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Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet: Wikis


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The Right Honourable
 Sir John Gilmour, Bt 

In office
1 October 1932 – 7 June 1935
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald
Preceded by Sir Herbert Samuel
Succeeded by Sir John Simon

Born 27 May 1876 (2010-01-13T22:44)
Died 30 March 1940 (2010-01-13T22:45)
Nationality British
Political party Unionist
Spouse(s) (1) Mary Louise Lambert
(d. 1919)
(2) Violet Agnes Lambert
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Trinity Hall, Cambridge

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet GCVO DSO PC TD JP DL (27 May 1876–30 March 1940), was a Scottish Unionist politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1932 to 1935.


Early life

Gilmour was the son of Sir John Gilmour, 1st Baronet, chairman of the Scottish Conservative and Unionist party, who was created a baronet in 1897. His mother was Henrietta, daughter of David Gilmour. He was educated at Trinity College, Glenalmond, University of Edinburgh and Trinity Hall, Cambridge.[1]

Military service

He served in South Africa in 1900–1901 with the 20th (Fife and Forfar) Company of Imperial Yeomanry and was awarded the Queen's medal with 4 clasps and was twice mentioned in despatches.[2] His letters from the Boer War were published in 1996 under the tile "Clearly My Duty" by his son, Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet. He again served in World War I with the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, where he was again mentioned in despatches and awarded the DSO with bar. His service after the war saw him rise to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel when he commanded the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry. On 8 May 1931 he was made the Honorary Colonel of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry.[3]

Political career

He unsuccessfully contested East Fife in 1906 and was elected as Member of Parliament for East Renfrewshire from 1910-1918 and for Glasgow Pollok from 1918 until 1940. He was a Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1921-1922, Scottish Unionist Whip from 1919-1922 and in 1924. He was appointed as Secretary for Scotland in 1924, and became the first Secretary of State for Scotland when the post was upgraded in 1926. He was an Orangeman and whilst some may see his appointment as anti-Catholic it should be pointed out that it was Gilmour who, as the Secretary for Scotland, repudiated the Church of Scotland's highly-controversial report entitled "The Menace of the Irish Race to our Scottish Nationality". Later in his career he served as Minister of Shipping during the early months of the Second World War but died in office in 1940.

Other appointments

Gilmour was Master of the Fife Fox Hounds, 1902-1906 and a Member of Fife County Council 1901-1910. He was Rector of the University of Edinburgh, 1926-1929 and was awarded honorary degrees by the University of Glasgow in 1925, the University of Edinburgh in 1927 and the University of St Andrews in 1929. He was a Brigadier with the Royal Company of Archers. He was made Vice-Lieutenant for the County of Fife on 27 March 1936[4]


Gilmour married firstly Mary Louise, daughter of Edward Tiley Lambert, in 1902. After her death in 1919 he married secondly his first wife's sister, Violet Agnes, in 1920. There were children from both marriages. Gilmour died in March 1940, aged 63, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son from his first marriage, John, who also had a successful political career. His daughter from his first marriage, Dame Anne Bryans, was a noted physician (see external link below).


  1. ^ Gilmour, John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^


External links

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Laidlaw
Member of Parliament for East Renfrewshire
January 19101918
Succeeded by
Robert Nichol
New constituency Member of Parliament for Glasgow Pollok
Succeeded by
Thomas Dunlop Galbraith
Political offices
Preceded by
William Adamson
Secretary for Scotland
Succeeded by
as Secretary of State for Scotland
Preceded by
as Secretary for Scotland
Secretary of State for Scotland
Succeeded by
William Adamson
Preceded by
Christopher Addison
Minister of Agriculture
Succeeded by
Walter Elliot
Preceded by
Sir Herbert Samuel
Home Secretary
Succeeded by
Sir John Simon
Preceded by
New Office
Minister of Shipping
Succeeded by
Robert Hudson
Academic offices
Preceded by
Stanley Baldwin
Rector of the University of Edinburgh
Succeeded by
Winston Churchill
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Gilmour
(of Lundin)
Succeeded by
John Edward Gilmour


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