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Sir Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, 1st Baronet (November 15, 1849 – July 27, 1918) was a British banker.

Backhouse was a director of Backhouse's Bank the family bank in Darlington, County Durham, which merged with Barclays Bank, of which he became a director. He was created a baronet in 1901 .[1]

He served as a Justice of the Peace (J.P.) for Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire. He was for many years an active Liberal Unionist [2]. In 1881 he was resident at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, North Yorkshire.

He was the son of Edmund Backhouse, Member of Parliament for Darlington, and his wife, Juliet (born Fox). He married Florence, daughter of Sir John Salisbury-Trelawny, 9th Baronet. They had six children (five sons and a daughter), most of whom distinguished themselves, though in different ways. Of these, the most famous was the fourth son, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Backhouse who was First Sea Lord from 1938 to 1939. Their eldest son, the reclusive sinologist and historian Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet, became the most notorious following the publication in 1976 of a biography by Hugh Trevor-Roper, Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, in which he was exposed as a serial forger and confidence trickster.


  1. ^ The Times, Tuesday, Jan 01, 1901; pg. 8; Issue 36340; col B: "New Year Honours".
  2. ^ The Times, July 29, 1918, pg. 9; Issue 41854; col F Obituary "Sir J. E. Backhouse".


  • Who was who
  • The Times, July 29, 1918, pg. 9; Issue 41854; col F Obituary "Sir J. E. Backhouse".
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
(of Uplands, County Durham)
Succeeded by
Edmund Trelawny Backhouse


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