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Charles Carmichael Monro
15 June 1860 – 7 December 1929
Gen. Sir Charles Monroe
Place of birth born at sea on the Maid of Judah
Place of death Westminster, London, England
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1878 – 1920
Rank General
Commands held British First Army
British Army in India
Battles/wars World War I
Third Anglo-Afghan War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Other work Governor of Gibraltar

General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro, 1st Baronet of Bearcrofts, GCB, GCMG, GCSI (15 June 1860 – 7 December 1929) was a British Army General during World War I and Governor of Gibraltar from 1920 to 1929.

Military career

Educated at Sherborne School and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Monro was commisissioned into the 2nd Regiment of Foot in 1879.[1]

He served in the Second Boer War and was present at the Battle of Paardeberg in 1900.[1]

In 1907 he was appointed Commander of 13th Infantry Brigade in Dublin and in 1912 he bacame General Officer Commanding 2nd London Division.[1] He was deployed to France at the start of World War I and played an important part in the Battle of Ypres.[1]

In 1914 he became GOC 1st Corps and then GOC 3rd Army before being appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.[1]

After the Gallipoli Campaign, General Ian Hamilton was dismissed from his command and replaced by Charles Monro in October 1915.[1] Monro ordered the evacuation of troops from Gallipoli.[1] In 1916 Monro briefly commanded the British First Army in France before become Commander-in-Chief, India later that year.[1] In 1923 he was appointed Governor of Gibraltar.[1]

Monro died in 1929 and is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London. [2]

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London


Military offices
Preceded by
Henry Rawlinson
Commander of the British First Army
Succeeded by
Henry Horne
Preceded by
Sir Beauchamp Duff
Commander-in-Chief, India
Succeeded by
The Lord Rawlinson
Preceded by
Sir Edward Hamilton
Colonel of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
Succeeded by
Sir Wilkinson Bird
Preceded by
B. T. L. Thomson
Honorary Colonel of the 23rd London Regiment
Succeeded by
The Lord Astor of Hever
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien
Governor of Gibraltar
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Godley
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
(of Bearcrofts)
Succeeded by


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