far removed from any major bodies of water. This lends the area a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers, cold snowy winters, and wide temperature extremes. Summers can bring daytime temperatures that climb into the 90s Fahrenheit, and winter lows can be well below zero.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 71 71 91 97 102 108 108 104 103 94 81 70
Norm High °F 28.7 35 47.3 61.7 73.2 82.5 86.2 83.7 76 63.7 44.8 31.7
Norm Low °F 8.5 15.3 25.7 37.3 49.2 58.5 62.9 60.6 50.1 38 24.8 12.8
Rec Low °F -26 -26 -22 -2 25 38 42 37 24 12 -9 -24
Precip (in) 0.59 0.62 2 2.75 3.75 3.61 3.3 2.9 2.42 1.99 1.4 0.66
Source: [3]


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 3,965
1880 7,366 85.8%
1890 37,806 413.3%
1900 33,111 −12.4%
1910 47,828 44.4%
1920 71,227 48.9%
1930 79,183 11.2%
1940 82,364 4.0%
1950 83,991 2.0%
1960 89,159 6.2%
1970 85,925 −3.6%
1980 82,003 −4.6%
1990 80,505 −1.8%
2000 85,013 5.6%
Est. 2008 82,807 −2.6%

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 85,013 people, 32,054 households, and 21,091 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,551.3 people per square mile (599.0/km²). There were 33,816 housing units at an average density of 617.1/sq mi (238.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.23% White, 2.41% African American, 1.95% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.27% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.89% of the population.

There were 32,054 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,429, and the median income for a family was $45,751. Males had a median income of $31,385 versus $22,470 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,666. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Neighborhoods, commercial districts, and suburbs

The Floyd River in Sioux City
Confluence of the Missouri and Floyd Rivers in Sioux City
Veteran's Memorial Bridge
Sioux City, IA

City neighborhoods

Nearby communities

South Sioux City, Nebraska is directly across the Missouri River in Dakota County. With nearly 12,000 residents, it is by far the largest suburb of Sioux City. It was an All America City in 2003. Two bridges—the Veterans Memorial Bridge and the Interstate 129 bridge—connect Sioux City with South Sioux City.

Dakota City, Nebraska is just south of South Sioux City. It is the county seat of Dakota County. Large beef-processing plants are located in Dakota City.

North Sioux City, South Dakota is just across the Big Sioux River in Union County. It is home to a number of casinos. It is also the home to several major industrial concerns, including Iams Pet Food, Interbake Foods, and Gateway, Inc., the computer company.

Dakota Dunes, South Dakota is an unincorporated "master-planned community" just west of Sioux City in the extreme southeast corner of South Dakota. Construction began circa 1989. Expensive new homes, suburban-style office parks, and a country club golf course designed by Arnold Palmer characterize this area.

Sergeant Bluff is a mainly residential suburb adjacent to the southern city limits of Sioux City, less than a mile east of the Sioux City airport.

Parks, recreation, and locations of interest

Stone State Park

Stone State Park is in the northwest corner of the city, overlooking the South Dakota/Iowa border. Stone Park is near the northernmost extent of the Loess Hills, and is at the transition from clay bluffs and prairie to sedimentary rock hills and bur oak forest along the Iowa side of the Big Sioux River. Popular for decades with picnickers and day hikers, it has been a local hot spot for mountain biking since the late 1980s.

Dorothy Pecaut Nature Center is a destination nature preserve for Woodbury County, and is located within the boundaries of Stone State Park. The butterfly garden is unique to the area; wild turkeys and white-tail deer are commonly sighted from the well-marked trails.

Downtown entertainment venues include both the casino and the 10,000-seat Tyson Events Center.

KD Station, once listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was damaged by fire in 2006.

Grandview Park is located north of the downtown area, up from Rose Hill, between The Northside and The Heights. The Municipal Bandshell is located in the park. In summer, Sunday evening municipal band concerts are a longstanding Sioux City tradition. The Saturday in the Park music festival is held there annually. Behind the bandshell is an extensive rose garden with an elaborate arbor and trellises which has long been a popular site for outdoor weddings, prom and other special occasion photographs, and for children to play during the Sunday evening band concerts and other events. Downtown is also home to the largest historic theatre in Iowa, the Orpheum Theater (Sioux City).

Pulaski Park is named for the Polish General Kazimierz Pułaski, who fought in the American Revolution. This park features baseball diamond facilities, and is located in western Morningside along old U.S. Highway 75 (South Lewis Blvd.). It is largely built on the filled lakebed of Half Moon Lake, which was originally created in the 1890s by the excavation of fill dirt to build the approaches for the iron railroad bridge spanning the Missouri near the Stockyards. The neighborhood on the bluff overlooking the park was historically settled by Lithuanian and Polish immigrants, many of whom worked in the meatpacking industry during the early 20th century.

Latham Park is located in a residential area of Morningside, and is the only privately owned and maintained open-to-the-public park within the city limits. It was left in trust in 1937 under the terms of Clara Latham's will; her family had built the house on 1-acre (4,000 m2) of ground in 1915. The house and grounds are currently being restored by the Friends of Latham Park.

Sergeant Floyd Monument

The Sergeant Floyd Monument commemorates the burial site of U.S. Army Sergeant Charles Floyd, the only man to die on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. It is a National Historic Landmark, with its prominent 100-foot (30 m) obelisk situated on 23 acres (93,000 m2) of parkland, high on a river bluff with a splendid view of the Missouri River valley.

