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Sir Hew Dalrymple
3 December 1750 – 9 April 1830
Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple.jpg
Sir Hew Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, by John Jackson, 1831
Place of birth Ayr, Scotland
Place of death London, England
Resting place Aldenham, Hertfordshire
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Peninsular War

General Sir Hew Whiteford Dalrymple, 1st Baronet (3 December 1750 – 9 April 1830) was a British Army general and Governor of Gibraltar.


Military career

Dalrymple was commissioned into the 31st Regiment of Foot in 1763.[1] He took time out from the Army to study at Edinburgh University from 1767 to 1768.[1] In 1793 he saw active service with the Guards Brigade in Flanders and in 1796 he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey.[1] Then from 1802 to 1806 he was General Officer Commanding Northern District.[1] In 1806 he became Governor of Gibraltar.[1]

In 1808 he led an expedition to Portugal which was under threat from the French.[1] The French Army were heavily defeated at the Battle of Vimeiro.[1] Lacking either confidence or intelligence, or both, Dalrymple entered into a truce with the French which allowed them to repatriate all their arms, equipment and goods stolen from the Portuguese back to France.[1] This truce, known as the Convention of Sintra,[2] was denounced both in London and in Portugal.[1] A Board of Inquiry was held following which Dalrymple did not hold high command again.[1]


In 1783 he married Frances Leighton and they went on to have two sons and three daughters.[1]


External links

Government offices
Preceded by
John Small
Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
Succeeded by
Sir John Doyle
Preceded by
Henry Fox
Governor of Gibraltar

Succeeded by
Sir John Cradock
Military offices
Preceded by
Samuel Hulse
Colonel of the 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Hilgrove Turner
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
New creation Baronet
(of High Mark)
Succeeded by
Adolphus John Dalrymple


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