First Bride's Grave is tucked in a corner pocket of South Ravine Park, lies a series of paths, trails, and steps leading to the First Bride of Sioux City’s Grave. Her name was Rosalie Menard and she was born in 1838. She was one of seven children that her father, Louis Menard, and mother, Klanhaywin Menard, had together. She had two sisters and four brothers. Some time in 1852, her family moved into the area of Perry Creek and the Missouri River. There, is where they became acquainted with Joseph Leonais. He was a French/Canadian fur trapper like Louis Menard, and he had decided to make his home in the area. Rosalie and Joseph were married by a traveling Catholic Priest in 1853, while she was in her teens, and he was about twenty-nine years old. They had a total of four children; Joseph II, Josephine, Rosalie, and William. At the beginning of their marriage, they lived in the cabin he had built near Perry Creek; close to what is now 2nd and Water Street. They later moved to a farm along the Floyd River. In 1865, shortly after giving birth to her youngest son, William, she died at the age of twenty-seven. She was the first bride of a non-native American to be wed in Sioux City, Iowa, thus receiving her title.

War Eagle Park is named for the Yankton Sioux chief Wambdi Okicize (d. 1851) who befriended early settlers. An impressive monument overlooks the confluence of the Big Sioux and Missouri Rivers; the sculpture represents the chief in his role as a leader and peacemaker, wearing the eagle feather bonnet and holding the peace pipe.

Riverside Park is located on the banks of the Big Sioux River. One of the oldest recreational areas of the city, it is home to the Sioux City Boat Club and Sioux City Community Theater. The park is on land that once belonged to the first white settler in the area, Theophile Bruguier; his original cabin is preserved in the park.

Bacon Creek Park is located northeast of Morningside and features fishing, canoe rentals, and a scenic walking trail.

Chris Larsen Park, informally known as "The Riverfront", is the launching point for the riverboat casino and includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, the Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, opened in 2004. Massive Missouri River development began in 2005 with the opening of the MLR Tyme Marina area, which includes Beverly's, an upscale restaurant.

Golf courses, city parks, and aquatics: Sioux City is also home to several municipal public golf courses, including Floyd Park in Morningside, Green Valley near the Southern Hills, Sun Valley on the northern West Side, and Hidden Acres in nearby Plymouth County. Sioux City also has a number of private golf clubs, including Sioux City Country Club, Southern Hills Country Club, and Whispering Creek Golf Club. The city has over 1,132 acres (5 km2) of public parkland located at 53 locations, including the beautiful riverfront and many miles of recreation trails. Five public swimming pools/aquatics centers are located within Sioux City neighborhoods.

The Sioux City Public Museum is located in a Northside neighborhood of fine Victorian mansions. The portico-and-gabled stone building was originally the home of the banker, John Peirce, and was built in 1890. The museum features Native American, pioneer, early Sioux City, and natural history exhibits.

The Sioux City Art Center was formed in 1938 as part of the WPA’s support of the arts. The Art Center is committed to supporting artists from Iowa and the greater Midwest. Also, the Center has a general program of acquisition of work by national and international artists, including important works by Thomas Hart Benton, Salvador Dalí, Käthe Kollwitz, Robert Motherwell, Claes Oldenburg, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and Grant Wood. It is located Downtown.

The Sioux City Symphony Orchestra and The Sioux City Municipal Band

The Woodbury county courthouse

The Orpheum Theater (Sioux City)

The Sioux City Community Theatre

The Sioux City Lewis And Clark Interpretive Center is about the Lewis and Clark Expedition in what is now Sioux City.


Television stations

Radio stations

FM stations

AM stations


  • Sioux City Journal, daily newspaper serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the South Dakota border
  • Dakota County Star, weekly newspaper serving northeast Nebraska
  • Sioux City Hispanos Unidos, bi-weekly Spanish readers paper
  • The Weekender, weekly arts and entertainment magazine serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the South Dakota border


The Sioux City Bandits are an arena football team in the Indoor Football League in the United Conference. The Bandits play their home games at the Tyson Events Center. They have been to the Indoor Football League playoffs five times.

The Sioux City Explorers are a non affiliated baseball team playing in American Association of Independent Professional Baseball league. The Explorers play their home games at Lewis and Clark Park. They have been to the League playoffs four times.

The Sioux City Musketeers are a junior hockey team based in Sioux City. They play in the United States Hockey League(USHL) conference. They play their home games at Tyson Event Center. Their first year of hockey was in 1972. The Musketeers have won the gold cup in the 1985-1986 season, the National Runner-up twice(93-94,95-96), the Anderson Cup twice(81-82,85-86), the Clark Cup three times(81-82,85-86,01-02), and were the West Division Playoff Champions for the 2004-2005 season.

Notable natives

Sister Cities


  1. ^ "Population Estimates and Rankings for Population, Numerical Change, and Percent Change for Iowa's Incorporated Places: 2000-2008" (PDF). Iowa Data Center. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  2. ^ US Census Bureau. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". 
  3. ^ US Census Bureau. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Sioux City History, accessed March 2008
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Iowa Data Center. "Population Estimates and Components of Population Change for Iowa's Metropolitan Areas (2003 Definition): 2000-2008". Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^
  11. ^

External links


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